• Title/Summary/Keyword: Korean women

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The Research of Difference of Body Measurements between Korean Women Residing in Korea and Korean Women Residing in Japan (한국여성과 일본거주 한인여성의 신체 계측치 비교연구)

  • Lee, Jong-Sook;Im, Soon
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of the study was to offer basic documents to the textile fashion industry by investigating changes of figures followed by various factors as each other social and cultural environment regardless of the same race. The study conducted a questionnaire survey of Korean women and Korean women in Japan to twenties, forties and sixties. The study enforced measurement from February, 2006 to March, 2006 and from July, 2006 to August, 2006 with R. Martin's Measurement Method of Anthropometry in total 49 measurement items. Also, the study treated statistics of the documents with SPSS WIN 10.0 program. As the result which studied comparison of figures with basic statistics, t-test and more, the study got the following conclusion. Most of Korean women and Korean women residing in Japan have big individual differences in obesity, especially width, thickness, and girth of waist showed the largest variation proving considerable individual difference in waist. In a body measurement comparison, twenties, forties, and sixties of Korean women residing in Japan are higher in heights compare to Korean women, while Korean women have wider and thicker waists than Korean women residing in Japan. In a body difference comparison, categories that showed significant differences are 40's>20's>60's in order and twenties and sixties showed only small difference. In conclusion, Korean women have longer, wider, thicker and smaller waist than Korean woman residing in Japan. When divided by age groups, forties and sixties Korean women are longer in waist, shorter in heights, fatter in weights. Twenties have long waist similar to forties and sixties, but had no significant difference in heights and weights.

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Status of Maternal Nutrition in South and North Korea (남북한 가임기 여성의 영양상태 비교)

  • Yun, Soh-Yoon;Kwon, Young Hye;Yoon, Jihyun
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.265-273
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: This study compared the nutritional status of child-bearing age women between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea). Methods: The data presented in the DPRK Final Report of the National Nutrition Survey 2012 was utilized for the nutritional status and food intake of North Korean women. To produce the South Korean women's data comparable to those of North Korean women, the data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey were analyzed and the data presented in the 2010 Report of the Korean Agency for Technology and Standards were utilized. Results: The prevalence of maternal anemia (blood hemoglobin < 12.0 g/dL) was over 30% in all the age groups of North Korean women and 8.9%, 14.2%, 16.4% in 20-29, 30-39, 40-49 year old South Korean women, respectively. The prevalence of maternal protein-energy malnutrition (Mid-Upper Arm Circumference < 22.5 cm) was 25.2%, 21.4%, 21.8% in 20-29, 30-39, 40-49 year old North Korean women, respectively and less than 10% in all the age groups of South Korean women. Result of dietary diversity comparison showed that North Korean women consumed less food than South Korean women at all food groups: grains, fruits, vegetables, meat, and dairy. Percentage of North Korean women having consumed protein rich foods-meat and fish, eggs or dairy products-were much lower than those of South Korean women. Conclusions: The striking disparity of nutritional status between South and North Korean women indicates that nutrition support for North Korean women is essential in the process of preparation for a unified nation.

Herstory of the Korean Women Neurosurgical Society since 2008

  • Jung, Tae-Young;Kim, Eun-Young;Park, Moon-Sun
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.62 no.6
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    • pp.619-625
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    • 2019
  • The Korean Women Neurosurgical Society (KWNS) was founded in 2008. To commemorate its 10th anniversary, herein we review its history and the status of Korean Neurosurgical Society (KNS)-certified women neurosurgeons. Based on the academic and social activity of the KWNS, we can expect to promote professional work as members of the KNS, facilitate interaction among neurosurgeons, and sustain professional careers.

A Comparison Study on the Body Types of Korean Women and Korean Women Residing in Japan -Focusing on Women in Their Twenties- (한국 여성과 일본 거주 한인 여성의 체형 비교 -20대를 중심으로-)

  • Seok, Hye-Jung;Lee, Jong-Sook;Im, Soon
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2011
  • As a result of comparison analysis on body types of Korean women in their twenties and Korean women residing in Japan, the following results had been found. 1. The comparison of 49 items in physical measurements between the Korean women in their 20's and Korean women residing in Japan resulted in the differences in 33 items. 2. The comparison of the factor analysis results for physical measurements did not reveal big differences. 3. The comparison of the physical shapes according to the grouping resulted in three types each for both groups, with different features for individual types. Women residing in Korea were classified into tall and normal body, normal height with obese body, and short and thin body. Women residing in Japan showed different characteristics with tall and obese body, short and thin body and normal height with obese body. As a result of this study, identical ethnic group was found to take on different body types resulting from sociocultural differences and difference in eating habits if their place of residence differs for a long time.

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Korean Women's Clothing Behaviors Observed by the Korean Who Has Lived in the U.S.A. (미국거주 경험자의 시각에서 본 한국 여성의 의복 행동)

  • 최선형;오현주
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.11-27
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    • 2001
  • The purposes of this study are to (1) point out Korean women's clothing behaviors as seen by the Korean who has lived in the U.S.A. (2) identify cultural and social factors to influence on Korean women's clothing behaviors (3) suggest directions for desirable change in clothing consumption behaviors of Korean women. Verbatim texts of 16 interviews concerning Korean women's perception and experiences of fashion in Korea and the U.S. are interpreted through the analysis of the interviews. The results are as follows: 1) In Korea, the changes in fashion are not only distinct but also foster then those in America. 2) Korean women have a tendency to conform in the way they dress themselves, while the women in the U.S.A. put emphasis on the individuality rather than the current fashion. 3) When they go shopping, Korean women take a great note of what the brands represent, but their American counterparts take the neatness, easeness of cleaning and practicality into consideration. 4) In Korea, the clothing behaviors are influenced by the rapid social changes, its internalization trend, the traditional Confucianism and the pressure to conform according to the collectivism.

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Clothing Culture and Korean Women (복식문화와 여성)

  • 임숙자
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.113-124
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    • 1996
  • This research was designed to find out what is a distictive feature of the design elements of Korean women's costume and its influence by analizing the trend of Korean women's constume during the period of 1890 and 1995. The research was analized by a total of 854 random samples of clothing styles collected from materials in the museums and from articles of three leading newspapers and one of the best women's magazines in Korea. The changing trend of Korean women's costume was found out to be as follows: 1. In around 1910s, the trend of Korean women's costume has been changed into two-tier structure of both Korean and Western styles, and the typical and traditional Korean women's street wears such as 'Chang-ot' and 'Tsdechima' have been gradually diminished. 2. From 1920s, length of the Korean skirt, which was unnecessarily long and inconvenient, has been getting shorter for the convenience of walking. In addition, Korean women's underwear has become simplified, and sports wear could be seen for the first time in Korea. 3. During 1960s, the Western clothing styles have been increased rather than Korean styles as the street wear of the Korean women. 4. In 1970s, blue jeans, mini-skirts and casual wears have become a trend or fashion for women in Korea. 5. In 1980s, a fashion of unisex mode has arrived in this country, and from the year of 1987, wearing of panties among the Korean women has been increased rather than skirts wearing for the street wear. 6. During 1990s, various forma of complex styles came into being in such styles as so-called 'orange class style,' 'protruding navel T-shirts' and 'runner wear speedy.' From mid-1990s, Korean women have turned out to prefer the cute and light costumes by placing emphasis on the image of intellectual, professional and functional wears. The changing special feature of the Korean women's clothing designs could be distinctively observed during 1960s as the modernization policies in Korea have been processed during the period. The clothing trend before 1960 was to change and to solve problems of inconvenient and impractical wears, but the trend after 1960 was seen as a change to confirm a trend of the world fashion. From mid-1990s, however, preference of Korean women's self-conceited conception socially and an unquestionable changing pattern of Korean women's life.

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The Analysis of Korean Women's Structure of Feeling Represented in Make-Up Culture (메이크업 문화에 표현된 한국 여성의 감정 구조 분석)

  • Park, Kil-Soon;Lee, Ju-Yeon
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.168-176
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    • 2006
  • In modern society, Korean women has been doing make-up developing as one of the beauty industry and it means make-up involves more meanings than in primitive period. Therefore we need to study its multi-dimensional connotation Which in the culture that means to understand the society and their way of thinking, and their social value. The structure of feeling represented in make-up in the 70's was Korean women's wish which were to be rich and westernized. In the 70's, Korean women moved to city, and meanwhile they work hard, they has been accepted western lifestyle and it proved on women's face. And in the 80's, Korea has been developed rapidly, and Korean government make people free. So Korean women's structure of feeling in the 80's were women's automation derived from political and economical development. And women expressed their structure of feeling as abundance in the society and women has to been stately. In the 90's Korean women were revolutionary and returned to nostalgia. In 2001, as the world faced new century, Korean women's life has been changed and the structure of feeling were pureness, simple and easiness.

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The Comparison between Korean and American Women's Garments Terminologies from 1910s to 1930s through the Women's Magazines (1910-1930년대 여성잡지를 통해 본 한국과 미국의 여성복식 명칭의 비교)

  • Kim, Eun-Jung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.366-377
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    • 2014
  • This paper is a comparative research study between Korean and American women's garments from the 1910s to 1930s. It focuses on the articles and advertisements of Korean women's magazines and American women's magazines. The Korean women's magazines investigated are 신여자[Siyeoja], 신가정[Singajung], 부인[Buin], 신여성[Sinyeosung], and 여성[Yeosung]. The American woman's magazine investigated is Ladies' Home Journal. This paper explores the differences and similarities between the garments that appear in these magazines. There is little evidence about women's clothing in Korean women's magazines while the American women's magazine includes a lot of information about women's dress and life. Korean women usually wore Korean traditional costumes with traditional terms like Chima and Jeogori but they wore western shoes, stockings, shawls, umbrellas, and some clothing with western materials such as lace, velvet, and rayon with borrowed words. These western accessories and some clothing materials like lace and rayon were the same fashion in America. So, Korean women wore traditional and western clothing together while American women wore clothing influenced by Paris fashion. American women wore various pieces of clothing like suits, frocks, coats and sportswear with undergarments. There were also lots of advertisements about women's under garments and sportswear which was different from Korean women's clothing during the period.

Differences in Working Life of Overseas Korean Women - Focusing on America, China, and Russia.Central Asia - (재외한인여성의 직업생활비교 - 미국, 중국, 러시아.중앙아시아 지역 한인여성을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Seon-Mi
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.11-23
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    • 2006
  • This study investigated the general trends and differences in the working life of overseas Korean women. The subjects were 872 working Korean women over 20 years of age living abroad in America, China, and Russia Central Asia. The subjects completed a questionnaire on working life and the data were analyzed using SPSS. The working environment of Korean-American women was not stable. Many Korean-American women worked to help the home economy. They were paid by the hour, day and week. On the other hand, many Korean-Chinese women worked for self-achievement and usually for 8 hours a day. The working life of Korean women in Russia Central Asia was not good. They had a small income and worked to help the home economy. The first variables for changing their occupation were income and bonus. Despite their unstable working environment, overseas Korean women estimated their working life positively. They rated scores higher than the median on job satisfaction, business importance, duty ability, duty adaptation and family support. Job stress showed lower scores than the median. Korean women in Russia Central Asia showed lower scores on job satisfaction, family support, and work time flexibility than the other two groups.

Make-up culture and Image of Korean Women in the late 20th Century (20세기 후반 한국 여성의 화장 문화와 화장 이미지 연구)

  • Kim, Min-Je;Park, Hye-Won
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.67-86
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    • 2011
  • This study intended to understand overall history of make-up in Korea in an integrated and diachronic context by interpreting women's will and desire to express themselves reflected in the cosmetics culture in each period centering on women's magazine cover, cosmetics advertisement, and articles from 1950 to 1999 and examining women's make-up image and characteristics in each period. A total of 919 women's magazines (Yeonwon (Women's Garden), Woman Sense, Yeoseong Donga (Women's Donga), Jubusaenghwal (Homemaker's Living), Yeoseong Jungang (Women's Jungang)) issued between 1950 and 1999 were examined for the study. Key words of each period were extracted through fashion and beauty related articles and advertisement titles to examine the make-up culture of Korean women and set the standard for the make-up image of Korean women. A total 1,252 pictures were shot for each period and categorized based on the standard for the make-up image of Korean women. Then, the changes in the make-up image of Korean women were examined and identified the characteristics of images along with the change of images in each period. Next, the meaning of each make-up image was examined. This can be interpreted as the expression of values and desire by modern Korean women, especially Korean women in the late 20th century, as well as the consciousness for coping with the changing society.