• Title, Summary, Keyword: Jeju City

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A Study on the Change in the Housing of Jeju City for the past Fifty Years (제주시제 실시이후 50년간의 주거 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Lim;Kim, Bong-Ae
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.283-287
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    • 2004
  • Jeju City has been developed and changed variously by influence of industrialization and urbanization since Jeju City was erected into a city on September 1st of 1955. The purpose of the study is to offer information and data for establishing housing policy and urban planning for being considered the change of housing in Jeju City for the past fifty years. The method of the study is an analysis of documentary records and data and an inquiry of literature. The results are following: 1) The population of Jeju City has increased six times ever before. 2) The ratio of housing supply is 95.3% and the ratio of renting houses has increased than before in terms of the type of occupation of housing. 3) The ratio of collective house is higher than detached dwelling's in term of the type of housing units.

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A Method of Commerce Activation of the Old City-Center of Jeju City Using Augmented Reality Technology (증강현실을 활용한 원도심 상권 활성화방안)

  • Lee, Bongkyu
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.11
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2019
  • Jeju City is one of the cities where decline of old city-center is appearing due to the reduction of residential and floating population. The decline of old city-center of Jeju City has been on the rise since the 1990s, and has been intensifying in the 2000s. Jeju City is currently activating specific policies to ensure activation and diversification of the local commercial area. In this paper, we propose a new method to increase the number of visitors to Jeju-Mokkwana by using Augmented Reality technology for activating commerce of old city-center. Various Augmented Reality contents based on smart-phone are implemented and operated in Jeju-Mokkwana. Also the survey is conducted to 574 visitors who have experienced online/offline promotion for analyzing effects. Survey results show that the proposed method can be effectively used to activate the old city-center by increasing the floating population.

Observational Study of Surface Ozone in Jeju Island

  • Hu Chul-Goo;Lee Ki-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.1103-1112
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    • 2005
  • Ozone measurements made from 4 sites in Jeju Island have been analyzed, including those from two urban and two rural locales. The data were analyzed in terms of the seasonal and diurnal trends. It should be clear that the surface ozone levels in Jeju area would be relatively sensitive to the external ozone supply originated from the region of Northeast Asia. It seems to be that due to the reactions of ozone with $NO_{x}$ and CO, the average ozone level in Jeju City appears lower than that in Seogwipo City although Jeju City is the largest city in Jeju Island.

Chemical Composition of Fine Particulate Matter in the Downtown Area of Jeju City (제주시 도심지역 미세먼지의 화학적 조성 특성)

  • Hu, Chul-Goo;Lee, Ki-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.597-610
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    • 2018
  • This study observed particulate matter ($PM_{2.5}$ and $PM_{10}$) in the downtown area of Jeju City, South Korea, to understand the chemical composition of particulates based on an analysis of the water-soluble ionic species contained in the particles. The mass fraction of the ionic species in the sampled $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ was 44.3% and 42.2%, respectively. In contrast, in Daegu City and Suwon City, the mass fraction of the ionic species in $PM_{2.5}$ was higher than that in $PM_{10}$. The chloride depletion percentage of $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ in Jeju City was higher than 61% and 66%, respectively. The contribution of sea-salt to the mass of $PM_{10}$ (5.9%) and $PM_{2.5}$ (2.6%) in Jeju City was similar to that in several coastal regions of South Korea. The mass ratio of $Cl^-$ to $Na^+$ in the downtown area of Jeju City was comparable to that in some coastal regions, such as the Gosan Area of Jeju Island, Deokjeok Island, and Taean City. The mass fraction of sea-salt in $PM_{10}$ and $PM_{2.5}$ was very low, and the concentration of sodium and chloride ions in $PM_{10}$ was not correlated with those in $PM_{2.5}$ ($R^2$ < 0.2), suggesting that the effects of sea-salt on the formation of particulate matter in Jeju City might be insignificant. The relationship between $NH_4{^+}$ and several anions such as $SO_4{^{2-}}$, $NO_3{^-}$, and $Cl^-$, as well as the relationship between the measurement and calculation of ammonium ion concentration, suggested that sea-salts may not react with $H_2SO_4$, and $(NH_4)_2SO_4$ may be a major secondary inorganic aerosol component of $PM_{2.5}$ and $PM_{10}$ in Jeju City.

A Study on the Adaptation of Smart Growth Principles for the Port Waterfront city Regeneration Planning - Focused on the Jeju Port Center - (항만수변도시 재생계획의 스마트 성장원칙 활용에 관한 연구 - 제주시 제주항을 중심으로 -)

  • LEE, Seang-Ki;CHOI, Yong-Bok
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.149-161
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    • 2018
  • As a result of analyzing the relationship between the smart growth principle and the regenerating factors of the port waterfront city, it was found to be highly related to the port waterfront regeneration plan. Factors that are related to the application of smart growth principle derived from association analysis are as follows: ⯈ community development suitable for walking ⯈ differentiated and attractive community building with definite place, ⯈ open space, farmland, beautiful natural scenery, environmental preservation, ⯈ strengthening and inducing development for existing communities, and providing diversity of transportation options. However, in the Jeju port redevelopment plan, the principles such as ⯈ complex land use ⯈ advantage of high-density architectural design method, ⯈ various housing opportunities and options, etc., need to be applied in implementation design. Since Jeju city and Jeju port possess the strong characteristic features of port waterfront city, so it is necessary to develop jointly applying smart growth principle through integrated port waterfront city regeneration plan.

Elemental Composition and Source Identification of PM2.5 in Jeju City (제주시 미세먼지(PM2.5)에 함유된 원소의 조성특성 및 오염원)

  • Lee, Ki-Ho;Hu, Chul-Goo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.543-554
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    • 2018
  • From November 2013 to December 2016, ambient fine particulate matter ($PM_{2.5}$) was sampled in the downtown area of Jeju City, South Korea, which has seen rapid urbanization. The atmospheric concentrations of elements were measured in the $PM_{2.5}$ samples. This study focused on Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, As, Sb, Sn, V, and Zn. The concentrations of Al, Na, K, Fe, Ca, Mg, Sr, and La were also obtained for reference. The objectives of this study were to examine the contributions of these elements to $PM_{2.5}$ concentrations in downtown Jeju City, and to investigate the inter-element relationships and the elemental sources by using enrichment factors and principal components analysis (PCA). A composition analysis showed that the 19 elements constituted 6.65 % of the $PM_{2.5}$ mass, and Na, K, Al, Fe, Ca, Mg, and Zn constituted 98 % of the total ion mass. Seasonal trend analysis for the sampling period indicated that the concentrations of the elements increased from November to April. However, no substantial seasonal variations were found in the concentrations of the elements. The composition ratios of some elements (Cu/Zn, Cu/Cd, Cu/Pb, V/Ni, and V/La) were found to be out of range when compared to the literature from other urban areas. The ratios between the elements and the PCA results showed that local contaminant sources in Jeju City rarely influence the composition of $PM_{2.5}$. This suggests that the major sources of $PM_{2.5}$ in Jeju City may include long-range transport of fine particulate matter produced in other areas.

MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE TOPSHELL IN THE JEJU COASTAL WATERS (제주도산 소라의 산지별 특성)

  • LEE Jeong-Yeol;LEE Jung-Jae
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 1980
  • Morphological characteristics of the topshell, Turbo cornutus Solander were studied on the basis of shell growth and fatness from April 1978 to October 1979. The Sampled areas were coastal waters of Jeju City, Seongsanpo, Moseulpo and Seogwipo in Jeju. The average shell length of the topshell from Jeju City area was smaller than those of the other three areas, and also the spine number of the 1st row on the shell from Jeju City area was fewer than the others. Sex ratios from each areas represented about 1:1. The relationship between shell length and shell breadth showed regression line and the value of slope for the specimen from Seongsanpo was the lowest. The relationship between shell length and total weight showed exponential curve, and the value was the highest in the specimens from Moseulpo. The value of slope on the relationship between total weight and meat weight was the highest in those from Moseulpo and the lowest from Jeju City. The regression line of relationship between total weight and meat freight in those if Jeju City area showed significant difference from those of the other areas.

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The Vulnerability Assessment Forest Fire in Jeju to Climate Change using the VESTAP (VESTAP을 활용한 기후변화에 따른 제주도 산불 취약성 평가 연구)

  • Lim, Chae-Hyun
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2016
  • This study evaluated the risk of forest fires due to climate change in Jeju using the VESTAP. The study primarily aimed at assessing the risks posed to Jeju city and Seogwipo city, and uses actual and projected date from the period of 2000's to 2040's based on RCP 8.5 scenario. Forest fire vulnerability throughout Jeju-do was determined through the standardization of vulnerability index. The highest vulnerability was determined for the towns of Chuja-myeon, Udo-myeon, two downtown areas in Jeju city, Daejeong-eup, and five downtown areas in Seogwipo city, respectively.

Chemical characteristics of wet precipitation in urban and mountainous sites of Jeju Island

  • Bu, Jun-Oh;Song, Jung-Min;Park, Sook-Young;Kang, Hee-Ju;Kang, Chang-Hee
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2020
  • Wet precipitation samples were collected in Jeju City and Mt. Halla-1100 site (a site at an altitude of 1100 m on Mt. Halla) during 2011-2013, and their major ionic species were analyzed to examine the chemical composition and characteristics. A comparison of ion balance, electric conductivity, and acid fraction of precipitation revealed correlation coefficients in the range of r = 0.950~0.991, thereby implying the high quality of analytical data. Volume-weighted mean pH and electric conductivity corresponded to 4.86 and 25.5 µS/cm for Jeju City, and 4.98 and 15.1 µS/cm for Mt. Halla-1100 site, respectively. Ionic strengths of the wet precipitation in Jeju City and Mt. Halla-1100 site corresponded 0.3 ± 0.5 and 0.2 ± 0.2 mM, respectively, thereby indicating that more than 30 % of total precipitation was within a pure precipitation criteria. The precipitation with a pH range of 4.5 - 5.0 corresponded to 40.8 % in Jeju City, while the precipitation with a pH range of 5.0 - 5.5 corresponded to 56.9 % in Mt. Halla-1100 site, thereby indicating slightly more weak acidity than that in Jeju city. The volume-weighted mean concentration (µeq/L) of ionic species was in the order of Na+ > Cl- > nss-SO42- > NO3- > Mg2+ > NH4+ > H+ > nss-Ca2+ > PO43- > K+ > CH3COO- > HCOO- > NO2- > F- > HCO3- > CH3SO3- at Jeju City area, while it corresponded to Na+ > Cl- > nss-SO42- > NO3- > NH4+ > H+ > Mg2+ > nss-Ca2+ > PO43- > CH3COO- > K+ > HCOO- > NO2- > F- > HCO3- > CH3SO3- at Mt. Halla-1100 site. The compositions of sea salts (Na+, Cl-, Mg2+) and secondary pollutants (NH4+, nss-SO42-, NO3-) corresponded to 66.1 % and 21.8 %, respectively, in Jeju City and, 49.9 % and 31.5 %, respectively, in Mt. Halla-1100 site. The acidity contributions in Jeju City and Mt. Halla-1100 site by inorganic acids, i.e., sulfuric acid and nitric acid, corresponded to 93.9 % and 91.4 %, respectively, and the acidity contributions by organic acids corresponded to 6.1 % and 8.6 %, respectively. The neutralization factors in Jeju City and Mt. Halla1100 site by ammonia corresponded to 29.8 % and 30.1 %, respectively, whereas the neutralization factors by calcium carbonate corresponded to 20.5 % and 25.2 %, respectively. From the clustered back trajectory analysis, the concentrations of most ionic components were higher when the airflow pathways were moved from the continent to Jeju area.

Ionic Compositions of PM2.5 during Summer and Winter in the Downtown Area of Jeju City in Jeju Island (제주시 도심지역에서 여름과 겨울의 PM2.5 이온조성 특성)

  • Lee, Ki-Ho;Hu, Chul-Goo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.447-456
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    • 2017
  • Chemical properties of aerosols were investigated by analyzing the inorganic water-soluble content in $PM_{2.5}$ collected in the downtown area of Jeju City in Jeju Island. Due to an increase in both the number of visiting tourists and the size of local population, the number of cars in this area is increasing, causing an increase in $PM_{2.5}$. Eight $PM_{2.5}$-bound major inorganic ions were analyzed during the summer and winter periods. The water-soluble inorganic component represents a significant fraction of $PM_{2.5}$. In particular, secondary inorganic aerosols contribute 36.2% and 47.5% of $PM_{2.5}$ mass in summer and winter, respectively. Nitrate concentrations increase for $[NH_4{^+}]/[SO_4{^{2-}}]$>1.5, and excess ammonium, which is necessary for ammonium nitrate formation, is linearly correlated with nitrate. These results are clearly observed during the winter because conditions are more conducive to the formation of ammonium nitrate. A significant negative correlation between Nitrogen Oxidation Ratio (NOR) and temperature was observed. The obtained results can be useful for a better understanding of the aerosol dynamics in the downtown area in Jeju City.