• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean immigrant women

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Development of a Health Literacy Assessment Scale for Asian Immigrant Women in South Korea (결혼이주여성의 건강문해력 측정도구 개발)

  • An, Jisook;Yang, Sook Ja
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.330-341
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study developed a self-report measure for easy assessing of the health literacy of Asian immigrant women in South Korea. Methods: After a literature review, focus group interviews, and content validity evaluation, 14 preliminary items were generated. These were translated into Chinese, Vietnamese, and English. Data were collected from 229 Asian immigrant women. Validity and reliability tests were conducted. Results: Factor analysis yielded final 10 items in three factors: primary functional and interactive health literacy, secondary functional and interactive health literacy, and critical health literacy, which explained 61.90% of the total variance of health literacy. In known-group comparisons, health literacy was significantly lower in recent immigrants, those with a low education level, and those with low Korean language proficiency. For convergent validity, health literacy was positively associated with health specific self-efficacy and maternal health knowledge. For criterion-related validity, health literacy was positively associated with the REALM-SF. The overall reliability coefficient (Cronbach's ${\alpha}$) of the instrument was .773. Conclusion: The Health Literacy Assessment Scale for Asian Immigrant Women (HLAS) represents a multidimensional construct which encompasses functional, interactive, and critical health literacy. This self-report HLAS can be a useful and convenient method for appraising the health literacy of Asian immigrant women.

Grounded Theory Study on the Social Enterprises Work Experience of Marriage Immigrant Women (결혼이주여성의 사회적기업 근무경험에 관한 근거이론연구)

  • Lee, Hyun Ju
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.68 no.4
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    • pp.25-51
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the social enterprises work experience of marriage immigrant women. In-depth interviews with 10marriage immigrant women who were work at social enterprises in 'C' city were performed and analyzed by grounded theory method to configured 113 concepts and classified into 28 sub-categories 13 categories. The Central phenomenon was 'The resurgence of existence'and the Core category was 'Through the encounters of the institutional opportunities of social enterprise, experiencing a resurgence of existence and extending their presence as a Korean'. Also, Work experience of immigrant women working in social enterprises has been classified as a piggyback type, self-expandable type, co-prosperity type and situational model was presented. Based on the result, practical and policy proposal for marriage immigrant women's social enterprise employment were suggested.

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Development and Evaluation of Multilingual Education Materials to Promote Immigrant Women's Adaptation to Pregnancy (이주여성의 임신적응증진을 위한 다국어 교육자료 개발과 평가)

  • Kim, Kyung Won;Baik, Sung Hee;Jeong, Geum Hee
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.235-245
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was done to develop and evaluate multilingual education materials to promote health and adaptation to pregnancy for immigrant women in Korea. Methods: This study had three procedures: First, contents of the education materials were developed according to pregnant women's needs, literature reviews, and group discussion. Details in contents were constructed based on Roy's adaptation model; Second, validity verification and translation of education materials were accomplished; Third, evaluation of the education materials was done through a survey of immigrant women. Results: The education materials were developed in six languages (Korean, English, Chinese, Vietnamese, Filipino, and Cambodian). The title is "Healthy mother, happy family: eight-step guide to a healthy pregnancy". It was composed of an eight-step guide to healthy pregnancy, self-examination check list, websites for childbirth education and information, and guidelines on education materials in a brochure. In the evaluation, the average response score for the questionnaire items was high (3.23 on a four-point Likert scale). The average score for Cambodian immigrants was the highest of all immigrant women. Conclusion: Multilingual education materials developed in this research will help community health nurses to manage pregnancies for immigrant women and will be useful for health education for these women.

Maternal Conflicts of Vietnamese Married Immigrant Women in Korea (국내 베트남 결혼이주여성의 모성갈등)

  • Cho, Hun Ha;Park, Eun Sook;Oh, Won Oak
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.617-629
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of the study was to identify and explain the essences and structures of maternal conflicts in Vietnamese married immigrant women in Korea. Methods: A phenomenological methodology was used for the study. Eleven Vietnamese married immigrant women participated in the study. Verbatim transcripts were analyzed using Colaizzi's method. Results: Four categories, 10 clusters and 26 themes emerged from the data for the experience in maternal conflicts of Vietnamese married immigrant women. The four categories were 'An unprepared young motherhood in another culture', 'Feeling left out of the mother's place along the bands of Nap tai tradition', 'My image is like not-being able to stand alone/be independent' and 'Finding hope in motherhood despite of conflicts and stigmas'. Conclusion: Vietnamese married immigrant women experienced not only the negative aspects but also sublimation of maternal conflicts. Based on the results, health professionals need to develop effective nursing interventions toward a positive maternal identity and approach with interculturalism for the Vietnamese married immigrant women in Korea.

Factors Associated with Physical Activity among Chinese Immigrant Women (중국 이민여성의 신체활동 관련 요인)

  • Cho, Sung-Hye;Lee, Hyeonkyeong
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.760-769
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to assess the level of physical activity among Chinese immigrant women and to determine the relationships of physical activity with individual characteristics and behavior-specific cognition. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 161 Chinese immigrant women living in Busan. A health promotion model of physical activity adapted from Pender's Health Promotion Model was used. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data during the period from September 25 to November 20, 2012. Using SPSS 18.0 program, descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were done. Results: The average level of physical activity of the Chinese immigrant women was $1,050.06{\pm}686.47$ MET-min/week and the minimum activity among types of physical activity was most dominant (59.6%). As a result of multiple regression analysis, it was confirmed that self-efficacy and acculturation were statistically significant variables in the model (p<.001), with an explanatory power of 23.7%. Conclusion: The results indicate that the development and application of intervention strategies to increase acculturation and self-efficacy for immigrant women will aid in increasing the physical activity in Chinese immigrant women.

The Effects of Social Support of Married Immigrant Women on Marriage Satisfaction : Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Self-Efficacy (결혼이주여성의 사회적 지지가 결혼만족도에 미치는 영향 : 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Hyun-Sik;Choi, Mi-Young;Rhee, Ok-Jin
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.61-74
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the mediating effect of self-efficacy in relation to marriage satisfaction and the social support of immigrant women. The research data for the analysis were collected from those who using multi-cultural family support centers in Siheung of Gyeonggi-do and Ansan from September 30 to October 21, 2017, and a total of 223 people were used in the final analysis. The analysis methods examined the characteristics of the subjects through frequency analysis and technical statistics, and a hierarchical regression analysis was performed to verify the effectiveness of mediator effects. The statistical program used SPSS 22.0. The analysis showed that social support and self-efficacy of married immigrant women had a significant impact on marital satisfaction. In addition, self - efficacy had a partial mediating effect on the relationship between the social support of married immigrant women and marital satisfaction. Based on these results, we discussed practical implications for social support and self-efficacy to improve marriage satisfaction of married immigrant women.

Correlates of Depression among Married Immigrant Women in Korea (결혼이주여성의 우울 관련요인)

  • Jeon, Gyeong-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.402-411
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to examine the prevalence and associated factors of depressive symptoms among married immigrant women in South Korea. Methods: Data from the 2015 Living Profiles of Multiculture Family Survey were used in this study. The sample consisted of 1,579 married immigrant women aged 19 to 39 years. Sociodemographic, acculturation, and social support factors were analyzed. Logistic regression was used for the data analysis. Results: Married immigrant women having a poor relationship with their husbands and a culture gap with husbands were more likely to report depressive symptoms. Low socioeconomic status, no satisfaction with mother role, and no satisfaction with father role, and high social support resources were associated with depressive symptoms among married immigrant women in Korea. Having a moderate level of social support resources was more likely to lower the risk of depressive symptoms than high social support resources. Conclusion: The findings in this study indicate that prevention of depressive symptoms in married immigrant women in Korea could be aided by acculturation programs that include participation of husbands and social supports for the parenting role.

Difficulties of immigrant women through international marriage - in Raising Children and Needs for Adaptation Program - (여성결혼이민자의 자녀양육 어려움과 적응 프로그램 요구도)

  • Hyun, Eun-Ae;Rha, Jong-Hay
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.675-687
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the difficulties and needs for adaptation program of married immigrant women raising children in Korea. Data were collected from 27 Day care centers in Guemsan County, Chungnam Province. 20 senior teachers of day care centers and 58 mothers who had immigrated into Korea by international marriage were asked to complete a packet of questionnaire designed by researchers for this study, and in-depth interviews were conducted to 20 senior teachers and 6 mothers who could communicate in Korean. Data were analyzed by using frequency analysis, one way ANOVA, and cross-section analysis. The outcome of this study showed as follows: 1) The number of entire married immigrant women's children attending day care centers at Guemsan area was 102 persons. 2) Immigrant mothers felt that the lack of their understanding Korean culture makes them difficult in raising children in Korea, whereas the day care teachers felt that children's language development was delayed. 3) According to the survey of adaptation program a for married immigrant women's children, there was few program at the time of survey, only two daycare centers conducted multi-cultural education and Korean language education once or twice a year. Teachers required Korean language education, grievance counseling (?) for the mothers. Immigrant mothers required multi-cultural education and Korean language education.

A study of Stress Reaction, Symptoms of Stress, Health Promoting Behavior, and Quality of Life in Korean Immigrant Middle Aged Women (미국 이민 중년여성의 스트레스 반응, 스트레스 증상, 건강증진 행위, 삶의 질에 관한 연구)

  • 한금선
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.606-618
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the level of Symptoms of Stress, Stress Reaction, Health Promoting Behavior, and Quality of Life in Korean Immigrant Middle Aged Women. The subjects of this study were 33 middle aged women who live in Seattle, Washington, U.S.A. Data collection was performed at the U.W from Oct. 1998 to May. 1999. Data collection time was one hour and data was collected through 4 types of questionnaires : SOS, Health Promoting Behaviors, Quality of Life and Demographic data form, and the Physiologic Stress Profile was collected by J&J I-410 biofeedback equipment. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics and the pearson correlation coefficient using the SAS program. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The level of physiological stress reaction and stress symptoms showed high level and quality of life showed low in general. 2. The Stress Reaction and Symptoms of Stress showed significant negative correlation with health promoting behavior, quality of life in the middle aged women. 3. The health promoting behavior showed significant positive correlation with quality of life in the middle aged women. In conclusion, the physiological stress reaction, symptoms of stress, and health promoting behavior were major influencing factor to quality of life in Korean Immigrant Women. From the results of the study, the following recommendations are presented as follow: 1. It is suggested that the study for developing the health promotion program focused on stress self-regulation for Korean immigrant women. 2. It is suggested that the comparative study for Korean immigrant women and Women in Korea. 3. It is necessary to broaden the scope of nursing practice for middle aged healthy women, so nurses can include a health promotion program focused on stress self-regulating as part of nursing care.

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A Study on Health Promotion Behavior and Contraception in Married Immigrant Women (여성 결혼이민자의 건강증진 행위와 피임에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Mi-Jong;Kim, Tae-Im;Kwon, Yun-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.323-332
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify health promotion behavior and contraception in married immigrant women. Method: Seventy-three immigrant women who were married with Korean men were recruited in October 2008. Data was collected by using questionnaires through a personal interview. The collected data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, t-test, and ANOVA. Result: The lowest scoring part among health promotion behaviors was exercise. Stress management, eating habits and personal relationships followed. Health promotion behaviors were influenced by the age at marriage, frequency of going out, and health education experiences. Only 35.6% of subjects used contraception. The popular contraceptive methods were IUD, condom, and coitus interruptus. Most subjects got information about contraception from family and friends. 18.1% of subjects had no source of information. The women's education level had a significant influence on their contraceptive knowledge. Conclusion: Programs for exercise and contraception are needed to improve health promotion behaviors in married immigrant women. Nurses are an important part in health promotion. The role of nurses must be expanded in all communities through various intervention programs.

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