• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean traditional music

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Weight loss effect through traditional Korean instruments

  • Lee, Jin Soo
    • CELLMED
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.22.1-22.5
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    • 2018
  • Most modern adults are overweight or obese. Health services are troubling to overcome the large number of individuals in need of weight loss. Music therapy is emerging as a new option. Among various music therapy methods, it studied various treatments through Korean traditional music, and it is thought that Korean traditional music is a good therapy for diet. The present review focused on find the most useful condition for weight control by using Korean traditional music. National Center for Korean Traditional Performing Arts measured the dB of Korean traditional music, In the next, listen to other dB's music while eating and compared energy intake, water intake, duration of meals, number of servings, number of bites, eating rate (bites per minute), and bite size (grams). As a result of the exhibits, differences in food intake were also found in the difference of dB. 60 dB of music showed a decrease in energy intake. It suggests that Korean traditional music belonging to 60 dB brings weight loss effect. As a result, the effect of weight loss is shown by use Korean traditional music. However, future studies should be performed to reduce the energy intake by increasing the exposure period to Korean traditional music

Korean Traditional Music Genre Classification Using Sample and MIDI Phrases

  • Lee, JongSeol;Lee, MyeongChun;Jang, Dalwon;Yoon, Kyoungro
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.1869-1886
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    • 2018
  • This paper proposes a MIDI- and audio-based music genre classification method for Korean traditional music. There are many traditional instruments in Korea, and most of the traditional songs played using the instruments have similar patterns and rhythms. Although music information processing such as music genre classification and audio melody extraction have been studied, most studies have focused on pop, jazz, rock, and other universal genres. There are few studies on Korean traditional music because of the lack of datasets. This paper analyzes raw audio and MIDI phrases in Korean traditional music, performed using Korean traditional musical instruments. The classified samples and MIDI, based on our classification system, will be used to construct a database or to implement our Kontakt-based instrument library. Thus, we can construct a management system for a Korean traditional music library using this classification system. Appropriate feature sets for raw audio and MIDI phrases are proposed and the classification results-based on machine learning algorithms such as support vector machine, multi-layer perception, decision tree, and random forest-are outlined in this paper.

Determining Key Features of Recognition Korean Traditional Music Using Spectrogram

  • Kim Jae Chun;Kwak Kyung Sup
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.24 no.2E
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    • pp.67-70
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    • 2005
  • To realize a traditional music recognition system, some characteristics pertinent to Far East Asian music should be found. Using Spectrogram, some distinct attributes of Korean traditional music are surveyed. Frequency distribution, beat cycle and frequency energy intensity within samples have distinct characteristics of their own. Experiment is done for pre-experimentation to realize Korean traditional music recognition system. Using characteristics of Korean traditional music, $94.5\%$ of classification accuracy is acquired. As Korea, Japan and China have the same musical roots, both in instruments and playing style, analyzing Korean traditional music can be helpful in the understanding of Far East Asian traditional music.

The Effects of Korean Traditional Music Education on the Development of Music Attitude and Rhythmic Sense (유아전통음악교육이 유아의 음악적 태도 변화와 리듬감 발달에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Ae Kyung;Lee, Youn Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.115-126
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Korean traditional music education for young children on the development of musical attitude and rhythmic sense of young children. The subjects were 42 four or five-year-old children enrolled in two classes of a public kindergarten. Half were in the experimental and half were in the control group. Instruments were "Music Interest Test for Young Children" (Kim, 2000), "Musical Attitude Rating Scale for Young Children" (Ahn & Han, 1999) and "Primary Measures of Music Audiation" (Gordon, 1986). The procedure included pre-test, treatments and post-test paradigm. Experimental group had Korean traditional music activities three times per week, including listening, appreciation, singing, playing traditional instruments and creative movement. The control group was merely provided with materials related to the Korean traditional music. Data was analyzed by t-test. Results indicated significant differences in music attitude and rhythmic sense between the experimental group and the control group.

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Development and Validation of the Korean Traditional Music Ability Test for Young Children (유아국악능력 검사도구 개발 및 양호도 검증)

  • Park, Hyoung-Shin;Kim, Young-Ok
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.37-54
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was the development and validation of a test of young children's understanding and their ability to represent the elements of traditional Korean music. The test was reviewed by professional groups and modified by preliminary testing. In its final form, the Korean Traditional Music Ability Test(KTMAT) for 4- to 6-year-old children consists of 43 items covering understanding and ability to represent Changdan(Changdanhyung, Bak, Bbareugi and Semyeorim) and Garak(Eumjeong and Sikimshae). Item analysis, reliability and validity tests were statistically significant. The KTMAT is an evaluation tool that can be used as basic material for developing children's musical ability, and it can provide valuable information showing direction for children's Korean traditional music education.

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Effects of Musical Elements in Korean Traditional Music on Affective Responses (한국전통음악의 음악적 요소가 정서반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, In-Jong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.152-163
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    • 2009
  • This essay researches which affective responses can be made from musical elements of Korean traditional music through adjective description about mood responses. It results that traditional mode which are classified into Pyoungjo and Gyemounjo hardly have any the affective responses, while major and minor mode, tempo, tone color, vertical and horizontal texture have some effects on particular affects. Meanwhile, newly composed Korean traditional music have more effects for as inducing affective responses rather than works as old Korean traditional music. As well as Western music, Korean traditional music induces different affective responses to each musical element. As such, this aspects can be adopted to different realms like background music, commercial music, music therapy and so on.

Effect of Music Therapy on the Physiological Index, Anxiety and Dyspnea of Patients with Mechanical Ventilator Weaning (음악요법이 인공호흡기 이탈기 환자의 생리적 지수, 불안 및 호흡곤란에 미치는 효과)

  • Synn, A-Ra;Choe, Myoung-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.57-65
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to identify the effect of music therapy on the physiologic index, anxiety and dyspnea of patients who are weaning from mechanical ventilators, and to compare the effects between western and Korean traditional music. Methods: The research format is repeated measures design. The subject group consisted of 21 patients being weaned from mechanical ventilators in a tertiary general hospital in Seoul. Each patient randomly received western music, rest, and Korean traditional music. Western and Korean traditional music were played on an MP3 head phone for 30 minutes. Patients get 30 minutes of rest between the 2 music styles and the rest period. Physiological indices, anxiety and dyspnea were measured before and after patients listened to both styles of music and the rest period. Anxiety and dyspnea were measured with a visual analogue scale. Results: Respiratory rates (RR), rapid shallow breath indexes (RSBI), anxiety and dyspnea decreased, and tidal volume (TV) increased after listening to Western and Korean tradition music in patients weaning from mechanical ventilators. Compared to western music, Korean traditional music yielded significant decreases in RR, RSBI, anxiety and dyspnea, and an increase of TV. Conclusion: Western and Korean traditional music would decrease RR, RSBI, anxiety and dyspnea and increase TV of patients who are weaning from mechanical ventilators. The effects are more pronounced in patients listening to Korean traditional music compared to western music.

A Study on the Formulation of Uniform Title for Sound Recordings of Korean Traditional Music (한국 전통음악 녹음자료의 통일표제 기술에 관한 연구)

  • Sohn, Jung-Pyo
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.425-454
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    • 2007
  • This study is to present a draft for the formulation of uniform title for sound recordings of the Korean traditional music. The draft as the results of this study is summarized as follows: In a musical work of a type of non-composition, the popular name is put into square brackets as a uniform title of court music and folk music in the old Korean traditional music, and the composer's original title is put into square brackets as a uniform title of the new Korean traditional music, but the medium of performance and others are omitted except an identifying element. However, for the formulation of uniform title of a type of composition in an instrumental music, the descriptive form consisted of the order of 'name of one type of composition, medium of performance, serial number, opus number, key, and a descriptive word or phrase' is put into square brackets as a uniform title and the identifying elements. And in the vocal music of the old Korean traditional music, the following medium of performance is used: in vocal choruses, a type of voices; in solo voices, a type of solo voice by sex, but one of the new Korean traditional music follows the descriptive form of the western classical music.

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Relationship between Children's Korean Traditional Music Abilities and Multiple Intelligences (유아의 국악능력과 다중지능간의 관계)

  • Kim, Na-Lae;Kim, Jin-Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.195-209
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    • 2009
  • This study analyzed aspects of multiple intelligences related to rhythm, melody, understanding and representation of traditional Korean music. Subjects were 60 4-to 6-years-old children. Instruments were the Children's Korean Traditional Music (KTM) Ability Test (Park 2006)and Korean Multiple Intelligence Development Assessment Scale-My Young Child (MIDAS-MYC, Shearer, 1996). Data were analyzed by correlations and t-test. Findings were that (1) average scores on KTM rhythm and understandings were higher than melody and representation. (2) Traditional rhythm ability correlated most with linguistic intelligence. (3) Multiple intelligences by representation ability for KTM differed significantly in Linguistic intelligence and relationships to Naturalist, Musical, Logical-mathematical, Interpersonal, and Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligences.

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Development of Evaluation Criteria for Teachers in Music (Korean Traditional Music) Gifted Education (음악(국악)영재 담당교사 평가지표 개발)

  • Won, YoungSil;Kim, Eunkyung
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.191-215
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    • 2014
  • The quality of gifted education depends on the quality of teachers in the field. Teachers in music (Korean traditional music) gifted education are significant variable in identifying students' giftedness and successful instruction. The purpose of this study was to explore the desirable components of teachers in music (Korean traditional music) gifted education and develop the evaluation criteria based on the desirable components. Previous research on the components of good teachers, teachers in gifted education and teachers in music (Korean traditional music) gifted education were reviewed. Based on literature review, the evaluation criteria of teachers in music (Korean traditional music) gifted education was developed. To collect opinions and derive consensus of the evaluation criteria, this research used Delphi method with a panels of 25 experts. The evaluation criteria classified with 3 dimensions, 8 categories, and 18 variables as the result.