• Title, Summary, Keyword: Japanese colonial period

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A Study on Gradual Changes in Railway Organization During Japanese Colonial Period (일제 강점기 철도관련 조직의 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yongsang;Chung, Byunghyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.251-261
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    • 2016
  • In this paper, changes of railway-related organization during the Japanese colonial period were studied indepth. The railway-related organizations were expanded from the Railway Management Bureau in 1906 (Residency-General). In 1910, this bureau changed to the General of Chosun Railway Bureau (Government-General) and the Chosun Railway Bureau (Government-General). In the 1940's, it developed into an organization called the Transport Bureau, dealing with the whole transport service. The number of employees in the railway sector increased along with the expansion of the organization and the establishment of a training institution for better recruitment. After examining the period of the construction of railway and connection system, which is deeply related to the railway organizations of the Japanese colonial period, this paper analyzes the transformation process of railway-related laws and organizations. Furthermore, this paper finds common characteristics and differences between railways in a comparison of three countries: Chosun, Japan and Taiwan.

A Study on the Model of Site Planning Type of Higher Education Facilities Planned by Colonial Government of the Chosun Period during $1905{\sim}1945$ (일제시대 관립(官立) 고등교육시설(高等敎育施設)의 배치유형(配置類型) 모델에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Han
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.162-178
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    • 1992
  • This paper is a study on the type of campuse site plan constructed by Chosun colonial government in japanese period and then the model of the type being the basis on the campus plan. As a result of analysis to the type of function allocation, main axis and reference point, block plan of five high schools constructed in Mid-Meiji Eva in Japan and the campuses in Japanese period, both were composed of same basic types, I make clear that the model of the campus site plan in japanese period was the site plan of five high schools in Japan, as that of higher education facilities in Japan was.

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Multidimensional Poverty Analysis of Elderly Households by Cohort (노인가구의 코호트별 다차원빈곤 분석)

  • Kim, Soon-Mi;Cho, Kyung-Jin
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.51-71
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzed the poverty rate by poverty dimension, correlation between multidimensional poverty, variables that affected the number of poverty dimension and the probability of the poor or not. The sample consisted of 6,361 elderly households (1,561 baby boom birth cohort, 1,793 post-liberation birth cohort, 3,007 Japanese colonial period birth cohort) taken from the $12^{th}$ Korean Welfare Panel Study. First, the highest poverty rate among the baby boom birth cohort was 62.8% of employment poverty. The highest rate among the post-liberation birth cohort and Japanese colonial period birth cohort, was 82.5%, 92.3% of health poverty, respectively. Second, the highest coefficient in the baby boom birth cohort was .354 for asset poverty and relation poverty. In the remaining two cohorts, the coefficient for asset poverty and relation poverty was the highest at .268, .284, respectively. Third, the average number of poverty dimensions was 2.318 of the baby boom birth cohort, 2.921 of the post-liberation birth cohort, 3.564 of the poverty in the Japanese colonial period birth cohort. Also, the poverty rate for each cohort was 20.179%, 28.779%, and 50.083%, respectively. Fourth, the significant variables in all cohorts were gender, education, marital status, residence, and equalized ordinary income for the multiple regression analysis on the number of poverty dimensions. Additionally, age of the post-liberation birth cohort was significant, age and family numbers of the Japanese colonial period birth cohort were significant. Significant variables in logistic analysis on the probability of poverty or not were the same as those of regression analysis.

A Study on Characteristics of the Survey for Architectures by Joseon Government-General through its List of Architectural Heritages in North Korea (일제강점기 북한지역 고건축물 목록을 통해 본 조선총독부 학무국 고건축 조사의 성격)

  • Seo, Hyowon
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.95-106
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the "朝鮮古建築物", the list of architectural heritages in Korea during the early Japanese colonial period. The list included architectural heritage of the region of North Korea in the colonial era. A process of listing was showing the meaning of an architectural heritage for the Japanese General Government through the criteria of selecting buildings registered on the list. This study revealed the process of a survey for making list and explored the criteria of the list. The result of this effort will contribute to determining the historical background of North Korea's architectural heritage in the early days.

A Study of prohibited history textbooks In Japan intervention period (통감부 시기 금지된 역사교과서 연구)

  • Chae, Hweikyun
    • Philosophy of Education
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    • no.66
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    • pp.105-132
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzes and compares the contents of the prohibited history textbooks to the officiated curriculum textbooks during the Japanese Intervention period. By doing so the study will discuss the curriculum regulation through the new educational sociology aspects. The results are as follows. First, the Residency-General placed Japanese advisors in educational faculties to prepare a foundation for colonial education. It was intended to influence the educational system and its contents by displaying their superiority represented by their group of elites. Second, In 1908, the authorities issued the textbook regulation, which controlled the contents of the education before the book was published. The standard for the regulation was to exclude contents that are disadvantageous to Japan, and is favorable to colonial rules. Third, The prohibited textbooks contained contents that violate the standards. This shows that during the Residency -General period the textbook examination system was a tool to control school curriculum. Fourth, after comparing the contents of both prohibited textbooks and regulated textbooks, the prohibited history textbooks included the national independence, the victory over the Japanese, patriotism, and unfavorable relations with Japan. On the other hand, the regulated textbooks omitted patriotism and ethnicity-independent content, and instead filled its content with a friendly relationship Korea had with Japan at the time. This phenomenon proves that knowledge and the way of thinking are favorable towards superior groups of society and have an influence in determining the content of school education. This is the new education sociology theology.

Nursing Missionary Elizabeth J. Shepping's Life of Care during Japanese Colonial Period (일제강점기 서서평 간호선교사의 삶과 간호)

  • Yoon, Me Ok
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.71-78
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to call on better understanding and having interest in Shepping(1880~1934)'s life and nursing missionary work which are represented in 'Not success, but service' and especially to review the course of her sacrificial life as a nursing missionary during Japanese colonial period. The structure of the contents is as follows: First, the outline of Shepping's missionary life is described. Second, understanding of her nursing missionary work and nursing missionary work is reviewed in detail. Third, future directions of nursing education that puts its core value on human life-respect and is based on principles of loving and serving are provided.

A Study of Careers and Traits of Railway Bureaucrat during the Japanese Colonial Period (일제 강점기 철도관료의 이력 및 특징에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yongsang;Chung, Byunghyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.423-431
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    • 2017
  • This study analyzed the educational background, career, and post-retirement activities of notable bureaucrats employed at Chosun Railway Bureau during the Japanese colonial period in Korea. First, significantly, most railway bureaucrats were of Japanese origin, being specialized in railway operations and adjusted to occupation in a reserved organizational environment for a considerable time period. Second, the Japanese showed explicit eagerness to work at the Chosun Railway, which fitted their ideology of railway bureaucrats. In addition, almost 60% of the bureaucrat population had strong educational experience from Tokyo Imperial University, which is equal to the percentage of graduates from other institutions operating during the Japanese colonial period. Moreover, in the very early period of building the railway system, the demand for specialists was higher than for other jobs and divisions because of the railroad's complex infrastructure, which resulted in high job appointment rates. In a similar sense, based on a strong affiliation of bureaucrats with railways, the number of bureaucrats from Japanese Railway Worker's Bureau was higher initially because of bureaucrats from South Manchurian Railway Company. These changes essentially contributed to alteration of bureaucrats' awareness and created a more positive attitude regarding the Chosun Railway. In the meantime, as opposed to the Taiwan and Manchurian Railways, both Chosun Railway and the Taiwan Railway were operated in compliance with strong bureaucratic traditions.

A Reconstructive Study on the Urban Structure of the Original Masan in the Colonial Era. (일제강점기 원마산(原馬山)의 도시공간 변천과정 연구 -1912년부터 1945년까지 -)

  • Heo, Jeong-Do;Lee, Kyu-Sung
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.57-74
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    • 2002
  • This study aims at examining the change of the urban space of the original Masan Area during the Japanese-forced colonial era of Korea(1910-1945) after circa 1912. That year is very important because the modern map of land was introduced. The land area of the original Masan was about $17,000m^2$ composed of small houses and shops. Colonial era could be divided into 3 periods according to the change of colonial policies. And the change of the urban space is examined according to these 3 periods. During the 1st period(1911-1920) the following 3 development occurred. 1. Land was reclaimed along the coast line by a Japanese civilian named 'Bakgan'. And his ownership of land continued until 1945. 2. A government ware house(Cho-Chang), which was the symbol of Masan harbor, was demolished and the land was divided into small lots. 3. Main artery and trunk roads(14-15m wide) were built replacing 2-3m wide narrow roads and connected to the reclamation land. During the 2nd period(1921-1930), also land reclamation and road making was more frequently carried out. And the infrastructure of the city was developed gradually. Also public buildings began to be built. Modern roads were constructed city-wide not only in the center of the city. In the 3rd period reclamation was at its peak. Especially Sinpo-Dong area located at the middle of New and original parts of Masan was reclaimed connecting 2 parts and making of a central Masan. During that time original Masan was enlarged because of reclamation. The coast line of Masan became straight from e original organic shape. Roads were constructed in the outskirts also. The size of land lots were more or less the same during the colonial era. But gradually lots were divided into smaller lots. Japanese entrepreneurs gradually occupied the central area of the original Masan until the liberation day. But Chinese ownership of land gradually diminished.

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A Study on the Modern Domestic Architecture in Taegu Area after the End of the 19th Century (개항(開港) 이후(以後) 대구지역(大邱地域) 근대주거건축(近代住居建築)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Yoon, Jae-Woong
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.85-100
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    • 1992
  • This Study is to analize the transfiguration of the domestic architecture in the process of modernization. Thirty two houses which were located in Taegu province and constructed during the period from 1886 to 1945, were surveyed and analized about the characteristic and their transfiguration. The modern domestic architecture of Taegu province had been constructed greatly by the missonaries and Japanes. The history of development of modern houses in Teagu province can be devided into three period in accordance with the economic policy, housing style and the method of construction. The first period (1886-1910) was the beginning of the modern house. Most of the mission houses of that period were made with brick structure of korean-western style or colonial style. In the second period (1911-1926), colonial, Japanese-western, Japanese housing style were co-exited in Teagu province. During the third period (1927-1945) new method of construction using reinforced concrete and mortar was introduced, therefore the houses become row house (a two or three-family house) and much simpler.

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The Urbanization and Migration in the Period of the Japanese Occupation (일제 강점기 도시화와 인구이동: 1930년 부(府)와 지정면(指定面) 지역을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Chung Sup
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.105-122
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the urbanization process and identify the Origin-Destination(O-D) of migration in the period of the Japanese occupation, based on the census data about Bu and Jijung-myeon. For this, the study analysed the types and the location of the immigrants' origin(birthplace) whose headed for an urban area. In 1930, as the destinations in the inter-regional migration, the urban areas could be divided into three categories according to the distance: long-, medium- and short-distance. The new urban areas which developed for effective colonial rule by Japanese pulled the long distance immigrant across the Korean Peninsula, and the Chosun Dynasty's traditional cities had the inflow of population from the near and hinterland. All in all, it is proposed that the dual settlement systems of colonial and traditional structures, is the key to understand the Korean urbanization processes basedd on the inter-regional migration during Japanese colonial period.

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