• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean Children and Youth Panel Study(KCYPS)

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A Convergent Study Assessing the Effects of Youth's Social Relationships on Career Development and College Life Satisfaction (청소년의 사회관계가 진로발달과 대학생활만족에 미치는 영향에 관한 융합적 연구)

  • Won, Ji-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.8
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    • pp.257-268
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    • 2020
  • The study purposed to assess how the career development before and after entering college was related to youth's college life satisfaction, and examined the effect of social relationships with parents, peers, and teachers on the association between youth's career development and their satisfaction with college lives. For this purpose, the study utilized the data of Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute since 2010. The study found that there was a positive correlation between career development and college life satisfaction. In addition, supportive relationships with parents and peers had significant effects on the level of career identity during high school and later satisfaction with college life. It was also found that youth who had a positive relationship with teachers in high school had a high level of career decision after entering college. The results of this study suggested the necessity of individualized career education appropriate for youth's career development levels. In addition, convergent approaches to build, maintain and develop positive social relationships could have a lasting and positive impact on youth's career development.

Gender differences in factors influencing the school adjustment by BMI (중학생의 BMI 정도에 따른 학교적응 영향요인)

  • Seo, Ji Yeong
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.429-440
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    • 2015
  • This study was to investigate factors influencing the school adjustment according to gender and body mass index (BMI) of middle school students who participated in the 2nd-wave Korea Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS). This study used a crosssectional design with secondary analysis with KCYPS. The variables were parental interest, behavioral problem, aggression, attention problem, somatic symptom, social withdrawal, depression, and academic achievement. The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regressions. School adjustment was significantly associated with academic achievement high, explaining 11.3~19.1% of the variance in boys. School adjustment was significantly associated with attention problem, explaining 14.9~42.4% of the variance in girls. Factors influencing school adjustment were significantly different according to gender and BMI. To improve the school adjustment, it is necessary to develop gender-specific school adjustment promotion programs according to BMI.

The Effects of Parental Neglect on Adolescent's Peer Attachment : Focusing the Mediating Effect of Adult Media Immersion (부모의 방임이 청소년의 또래애착에 미치는 영향: 성인용 매체 몰입의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Dong-Jun;Maeng, Seong-Jun;Choi, Sang-Seol;Kim, Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.406-416
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to examine whether a parental neglect affects an adolescent's peer attachment and adult media immersion has a mediating effect. To achieve this goal, the first year of middle school panel of 'the 6th(2015) Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS)' was utilized. Using SPSS PROCESS Macro developed by Hayes, 'Bootstrapping' was employed to examine the significancy of the mediating effect on 563 objectives. According to the study, first of all, more parental neglect gave rise to less peer attachment. Second, the adult media immersion partly mediates the parental neglect and the adolescent's peer attachment. The practical implications of this results are below : First, parents' care and affection inside a home is necessary to formulate the healthy peer attachment of adolescent. Second, a parent education is important to prevent an adolescent's adult media immersion. Third, an adult media education for an adolescent is desired.

Testing the Auto-regressive Cross-lagged Effects Between Relative Extrinsic Value Orientation and Life-satisfaction (상대적 외적 가치 지향과 삶의 만족 간 자기회귀교차지연 효과 검증)

  • Koo, Jaisun
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.85-96
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    • 2019
  • The relative extrinsic value orientation (REVO) means the relative importance to extrinsic values (e.g. wealth, fame and social approval) compared with intrinsic values (e.g. affiliation, self-acceptance and personal growth). This study aimed to investigate the causal relation between REVO and life-satisfaction using the auto-regressive cross-lagged modeling. For this purpose, 3rd, 5th, and 7th year data from the Korea Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) middle school 1st grade panel was analyzed (N = 2,259; 1,140 males and 1,119 females). The results are as follows; Firstly, positive auto-regressive effects of REVO and life-satisfaction were significant. Secondly, REVO was found to have negative and cross-lagged effect on life-satisfaction. However, cross-lagged effect from life-satisfaction to REVO was not significant. Finally, no gender difference was found in this relationship. These results suggest that low life satisfaction does not cause the relative extrinsic value orientation, but high relative extrinsic value orientation may cause low life satisfaction.

The effect of Children's Smartphone addiction on Aggression : Focusing on Moderating Effect of Parenting Style (아동의 스마트폰 중독이 공격성에 미치는 영향 : 부모의 양육태도의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Hye-seon;Kim, Hyoung-mo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.498-512
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to raise validity of the result through using national data, to analyze the effect of children's smartphone addiction on aggression and moderating effect of parenting styles on the relationship between children's smartphone addiction and aggression. The data were obtained from 4th waves of KCYPS(Korean Children Youth Panel Study), and 1,686 4th graders in elementary schools who have smartphone were analysed. To achieve the purpose, this study executed frequency analysis, descriptive statistic, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis through SPSS 21.0. The results of this study are as follows: First, the higher children's smartphone addiction level, the higher children's aggression goes. Second, parents' supervision, affection, neglect have moderating effects on the relationship between children's smartphone addiction and aggression which means parenting styles could reduce children's aggression despite serious smartphone addiction. Based on these results, this study suggests that the combination of preventive discipline of smartphone addiction and parental education program is needed to reduce children's aggression which is main factor of bullying. In addition, this study suggests the establishment of special arrangement such as 'shut down' for smartphone addiction prevention.

Longitudinal Relationship between Children's Life Satisfaction and Parents' Life Satisfaction: Using Autoregressive Cross-lagged Model (부모 삶의 만족도와 아동 삶의 만족도의 종단적 관계 : 자기회귀교차지연 모형을 이용하여)

  • Kim, Yong Hoi;Han, Chang-Keun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.29-55
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    • 2017
  • This study aims to examine how children's life satisfaction is interrelated with parents' life satisfaction longitudinally. Autoregressive cross-lagged model was employed to analyze the interrelationship between children's and parents' life satisfaction. This study used 6 waves (Elementary school 4th year to Middle school 3rd year) from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study (KCYPS). The sample size was 1,963 families with child and parent. Key findings are as follows: First, children's and parents' life satisfaction, respectively, was found to influence each other during the study period. Second, parents' life satisfaction were found to have positive and significant cross-lagged impacts on children's life satisfaction. Third, similarly, children's life satisfaction was positively related to parents' life satisfaction longitudinally. The findings suggest that children's and parents' life satisfaction are interrelated in an autoregressive cross-lagged model. This study concludes with implications for enhancing children's and parents' life satisfaction.

A Converged Study on the Longitudinal Relationship between Self-esteem and Community Spirit in Adolescents: Focusing on the Data of KCYPS (청소년의 자아존중감과 공동체의식에 관한 종단적 융합연구 -한국아동·청소년패널조사를 중심으로-)

  • Choi, Jung-Hyun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.12
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    • pp.62-70
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    • 2019
  • The study used cross-lagged path modeling to examine the longitudinal associations between self-esteem and community spirit among adolescents. This is a longitudinal study designed to examine the developmental changes of adolescents' self-esteem and community spirit in Korea. This study used the data collected by the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) from 2014 through 2016. Participants were surveyed from the 5th grade to the 7th, which belonged to the 1st elementary school cohort panel of the KCYPS. To be used as the data of this study, children should have all information at 3-time points: the 5th grade; 6th grade; 7th grade. The collected data were analyzed with PSAW 18.0 and AMOS statistical program. The participants in this study were 903 males (51.6%) and 847 females (48.4%). The level of self-esteem was 3.29±.51, 3.19±.55, and 3.15±.57 point at 5th grade, 6th grade, and 7th grade each. The level of community spirit was 3.12±.52, 3.09±.59, 3.15±.55 point respectively. Community spirit from elementary school to middle school is consistently predicted by previous self-esteem. Likewise self-esteem has a significant predictive effect on subsequent community spirit.

The effect of over-control parenting styles on elementary school student's mobile phone dependency - Focused on the mediating effect of depression (과잉간섭 양육방식이 휴대 전화의존도에 미치는 영향 -우울의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Woo, Jea-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.8
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    • pp.200-209
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the mediating effect of depression on the relationship between over-control parenting styles and mobile phone dependency among children. The 5th-year longitudinal data from the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) were collected from 4th grade elementary school students. The data were analyzed by the structural equation modeling and bootstrapping. The results of this study were as follows. First, there is a positive path from over-control parenting styles to depression, from depression to mobile phone dependency, and from over-control parenting styles to mobile phone dependency. Second, depression had a mediating effect on the association between over-control parenting styles and mobile phone dependency. Based on these results, more study of elementary school students' reliance on cell phones is needed.

Analysis of Korean Adolescents' Life Satisfaction based on Public Database and Data Mining Techniques: Emphasis on Decision Tree (공공 DB 데이터마이닝 기법을 활용한 국내 청소년 삶의 만족도 분석에 관한 실증연구: 의사결정나무 기법을 중심으로)

  • Jo, Hyun Jin;Ko, Geo Nu;Lee, Kun Chang
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.297-309
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    • 2020
  • This study focuses on the application of the data mining technique logistic regression analysis and decision tree analysis to the domestic public database called Korean Children Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) to derive a series of important factors affecting the enhancement of life satisfaction of domestic youth. As a result, the general impact factors on life satisfaction for each grade were derived from logistic regression. Using decision tree analysis, we came to conclusions that those factors such as depression, overall grade satisfaction, household economic level, and school adaptation play crucial roles in affecting high school adolesscents' life satisfaction.

Interaction Effects of Social Determinants Affecting School-Aged Children's Health (학령기 아동 건강에 대한 사회적 결정요인의 상호작용 효과)

  • Kim, Mi Young;Park, Mee Sok
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.515-527
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated social determinants and their interaction effects on the health of school-aged children in diverse environmental factors pertaining to the individual, family, and peers from an ecological systematic perspective. Data were drawn from the first wave of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) developed by the National Youth Policy Institute and conducted in 2010. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Cronbach ${\alpha}$, correlation, and hierarchical regression analysis using SPSS ver. 18. The results from this study showed that sex and age were related to the health of school-aged children, as social determinants. Self-rated levels of the health of boys and younger children were more positive than girls and older children; in addition, levels of self-resilience, satisfaction of peer relation, and parenting rearing attitude were found to have a positive impact on self-rated levels of the health of school-aged children as protective factors. Especially, according to the result of interaction analysis between factors, self-resilience, and parenting rearing attitude were moderators of the effects on between sex and household income and self-rated level of the health of school-aged children respectively. The findings from this study suggested the need to expand the social intervention range to improve school-aged children's health.