• Title, Summary, Keyword: Juniperus rigida Sieb

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Down-regulation of Tyrosinase, MITF, TRP-1, and TRP-2 Expressions by Juniperus rigida Sieb. in Murine B16F10 Melanoma (멜라노마세포(B16F10)에서 노간주나무의 tyrosinase, MITF, TRP-1 및 TRP-2 발현 저해능)

  • Lee, Soo-Yeon;Jun, Hye-Ji;Lee, In-Chul;Lee, Jin-Young
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.23 no.12
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    • pp.1445-1453
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    • 2013
  • Human skin is constantly exposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, polluted air, and chemical products. UV rays, in particular, will affect the skin in a variety of ways, including causing wrinkles, fine lines, rough skin, and xeroderma, thereby resulting in skin aging. This study aimed to investigate the whitening effects of Juniperus rigida Sieb., which is a cedar tree that is found throughout the world. The whitening efficacy that was measured by tyrosinase inhibition revealed 49.4% efficacy in water extract and 80.0% efficacy in ethanol extract. Among the B16F10 black cells, the effect of the ethanol extract was higher than the effect of the water extract in the restrain creation of melanin pigment, tyrosinase, microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosinase related protein-1 (TRP-1), and tyrosinase related protein-2 (TRP-2). Thus, the results of these studies demonstrated that the ethanol extract had greater efficacy than the water extract and Juniperus rigida Sieb. Ethanol extracts could be utilized as materials for functional cosmetics, such as whitening products.

Anti-wrinkling Effects of Juniperus rigida Sied (노간주나무(Juniperus rigida Sieb.)의 주름개선 효과)

  • Jun, Hye-Ji;Lee, Soo-Yeon;Kim, Jeung-Hoan;An, Bong-Jeun;Lee, Jin-Young
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.449-455
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    • 2013
  • Human skin is constantly exposed to environmental conditions such as UV rays, polluted air, and chemical products. UV rays, in particular, affect skin in many ways causing wrinkles, fine wrinkles, rough skin, and xeroderma through a skin aging process. The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-wrinkling effect of Juniperus rigida Sieb., derived from a common cedar tree found the world over. Measuring the elastase to investigate wrinkling efficacy, it was shown that at a concentration level of $1,000{\mu}g/ml$ of the two extracts, the water extract exhibited a lower than 10% inhibition activity, while the ethanol extract exhibited a 68.5% inhibition activity. Collagenase inhibition activity in the water extract and ethanol extract were 44.9% in the former and 97.2% in the latter extract, which in the case of the ethanol extract, is similar to ascorbic acid (99.6%). Moreover, measuring the biosynthesis of collagen by fibroblast, a concentration level of $50{\mu}g/ml$ of ethanol extract produced 151.52% of biosynthetic promotion, proving that the ethanol extract acts as a superb anti-wrinkling agent. The result of an investigation conducted on the influence of the ethanol extract on MMP-1 caused by UVA showed that at a concentration level of $1,00{\mu}g/ml$ of the ethanol extract of J. rigida Sieb a 67.1% inhibition activity was noted. At a concentration level of $50{\mu}g/ml$ of the ethanol extract of J. rigida Sieb a 35% and 39% inhibition ratio to MMP-1 protein and mRNA were observed respectively, thereby restraining the appearance of the collagen breakdown enzyme MMP-1 and wrinkle creation by skin photo-aging.

Karyotype Analysis of Juniperus rigida Sieb. et Zucc. of Two Different Provenances in Korea (한국산(韓國産) Juniperus rigida의 두 산지(産地)의 핵형분석(核型分析))

  • Kim, Chung Suk;Chung, Woo Kyu;Ahn, Joong Kug;Jeong, Mee Jeong;Han, Chang Sook
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.73 no.1
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    • pp.9-13
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    • 1986
  • Karyotypes are described for Juniperus rigida Sieb. et zucc, in two provenances of Gyeong-nam and Choong-puk. Chromosome numbers of two provenances, are 2n=22. The most common feature of mitotic chromosomes was shown at the chromosome 7, which has secondary constriction on the short arm. And the most differential chromosome was shown at chromosome 9 from Gyeong-nam and chromosome 5 from Choong-puk provenance which bore secondary constriction. The karyotype formulae are as follows; Gyeong-nam, Jinyang provenance race is $$K(2n)=22=2A^m+2B^m+2C^m+2D^{sm}+2E^{st}+2F^m+2^{sc}G^m+2H^m+2^{sc}I^t+2J^{st}+2K^m$$ Choong-puk, Jechun provenance race is $$K(2n)=22=2A^m+2B^m+2C^m+2D^{st}+2^{sc}E^{sm}+2F^m+2^{sc}G^m+2H^m+2I^m+2J^{st}+2K^{sm}$$.

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Antioxidant activity and inhibition activity against α-amylase and α-glucosidase of Juniperus rigida Sieb extracts (노간주나무(Juniperus rigida Sieb) 추출물의 항산화 활성 및 α-amylase와 α-glucosidase에 대한 저해활성)

  • Kim, Jeung-Hoan;Lee, Soo-Yeon;Park, Jung-Mi;Park, Joo-Hoon;Kwon, O-Jun;Lee, Jin-Young
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.396-403
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    • 2014
  • In this study, the antioxidant effect of water and ethanol extracts from Juniperus rigida Sieb were investigated. The activities of each of the extracts were measured based on their total phenolic and flavonoid contents and using antioxidant test such as of 2,2-azinobis (3-ethyl benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTs) radical scavenging activities, ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition activity, antioxidant protection fator (PF), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARs) content, and ${\alpha}$-glucosidase and ${\alpha}$-amylase inhibition activity assay. The result of the examination to measure the polyphenol content by investigating the antioxidativity of the J. rigida Sieb. extract showed 71.3 mg/g polyphenol content in the water extract, and 116.0 mg/g in the ethanol extract and a 17.7 mg/g flavonoid content in the water extract and in 76.4 mg/g in the ethanol extract. The ABTS radical cation decolorization showed 76.4% and 79.3% scavenging activities of the $500{\mu}g/mL$ water extract and ethanol extract, respectively. The FRAP showed 1.83 mM efficacy in the water extract and a lower 1.77 mM in ethanol extract. Both the water extract and the ethanol extract showed reduced ACE activities of 75.39% and 71.25% at $500{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. The antioxidant protection factor of the water and 70% ethanol extracts of J. rigida Sieb were 1.5 PF and 2.1 PF, respectively. In the TBARS inhibitory activity, the extracts showed 55.78% and 71.48% antioxidant activities at the $500{\mu}g/mL$ concentration. The results of the measurrement of the ${\alpha}$-amylase inhibitory activity indicated more than 90% of activity inhibition in the $500{\mu}g/mL$ concentration of the ethanol extract. For the ${\alpha}$-glucosidase inhibitory activity, the ethanol extract showed 70% activity inhibition at the $500{\mu}g/mL$ concentration.

Comparison of biological activities of essential oils from Foeniculum vulgare Mill, Boswellia carteii Birew and Juniperus rigida Sieb. by a supercritical fluid extraction system (초임계 추출 공법을 이용해 회향, 유향 및 노간주나무로부터 분리한 정유 성분의 생리활성 비교)

  • Lee, Hyun-Soo;Mun, Chul-Hyung;Park, Jin-Hong;Kim, Dae-Ho;Yoo, Jae-Eun;Park, Young-Sik;Ryu, Lee-Ha;Choi, Keun-Pyo;Lee, Hyeon-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2003
  • Essential oils from Fennel fruit(Foeniculum vulgare Mill), Olibanum resin(Boswellia carteii Birew) and Needl Juniperus stem(Juniperus rigida Sieb.) were extracted by a supercritical fluid extraction system(SFE) and biological activity of each essential oils were observed. SFE technique was applied for the isolation and purification of nonpolar biologically active essential oils from each samples. The quantitative analysis of essential oils was carried out by gas chromatography-mass spectrometer(GC/MS). About 60% of the growth of AGS and A549 cells were inhibited by adding 1.0g/l of the crude essential oils and below 40% was observed by the control. Cytotoxicity on human normal lung cell(HEL299) was scored as $15{\sim}18%$ for the crude essential oils and 12% for control, respectively. It meant that the essential oils were more effective than the control in anti-mutagenecity tested by CHO V79 cells. The effect of the essential oils on the growth of nerve cells, PC12 was observed as follows: The viable cell density was about two times higher than control.

Comparison of Immune Activities of Essential Oils from Juniperus rigida S. et Z. and Boswellia carteii Birew by Supercritical Fluid Extraction System (노간주나무와 유향나무의 초임계 공법으로 추출한 정유의 면역 활성 비교)

  • Mun, Hyoung-Chul;Park, Jin-Hong;Kim, Dae-Ho;Yoo, Jae-Eun;Kim, Jung-Hwa;Kim, Chang-Ho;Kim, Jong-Dai;Park, Young-Sik;Lee, Hak-Ju;Lee, Hyeon-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.243-248
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    • 2004
  • Essential oils from Needl Juniperrus seed and trunk (Juniperrus rigida Sieb.) and Olibanum resin (Boswellia carteii Birew) were extracted by a supercritical fluid extraction system (SFE) and immune activity of each essential oils were observed. The immune activities of each essential oil were compared. Essential oil from Olibanum resin enhanced the growth of human immune T cell up to 1.33 times, compared to control group. Each essential oils showed the potent inhibitory effect on the human cancer cell lines, and increased the secretion of cytokines, IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$ from human B cell as well as the growth of human immune cells.

Analyses of Lipid and Volatile Components in Juniper Seed(Juniperus rigida Sieb. et Zucc.) (노간주나무(Juniperus rigida Sieb. et Zucc.) 열매의 지질 및 향기성분 분석)

  • 신원선;하재호
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.795-800
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    • 2003
  • Juniper seed oil extracted by steam distillation has been a useful material as a medicine, insect repellant, and flavorant for alcoholic beverages. As the result of juniper seed oil analysis, the acid value, saponification value, unsaponification value phosphorus contents, and refractive index were 91.04, 85.15, 15.52, 11.04 ppm, 1.47, respectively The content of neutral lipids, glycolipids and phospholipids were 85.4%, 12.2% and 2.4%, respectively. From the fatty acids analysis, the major fatty acids from the juniperseed harvested in August were lauric acid (31.9% ), palmitic acid (28.0% ), stearic acid (9.9%), and oleic acid (8.5%) . However, maturated seed oil harvested in October mainly consists of linoleic acid (47.6%), linolenic acid (17.6%), oleic acid (16.1%), and palmitic acid (11.9%). Upon these analyses, fatty acids composition of juniper seed oil depends on the seed maturation. According to volatile compounds analyses of essential oil extracted using steam distillation method and SPME, the major compounds were $\beta$-myrcene, $\alpha$-pinene, $\beta$-farnescene, $\beta$-cubebene, limonene, trans-caryo-phyllene, $\alpha$-terpinolene, camphene, sabinene, and $\beta$-pinene.