• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korean Children Youth Panel Study

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The Effects of Private Education Patterns and Study Habits on Academic Achievement (사교육 패턴과 학습습관이 학업성취도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Eun Jung;Ko, Jung Won
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.443-456
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the patterns of private education, investigate the characteristics of private education patterns, and analyze the differences in study habits and academic achievement of youth on the basis of private education patterns. In this study, we used the data from the 2012 Panel of the Korea Children and Youth Panel Study by the National Youth Policy Institute. The subjects of this study were ninth-grade students and their parents. The statistical methods used for the analysis were two-step clustering, Chi-squared test, analysis of variance, and multiple regression. The major findings were as follows: first, private education was classified into three patterns, namely financial investment, time investment, and reduction of investment; and four categories, namely; private education methodology, private education time, private education expenses, and number of youth with access to private education. Second, the statistically significant socio-demographic characteristics of private education patterns were parents' education, parents' job type, father's working hours, sex of children, housing form, and income. Third, the study found that financial investment and a reduce of investment led to better study habits and academic achievement than time investment and no investment. Fourth, private education and study habits showed statistically meaningful effects on academic achievement; in particular, study habits had strong effects on academic achievement. Based on the results, a variety of educational programs for the improvement of the study habits of the youth were suggested.

An Analysis on Determinants of Self-care Days among School-Aged Children (아동의 방과 후 자기보호 일수에 미치는 영향요인 분석)

  • Kim, Jikyung;Kim, Gyunhee
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2013
  • Using the National Children and Youth Panel Survey (2010) data, this study examines the self-care after school experienced by elementary school students. It argues the necessity of analysis on self-care days for understanding demanders' characteristics of after-school care policy. Based on the Ordered Logit Model, this study analyzes the determinants of self-care days among school-aged children. The main result of the analysis is that self-care days are also more likely to be increased among children with higher school grade, more sibling, lower mother's education, dual-earner family, two-parent family, multi-cultural family, and lower family income.

The Effects of Parenting Behaviors, a Youth's Personal Characteristics during a Transition Period, and Peer Attachment, on School Life: Assessing the Mediating Effect of Cell Phone Dependence (전환기 청소년의 개인특성, 또래애착 및 부모양육행동이 학교생활 적응에 미치는 영향: 휴대전화 의존도의 매개효과 검증)

  • Yi, Ye Jin
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.52 no.5
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    • pp.519-528
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    • 2014
  • This study explores how the main variables of youth going through a transition period (parents' nurturing behavior, the youth's self-esteem and ego resilience, the peer group relationships) affect the youth's school adjustment. It also analyzes the effects of theses variables on the youth's dependence on cell phones, which are considered a necessity in modern society. This research is verified by using a structure model verification method based on data from the Korean Children Youth Panel Study. According to the research, first, 1st-year students in middle school show better adjustment to their school life and less dependence on cell phones when they have a stronger sense of self-esteem and ego resilience; further, it is revealed that cell phone dependence has an indirect influence on the school life of these children. Second, they tend to show better adjustment to their school life and less dependence on cell phones when their parents' nurturing behaviors are more positive. Third, these children tend to depend more on cell phones when they have a positive peer group relationship, Moreover, cell phone dependence has an indirect influence on their school life. When considering the impact of cell phone to youth in modern society, need to prepare proper training program for correct uses and preventing from addiction.

The Effects of Parenting and Peers on Pornography Media Engagement (부모양육태도 및 또래요인이 청소년의 음란물 매체 몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Sook-Ja
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.729-742
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of parenting and peers on youth engagement to pornography media, the fourth year data of the fourth-grade panel (first year at middle school) and the fourth-year data of the eighth-grade panel (first year at high school) were analyzed. The number of cases investigated for this panel study were 2,378 subjects among the fourth-year panel of the fourth grade and 2,361 subjects among the fourth-year panel of middle schoolers. But this study, the total of 720 subjects that the response were made in the pornography items are analyzed. The result of this study reveals that male students were more likely to be addicted to pornography than female students. Also, inconsistency and excessive intervention among the parenting attitudes and peer attachment and numbers of delinquent friens among the peer factors were shown to have influence on youth addiction to pornography. Based on such results, a proposal that a plan to increase the parental education and strengthen peer relationships is important ahead of the Controlled intervention in the meantime was made.

Relationship between Mobile Phone Addiction and the Incidence of Poor and Short Sleep among Korean Adolescents: a Longitudinal Study of the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey

  • Lee, Joo Eun;Jang, Sung-In;Ju, Yeong Jun;Kim, Woorim;Lee, Hyo Jung;Park, Eun-Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.1166-1172
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    • 2017
  • Three of ten teenagers in Korea are addicted to mobile phones. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between mobile phone addiction and the incidence of poor sleep quality and short sleep duration in adolescents. We used longitudinal data from the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute in Korea (2011-2013). A total of 1,125 students at baseline were included in this study after excluding those who already had poor sleep quality or short sleep duration in the previous year. A generalized estimating equation was used to analyze the data. High mobile phone addiction (mobile phone addiction score > 20) increased the risk of poor sleep quality but not short sleep duration. We suggest that consistent monitoring and effective intervention programs are required to prevent mobile phone addiction and improve adolescents' sleep quality.

The effect of Children's Smartphone addiction on Aggression : Focusing on Moderating Effect of Parenting Style (아동의 스마트폰 중독이 공격성에 미치는 영향 : 부모의 양육태도의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Hye-seon;Kim, Hyoung-mo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.498-512
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to raise validity of the result through using national data, to analyze the effect of children's smartphone addiction on aggression and moderating effect of parenting styles on the relationship between children's smartphone addiction and aggression. The data were obtained from 4th waves of KCYPS(Korean Children Youth Panel Study), and 1,686 4th graders in elementary schools who have smartphone were analysed. To achieve the purpose, this study executed frequency analysis, descriptive statistic, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis through SPSS 21.0. The results of this study are as follows: First, the higher children's smartphone addiction level, the higher children's aggression goes. Second, parents' supervision, affection, neglect have moderating effects on the relationship between children's smartphone addiction and aggression which means parenting styles could reduce children's aggression despite serious smartphone addiction. Based on these results, this study suggests that the combination of preventive discipline of smartphone addiction and parental education program is needed to reduce children's aggression which is main factor of bullying. In addition, this study suggests the establishment of special arrangement such as 'shut down' for smartphone addiction prevention.

Investigation on Factors Affecting Adolescent Depression: Using Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (청소년 우울증 영향요인에 관한 연구 : 아동·청소년 패널데이터 이용)

  • Choi, Young Jin;Gang, Hong Ik;Kim, Dong Wook;Seong, Gyu Hwan;Han, Whiejong M
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: This study aimed to analyze the association between adolescent depression and personal factors such as interpersonal relationship and personal characteristics. Methods: The data used for this study was taken from the 2014 Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey. Of those 2,351 subjects in a data set, data of 1,938 subjects were analyzed after excluding 413 subjects with missing information. Hierarchical regression analysis was conducted for multi-variate analysis. In addition, controlling effects of ego-resiliency was analyzed. SPSS 22.0. was utilized for statistical analyses. Results: The study found that the depressive index was higher in women than men, and lower in adolescent who has a good relationship with parents and friends. This study also found that adolescents with high ego-resiliency are more vulnerable to depression. Conclusions: It is recommended to understand and to utilize ego-resiliency of adolescents, in order to reduce adolescents depression. Promoting good relationship with parents and friends will also positively impact to lower adolescents depression.

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Interaction Effects of Social Determinants Affecting School-Aged Children's Health (학령기 아동 건강에 대한 사회적 결정요인의 상호작용 효과)

  • Kim, Mi Young;Park, Mee Sok
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.515-527
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    • 2016
  • This study investigated social determinants and their interaction effects on the health of school-aged children in diverse environmental factors pertaining to the individual, family, and peers from an ecological systematic perspective. Data were drawn from the first wave of the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) developed by the National Youth Policy Institute and conducted in 2010. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Cronbach ${\alpha}$, correlation, and hierarchical regression analysis using SPSS ver. 18. The results from this study showed that sex and age were related to the health of school-aged children, as social determinants. Self-rated levels of the health of boys and younger children were more positive than girls and older children; in addition, levels of self-resilience, satisfaction of peer relation, and parenting rearing attitude were found to have a positive impact on self-rated levels of the health of school-aged children as protective factors. Especially, according to the result of interaction analysis between factors, self-resilience, and parenting rearing attitude were moderators of the effects on between sex and household income and self-rated level of the health of school-aged children respectively. The findings from this study suggested the need to expand the social intervention range to improve school-aged children's health.

The Effect of Sleep Duration on Youth School Adjustment Mediated by Parenting Behavior (초중고생의 수면 시간이 부모양육태도의 매개를 통해 학교적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Soo Jung;Chung, Ick-Joong
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.13-26
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and school adjustment of elementary-, middle-, high-school youth and to verify the mediating effects of parenting behavior. Methods: We analyzed the data from Wave 4 of the first-grade panel of elementary school and Waves 1 and 4 of the first-grade panel of middle school in Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS), including 1,703 fourth graders, 2,119 seventh graders, and 2,108 tenth graders. Multiple regression was used for the data analyses. Results: The results of this study were as follows. First, longer sleep duration was associated with a higher level of school adjustment in fourth grade. In contrast, longer sleep duration was associated with a lower level of school adjustment in seventh and tenth grades. Second, longer sleep duration was related to a higher level of discipline through reasoning in fourth grade. However, longer sleep duration was related to a lower level of parental monitoring in seventh and tenth grades. Third, the relationship between sleep duration and school adjustment was mediated by parenting behavior. Discipline through reasoning had a mediating effect in fourth grade, but the mediating effect of parental monitoring was found in seventh and tenth grades. Conclusion: These results suggest a differentiated approach on sleep duration in accordance with developmental stage and the need for parent education.

A Clustering Study of the Variables Related to Elementary School 5th Graders' Levels of Life Satisfaction (초등학교 5학년 아동의 삶의 만족도 관련 변인의 유형화 연구)

  • Chun, Hui Young;Song, Youngjoo;Lee, Mi Ran
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.71-92
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    • 2014
  • Using the second year data of the Korean Child and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS) elementary 4 panel, this study attempted to elucidate variables related to elementary school 5th graders' life satisfaction and how the variables are clustered in each gender. Analyzing the data of 2378 5th graders (boys 1180, girls 1084) indicated that variables related to their life satisfaction were self-esteem, parenting style, peer attachment, grade satisfaction, and school adjustment. Both boys and girls were clustered into three clusters. The cluster 1 children indicated the highest degrees of self-esteem, peer attachment, grade satisfaction and school adjustment levels, and they perceived parenting style more positively than the children from the other clusters. The cluster 3 children showed the opposite trends to the cluster 1 children in each of the five variables and the cluster 2 showed middle levels in all of the variables. The characteristics of the three clusters were analyzed in terms of the differences of children's life satisfaction and explanatory variables of life satisfaction.