• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean and Japanese college women

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The Comparison of Korean and Japanese College Women's Self-evaluation on Obesity and Attitude to Weight Control

  • Kim, Mi-Ok;Eun, Jong-Geuk;Chang, Un-Jae;Sawano, Kayoko;Miyamoto, Tokuko
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.303-309
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    • 2009
  • This study compares Korean and Japanese college women's self-evaluation on obesity and examines their attitude to weight control. The subjects of this study were 101 college women residing in Daegu-si of Korea and 123 Japanese college women living in Saga-ken of Japan. A survey was conducted by each of the participants and was analyzed. This self-evaluation on obesity revealed that 47.5% of Korean college women answered that they were obese while 31.7% of Japanese college women responded they were. The results of this study show that there are about 5% of college women in both Japan and Korea who thought they were obese, even though they were actually normal or underweight. Both Korean and Japanese women who considered themselves obese selected wrong eating habits as the cause of their obesity. In terms of their recognition on ashamedness, Japanese college women showed rather stronger recognition than Korean ones. In addition, more Korean college women responded that they had been suggested to lose weight than Japanese ones. In terms of the factors that motivate weight control, few women in either Korea or Japan controlled their weight for health reasons. Most of the Korean and Japanese college women chose the size of their clothes, their undesirable look reflected on the mirror, or having no boyfriend as the chief motivating factors for weight control. In terms of their attitude towards weight control, Japanese college women checked their weight more frequently than Korean ones. Moreover, both Korean and Japanese college women were directly motivated to lose weight while they were talking with their friends.

A Comparison of Satisfaction for Actual Body and Perceived Body between Korean and Japanese Female College Students (한국과 일본여대생의 실제체형과 인지체형 및 신체만족도에 관한 비교)

  • 박재경;남윤자;최경미
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.758-766
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to compare Korean and Japanese female college students' body sizes, their perceptions about body size, and body satisfaction based on similar cultural background. Subjects consisted of 185 Korean students and 91 Japanese students from October to December, 2000. The age range was 18 to 28 years. We measured body sizes of subjects directly and examined by questionnaire the degree of body cathexis, perceived body size, ideal body size. The results were as followed. 1) Korean women had slimmer silhouette with longer arm and longer leg than Japanese, while Japanese women had more voluminous silhouette with smaller waist circumstance and bigger hip circumstance than Korean. 2) There were not differences between perception about each body size of the Korean women and Japanese women, except arm length. Especially, two groups felt themselves as greater on thigh. 3) There were not differences between satisfaction about body of Korean women and Japanese women, except height. Generally, two groups had lower body satisfaction on each body area, especially on thigh, lower body part, abdomen, hip, and weight. 4) Perception of body size had higher correlation with body satisfaction than actual body size. Lower satisfaction was related to more negative perception of body size. 5) Regarding ideal body size, Korean women pursued bigger height, weight, waist, and hip than Japanese. However, Japanese women pursued bigger bust than Korean. This means that Japanese women pursued more voluminous body silhouette.

The Influence of Japanese Fashion Which Shown in Korean Contemporary Costume -Focused on College Women(1998)- (한국 현대복식에 나타난 일본 패션의 영향 -여대생을 중심으로 (1998년)-)

  • 박길순;김세윤
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 1999
  • The results of this study are as follows : 1. Though Korean college women have taken unfriendly attitudes and thoughts to Japan, they have enjoyed themselves over the various Japanese cultures. 2. They have thought that Japanese fashion becomes popular in Korea, Japanese clothes are superior to Korean clothes in quality, and they are suitable to express personality. 3. Japanese clothing elements which become popular now in Korea are the clothing style of ‘school girl-look’, ‘Avant-garde’, punk hair style, and the various shapes of shoes, accessories, and make-up.

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A Comparison of Apparel Behavior between Korean and Japanese Female College Students -Focused on Ideal Clothing and Actual Clothing Behavior- (한국과 일본여대생의 착의행동 비교 -의복형태별 희망착의행동과 실제착의행동의 관계를 중심으로-)

  • ;;;Takabu Hiroko;Hiraoka Wakako;Fuseya Setsuko
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.54 no.3
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    • pp.43-51
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to compare ideal clothing and actual clothing behavior between Korean and Japanese college students. 185 Korean students and 91 Japanese students were used into data analysis from October to December. 2000. The age range was 18 to 28 years. The results were as followed. 1) Japanese students wanted to wear fitted clothing styles with revealing the body, while Koreans wanted to wear not only fitted styles but also relaxed and coved body styles. 2) Korean students wore more loose styles and fitted upper styles and pants than Japanese students. On the other hand, Japanese students wore fitted clothing styles and skirt. 3) Japanese students showed higher correlation between ideal clothing styles and actual clothing styles than Koreans. This means that although Koreans want to wear ideal styles, they don't wear those styles much. 4) Overweight students tended to avoid wearing fitted and revealed body styles, pursuing more loose and coved body styles. This tendency showed stronger to Koreans than Japanese students.

A Comparative Study of Life-style Factors in the Health Promotion of Women between Korea and Japan (여성의 건강증진 생활양식과 영향요인에 관한 한$\cdot$일간 비교연구)

  • Yoo In-Young;Jung Moon-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.372-381
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    • 2000
  • This study was carried out to compare influential life-style factors between Korean and Japanese women. with a view to providing basic data needed in the community nursing activities for the health promotion of women, The questionnaire survey was conducted between Jan 1 and April 15. 2000 on 64 Korean and 63 Japanese women who committed the care of their child to a day-care center because they had to go to work. The obtained results are as follows. 1. On the whole. there was little difference in the score of life-style factors between Korea and Japan. The areas in which Japanese women got a higher score were personal relationship and nutrition, and Korean women got a higher score in the area of self-realization. 2. Both in Korea and Japan. the degree of satisfaction with family life proved to be the most influential factor on the life-styles for the health promotion of women. This implies that the level of their practicing life styles for the health promotion becomes higher in proportion to the degree of satisfaction with their family life. In conclusion. considering the fact that the proportion of women workers has been on the increase in Korea. heath promotion services for women need to be treated more importantly, with the focus on the interpersonal relationship not only in family but also in work sites.

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Comparison of Taste Component of Korean and Japanese Soybean Paste(Doenjang & Miso) -Free Amino Acids Comparison- (한국과 일본 된장의 맛성분 비교)

  • Kim, Chon-Ho;Sumino, Takeshi;Aida, Kuniko;Sumino, Sackiko
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.59-64
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    • 1998
  • In order to find causes of the difference in taste between Korean and Japanese soybean paste, comparian was made on the free amino acids composition in soybean paste in those two countries. It was found that the free amino acid composition of commercial soybean paste made in Korea was analogous to homemade soybean paste, and the commercial soybean paste made in Japan, was analogous to homemade soybean paste. And there was a similarity on the point that the glutamic acid content was the highest of all free amino acids content in both Korean and Japanese soybean pastes. There was a difference in the mean total free amino acids content between Korean and Japanese soybean paste. The mean ratio of the glutamic acid content to total free amino acid content in Korean and Japanese soybean paste was on the range of $11.5%{\sim}22.6%$ and $10.4%{\sim}12.5%$, respectively. These results suggest that glutamic acid determines taste in Korean and Japanese soybean paste.

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A Cross-Cultural Study of Facial Awareness, Influential Factors, and Attractiveness Preferences Among Korean, Japanese, and Chinese Men and Women Evaluating Korean Women by Facial Type (한국여성의 얼굴이미지 유형별 인식영향요소와 매력선호도에 대한 한중일 남녀 비교)

  • Baek, Kyoung-Jin;Kim, Young-In
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.65 no.3
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study is to identify cross-cultural features among Korea, China, and Japan by comparing differences in facial awareness, attractiveness preferences, and consideration of facial parts in a group of Korean, Chinese, and Japanese men and women as they evaluated the faces of Korean women in their 20s. A survey was conducted targeting male and female Korean, Chinese, and Japanese college students in their 20s. Frequency analysis, ANOVA, Duncan test, factorial analysis, and reliability analysis, MANOVA were carried out using SPSS 18.0. The results of this study are as follows: Faces of Korean women in their 20s were evaluated by Korean, Chinese, and Japanese men and women in their 20s and were classified into four categories as 'Youthfulness', 'Classiness', 'Friendliness' and 'Activeness'. Differences in facial image awareness were observed depending on nationality and gender. Korean participants were found to place importance on overall morphological factors; The Japanese focused on the eyes; and the Chinese on the skin color. Women of all nationalities showed, on average, a higher awareness of facial parts than men. No significant differences in facial attractiveness preferences were found based on nationality or gender, but there were differences in how the participants evaluated faces for attractiveness, showing that reasons for preferences may vary even if the preferences are the same.

Women Nurses' Independence Movement during the Japanese Occupation: A Historical Research Study (일제 강점기 여성 간호인의 독립운동에 관한 역사연구)

  • Jin, Li Hua;Kim, Miyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.455-467
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the role of Korean women nurses in the independence movement and to examine their activities during the Japanese occupation from 1910 to 1945. Methods: Nurses studied were women nurses referred to as Ganhowon, Ganhobu, Gyeonseupganhobu, Sanpa, and Josanbu at that time. Five participants such as descendents or relatives of nurses who participated in independence movements, were selected for interview to provide oral historical materials. An historical research approach was used and all of the data were analyzed according to period, region, and pattern of the independence movement. Results: Throughout the historical literature and oral historical materials, it was found that from 1914 to 1945, thirty-eight women nurses actively participated in various types of independence activities such as mass hurrah demonstrations, raise the spirit of war, red cross activities, enlightenment movement and armed struggle to encourage the public to stand up against Japanese imperialism locally and abroad. Conclusion: The findings indicate that women nurses, as enlightened women, endeavored to solve social issues with their autonomous volition, and these action can serve as meaningful evidence for enhancing the social status of nurses.

A Study on Mate Selection and Sexual Consciousness(I) -Investigation for Unmarried Japanese Women College Students- (배우자선택과 성의식에 관한 연구(I) -일본 여자대학생을 대상으로-)

  • 김혜선;김영희
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.107-125
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    • 1983
  • This study aimed to clarify the attitude toward marriage, mate selection and sexual consciousness of japanese unmarried women students whom are believed in drastic change in a overall social value system and norm due to the introduction of western civilization, so as to provide some information of the same subject of our young women in similar situation. Survey was carried out for 177 unmarried Japanese women students of 3 Universities located in Osaka prefecture situation. Data were collected by means of Questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS BATCH SYSTEM. Result are as follows; 1) Pattern of mate selection- An increasing tendency of love match is recognized 2) Attitude to marriage-94.0% of correspondences want to marry and proper age of marriage, they think, is between 22-25 years. 3) Love-marriage relation- most correspondences answered that love is a prior condition for marriage, however, 32.8% of correspondences think, love can be built after the marriage. 4) Dating- most correspondences want free dating, however, they fell that they are lacking for opportunity and they are not confident in the selection of proper mate. 5) Premarital sexual intercourse-most correspondences show a very generous attitude toward premarital sexual intercourse if they are in love and this attitude becomes more remarkable among love match makers. 6) Equality of sexes-most correspondences answered that as women are different in physiological function from men, distinctive social roles of both sexes and the inequality of sexes are inevitable.

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Korean speech sound development in children from bilingual Japanese-Korean environments

  • Kim, Jeoung-Suk;Lee, Jun-Ho;Choi, Yoon-Mi;Kim, Hyun-Gi;Kim, Sung-Hwan;Lee, Min-Kyung;Kim, Sun-Jun
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.53 no.9
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    • pp.834-839
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study investigates Korean speech sound development, including articulatory error patterns, among the Japanese-Korean children whose mothers are Japanese immigrants to Korea. Methods: The subjects were 28 Japanese-Korean children with normal development born to Japanese women immigrants who lived in Jeonbuk province, Korea. They were assessed through Computerized Speech Lab 4500. The control group consisted of 15 Korean children who lived in the same area. Results: The values of the voice onset time of consonants /$p^h$/, /t/, /$t^h$/, and/$k^*$/ among the children were prolonged. The children replaced the lenis sounds with aspirated or fortis sounds rather than replacing the fortis sounds with lenis or aspirated sounds, which are typical among Japanese immigrants. The children showed numerous articulatory errors for /c/ and /I/ sounds (similar to Koreans) rather than errors on /p/ sounds, which are more frequent among Japanese immigrants. The vowel formants of the children showed a significantly prolonged vowel /o/ as compared to that of Korean children ($P$<0.05). The Japanese immigrants and their children showed a similar substitution /n/ for /ɧ/ [Japanese immigrants (62.5%) vs Japanese-Korean children (14.3%)], which is rarely seen among Koreans. Conclusion: The findings suggest that Korean speech sound development among Japanese-Korean children is influenced not only by the Korean language environment but also by their maternal language. Therefore, appropriate language education programs may be warranted not only or immigrant women but also for their children.