• Title, Summary, Keyword: K-IFRS

Search Result 38, Processing Time 0.047 seconds

The Effect of Financial Ratios on Credit Rating by Adoption of K-IFRS (K-IFRS 도입에 따른 재무비율이 신용평가에 미치는 영향)

  • Wang, Hyun-Sun
    • Management & Information Systems Review
    • /
    • v.35 no.4
    • /
    • pp.37-56
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study investigates how adapting of K-IFRS effects NI and OCI affecting of credit rating on changing of the period and variable by using samples of around adapting of K-IFRS. First of all, after adapting of K-IFRS(2011-2013), it was noticeable that how NI affecting after adapting of K-IFRS(2007-2010) had been increased more than that of before affecting of K-IFRS. However, there was not a single difference in affecting OCI on credit rating comparing to the past of adapting of K-IFRS. Second, it seemed like NI affected more after adapting of K-IFRS(2011-2013). The first year of K-IFRS had bigger incremental effect than after adapting of K-IFRS. However, after adapting of K-IFRS, OCI affecting on credit rating had no ncremental effect. Third, it seemed like NI in the first year affected more than OCI on credit rating. After adapting(2012-2013) of K-IFRS, it seemed like NI and OCI do not affect on credit rating. To interpret this, NI and OCI affected the first year of adapting of K-IFRS; therefore, adapting of K-IFRS affected without affecting financial ratio on adapting credit rating. As the time goes on, it can be expected that adapting K-IFRS became stable; therefore, extra incremental effect will not be seen comparing to the early adaption. The implication of this study is when information users use credit rating, they have to concern of affecting of K-IFRS. This is because NI in financial ratio is affecting on credit rating.

  • PDF

K-IFRS Reconciliations and Predicting Future Earnings (K-IFRS 도입 시점의 전환조정이 이후 기간의 미래이익 예측력에 미치는 영향)

  • Ji, Sang-Hyun;Kwak, Young-Min
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.15 no.12
    • /
    • pp.283-291
    • /
    • 2017
  • This Study analyzes the predictability of accounting information from mandatory K-IFRS adoption using the K-IFRS reconciliations information. We use the sample of 2,557 firm-year Korea listed companies belonging to non-financial corporate sector during 2010-2016. Specifically, we examine whether K-IFS reconciliation would improve or reduce the predicting power for future earnings after K-IFRS adoption. The results of empirical analyses show that reconciliation information from discretionary judgement tend to reduce the predicting power of K-IFRS based accounting earnings for future earnings. This result indicates that managers are likely to use the adjustments process to reconcile K-GAAP accounting numbers with corresponding K-IFRS as means to realize the various private utility. This study is expected to provide useful information by suggesting the need for more rigid screening schemes for the K-IFRS reconciliation process and also for adequate measures to be taken to ensure that the interests of the outside investors are properly protected.

The Effects of the Change of Operating Income Disclosure Policy under K-IFRS - Evidence from KOSDAQ Market - (K-IFRS 이후 영업이익 공시정책의 변화에 대한 연구 - 코스닥 시장을 중심으로 -)

  • Baek, Jeong-Han;Choi, Jong-Seo
    • Management & Information Systems Review
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.167-187
    • /
    • 2014
  • While Korean GAAP had detailed regulations for the measurement and disclosure of operating income in the past, K-IFRS did not provide specific rules for operating income until 2011. Some firms that adopted K-IFRS before 2011 did not disclose or calculated operating income in an inconsistent manner although operating income is usually considered as one of the core information items to assess firm valuation. Inconsistency in firms' treatment of operating income invoked much criticism from diverse users of financial statement. The Korean Accounting Institute (KAI hereafter) revised the K-IFRS rules relevant to operating income in September 2010 in response to the voices raised by the business community, whereby the operating income number is allowed to be calculated in conformity with the previous K-GAAP. This study was motivated by the revision of K-IFRS and aims to provide a clue on the validity of such policy decision. To achieve the research objective, we test the relative value relevance of the alternative operating income numbers under K-IFRS versus K-GAAP. Our main findings are as follows. The value relevance of operating income reported before K-IFRS is proved to be higher than after K-IFRS. K-IFRS operating income adjusted to the previous K-GAAP has greater explanatory power for market values relative to one calculated under the K-IFRS regime. In an additional analysis, the sample was decomposed according to whether the operating income under K-IFRS is greater than under K-GAAP. The difference in the value relevance of K-IFRS versus K-GAAP operating income is significant only in the subsample consisting of firms which reports higher operating income under K-IFRS compared to K-GAAP. Also, the firms which would have reported negative operating income on a consecutive basis are more likely to have chosen K-IFRS, resulting in higher numbers than otherwise. It is likely that firms facing the threat of delisting due to consecutive operating loss reporting are more likely to have adopted K-IFRS disclosure rules by which they could report higher operating income numbers. To sum up, these results corroborate the limitation inherent in the K-IFRS regarding operating income disclosures. This paper suggests that the recent revision of K-IFRS implemented by KAI is likely to mitigate some of afore-mentioned limitations effectively.

  • PDF

The Impact of K-IFRS Adoption on Accounting Conservatism: Focus on Distribution Companies (한국채택국제회계기준(K-IFRS)의 도입이 보수주의에 미치는 영향: 유통기업들을 중심으로 (초기 일시적 적응 현상))

  • Noh, Gil-Kwan;Kim, Dong-Il
    • Journal of Distribution Science
    • /
    • v.13 no.9
    • /
    • pp.95-101
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose - This study provides evidence of the impact of the mandatory adoption of Korean equivalents to International Financial Reporting Standards (K-IFRS) on accounting quality. K-IFRS uses fair value as a basis of measurement and is characterized by principle-based standards. These characteristics can lead to a decrease in conservatism. Therefore, this study aims to examine whether or not there is a change in the level of conservatism before and after the enforcement of K-IFRS (2007~2014). By comparing 2007 through 2008 and 2013 through 2014 (excluding 2009 to 2012), we test "the temporary adjustment phenomenon" and document an overall decline in the degree of conservatism after the adoption of K-IFRS. Research design, data, and methodology - Our sample is comprised of data of all listed Korea Composite Stock Price Index (KOSPI) manufacturing distribution companies in Korea from 2007 to 2014, which yields the pooled sample of 4,412 (panel A) and 1,915 (panel B) firm-year observations for hypotheses 1 and 2. In line with recent literature, we adopt the Givoly and Hayn (2000) model, which recomputes the non-operating accruals, excluding two components that are most likely to capture the effect of restructuring activities: special items and gains or losses from discontinued operations. In addition, we also use these variables: SIZE, LEV, INV_CYCLE, ROA, OWN, and FOR. Results - Our sample period spans 2007 to 2014. This offers evidence on the effect of the mandatory adoption of IFRS on conservatism. Our findings can be summarized as follows. First, in panel A, for mandatory K-IFRS adoption (2011), we do not find any significant evidence of conservatism. We can guess that the "temporary adjustment phenomenon" is the reason that we do not find significant evidence of conservatism. Second, we investigate panel B from 2009 to 2012. We document an overall decline in the degree of conservatism after the adoption of K-IFRS. We can assume that these results are due to "the temporary adjustment phenomenon." Conclusions - This study finds that conservatism significantly decreased after IFRS adoption. In particular, this study makes the initial effort to elucidate "the temporary adjustment phenomenon" to analyze the effect of K-IFRS on conservative accounting. We argue that K-IFRS are conceptually conservative but that inappropriate application of the conservatism principles is likely to prevent financial reporting from reaching the level of conservatism targeted by the IASB. Overall, this paper contributes to the literature on IFRS and can be useful to capital market supervisors who are monitoring the trends of the firms implementing K-IFRS. Additionally, our results inform stakeholders of the potentially negative effect of the greater flexibility permitted by IFRS and/or lack of appropriate enforcement on key dimensions of accounting quality. This has important implications for Korean regulators and standard setters as they review the cost and benefits of IFRS. Our study also sheds light on the importance of the institutional environment in achieving the targeted objectives for improving financial reporting quality.

A Case Study of Implementing K-IFRS : Lessons and Implications from the A Bank (K-IFRS 도입사례 연구 : A은행의 회계정책 및 대손충당금 설정시스템을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Ki-Beom;Jung, Suk-Yong;Hwang, Kyu-Jin
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.159-165
    • /
    • 2013
  • This kind of case study suggests a way for future's accounting standards under the complicated situation of K-IFRS. A change of accounting standards causes a severely different performance between K-IFRS and K-GAAP. Further, the change affects the whole business of the financial companies. As the K-IFRS is not a rule based accounting standard but a principle based accounting standard, companies have to keep their internal system in detail. Likewise, companies can get their competitiveness in the field.

The Effect of PP&E Revaluation under K-IFRS on Information Asymmetry (K-IFRS에 따른 유형자산 재평가 정보가 정보비대칭 감소에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Chan-Hyu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.16 no.12
    • /
    • pp.163-173
    • /
    • 2018
  • This study examined the difference between the information asymmetry in pre- and post K-IFRS adoption used each samples. Efficient market assumption suggests that capital markets already have recognized real value of PP&E and applied those values for estimating the item, in which case PP&E revaluation is not additional information in the capital market but simply an activity to makes costs. This study examined whether the information asymmetry had reduced significantly after adopting K-IFRS or not, verified each period samples those are pre- and post-adopting the asset revaluation since it could have been adopted in advance from 2008. As study results, I confirmed PP&E revaluation affected to reduce the information asymmetry in pre- adopting K-IFRS, but not in post- adopting K-IFRS. These results could be one of proofs which are supported that capital market have been judging PP&E revaluation as the window dressing.

Statistical Analysis of Changes in the Number of Account Items of Financial Statements for K-IFRS-applied Firms (K-IFRS 채택 기업의 재무제표 계정과목수의 변화에 대한 통계적 분석)

  • Choi, Sungwoon
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.209-219
    • /
    • 2013
  • The research is to evaluate the statistical difference between K-GAAP(Generally Accepted Account Principles) in 2008 year and K-IFRS(International Financial Reporting Standards) in 2012 year. H Motor Company, S Electronics and L Electronics are the three representative firms adopting K-GAAP and K-IFRS in Korea. The ${\chi}^2$ homogeneous test are used to identify the reduction of the number of account items of four financial statements such as Statement of Financial Position(SFP), Statement of Comprehensive Income(SCI), Statement of Cash Flow(SCF), and Statement of Change in Equity(SCE) between K-GAAP and K-IFRS.

  • PDF

The Effects of Introduction of IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) on legacy Accounting Information System - Focusing on financial institution - (국제회계기준 도입이 기존 회계정보시스템에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - 금융기관을 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Sung-Jong;Han, Kyung-Il
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.143-154
    • /
    • 2010
  • This paper is to understand what effects the introduction of IFRS(International Financial Reporting Standard) will have on legacy AIS(Accounting Information System) and how to minimize the problems of that. In order to meet that purpose, we have to recognize the difference between K-GAAP(Korea-Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) and K-IFRS(Korea-International Financial Reporting Standards) first. And then we try to find out what effects the difference between K-GAAP and K-IFRS will have on the legacy AIS. In order to avoid the disorder When K-IFRS will be introduced to the company, new functions have to be added to existing system in proper manner and some existing functions should be changed correctly according to K-IFRS. And CIO(Chief Information Officer) should have to make a careful decision what is the better solution between in-house development and outsourcing for developing new system.

  • PDF

A study of the Effects of Accounting Comparability between Korean firms and Foreign Firms on Foreign Investment under K-IFRS (K-IFRS 도입으로 인한 재무제표의 국제적 비교가능성이 외국인 투자에 미치는 영향)

  • Baek, Jeong-Han;Kwak, Young-Min
    • Management & Information Systems Review
    • /
    • v.37 no.2
    • /
    • pp.259-281
    • /
    • 2018
  • Advocates of mandatory IFRS adoption claim that IFRS increase financial statement comparability, which in turn leads to greater cross-border investment(Securities and Exchange Commision, 2008). The notion is that improved financial statement comparability reduces the information acquisition costs of global investors and thereby increase their investment in foreign firms. The purpose of this study is to examine this assertion by examining whether the K-IFRS adoption rusults in improved comparability that leads to increased investment by foreign investment. We also examined whether the relation between comparability and foreign investment has strengthen after adoption of K-IFRS. To achieve the purpose of our study, we measure Korean firms comparability using stock price model, stock return model and cash flow from operation model by Barth et al.(2012). We use both foreign ownership in the end of year and average during the year for dependent variables were to reduce bias. We test our hypothesis using 1,817 firm-year observation of KOSPI firms during the period of our analysis, 2011-2015. Consistent with our hypothesis, we find K-IFRS adoption results in a greater increase in foreign investment in firms with high comparability firms. This result indicate that the adoption of K-IFRS intends to achieve the international accounting convergence as stated in the roadmap and to reduce the Korea Discount.