• Title, Summary, Keyword: Knowledge Creation

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The Relationship between Job Burnout, Social Support and Knowledge Creation and Sharing (직무소진, 사회적 지원과 지식창출, 공유와의 관계)

  • Cho, Yoonhyung;Moon, Myung
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.21-43
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    • 2014
  • This paper investigate relationship between job burnout, social support and knowledge creation, sharing. also, social support are moderate on the relationship between job burnout and knowledge creation, sharing. We build up main effect and moderating effect hypothesis. To test hypothesis, survey method are performed. The results are as follows. first, emotional exhaustion and low personal accomplishment have negative effects on knowledge creation, but haven't effect on knowledge sharing. second, social support significant positively impact on knowledge creation and sharing. third, both of supervisor' support and coworker's support partially moderate the relationship between job burnout and knowledge creation, sharing. especially, emotional exhaustion reduce supervisor' support to knowledge creation, sharing and low personal accomplishment reduce co-worker' support to knowledge sharing, which means although job burnout preceded, if employees perceived high level of social support that have buffering effects on the relationships.

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Organizational Capabilities for Effective Knowledge Creation: An In-depth Case Analysis of Quinolone Antibacterial Drug Discovery Process (효과적 지식창출을 위한 조직능력 요건: 퀴놀론계 항생제 개발 사례를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Chun-Keun;Kim, Linsu
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.109-132
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this article is to develop a dynamic model of organizational capabilities and knowledge creation, and at the same time identify the organizational capability factors for effective knowledge creation, by empirically analyzing the history of new Quinolone antibacterial drug compound (LB20304a) discovery process at LG, as a case in point. Major findings of this study are as follows. First, in a science-based area such as drug development, the core of successful knowledge creation lies in creative combination of different bodies of scientific explicit knowledge. Second, the greater the difficulty of learning external knowledge, the more tacit knowledge is needed for the recipient firm to effectively exploit that knowledge. Third, in science-based sector such as pharmaceutical industry, the key for successful knowledge creation lies in the capability of recruiting and retaining star scientists. Finally, for effective knowledge creation, a firm must keep its balance among three dimensions of organizational capabilities: local, process, architectural capabilities.

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The Effect of Individual and Team Characteristics on Knowledge Creation : An Analysis by Hierarchical Linear Model (HLM) (개인과 집단의 특성이 지식창출에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, So-Ra;Kim, Min-Sun
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.19-38
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    • 2010
  • This paper investigates the effect of stress on knowledge creation. The goal stress of resource inadequacy and job stress had negative influences on knowledge creation. However, the cohesion and mastery climate of team had positive influence on knowledge creation. Therefore this paper verifies the moderate role of the cohesion and mastery climate of team on the relationship between stress and knowledge creation. The model developed was tested using data collected from knowledge based industry with 375 members in 69 teams in 12 different firms. A Hierarchical Linear Model (HLM) was used to test the hypotheses generated from the model. Results show that job stress had a negative influence on knowledge creation as we expected but the goal stress didn't. The mastery climate of team affected knowledge creation positively and moderated the relationship between the goal stress and knowledge creation. Furthermore, the team cohesion had a positive influence on knowledge creation. The study provided some implications that practitioners should consider the stress when they design jobs for team members and suggest them the way to manage their job stress when they work.

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An Exploratory Case Study on the Factors Affecting the Analytical Knowledge Creation in the Organization (조직 내 분석지 생성 영향 요인에 관한 탐색적 사례 연구)

  • Lee, JaeHwan;Kim, Young-Gul
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.25-44
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    • 2001
  • There are two types of organizational knowledge in terms of its creation process: experiential and analytical knowledge. The experiential knowledge is created by repetitive experiences of an individual or team through task execution, while the analytical knowledge is acquired by analyzing accumulated data or information in the organization. The experiential knowledge often remains tacit or implicit in the organization because it is primarily acquired at an individual or team level. Therefore, the issue on the experiential knowledge is to share it actively within the organization. On the other hand, the analytical knowledge is explicit in its nature since it is extracted from data or information. Thus, it is important to guide a systematic creation of the analytical knowledge rather than encourage to share it. The current trend of "knowledge management" mainly focuses on the experiential knowledge - know-how, idea, case, etc - and neglects another important knowledge in the organization. i. e., analytical knowledge. This paper tries to shed a new light on the "knowledge management" arena by introducing rather new perspective in the concept of knowledge. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors affecting the analytical knowledge creation in the organization. We conducted an exploratory case study of three companies with a previously defined research framework and found some critical factors for the analytical knowledge creation. They are "organizational resource", "effectiveness of feedback process", "data source management", and "experimental mind set". Finally, we proposed research model and propositions regarding the analytical knowledge creation in the organization.

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The Effects of Knowledge Ownership on Knowledge Creation Attitudes (지식소유감이 지식생산태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Eun-Young;Kwahk, Kee-Young
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2017
  • The voluntary knowledge creation plays an important role in achieving competitive advantage in the organization from the perspective of knowledge management. Although many companies have introduced the Knowledge Management Systems (KMS) for this purpose, they have not gained the expected benefits from those systems. One of the reasons for that is KMS have not provided organization members with sufficient intrinsic motivation about knowledge creation, diffusion and application. Therefore, this study proposes a concept called psychological knowledge ownership as intrinsic motivation factor that facilitates knowledge creation and examines its antecedents and consequences. The research results show that reputation, self-efficacy, and expertise sharing have impacts on psychological knowledge ownership, which in turn influences knowledge creation attitude. In conclusion, we discuss both theoretical and practical implications of this research and suggest its limitations.

A Study on the Knowledge Creation with KMS Usage : Focusing on the Flow Theory (KMS 활용을 통한 지식창조 기제 연구 : 몰입의 관점을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Ji-Myoun;Bock, Gee-Woo;Moon, Joon-Seo;Kim, Jong-Hyun
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.75-100
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    • 2011
  • For decades, thousands of corporation introduced knowledge management systems to respond knowledge-based society. However, it seems that the systems merely focusing on knowledge accumulation and its sharing have been bounded by many restrictions in terms of new knowledge creation based on the life cycle of knowledge management systems. Moreover, recently, a variety of knowledge management activities regarding organization, systems, and process is emphasized as a strategic asset for a corporation to create core knowledge. Therefore, this study adopted the Csikszentmihalyi's flow theory to investigate the factors affecting knowledge creation and the success factors of knowledge management systems in virtual space. Prior studies argued that flow experience should be a prerequisite for creative knowledge creation. In that vein, this research revealed the causal relationships for flow experience between the determinants of clear goal, immediate feedback, congruence of challenge and skill. Additionally, it empirically examined how flow experience affected the exploratory behavior of knowledge creation.

The Effects of Learning Organization, Learner's Characteristics on Organizational Knowledge Creation: The Role of Perceived Organizational Support as A Moderator (조직의 지식창출에 대한 학습조직의 구조적 특성 및 학습자 특성의 효과 : 인지된 조직지원의 조절효과)

  • Cho, Yoonhyung;Choi, Woojae
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.17-37
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    • 2011
  • This paper is aimed at investigating the influence of the learning organization's structural characteristics, learner's characteristics, and perceived organizational support (POS) on organizational knowledge creation. also the POS is tested as a moderator on the relationship between learner's characteristics including learning goal orientation and learning self-efficacy and organizational knowledge creation. the results are as follows. for main effect hypotheses, both connecting the organization to its environment and establishing systems to capture and share learning system representing learning organization's structural characteristics have significant positive impact on organizational knowledge creation. the POS also has a significant impact on organizational knowledge creation. However, learning goal orientation and learning self-efficacy have not significant impact on organizational knowledge creation. for moderating effect hypothesis, POS moderates the relationship between learning goal orientation and organizational knowledge creation, which means if the POS is high then learning goal orientation has more significant positive impact on it. Based on our findings, we conclude that structural characteristics of learning organization provide organizations with an opportunity of knowledge creation. in particular, interconnectedness of organization with environment and organizational knowledge sharing systems determine the ways of behaving that are related to learning within organizations. however, learner's characteristics did not have a significant effect on organizational knowledge creation, which could be interpreted due to the fact that employees are not motivated to create new knowledge if they are rarely required to involve challenging works, generate new knowledge, or share preexisted knowledge with others.

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A Study on Knowledge Discovery and Creation Techniques for Knowledge Management in SI Industry (SI산업에서의 지식경영을 위한 지식발견 및 창출 기법에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.99-119
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    • 2001
  • The creation of knowledge is a major concern for knowledge management practice. In particular, effective knowledge creation is one of the critical success factor in SI(System Integration) industry. This paper designs a framework of effective knowledge creation methods for organizations in SI industry. First, we give a comprehensive survey on knowledge creation and discovery methods. And the structure of SI knowledge has been analysed. Also, characteristics of knowledge management processes of SI industry have been surveyed and analysed. A framework for effective knowledge creation of SI organization has been discussed based on the characteristics of SI knowledge and knowledge management processes. Organizational issues and theoretical issues of the methods have been discussed. Future research will be needed to expand the current framework and to examine the effectiveness of the proposed framework.

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Investigation into Industrial Application of Creative Knowledge Creation Model Using Whole Brain Theory and Creative Thinking Tools (전뇌 이론과 창의적 사고 도구를 활용한 창의적 지식 창출 모형의 산업적 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, JooHyung;Yang, DongYol;Choi, ByoungKyu
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.1-22
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    • 2005
  • Knowledge is recognized as the most important asset among enterprises. Therefore, the necessity of knowledge management is ever on the increase nowadays. While many people have endeavored to develop knowledge storage, sharing and usage, knowledge creation is not sufficiently investigated for practical application, because knowledge creation is largely related to creativity and difficult to establish a systematic methodology. In order to overcome such problems, the creative knowledge creation model is proposed by using the whole brain theory and creative thinking tools. First of all, the creative knowledge creation model is based on the Nonaka's knowledge creation model integrated with the whole brain theory. The whole brain theory is then used as a standard to organize a whole brain team that is composed of members who have diverse thinking patterns. For creative thinking tools, the mandal-art and the contradiction matrix of TRIZ are used for a knowledge conversion. Each process of the creative knowledge creation model is sequentially suggested and several terms are defined. In order to verify the effectiveness of the creative knowledge creation model, the proposed model is applied to the development of a dishwasher with a new concept. According to the order of the proposed method, the model is applied twice in the cycle of spiral evolution. Three kinds of dish-washing methods have been developed using the proposed model. The results of the application are then analyzed and presented.

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The Effect of Team Diversity on Knowledge Creation : with Conflict and Absorptive Capacity (팀 다양성이 지식창출에 미치는 영향에서 갈등과 흡수역량의 역할)

  • Um, Hye-Mi;Kang, So-Ra;Kim, Min-Sun
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.101-123
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    • 2011
  • Considering how an organization is timely competitive for survival in the rapidly changing environment of today, it is more important to get new information and knowledge continuously by teams. However team system provides organization with opportunities and, at the same time, is provoked into conflict by the diversity of team members. This study examines the effect of team diversity on knowledge creation and investigates the influence of absorptive capacity and conflict as mediators. The sample population consisted of officials who work in teams at two business corporations that have successfully achieved knowledge creation. The result presents team diversity serves as an effective factor for absorptive capacity and absorptive capacity also serves as an effective factor for knowledge creation. In contrast, team diversity brings team members into conflict and conflict has a negative effect on knowledge creation. Another significant finding of this research is the fact that a positive effect of absorptive capacity on knowledge creation is greater than a negative effect of conflict on it. It clearly demonstrates that team diversity can be an important determinant of knowledge creation if an organization tries to reduce team member's conflict.