• Title, Summary, Keyword: Japanese colonial period

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A Research on the Korean Private Residence Published in Kuchie, ′Chosun and Architecture′ during the Japanese Colonial Period (일제강점기 『조선과건축』 권두그림에 게재된 조선인 개인주택에 대한 고찰)

  • Suh Kuee-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 2004
  • This research is about the Korean private residence as the actual housing published in Kuchie, 'Chosun and Architecture'. Research about the Korean private residence during the Japanese colonial period is important to find out the influence of foreign culture on Korean housing during that period. This research is necessary to reveal the tendency of modernization of Korean housing and how the foreign cultural relationship transformed and applied to the Korean housing. This research was carried out mainly on the 16 Korean private residences published in 'Chosun and Architecture'. The main subject of this research is to analyze the architectural floor plan, building material and heating facilities etc. Other important themes of the research are the practical side of actual housing plan, interior furnitures and fittings, electrical fittings and the classification of life style.

Production and Supply of Milk in Joseon during Japanese Colonial Period (1910~1945) (일제 강점기(1910~1945) 조선의 우유 생산과 보급)

  • Lee, Kyou-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.31 no.5
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    • pp.400-410
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to discuss how 'milk' was produced and supplied introduced and spread in the modern Joseon period. Condensed milk and powdered milk were mainly consumed in Joseon during the Japanese colonial period since they could be conveniently preserved for a long time, although raw milk was also produced and consumed. For areas adjacent to farms, milk delivery service was offered while areas with great consumption received an additional supply from different areas by rail. Since no manufacturing plants were operational in Korea, condensed milk and powdered milk consumed in Joseon had to be imported. In the case of condensed milk, when production in Japan increased, extra supply was aggressively sent into their colony, Joseon. The 'Gyeongseong Milk Association' founded in 1937 is considered significant in that it led to standardization of the production system and prices as well as pasteurization of milk. In the late Japanese colonial era, milk production and consumption were controlled. As milk was purchased as a war supply, the milk consumption market became distorted and limited.

Taking into Account the History of Korean Graduate Medical Education (졸업 후 의학교육제도의 역사성 고찰)

  • Lee, Moo Sang
    • Korean Medical Education Review
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.61-68
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    • 2013
  • During the Japanese colonial period in the Korean Peninsula, Chosun (ethnic Korean) physicians were trained in vocational clinical schools, but Japanese physicians in medical school. Therefore, the Japanese government treated the Japanese physicians as medical doctors but Chosun physicians as dealers or traders in clinical services. This colonial discriminatory policy became a habitual concept to Korean physicians. Because of these traditional concepts regarding physicians, after the colonial period, the newly established Korean government also had the same concept of physicians. Therefore, in 1952, the Korean graduate medical education system was launched under a government clearance system with the claim of supporting medical specialties as clinical dealers or clinical businesspeople. During the last 60 years, this inappropriate customary concept and the unsuitable system have evolved into medical residency training education, and then into graduate medical education. Today graduate medical education has become inextricably linked to postdoctoral work in Korean hospitals.

Characteristics of the Use of the Western Building System with the Change of the Architectural Design in the Japanese Colonial Period - Focused on the Facility Built by Japanese Government-General in 1910s - (일제강점기 양식건축구법(洋式建築構法) 사용의 특징과 계획적 변화 - 1910년대 조선총독부 관립시설을 중심으로 -)

  • Joo, Sang-Hun
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the characteristics of the use of the western building system with the change of the architectural design in the Japanese colonial period focused on the facility built by Joseon Government-General in 1910s. Through the 131 cases of governmental building, the tendency of the use of western building system. After 1910, Japanese Imperialism adopted the western wooden building system which main structure was made with combination of small pieces of timber for building the modern governmental facility because of the political and financial intention. So, all facilities were designed similarly by the structural module and the facade was finished by the feather boarding in the same with the 'sitamitakei-giyohu' in Japan. the functional requirements of each facility was not revealed. Such an western wooden building system was used until 1920s with the change of the facade by the mortar coating. But, in 1920s-1930s, the building system have begun to change. The use of the brick system caused some changes although the planing concept was still lasted. On the other hand, the use of the reinforced concrete led to more changes on the overall scheme.

A Qualitative Study of the Properties of the Korean Railway during the Japan Colonial Period (일제강점기의 우리나라 철도성격규명에 관한 정성적 연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Sang;Chung, Byung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.306-314
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    • 2012
  • At first, the railway was built mainly for military purposes by Japan. After the annexation by Japan, the Korean railway became a means of colonization for Japan but the railway also promoted modernization. As a new transportation medium, it influenced economic, cultural and social development. Until now, research identifying the properties of the railway in the Japanese colonial period has been insufficient. In particular, microscopic study of the influence of the railway on social change has been insufficient. In this study we investigated the properties of Japanese colonial period railway. This paper will help further to clarify the properties of the railway in the Japanese colonial period.

The process of modernization of Geomundo during Japanese colonial period : focused on social structure (일제강점기 거문도 근대화 과정 -사회구조를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Min Joung;Park, Soon Ho
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.36-48
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    • 2016
  • This paper analyzed the process of modernization in terms of the social structure in Geomundo. Before modernization, social structure in Geomundo was traditional society by a village unit. A village had community rituals and organization. There were independent parallel spatial structure among villages. In the early Japanese colonial period, 'forced modernization' had been occurred by Japanese immigrants settling in a separate living space. The modernization was transplanted in a new established village and diffused into other villages. In the process of forced modernization, the connection among villages was reinforced, as the result of that modern social organization was emerged, and the characteristics of community rituals had been changed. During modernization indigenization period, advanced fishery technology and distribution system occurred capitalist production system helping to place modern norms in the general daily life. In the late Japanese colonial period, aided organizations from local government and informal organizations reversed the trend of modernization through helping colonial exploitation policy. The spatial structure in Geomundo had become to hierarchical structure with intensified connectivity as the result of extensive spread of community territory. Modernization in Japanese colonial period was 'forced modernization' and could not re-established the community spirits. The community spirit has been broken up by dissolving the existing self regulating and self motivated organization.

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Effects of the Forest-land Registry System of the Forest Law of 1980 on the Colonial Forest-land Policy used in Korea under the influence of Japanese Imperialism (삼림법(森林法)(1908)의 지적신고제도(地籍申告制度)가 일제(日帝)의 식민지(植民地) 임지정책(林地政策)에 미친 영향(影響)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Bae, Jae Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.90 no.3
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    • pp.398-412
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the roles of the forest-land registry system in the Forest Law of 1908 and the effects this system had on the colonial forest-land policy used in Korea under the influence of Japanese Imperialism. This was started under the Profit-sharing Forest System which was one of the policies for disposing of the Korean national forests. The purpose of this system was to establish forest-land ownership, a fundamental human right. This system was enforced by the Japanese Colonial Government without regard to the customary and important right of Koreans to use the forests, and without considering the distinction between national and private forests. Koreans understood that this system was a warning sign of a tax being imposing on forest-land owners. Furthermore, Koreans thought the Japanese were using this system to deprive them of their forest-land. The strata of Koreans reporting ownership were very limited and included the intellectual(upper-middle) class, higher officials in counties and townships, relatives and relations of these officials, and survey agents. In particular the actual owners could not submit a report registering their land in this system because the required survey cost more than the value of the forest-land. Within the time period specified by the Japanese Colonial Government, about 520,000 registries were reported involving 2.2 million Jung-bo(.9917 hectare) with most of these coming during the last five months of reporting period. Koreans made a reasonable request to extend the deadline, but it was refused. After the reporting period expired there were no follow-up measures such as verification of the reported registrations nor establishment of boundaries between national and private forests. According to Article 19 in the Forest Law of 1908 about 14 million Jung-bo, which was not registered within the reporting period was nationalized. The colonial forest-land policy used in Korea by the Japanese Colonial Government was as follows : (1) to create a large number of national forests in the early period of their rule, (2) to divide these national forests into indispensible national forests and dispensible national forests, and (3) to transfer ownership of the dispensible national forests to colonial Japanese. To achieve the latter, the occupational government needed a method to insure ownership. They devised a tree-planting scheme in which the national forests classified as disposable were "loaned" and then transferred to these Japanese. The actual Korean owners claimed title to this forest-land and asked for the eviction of the new owners but the Japanese occupation government rejected these suits using the excuse that previous Korean owners did not submit the required registration report within the specified time period. In short the Principle of Forest-land Registry was used as a means to consolidate the forest-lands of Korea and distribute large portions of it to Japanese citizens after seizing it from the rightful Korean owners.

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The Establishment and Change of Busan Public Slaughterhouse in Japanese Colonial Period (일제강점기 부산부영 도축장의 설립과 변천)

  • Song, Hye-Young
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.119-126
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    • 2018
  • The Slaughterhouse is the place where animals are butchered for food. This study is to investigate the establishment and transition of slaughterhouse operated in Busanbu(釜山府) as public facilities during Japanese Colonial Period. It was established in relation to the application of hygienics which the idea of modern natural science and technology produced at that time. The establishment of slaughterhouse was based on the leading knowledge of public health. It also provided important revenues for the local government and became one of the techniques of Japanese Colonial Rule. The slaughterhouse was turned into the public management in 1921 and had to be shifted twice. Eventually, it had an effect on the culture of food greatly.

A Study on the Creation and the Meaning of Cadastral Records in Japanese Colonial Period (일제강점기 지적공부(地籍公簿)의 작성과 의미)

  • Song, Hye-Young
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2018
  • This study is to find out the process of changes concerning the cadastral records that consist of the cadastre, the cadastral map and various registers of land in Japanese Colonial Period. The cadastre and cadastral map were the most important part of them and became the basis of cadastral records. These two registers were first made out according to the Project of Colonial Land Survey in the year 1912. As the influx of foreign Weights and Measures was greatly influenced by the foreign concession since 1876, the traditional units of the Weights and Measures had abolished finally. The extortion of sovereignty led a rapid change to the Weights and Measures in 1910. Japan compelled us to change into Japanese System of Measurement. From that time on, Lot(筆地) and Pyeong(坪) were settled down on the registers of land.

A Study on the Road System of Bukseong-ro Eupseongnae, Daegu Built in the Japanese Colonial Period (일제강점기에 형성된 대구읍성내 북성로 가로구성에 관한 연구)

  • Jeong, Bog-Im;Kim, Joo-Ya;Beak, Young-Houm
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2011
  • As passing through the Japanese colonial period, Daegu has been changed into a modern city. In addition, the nature of the city had changed a lot by withdrawal of Eup-sung and the opening of the road and the increase of population in Japan. Of course, the expansion of the city was caused by the increase of the Japanese population. To understand the current city, it is most important to understand the past city's characteristics and especially the formation and change of city must be considered with understanding the situation of city. And now the city reflects the role of the city in the past. In fact, the effect of the street constitution in Daegu Eup-sung during Japanese colonial period on the present time was very big and continues. Especially, in order to understand the situation of the city and consider the direction in the future, the analysis of the development process has important implications.This study aimed to consider the change of Daegu Eup-sung Street and Formation of Dwelling Site focusing on the Buksung Street. The purpose of this study is to investigate the nature of the city and changing process of the city by the past Buksung street and the current Buksung street as time goes by.