• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean immigrant women

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Case Study on the Effects of the Mentoring Program on Married Immigrant Women (사례 연구를 통해 본 여성결혼이민자를 위한 멘토링 프로그램의 효과)

  • Yang, Soon-Mi;Kim, Seung-Hee;Lee, Mi-Hwa;Kim, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.153-184
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    • 2010
  • This study aims to investigate how the mentoring program affects married immigrant women and their mentors. The mentoring program as a man-to-man program was conducted in 2009 and provided married immigrant women with an agricultural education program. This study used a case study as a research method and collected data using interviews and observations. Participants were selected according to Patton's (2002) purposeful sampling strategies, and the results of data analysis were evaluated by the method of Evaluation Checklist. In order to increase the internal validity of the study, this study used both triangulation and peer examination. By including the diverse aspects of the mentoring program, this study shows that each case has special characteristics according to the situations of married immigrant women and their mentors. As a result, this qualitative research project provided the detailed picture of the mentoring program by specifically describing how married immigrant women had a relationship with their mentors.

The Mediating Effect of Hope between Acculturative Stress and Depression of Immigrant Women for Marriage (여성결혼이민자의 문화적응 스트레스와 우울의 관계에서 희망의 매개효과)

  • Yu, Hyun Hee;Lee, Chang Seek
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2014
  • This study aimed to verify the mediating effect of hope between acculturative stress and depression of immigrant women for marriage in Chungcheongnam-do, Korea. The data were collected from 580 immigrant women for marriage and were analysed by using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and structural equation. The main results were as follows. There was a positively direct effect between acculturative stress and depression. But hope had negatively direct effect on acculturative stress and depression. Also, the study verified that there was the mediating effect of hope between acculturative stress and depression of immigrant women. Implications for the suggestions to enhance the hope level of immigrant women and future research were discussed.

Exploratory Research on Married Immigrant Women's Participation in the Official Development Assistance Programs (결혼이주여성의 공적개발원조 사업 참여를 위한 탐색적 연구)

  • Chang, Jin Kyung;Son, Seohee
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.45-58
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the possibility of recruiting married immigrant women to participate in the Official Development Assistance (ODA) program. We used focus group interviews to understand their experiences with ODA, their intent to participate in the ODA, and the resources and barriers to ODA participation. The data were collected from 14 married immigrant women who were actively engaged in the labor force in Seoul and Gyunggi areas. Data were analyzed based on the thematic analysis method. Four themes were identified including the women's experiences, motivation, barriers, and resources for ODA participation. Out of the 14 women, three had participated in the ODA and were happy with the experiences. The rest of the women wanted to participate in the ODA that supported their home countries. The results also highlighted that these married immigrant women had capabilities including a strong desire to participate in vocational development and support from their families, but they also had barriers to overcome such as a lack of work capacity, child care burden, and difficulty forming relationships with Korean colleagues. Despite these barriers, they were motivated to participate in the ODA since it would be very meaningful for them to help their home country and to improve awareness of Korea and married immigrant women. It is important to develop vocational education programs for these women to enhance the work skills that are needed in the ODA.

Narratives and Emotions on Immigrant Women Analyzing Comments from the Agora Internet Community(Daum Portal Site) (이주여성에 관한 혐오 감정 연구 다음사이트 '아고라' 담론을 중심으로)

  • Han, Hee Jeong
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.75
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    • pp.43-79
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    • 2016
  • An increase in the number of immigrants to Korea since the late 1980s' has signified the proliferation of globalization and global capitalism. In Korea, most married immigrants are women, as the culture emphasizes patrilineage and the stability of the institution of marriage, particularly in rural areas. Immigrant women have experienced dual ordeals. The Aogra Internet community in Korea has been one of the most representative sites that has shown the power of communities in cyberspace since 2002, leading the discussion of social issues and deliberative democracy both online and offline. This paper analyzed Koreans' writings (such as long comments) on immigrant women in the Agora community. The analysis revealed the following results: first, immigrant women were referred to using terms related to prostitution, with excessive expression of disgust, which is called a "narrative of identity." Second, anti-multiculturalists called Korean men victims of married immigrant women and expressed hatred toward immigrant women, which is called a "narrative of sacrifice." Third, anti-multiculturalists justified their emotions as just resentment based on ideas of justice, equality, and patriotism, concealing the emotion of disgust, which is called the "narrative of justice, equality." Fourth, antimulticulturalists played roles to spread the emotion of disgust, by repeatedly referring to international marriage fraud and immigrant workers' crimes, which is called "narrative of crime." Fifth, some positive writings on immigrant women were based on empathy(a concept defined in this context by Martha Nussbaum), but they can be analyzed as narratives encouraging cultural integration through the perspective of orientalism. Therefore, comments on immigrant women in the Agora represent a "catch-22" dilemma. To deal with conflicts arising from disgust and violations of human rights, civic education focusing on humanism is needed in this multicultural era.

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Correlates of Prenatal Care Service Use and Service Need Among Married Immigrant Women in Korea (결혼이주여성의 임신·출산 지원서비스 이용 및 서비스 요구도 관련 요인)

  • Na, Hyeon;Jeon, Gyeong-Suk
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.77-88
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : To examine the factors associated with the use of the prenatal care services provided by the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family by married migrant women in Korea. Methods : We employed data from the 2015 Nationwide Multiculturale Family Survey. We selected 19- to 39-year-old married immigrant women with children aged 5 years or less for the study (N=1,579). We included four predisposing factors, six enabling factors, and two need factors based on the Andersen's Health-care Utilization Model. Results : Only one third of married immigrant women(31.6%) used prenatal care service and 45.9% of them reported prenatal care service needs. Area of residence, country of birth, and Korean language proficiency were significantly associated with prenatal care service use. Further, age, country of birth, length of time in Korea, household income, and discrimination experience were significantly associated. Conclusions : Findings suggest the need to develop strategies to improve accessibility to prenatal care service use especially for married immigrant women from developing countries, low-income families, having poor Korean language proficiency or having discrimination experience.

Effects of an Individual Breast-feeding Promotion Program for Married Immigrant Women (결혼이주여성을 위한 개별적 모유수유증진프로그램의 효과)

  • Park, Mi Kyoung;Moon, So-Hyun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.128-139
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of an individual breast-feeding promotion program to address breast-feeding knowledge, attitude, method and rate of practice for married immigrant women. Methods: A non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental design was used (experimental group=16, control group=17). The intervention consisted of 3 phases: (1) Within 2 hours of delivery - individual breast-feeding training through video/verbal/practical training education and demonstration (2) After 1~2 days - group training using video, model doll, and breast models (3) After 7 days - family visit, counseling, retraining and reinforcement training. The data were analyzed using non-parametric tests with the SPSS program. Results: Married immigrant women who participated in the individual breast-feeding program scored high in knowledge, attitude, method and rate of practice compared to the control group. Conclusion: The results indicate that the individual breast-feeding program is very effective in increasing breast-feeding knowledge, attitude, method and rate of practicing breast feeding for married immigrant women. So, nurses are encouraged to aggressively utilize individual breast-feeding programs to help married immigrant women, who are exposed to vulnerability due to various situations.

Effectiveness of "Picture Book Reading Program for Mothers" for Married Immigrant Women and Their Children (여성결혼이민자와 유아기 자녀를 위한 어머니대상 '그림책 읽기 프로그램'의 효과검증)

  • Hyun, Eun-Ae;Rha, Jong-Hay
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.165-180
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of the study was to prove the effect of the "Picture Book Reading Program for Mothers" developed to enhance the language competence of married immigrant women and their children. Twenty immigrant mothers with three-year-olds were recruited, and they participated in an 8-week-Picture Book Reading Program developed by the reseacher. The REVT and U-TAP were used to measure linguistic abilities for mothers while PRES was used to measure their children's linguistic abilities. Lee(2004)'s "Effect of dialogic picture book reading teacher training program for toddlers" was used to measure the mother's and children's verbal and non-verbal behaviors. The results of the study were as follows: First, by participating in the PBRPM, the mother's linguistic ability as well as children's vocabulary and receptive language have increased. Second, by participating in the PBRPM in terms of mother-child interaction, mother's verbal behaviors to children (i.e. attention and inquiring) and children's verbal behaviors(i.e. responding and imitation) have increased. In conclusion, "PBRPM" for married immigrant women and their children proved to be effective in enhancing the language competence and verbal interactions between married immigrant women and their children.

A Study on the list of Chinese Characters Idioms with Korean Education Selected for Married Immigrant Women (결혼이주여성 대상 교육용 한자성어 목록 선정 방안)

  • Li, Chun-Yang;Cho, Ji-Hyeong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.381-388
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    • 2019
  • In South Korea nowadays, Among the married immigrant women in Korea, the proportion of long-term residents living in Korea for more than 10 years is increasing continuously(48%), while the proportion of short-term residents who are under 5 years is decreasing(16%). However, Korean language education and related research in the Marriage and Immigration Women's Center are still focused on the initial immigrants. Therefore, we should classify married immigrant women according to their stay time in Korea, so that Korean language education and teaching materials need to be more diversified. This study focuses on married immigrant women with intermediate and advanced Korean proficiency and chooses a catalogue of Chinese characters idioms to explore the possibility and educational value of using Chinese characters Idioms in Korean education. According to the research results, Chinese characters idiom education can help married immigrant women in Korean language learning and information acquisition, interpersonal relationships and life attitudes, cultural understanding and social adaptation, child rearing and learning guidance. This is the important part of Korean language education that needs to be guided by married immigrant women. Based on this, 130 Chinese characters idioms in Korean language education and textbook development centered on married immigrant women were selected and catalogue edited in four stages. It is hoped that the results of this study will serve as a reference for Korean language education research and textbook development for married immigrant women in the future.

Influence of Spousal Support on the Relationship between Acculturative Stress and Sense of Parenting Competence among Married Vietnamese Immigrant Women (베트남 결혼이주여성의 문화적응 스트레스와 자녀양육효능감의 관계에서 배우자 지지의 영향)

  • Kim, So Hee;Noh, Yoon Goo
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.174-184
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: To identify the effects of spousal support on the relationship between acculturative stress and sense of parenting competence among married Vietnamese immigrant women. Methods: The sample for this study consisted of 175 married Vietnamese immigrant women in Gyeongsangnam-do. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, $Scheff{\acute{e}}$ test, Pearson correlations, and hierarchical multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 23.0. Results: (a) sense of parenting competence was negatively correlated with acculturative stress, whereas a positive correlation was observed with spousal support; (b) spousal support mediated the relationship between acculturative stress and sense of parenting competence. Conclusion: Results of the study suggest that spousal support decreases the negative effects of acculturative stress on sense of parenting competence. Therefore, we need to find ways to strengthen spousal support for married Vietnamese immigrant women.

Neglecting and Ignoring Menopause Within A Gendered Multiple Transitional Context: Low Income Korean Immigrant Women (여성 차별적 다중 전환기동안의 폐경 경험: 저소득 한인 이민 여성)

  • 임은옥
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.1336-1354
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    • 1999
  • Researchers have rarely explored menopausal experience in the context of the totality of women's lives, subsequently making the picture of menopause incomplete, discrete and fragmented. Respecting the totality of women's lives, this study addressed how a vulnerable group of women-low income Korean immigrant women-experience menopause within a context of multiple transitions. This is a cross-sectional study using methodological triangulation. A sample of 119 first-generation Korean immigrant women aged 40 to 60 years, who were in low-income jobs, was recruited using convenience sampling methods. From the total sample, 21 peri-or post-menopausal women were recruited for in-depth interviews following the collection of the survey data. Questionnaires, short interviews, and in- depth interviews were used to collect data. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Thematic analysis was used to interpret interview data. The findings indicate that menopause was given the lowest priority amidst women's multiple and demanding roles within a gendered multiple transitional (immigration, work and menopause) context. The lack of language clarity to describe women's experience, cultural background, inadequate knowledge, and lack of social supports made menopause hidden, invisible, and inaudible. Conclusions and implications for nursing practice are guided by the goal of understanding women's experiences and meanings of menopause and supporting women through reflecting these experiences into their health care.

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