• Title, Summary, Keyword: Korea

Search Result 663,631, Processing Time 1.165 seconds

Comparison of Thallium-201 Scan and Tc-99m Sestamibi Scan in the Differential Diagnosis of Breast Mass (유방암 진단에 있어서 탈륨스캔과 Tc-99m MIBI 스캔의 비교)

  • Cho, Ihn-Ho;Won, Kyu-Jang;Lee, Hyung-Woo;Lee, Soo-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.1
    • /
    • pp.76-83
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: We performed this study to compare T1-201 and Tc-99m MIBI scans for the differentiation of malignant from benign breast mass. Materials and Methods: Thirty-eight female patients underwent T1-201 breast scan and thirty-two of them also underwent Tc-99m MIBI scan of the breast. After intravenous injection of 74-111 MBq of T1-201, early (10 minutes) and delayed (3 hours) images were obtained. Then, 555-740 MBq of Tc-99m MIBI was injected and images after 30 minutes were obtained. We compared T1-201 and Tc-99m MIBI scans with pathologic results. Results: Twenty-three patients were confirmed to have infiltrating duct carcinoma and fifteen patients to have benign breast mass by excisonal biopsy. The sensitivity of early and delayed T1-201 scan and Tc-99m MIBI scan in the detection of malignant breast lesion were 100% (23/23), 82% (18/22), and 90% (18120), respectively. The sensitivity of early T1-201 scan was significantly higher than that of delayed T1-201 scan (p<0.05). The specificity of early and delayed T1-201 scan and Tc-99m MIBI scan were 73% (l1/15), 73% (l1/15) and 83% (10/12), respectively (p: not significant). Three patients out of nine with fibroadenoma and one patient with atypical duct hyperplasia were false positive in both early and delayed T1-201 scans. The size of fibroadenoma with false positive in early and delayed T1-201 scan (4 cases) was larger than that of 11 fibroadenoma with true negative scan (p<0.01). Metastatic axillary lymph node involvement was present in fifteen patients. The sensitivity to detect metastatic nodes was 38% (5/13) for early T1-201 images, 15% (2/13) for delayed T1-201 images, 58% (7/12) for Tc-99m MIBI planar images and 67% (4/6) for Tc-99m MIBI SPECT. The sensitivity of Tc-99m MIBI planar or SPECT was significantly higher than that of delayed T1-201 images (p<0.05). Conclusion: Early T1-201 and Tc-99m MIBI scan are useful noninvasive methods to differentiate malignant from benign mass of breast Tc-99m MIBI scan was sensitive in detecting axillary lymph node metastasis in patients with breast cancer.

  • PDF

Differentiation of Bone Metastases and Fractures using 24 hour/3 hour Radio-uptake Ratio in Bone Scintigraphy (골신티그라피의 3시간과 24시간 방사능 섭취비를 이용한 골 전이와 골절의 감별)

  • Han, Song-Yee;Chun, Kyung-Ah;Chung, Yong-Ahn;Kim, Sung-Hoon;Kim, Young-Joo;Chung, Soo-Kyo;Park, Seog-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.512-518
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: We evaluated the usefulness of 24 hour/3 hour radio-uptake ratio, lesion to non-lesion ratio, in differentiating bony metastases from acute (<2 months) and healing (${\geq}2$ months) fractures. Materials and Methods: Sixty-three patients (age range: 26-81, 32 males, 31 females) having 90 lesions (30 bone metastases, 30 acute fractures, 30 healing fractures) were included. Bone scans were obtained 3 and 24 hours after administration of 740 MBq of $^{99m}Tc$-MDP. The ratio of radio-uptake in the lesion to normal area was measured as 24/3 hour radio-uptake ratio ([lesion/non-lesion RUR at 24 hour]/[lesion/non-lesion RUR at 3 hour], 24/3 RUR) and analyzed clinical significance in differentiating bone metastases from acute or healing fractures. Results: Mean 24/3 RUR were $1.22{\pm}0.18$ for bone metastases, $1.25{\pm}0.14$ for acute fractures, and $0.99{\pm}0.15$ for healing fractures. 24/3 RUR values of bone metastases and acute fractures were not significantly different. But 24/3 RUR values of bone metastases and healing fractures, and those of acute and healing fractures were found to be significantly different (p<0.001). When 24/3 RUR of 1.0 was considered as the cut off point separating metastases from fracture, a sensitivity of 100% (30/30) was obtained. The specificity was 0% (0/30) in separating metastases from acute fractures, and 47% (14/30) in separating metastases from healing fractures. When 24/3 RUR of 1.2 was considered as the cut off point, sensitivity of 53% (16/30) in the diagnosis of bone metastasis, and specificity of 37% (11/30) in separating metastases from acute fractures, and 100% (30/30) in separating metastases from healing fractures were obtained. Conclusion: 24/3 RUR is useful in differentiating bone metastases from healing fractures, but not in differentiating bone metastases from acute fractures. A 24/3 RUR of less than 1.0 suggests healing fractures. A 24/3 RUR of more than 1.2 suggests bone metastases or acute fractures.

  • PDF

Effect of Propranolol on Portal Vein Pressure in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease: Evaluation by Perrectal Portal Scintigraphy (만성 간질환에서 Propranolol의 문맥압 감소 효과: 경직장 문맥 신티그라피를 이용한 평가)

  • Rho, Young-Ho;Han, Shin;Kim, Hak-Su;Yoon, Su-Jin;Kim, Yun-Kwon;Kim, So-Yon;Kim, Yeong-Jung;Cho, Min-Koo;Park, Byong-Yik;Lee, Gwon-Jun
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.388-397
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: Propranolol is known to decrease portal pressure by reducing blood flow of portal vein. Perrectal portal scintigraphy with Tc-99m pertechnetate has been introduced to evaluate the portal circulation and early diagnosis of liver cirrhosis. We evaluated the effects of propranolol on portal circulation by using per-rectal portal scintigraphy. Materials and Methods: We analyzed the portal hemodynamics by per-rectal portal scintigraphy in 51 patients with liver cirrhosis, 10 chronic hepatitis and 10 normal subjects. 38 patients with cirrhosis underwent per-rectal portal scintigraphy before and after propranolol medication. Perrectal portal scintigraphy was performed after per-rectal administration of 370 MBq of Tc-99m pertechnetate. The shunt index was calculated as the ratio, expressed as a percentage of heart radioactivity to the sum of heart and liver radioactivity during the first 30 seconds. Results: The shunt index in 40 patients with cirrhosis ($59.8{\pm}27.2%$) was significantly higher than that of normal control ($5.0{\pm}1.2%$. p<0.01) and chronic hepatitis ($11.4{\pm}3.5%$, p<0.01). Shunt index was significantly different according to Child's classification and the degree of esophageal varix (p<0.01). After propranolol medication, shunt index was significantly decreased from $59.9{\pm}27.3%$ to $51.3{\pm}15.3%$ (p<0.01) in 38 patients with liver cirrhosis. There was no significant difference of the amount of shunt index reduction after propranolol according to Childs' classification and the degree of esophgageal varix. Conclusion : The effect of propranolol on portal circulation was demonstrated as decreasing shunt index on per-rectal portal scintigraphy in patients with liver cirrhosis. Per-rectal portal scintigraphy may be useful to evaluate the portal circulation and to predict the effect of propranolol in patients with liver cirrhosis.

  • PDF

Tc-99m MAG3 SPECT on Transplanted Kidney (이식 신장에서 시행한 Tc-99m MAG3 SPECT)

  • Ryu, Jong-Gul;Kim, Soon;Zeon, Seok-Kil
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.519-526
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the usefulness of a technetium-99m mercaptoacetyltriglycine (Tc-99m MAG3) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) performed on transplanted kidney. Materials and Methods: Thirty renal transplant patients were included in this study. Planar scan was performed for 30 minutes using 555 MBq Tc-99m MAG3. A post-voiding SPECT scan was acquired on the third, seventh, fourteenth and twenty eighth day after transplantation. Results: SPECT scan showed interpretable image quality in 26 of 30 patients (86.7%) and 84 in 120 scans (70%). Fourteen of 26 patients with interpretable SPECT image showed decreased or increased radioactivity, but only 5 had abnormal findings on the planar scan. Focal SPECT defects were seen in allografts with normal function (n=3), acute tubular necrosis (n=3), and acute rejection (n=2). The defects are thought to reflect focally underperfused renal parenchyme or, in normal allografts, an artifact from uneven radioactivity distribution. Four of 10 patients with renal arterial variation showed focally decreased radioactivity and SPECT helped guide funker studies that confirmed the exact cause. Five of 10 patients with acute tubular necrosis or acute rejection showed focally decreased radioactivity, but its relation to the patients' clinical course was not clear. Focally increased radioactivity was observed in 5 allografts with normal function and 1 with double ureter in which local clearance delay was observed. Conclusion: Tc-99m MAG3 SPECT renal scan can detect additional focal abnormalities compared to planar scan. Further study is necessary to elucidate the exact clinical significance of the SPECT findings.

  • PDF

Is the Renal Uptake of $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA Decreased in Microalbuminuric Diabetic Patient? (미세 단백뇨기의 당뇨병 환자에서 $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA 신섭취율은 감소하는가?)

  • Kim, Seong-Jang;Kim, In-Ju;Kim, Yong-Ki
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.398-404
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: Diabetic nephropathy is the most common cause of end stage renal disease and the incidence is progressively increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences of $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA renal uptake among diabetic patients with normoalbuminuria, microalbuminuria and overt proteinuria, and then to determine the clinical usefulness of $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA in predicting early diabetic nephropathy Materials and Methods: $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA scan was performed and a total renal uptake of $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA was measured in 145 diabetic patients. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the amount of 24 hour urinary albumin excretion as Group I (normoalbuminuria, 74 cases), Group II (microalbuminuria, 39 cases), and Group III (overt proteinuria, 32 cases). The differences of $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA renal uptake among the 3 groups and the correlation between the renal uptake of $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA and other clinical parameters were analyzed. Results: The total renal uptake of $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA of Group II ($40.8{\pm}11.0%$) was significantly lower than that of Group I ($54.4{\pm}6.3%$, p<0.001). The uptake of Group III ($27.7{\pm}12.0%$) was significantly lower than those of both Group I and Group II (p<0.001). $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA total renal uptakes correlated negatively with serum creatinine level (r=-0.629, p<0.001) and positively correlated with creatinine clearance rate (r=0.102, p<0.001). Conclusion: $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA total renal uptake of diabetic patients with microalbuminuria was significantly decreased compared with that of patients of normoalbuminuria. Therefore, $^{99m}Tc$-DMSA scan can be used as a diagnostic study for early detection of the diabetic nephropathy.

  • PDF

Synthesis and Biodistribution of Flumazenil Derivative [F-18](3-(2-Fluoro) flumazenil for Imaging Benzodiazepine Receptor (벤조디아제핀 수용체 영상용 양전자 방출 핵종 표지 플루마제닐 유도체 [F-18](3-(2-Fluoro)flumazenil의 합성과 생체 내 분포)

  • Hong, Sung-Hyun;Jeong, Jae-Min;Chang, Young-Soo;Lee, Dong-Soo;Chung, June-Key;Cho, Jung-Hyuck;Lee, Sook-Ja;Kang, Sam-Sik;Lee, Myung-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.527-536
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: Radiotracers that bind to the central benzodiazepine receptor are useful for the investigation of various neurological and psychiatric diseases. [C-11]Flumazenil, a benzodiazepine antagonist, is the most widely used radioligand for central benzodiazepine receptor imaging by PET. We synthesized 3-(2-[F-18]fluoro)flumazenil, a new fluorine-18 ($t_{1/2}$= 110 min) labeled analogue of benzodiazepine receptor imaging agent, and evaluated in vivo for biodistribution in mice. Materials and Methods: Flumazenil (Ro 15-1788) was synthesized by a modification of the reported method. Precursor of 3-(2-[F-18]fluoro)flumazenil, the tosylated flumazenil derivative was prepared by the tosylation of the ethyl ester by ditosylethane. [F-18] labeling of tosyl substitued flumazenil precursor was performed by adding F-18 ion at $85^{\circ}C$ in the hot ceil for 20 min. The reaction mixture was trapped by C18 cartridge, washed with 10% ethanol, and eluted by 40% ethanol. Bidistribution in mice was determined after intravenous injection. Results: The total chemical yield of tosylated flumazenil derivative was ${\sim}40%$. The efficiency of labeling 3-(2-[F-18]fluoro)flumazenil was 66% with a total synthesis time of 50 min. Brain uptakes of 3-(2-[F-18]fluoro)flumazenil at 10, 30, 60 min after injection, were $2.5{\pm}0.37,\;2.2{\pm}0.26,\;2.1{\pm}0.11$ and blood activities were $3.7{\pm}0.43,\;3.3{\pm}0.07,\;3.3{\pm}0.09%ID/g$, respectively. Conclusion: We synthesized a tosylated flumazenil derivative which was successfully labeled with no-carrier-added F-18 by nucleophilic substitution.

  • PDF

Change of Cerebral Blood Flow Distribution and Vascular Reserve according to Age in Koreans Measured by Tc-99m HMPAO Brain SPECT (한국 정상인에서 연령에 따른 뇌혈류분포와 혈류예비능의 변화: Tc-99m HMPAO SPECT에 의한 연구)

  • Song, Ho-Cheon;Bom, Hee-Seung;Sohn, Hye-Kyung;Jeong, Hwan-Jeong;Min, Jung-Jun;Kim, Ji-Yeul;Lee, Jae-Tae;Moon, Dae-Hyuk;Lee, Hee-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.247-261
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the normal values of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) in normal children to aged volunteers using Tc-99m HMPAO, Materials and Methods: Thirty four right-handed normal volunteers (20 males, 14 females, mean age $40.3{\pm}24.9$ years, range 4 to 82 years) were underwent rost/acetazolamide (ACZ) brain SPECT using Tc-99m HMPAO and the sequential injection and subtraction method. rCBF was estimated on the basis of a semiquantitative approach by means of right/left ratio, region/cerebellum and region to whole brain ratios in (rental, parietal, temporal, and occipital lobes, basal ganglia, thalami, and cerebellum. CVR was measured by means of % perfusion increase calculated as % mean count change compared to rest rCBF in each regions. Results: Mean values of right to left ratios range from 1.004 to 1.018, rCBF was highest in cerebellum and lowest in basal ganglia and thalami. Frontal and temporal rCBF decreased while occipital and thalamic rCBF increased according to age. No sexual difference of rCBF was noted. Mean CVR was $29.9{\pm}12.9%$. Mean CVR significantly increased to late teens, and declined thereafter. After 6th decade, CVR in both frontal lobes, left parietal lobe and right basal ganglia decreased significantly with advancing age. There was no sexual difference of CVR. Conclusion: Quantitative assessment of CVR was possible by ACZ Tc-99m HMPAO brain SPECT. It revealed that rCBF and CVR changed according to age in normal Korean volunteers. There was no sexual difference.

  • PDF

$^{99m}Tc$-HMPAO-labelled Leucocyte Scintigraphy in the Diagnosis of Infection after Total Knee Replacement Arthroplasty (인공슬관절 전치환술 환자에서 $^{99m}Tc$-HMPAO-백혈구 스캔을 이용한 인공관절 감염의 진단)

  • Park, Dong-Rib;Kim, Jae-Seung;Ryu, Jin-Sook;Moon, Dae-Hyuk;Bin, Seong-Il;Cho, Woo-Shin;Lee, Hee-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.4
    • /
    • pp.413-421
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: This study was performed to evaluate the usefulness of $^{99m}Tc$-HMPAO-labelled leucocyte scintigraphy for diagnosing prosthetic infection after total knee replacement arthroplasty without the aid of following bone marrow scintigraphy Materials and Methods: The study subjects were 25 prostheses of 17 patients (one man and 16 women, mean age. 65 years) who had total knee replacement arthroplasty. After injection of $^{99m}Tc$-HMPAO-labelled leucocyte, the whole body planar and knee SPECT images were obtained in all patients. The subjects were classified into three groups according to clinical suspicion of prosthetic infection. Group A (n=11) with high suspicion of infection; Group B (n=6) with equivocal suspicion of infection, and Group C (n=8) with asymptomatic contralateral prostheses. Final diagnosis of infection was based on surgical, histological and bacteriological data and clinical follow-up. Results: Infection was confirmed in 13 prostheses (11 in Group A and 2 in Group B). All prostheses in Group A were true positive. There were two true positives, one false positive and three true negatives in Group B, and six true negatives and two false positives in Group C. Overall sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for diagnosis of the infected knee prosthesis were 100%, 75% and 88%, respectively Conclusion: $^{99m}Tc$-HMPAO-labelled leucocyte scintigraphy is a sensitive method for the diagnosis of infected knee prosthesis. However, false positive uptakes even in asymptomatic prosthesis suggest that bone marrow scintigraphy may be needed to achieve improved specificity.

  • PDF

Comparison of Diagnostic Performance between Interictal F-18-FDG PET and Ictal Tc-99m-HMPAO SPECT in Occipital Lobe Epilepsy (후두엽간질 환자에서 F-18-FDG PET와 발작기 Tc-99m-HMPAO SPECT의 간질원인병소 진단 성능 비교)

  • Kim, Seok-Ki;Lee, Dong-Soo;Yeo, Jeong-Seok;Lee, Sang-Kun;Kim, Joo-Yong;Jeong, Jae-Min;Chung, June-Key;Lee, Myung-Chul
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.262-272
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: Interictal F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET and ictal Tc-99m-HMPAO SPECT are found to be useful in localizing epileptogenic zones in neocortical lateral temporal or frontal lobe epilepsy. We investigated whether interictal F-18-FDG PET or ictal Tc-99m-HMPAO SPECT was useful to find epileptogenic Bones in occipital lobe epilepsy (OLE). Materials and Methods: We reviewed patterns of hypometabolism in interictal F-18-FDG PET and of hyperperfusion in ictal Tc-99m-HMPAO SPECT in 17 OLE patients (mean age=$27{\pm}6.8$ year, M:F= 10:7, injection time= $30{\pm}17$ sec). OLE was diagnosed based on invasive electroencephalography (EEG) study, surgery and post-surgical outcome (Engel class I in all for average 14 months). Results: Epileptogenic zones were correctly localized in 9 (60%) out of 15 patients by interictal F-18-FDG PET. Epiletogenic hemispheres were correctly lateralized in 14 patients (93%). By ictal Tc-99m-HMPAO SPECT, epileptogenic hemispheres were correctly lateralized in 13 patients (76%), but localization was possible only in 3 patients (18%). Among patients who showed no abnormality with MR imaging and no correct localization with ictal Tc-99m-HMPAO SPECT, interictal F-18-FDG PET was helpful in 2 patients. Conclusion: Ictal Tc-99m-HMPAO SPECT was helpful in lateralization but not in localization in OLE. Interictal F-18-FDG PET was helpful for localization of epileptogenic zones even in patients with ambiguous MR or ictal SPECT findings.

  • PDF

Cross-calibration of Bone Mineral Density between Two Different Dual X-ray Absorptiometry Systems: Hologic QDR 4500-A and Lunar EXPERT-XL (서로 다른 이중에너지 방사선흡수기계 기종(Hologic QDR 4500-A와 Lunar EXPERT-XL) 간의 골밀도 교차 보정)

  • Jo, Jin-Man;Kim, Jae-Seung;Kim, Ghi-Su;Kim, Sang-Wook;Shin, Jung-Woo;Moon, Dae-Hyuk;Lee, Hee-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.282-288
    • /
    • 1999
  • Purpose: A cross-calibration equation is needed to compare bone mineral density measured by different dual X-ray absoptiometry systems. We performed this study to establish appropriate cross-calibration equations between two different dual X-ray absorptiometry systems. Materials and Methods: Bone mineral density of anterior-posterior lumbar spine (L2-4 level) and femoral neck were measured in 109 women ($55{\pm}11yr$) using two different dual X-ray absorptiometry systems (Lunar EXPERT-XL and Hologic QDR 4500-A). Bone mineral density values measured by two systems, including area, bone mass content, bone mineral density and percentile of young normals were compared and cross-calibration equations between two systems derived. Results: The bone mineral density values of 109 women measured by Lunar system were $0.958{\pm}0.17g/cm^2$ at L2-4 and $0.768{\pm}0.131g/cm^2$ at femur neck, which were significantly higher ($13{\pm}6%$ at L2-4 and $19{\pm}7%$ at femur neck, p<0.001) than those ($0.851{\pm}0.144 g/cm^2$ at L2-4 and $0.649{\pm}0.108 g/cm^2$ at femur neck) by Hologic system. Bone mineral content and percentile of young normals measured by Lunar system were also significantly higher than those by Hologic system (p<0.001), whereas there was no difference in area (p>0.05). There was a high correlation between bone mineral density values of L2-4 and femoral neck obtained with both dual X-ray absortiometry systems (r=0.96 and 0.95, respectively). Cross-calibration equations relating the bone mineral density were Lunar= 1.1287${\times}$Hologic -0.0027 for L2-4 and Lunar= 1.1556${\times}$Hologic+0.0182 for femoral neck. Conclusion: We obtained cross-calibration equations of bone mineral density between Lunar EXPERT-XL and Hologic QDR 4500-A. These equations can be useful in comparing bone mineral density obtained by different dual X-ray absorptiometry systems.

  • PDF