• Title/Summary/Keyword: LKAS

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A Study on DGPS/GIS-based Vehicle Control for Safe Driving (안전주행을 위한 DGPS/GIS 기반의 차량제어 연구)

  • Lee, Kwanghee;Bak, Jeong-Hyeon;Lee, Chul-Hee
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.54-58
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    • 2013
  • In recent days, vehicles have become equipped with electric systems that assist and help drivers driving safe by reducing possible accidents. LDWS(Lane Departure Warning System) and LKAS(Lane Keeping Assistant System) are involved in assist systems, especially for lateral motion of vehicles. Sudden and inattentive lateral motion of vehicles due to drivers' fatigue, illness, inattention, and drowsiness are major causes of accidents in highway. LDWS and LKAS provide drivers with warnings or assisting power to reduce any possibilities of accidents. In order to prevent or minimize the possibilities of accidents, lateral motion control of vehicles has been introduced in this research. DGPS/RTK(Differential Global Positioning System/Real Time Kinematics) and GIS(Geographic Information System) have been used to obtain the current position of vehicles and decide when activate controlling lateral motion of vehicles. The presented lateral motion control has been validated with actual vehicle tests.

Comparison of simulation and Actual Test for ACC Function on Real-Road (실도로에서의 ACC 기능에 대한 시뮬레이션과 실차시험 비교 평가)

  • Kim, Bong-Ju;Lee, Seon-Bong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.457-467
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    • 2020
  • Increasing environmental concerns have prompted countries around the world to tighten regulations on greenhouse gases and fuel efficiency. Research is being done using advanced driver assistance systems to improve fuel economy and for the convenience of drivers. Research on systems such as adaptive cruise control (ACC), LKAS, and AEB is active. The purpose of ACC is to control the longitudinal speed and distance of the vehicle and minimize the driver's load, which is considered useful for accident prevention. From this point of view, research has used a mathematical method of safety evaluation as a function of distances and scenarios while considering domestic road environments. A vehicle is tested with a simulation in a proposed scenario. The purpose of the analysis is to verify the functional safety of ACC by comparing the theoretical calculations using theoretical equations, the relative distances in the simulation, and an actual vehicle test. These methods are expected to enable many companies to use scenarios, formulas, and simulations as safety verification methods in the development of ACC.

Braking Force Test Evaluation Dynamometer Development of Vehicle (차량용 브레이크 제동력 평가 다이나모미터 개발)

  • Kwon, Byeong-Heon;Yoon, Pil-Hwon;Lee, Seon-Bong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.56-65
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    • 2019
  • Recently, automobiles have been developed for safety and environmental reasons. Particularly, awareness of automobile safety is changing significantly. As a result, safety systems developed by ADAS have emerged. However, the period of mass production through ADAS development and test evaluation is long. Therefore, in this paper, we develop a brake dynamometer to shorten the time required for ADAS development and test evaluation. In addition, the developed brake dynamometer satisfies the international standard JIS D-0210, and the user can evaluate the braking force by selecting test conditions and test method for each mode of ADAS. We use the ACC, LKAS, and AEB scenarios proposed in previous studies to verify the reliability of the developed brake dynamometer. The developed brake dynamometer was verified by comparing the test values and the calculated values using theoretical formulas of the proposed ADAS mode based on previous studies. In addition, it is expected that the performance evaluation of brake parts for each ADAS mode will be possible in an environment where the vehicle test of ADAS is not possible in the future.

Lane Change Driving Analysis based on Road Driving Data (실도로 주행 데이터 기반 차선변경 주행 특성 분석)

  • Park, Jongcherl;Chae, Heungseok;Yi, Kyongsu
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.38-44
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    • 2018
  • This paper presents an analysis on driving safety in lane change situation based on road driving data. Autonomous driving is a global trend in vehicle industry. LKAS technologies are already applied in commercial vehicle and researches about lane change maneuver have been actively studied. In autonomous vehicle, not only safety control issue but also imitating human driving maneuver is important. Driving data analysis in lane change situation has been usually dealt with ego vehicle information such as longitudinal acceleration, yaw rate, and steering angle. For this reason, developing safety index according to surrounding vehicle information based on human driving data is needed. In this research, driving data is collected from perception module using LIDAR, radar and RT-GPS sensors. By analyzing human driving pattern in lane change maneuver, safety index that considers both ego vehicle and surrounding vehicle state by using relative velocity and longitudinal clearance has been designed.

A Study on Evaluation Method of the HDA Test in Domestic Road Environment (국내도로 환경에서의 HDA 시험평가 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Geon Hwan;Kim, Bong Ju;Lee, Seon Bong
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.39-49
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    • 2019
  • Autonomous vehicle is a car which drives itself without any human interaction. SAE provides technical definitions for autonomous and international standards for test evaluation. Accordingly, automobile industry is actively researching development and evaluation of various ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems), : representative technology of autonomous technology. Recently, ADAS is in the commercialization level such as ACC, LKAS, AEB, and HDA etc. And it also has issues about safety evaluation. The purpose of HDA in ADAS is reduced the driving load on highway. It has a function which can maintain lane keeping and control distance from forward vehicle. This function is evaluated to be useful for accident prevention. Therefore, this paper proposes the safety evaluation scenario of HDA, considering the domestic highway design criteria and the situation that may arise on the actual highway. We compared and analyzed the data acquired through simulation and actual vehicle test. And verified the reliability of the proposed safety evaluation scenario. The verified result is expected safety evaluation of HDA is possible even under the bad condition, which cannot be tested.

A Study on the V2V Safety Evaluation Method of AEB (AEB의 V2V 안전성 평가 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Byeong-Heon;Lee, Seon-Bong
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.7-16
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    • 2019
  • There are trying to reduce damage from automobile accident in many countries. In many automobile companies, there have been active study on development of ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems) for commercialization, in order to reduce damage from automobile accident. ADAS is the system providing convenience and safeness for drivers. Generally, ADAS is composed of ACC (Adaptive Cruise Control), LKAS (Lane Keeping Assist System), and AEB (Autonomous Emergency Braking). AEB of the ADAS, it is an autonomous emergency braking system and it senses potential collide and avoids or degrades it. Therefore AEB plays a significant role in reducing automobile accident rate. However, AEB safety evaluation method is not established not yet. For this reason, this study suggests safety evaluation scenarios with adding cut-in, sensor malfunctioning scenario that scenario domestic street conditions considered as well as original standard AEB scenario of Euro NCAP for establishment of safety evaluation method of AEB. And verifying validity of suggested scenario by comparing the calculated values of the theoretical formulas presented in the previous study with results of the actual vehicle test.

A Study on the Test Evaluation Method of AEB (V2P) Considering the Road Environment in Korea and Euro NCAP Test Protocol v3.0.1 (국내 도로환경과 Euro NCAP VRU Test Protocol v3.0.1을 고려한 AEB(V2P) 시험평가 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Byeong-Heon;Lee, Seon-Bong
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.28-38
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    • 2019
  • In the world, traffic accidents and environmental pollution caused by the increase of vehicles are becoming a serious social problem. According to the 2016 data published by the Korea Highway Traffic Authority, Korea owns 49.9 vehicles per 100 people. This is the 28th largest number among the 35 OECD member countries. In addition, the number of deaths from traffic accidents in Korea totaled 4,292, of which 1,714 were caused by traffic accidents involving vehicles and pedestrians. To reduce these human casualties, the automotive industry is constantly working on the development and commercialization of Adaptive Driver Assist System (ADAS). ADAS is the system providing convenience and safeness for drivers. In general, ADAS consists of Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB), Highway Driving Assist (HDA), Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), Lane Keeping Assist System (LKAS). Among them, the AEB detects the possibility of collision by the vehicle itself and plays a role of avoiding the collision or reducing the damage through active braking. For such AEB, Euro NCAP has been developing test-evaluation methods for the vulnerable since 2017. Therefore, In this paper analyzes the scenario of Euro NCAP VRU Test Protocol v3.0.1, which will be established in 2020, and proposes test conditions according to the Korean road traffic law. In addition, the reliability of the proposed scenario and test conditions was verified by comparing and analyzing the proposed theoretical evaluation formulas and actual test results.

A Study on Vehicle to Road Tracking Methodology with Consideration of vehicle lateral dynamics (차량 횡방향 운동 방정식을 고려한 차대도로간 트래킹 기법)

  • Shin, Dongho
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.219-230
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    • 2017
  • This paper proposes a vehicle to road tracking algorithm based on vision sensor by using EKF(Extended Kalman Filter). The lateral offset, heading angle, and curvature which are obtained from vehicle to road tracking might be used as inputs to steering controller of LKAS(Lane Keeping Assist System) or for the warning decision logic of LDWS(Lane Departure Warning System). To the end, in this paper, the yaw rate, steering angle, and vehicle speed as well as lane raw points together with considering of vehicle lateral dynamics are utilized to improve the exactness and convergence of the vehicle to road tracking. The proposed algorithm has been tested at a proving ground that consists of straight and curve sections and compared with GPS datum using DGPS-RTK equipment to show the feasibility of the proposed algorithm.

Illumination-Robust Load Lane Color Recognition based on S-color Space (조명변화에 강인한 S-색상공간 기반의 차선색상 판별 방법)

  • Baek, Seung-Hae;Jin, Yan;Lee, Geun-Mo;Park, Soon-Yong
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.434-442
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we propose a road lane color recognition method from the image obtained from a driving vehicle. In autonomous vehicle techniques, lane information becomes more important as the level of autonomous driving such as lane departure warning and dynamic lane keeping assistance is increased. In particular the lane color recognition, especially the white and the yellow lanes, is necessary technique because it is directly related to traffic accidents. In this paper, color information of lane and road area is mapped to a 2-dimensional S-color space based on lane detection. And the center of the feature distribution is obtained by using an improved mean-shift algorithm in the S-color space. The lane color is determined by using the distance between the center coordinates of the color features of the left and right lanes and the road area. In various illumination conditions, about 97% color recognition rate is achieved.