• Title, Summary, Keyword: Junambyeo

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Effect of Transplanting Times on Rice Quality in Mid-mountainous Area (이앙시기가 중산간지 고품질 쌀 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang Jong-Rae;Kim Jung-Tae;Beg In-Youl;Kim Jeong-Il
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.50 no.spc1
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    • pp.33-36
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    • 2005
  • In order to find out better cultivation practices in mid-mountainous area to produce high quality rice, an experiment involving four transplanting times and four varieties was carried out, during past three years $(2002\~2004)$. There was no significantly different on palatability of rice between transplanting time, but an interaction effect was between transplanting time and variety, The palatability of milled rice of Sangmibyeo, Hwayongbyeo and Junambyeo transplanted at May 10th were higher than Samcheonbyeo. The palatability of milled rice grown by May 20th day's transplanted, Sangmibyeo and Junambyeo were higher than Samcheonbyeo. The palatability of milled rice grown by May 30th day's trans-planted, Sangmibyeo and Hwayongbyeo were higher than Samcheonbyeo and Junambyeo. And the palatability of milled rice grown by June 9th day's transplanted, Sangmibyeo and Samcheonbyeo were higher than Hwayongbyeo and Junambyeo. It can infer that Sangmibyeo is one of the best option over the transplanting times in term of palatability, Amylose content of milled rice was showed without a significant difference between transplanting time, but there was an interaction effect between transplanting time and variety. The amylose content of grown by May 20th day's transplanted, Sangmibyeo and Samcheonbyeo were lower than Junambyeo. The amylose content of milled rice grown by June 9th day's transplanted, Sangmibyeo and Samcheonbyeo were lower than Hwayongbyeo and Junambyeo. And the amylose content of milled rice grown by May 10th day's and May 30th day's transplanted, was showed without a significant difference between variety. The protein content of milled rice grown by later season transplanted was lower than grown by earlier, The head rice yield wasn't different significantly between the treatment of transplanting times and varieties. But the yield of milled rice grown by transplanted at May 20th day was high most in between the treatment of transplanting time. In a conclusion gathering all above the results, 20th May day's transplanting time and Sangmibyeo was one of the best option for producing high quality rice among the treatments in considering with head rice yield, palatability, amylose${\cdot}$protein content and productivity, at Mid-mountainous area.

The Selection of Optimum Rice Species and Germanium Application Method for Production of Functional Rice with Germanium (게르마늄 함유 기능성 쌀 생산을 위한 최적 품종 및 게르마늄 시비 방법 선정)

  • Lim, Jong-Sir;Seo, Dong-Cheol;Park, Woo-Young;Cheon, Yeong-Seok;Park, Seong-Kyu;Lee, Seong-Tae;Park, Jong-Hwan;Kim, Sang-Don;Cho, Ju-Sik;Heo, Jong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.373-381
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    • 2008
  • To select of optimum rice species and germanium (Ge) application method for production of functional rice with Ge, the growth characteristics, Ge absorption and grain quality of rice plant were investigated under different rice species (Hopyungbyeo, Junambyeo, Ilmeebyeo and Dongjinbyeo) and Ge application method (soil application and foliar spray). The rice yield by soil application was higher in the order of Hopyungbyeo $\fallingdotseq$ Junambyeo > Ilmeebyeo >> Dongjinbyeo. On the other hand, the rice yield by foliar spray was higher in the order of Junambyeo >> Ilmeebyeo > Dongjinbyeo > Hopyungbyeo. The rice yield by soil application was higher than that by foliar spray regardless of rice species. For soil application, the Ge absorption in various parts of the rice was higher in the other of rice bran > brown rice > polished rice regardless of rice species. The Ge absorption of brown rice in Hopyungbyeo, Ilmeebyeo, Dongjinbyeo and Junambyeo by soil application was 14.5, 8.0, 11.6 and $10.4\;mg\;kg^{-1}$, respectively. In leaf, stem and root, the Ge absorption by foliar spray was higher than that by soil application, whereas, in rice bran, brown rice and polished rice, the Ge absorption by soil application was higher than that by foliar spray. The optimum rice species and Ge application method were demonstrated to be Hopyungbyeo and soil application, respectively, which provided suitable conditions for production of functional rice with Ge.

Pedigree Analysis of 17 High Quality Korean Rice Cultivars Using Web Database Systems

  • Yi, Gi-Hwan;Park, Dong-Soo;Chung, Eun-Sook;Song, Song-Yi;Jeon, Nam-Soo;Nam, Min-Hee;Kim, Doh-Hoon;Han, Chang-Deok;Eun, Moo-Young;Ku, Yeon-Chung
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.554-564
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    • 2006
  • It is important to understand pedigree of rice cultivars commonly used for breeding. In this paper, pedigree tables for tracking the pedigree of 17 representative rice cultivars recommended by Rural development Adminstration (RDA) were completed and analyzed using two kinds of web database system; 'IRIS' and 'RRDB'. Seven cultivars, namely, 'Sangmibyeo', 'Ilpumbyeo', 'Saegewhabyeo', 'Surabyeo', 'Shindongjinbyeo', 'Ilmibyeo' and 'Jungwhabyeo' had 'Koshihikari' on the pedigree of their ancestor. Besides 'Koshihikari', the most feguently used ancestral germplasms among the high quality rice cultivars were 'Fujisaka 5', 'Kameno o' and 'Asahi', 'Fujisaka 5' was used as ancestral parent in 12 out of 17 cultivars. Interestingly, 'Kameno o' was used in pedigree of 16 out of 17 high quality varieties and 'Asahi' was used in the ancestral pedigree of all 17 varieties. 'Hwayeongbyeo' was used as one of parent in the breeding of 'Dongjin 1', 'Hwabongbyeo', 'Saegewhabyeo' and 'Junambyeo'. 'Ilpumbyeo' was used in the breeding pathway of 'Junambyeo' and 'Saegewhabyeo', 'Mangeumbyeo' itself was not enlisted as one of high quality rice cultivars, but was used as a breeding parent of three high quality varieties, namely, 'Saegewhabyeo', 'Hwabongbyeo' and 'Nampyeongbyeo'. Incorporated with evaluation data, pedigree will provide a valuable chance to genealogical tracking of agronomic traits such as disease resistance, grain quality and etc.

Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer Rates on Rice Quality in Mid-mountainous Area (질소시비량이 중산간지 고품질 쌀 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang J.R.;Kim J.T.;Beg I.Y.;Kim J.I.
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.50 no.spc1
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    • pp.37-40
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    • 2005
  • In order to find out better cultivation practices in mid-mountainous area to produce high quality rice, an experiment involving seven nitrogen fertilizer rates and three varieties was carried out, during past two years$(2003\~2004)$. There was an interaction effect on palatability of milled rice between nitrogen fertilizer rate and variety. The palatability of Junambyeo grown by the treatment of nitrogen fertilizer yale wasn't different across the rates significantly, but Hwayongbyeo's palatability grown by 0 kg/ha nitrogen treatment was better than 50, 70,170 kg/ha, and Sangmibyeo's palatability grown by 70 kg/ha nitrogen treatment was better than 90, 110, 140, 170 kg/ha. Amylose content of milled rice was showed without a significant difference between nitrogen fertilizer rate, but in between variety, the amylose content of Sangmibyeo was lower than Hwayongbyeo's, also Hwayongbyeo's amylose content was lower than Junambyeo's. Protein content of milled rice was showed an interaction effect between nitrogen fertilizer rate and variety. The protein content of Hwayongbyeo and Junambyeo grown by the treatment of nitrogen fertilizer rate wasn't different across the fertilizer yale significantly, but Sangmibyeo's protein content grown by 0 kg/ha nitrogen treatment was lower than the rest of treatments, and it's protein content grown by 50, 70, 90 and 110 kg/ha nitrogen treatment was lower than 140 and 170 kg/ha. Bead rice yield of milled rice grown by lower nitrogen fertilizer rate, was lower than that grown by higher nitrogen fertilizer rate. In a conclusion gathering all above the results to produce high quality rice in Mid-mountainous area, the applicative nitrogen fertilizer rate was 70 kg per ha for Sangmibyeo, 110 kg/ha for Hwayongbyeo and 140 kg/ha for Junambyeo, in considering with head rice yield, palatability, amylose${\cdot}$protein content and productivity.

Growth Characteristics of Six Rice Cultivars under Rice-Chinese Milk Vetch (Astragalus sinicus L.) Cropping System (자운영 환원답의 벼 품종간 생육특성과 수량에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Byung-Jin;Ahn, Jong-Woong;Hwang, Dong-Yong;Oh, Seong-Hwan;Kim, Joon-Hwan;Kim, Sang-Yeol;Ku, Yeon-Chung;Choi, Zhin-Ryong
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.51 no.spc1
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to comparatively evaluate growth characteristics of rice cultivars under rice-mono (conventional) and rice-Chinese milk vetch (Vetch) cropping system. Six rice cultivars such as Geumobyeo, Pungmibyeo, Hwayeongbyeo, Sobibyeo, Junambyeo and Dongjinbyeo were tested in 2005. The results obtained are summarized as follows ; plant height and culm length of all the tested cultivars at heading and harvest time were shorter in rice-vetch cropping system than conventional, however, nitrogen content of rice plants at heading and harvesting time was higher in rice-vetch cropping system. The total amount of nitrogen of rice plants was higher in conventional than rice-vetch cropping system. Nitrogen content of rice plant and uptake of Pungmibyeo was the highest of all the tested cultivars in both cropping systems. Generally, grain yietd ef tested cultivars seemed to be higher in conventional than rice-vetch cropping system. And it was the highest in Junambyeo as compared to those of other cultivars. Head rice ratio and protein content were higher in rice-vetch cropping system.

Isolation, Root Colonization and Evaluation of Some Plant Growth-promoting Rhizobacteria in Paddy Rice

  • Kang, Ui-Gum;Park, Hyang-Mi;Ko, Jee-Yeon;Lee, Jae-Saeng;Jeon, Weon-Tai;Park, Chang-Young;Park, Ki-Do;Chebotar, Vladimir K.
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.135-149
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    • 2017
  • In order to obtain promising rice growth-promoting microbial strains that can be used as substitutes for chemical fertilizers, 172 bacterial strains were isolated from rice roots grown in Korean and Russian soils. Out of them, the strains KR076, KR083, KR181 and RRj228 showed plant growth-promoting activities on maize seedlings. Bacillus megaterium KR076 and Bacillus sp. KR083 showed both nitrogen-fixing and plant growth-promoting activities, while Rhizobium sp. KR181 and Pseudomonas sp. RRj228 appeared to support only plant growth-promotion, but not $N_2$ fixation. Especially, RRj228 showed high growth promoting activity at low concentrations. Inoculation studies with KR083 and RRj228 revealed a high affinity to the Japonica rice variety such as Junambyeo than the Korean Tongil type variety such as Arumbyeo. Both KR083 and RRj228 strains showed rhizoplane and/or endophytic colonization in Japonica and Tongil types rice when soaked with the bacterial suspension of $1.1{\times}10^5cfu\;ml^{-1}$ for six and twelve hours. However, the total bacterial cell numbers were higher in the roots of Japonica variety than in the Tongil type. In inoculation trials with Daesanbyeo rice variety, the seedlings inoculated with KR181 and RRj228 at the rate of $2.0{\times}10^6cfu\;ml^{-1}$ showed yield increment of 35% and 33% (p < 0.01), respectively, so that they contributed to the replacement of chemical fertilizer at half doses of N, $P_2O_5$, and $K_2O$ in pots. In Junambyeo rice seedlings, the strain RRj228, when inoculated with a cell suspension of $1.8{\times}10^6cfu\;ml^{-1}$, promoted 3.4% higher yield at 70% dose than at a full dose level of N $110kg\;ha^{-1}$ in field. These results suggest that the rhizobacteria KR181 and RRj228 are prospective strains for enhancing rice performance.

Effect of N-fertilization on Rice Growth and Quality of Milled Rice (소비재배가 벼 생육 및 미질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Se-Jong;Won, Jong-Gun;Ahn, Duok-Jong;Park, So-Deuk;Choi, Kyeong-Bae
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.51 no.spc1
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    • pp.67-72
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    • 2006
  • This experiment was carried out to identify rice varieties suitable for growing under low N-fertilization levels. Eighteen rice varieties were grown at 5.5 kg and 11 kg/10a nitrogen levels in 2004-2005 in Taegu, Korea. Several varieties like Ilmibyeo, Nampyeongbyeo, Sindongjinbyeo, Dongjin 1 and Donganbyeo yielded more than 470 kg/10a. Low N-fertilization level (5.5 kg/10a) decreased yields of Junambyeo and Donganbyeo by more than 10%. However, the decrease in yield was not significant in Surabyeo and Hwayeongbyeo compared with the 11 kg/10a N-fertilizer treatment. Improved grain quality, chemical properties and palatability was noted in some rice varieties. In terms of rice yield and grain quality, Donganbyeo, Ilmibyeo, Ilpumbyeo, Dongjin 1, Saechoocheongbyeo and Saegyehwabyeo were selected as premising rice varieties for growing under low N-fertilization levels.

Mapping of the Reduced Culm Number Trait in Rice (Oryza sativa L.) rcn10(t) Mutant

  • Yeo, Un-Sang;Lee, Jong-Hee;Kim, Choon-Song;Jeon, Meong-Gi;Oh, Tae-Yong;Han, Chang-Deok;Shin, Mun-Sik;Oh, Byeong-Geun
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.223-227
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    • 2008
  • In rice, tillering is an important trait determining yield. To study tillering at the agricultural and molecular aspects, we have examined a spontaneous rice mutant that showed reduction in the number of culms. The mutant was derived from a $F^6$ line of the cross of Junambyeo*4 / IR72. It could produce, on average, 4 tillers per hill in the paddy field while wild-type plants usually have 15. Except the reduced culm numbers, they also show pale green phenotypes. The phenotypes of this mutant were co-segregated as the monogenic Mendelian ratio (${\chi}^b=0.002$, p=0.969). In order to locate a gene responsible for the rcn phenotype, the mutant with the japonica genetic background was crossed with Milyang21 of the indica background. Bulked segregant analysis was used for rapid determination of chromosomal location. Three SSR markers (RM551, RM8213, and RM16467) on chromosome 4 were genetically associated with the mutant phenotype. Each of the 217 $F_2$ plants was genotyped with simple sequence length polymorphisms. The data showed that RM16572 on chromosome 4 was the closest marker that showed perfect co-segregation among the $F_2$ population. We suggest the new rcn gene studied here name as $rcn10^t$ because there was no report which exhibit a rcn phenotype with a pleiotropic effect of pale green (chlorophyll deficiency), and mapped at same position on chromosome 4.

Effects of Rice-Winter Cover Crops Cropping Systems on the Rice Yield and Quality in No-tillage Paddy Field

  • Lee, Young-Han;Son, Daniel;Choe, Zhin-Ryong
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2009
  • The propose of this study was to find out optimum conditions for no-tillage rice-winter cover crops cropping system. A field research was conducted to evaluate productivity and quality of rice cultivars (Dongjinbyeo and Junambybyeo) in rice-winter cover cropping systems at Doo-ryangmyeon., Sacheon, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea from January 2005 to October 2006. The experimental soil was Juggog series (fine silty, mesic family of Fluvaquentic Eutrndepts). The rice cultivars were experimented under some different high residue farming systems, i.e. no-tillage no treatment (NTNT), no-tillage amended with rice straw (NTRS), no-tillage amended with rye (NTR), no-tillage amended with Chinese milkvetch (NTCMV), tillage no treatment (TNT), and conventional cropping system (Control). The miss-planted rate was 8.8% in 2005 and range of 10.8% to 13.3% in 2006 at NTR, and the other treatments were carried out at miss-planted rate ranging from 1.2% to 5.0%. Tiller numbers of Junambyeo, and Dongjinbyeo in both of years were the highest in Control, and decreased nearly in NTCMV, NTR, NTRS, NTNT, and TNT in that order. The lowest grain yield was observed in TNT both cultivars due to the lower tiller numbers per area, and spikelet numbers per panicle. Also, no-tillage treatments were lower grain yield than control. On the other hand, 1,000-grain weight was lowest in control due to higher tiller numbers per area, and spikelet numbers per panicle. Ripened grain ratio was a similar aspect in all treatments. The palatability score of milled rice was lowest in control while protein content of milled rice was highest in control. The NTCMV was considered an effective sustainable farming practice for rice yield and quality.

Influence of water temperature, soaking period, and chemical dosage on Bakanae disease of rice (Gibberella fujikuroi) in seed disinfection (벼 종자소독시 수온 처리시간 및 약량이 벼 키다리병 발병에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Heung-Gyu;Shin, Hae-Ryong;Lee, Yeen;Kim, Suk-Wean;Kwon, Oh-Do;Park, In-Jin;Kuk, Yong-In
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.216-222
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    • 2003
  • In order to develop effective control methods for Bakanae disease caused by Gibberella fujikuroi (Saito) Ito during rearing of rice seedlings, we investigated the disease resistance of 15 rice varieties to G. fujikuroi and control effect of six seed disinfectants, and tried to improve the using methods of the seed disinfectants. Disease resistance was tested by investigating the disease incidence on each rice cultivar grown in rice seedling box infested with or not infested with G. fujikuroi at 30 days after sowing seeds and 20 days after heading date. The results showed that Hwayongbyeo, Dongjinbyeo, Hwoanbyeo, Nonghobyeo, Nampyeongbyeo, and Hwojinbyeo were resistant G. fujikuroi, meanwhile Keulubyeo, Sobibyeo, Odaebyeo, Junambyeo, Samchonebyeo, Sangjubyeo, and Hwabongbyeo were susceptible. Three seed disinfectants, prochloraz, fludioxonil, and carproamid + thiram + fludioxonil controlled Bakanae disease of rice very well, while bonomyl + thiram, thiophanate-methyl + thiram and thiophanate-methyl + triflumizole did not suppress the disease enough. Water temperature was turned to be an important factor for controlling the disease by treating seed disinfectants. Prochloraz showed 61% control value on the disease at $10^{\circ}C$, but it showed above 95% control value at the range of $30-35^{\circ}C$. It was confirmed that the control effect of seed disinfectants increased with increasing water temperature. Meanwhile soaking period of rice seeds in the suspension of seed disinfectants and chemical dosage had no high relation to control the disease. This results suggest that rice varieties, water temperature, and optimal selection of suitable seed disinfectants are very important to control Bakanae disease effectively.