• Title, Summary, Keyword: Japanese colonial period

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An analysis of 'Slang on hygiene practices' found in "ChoSunEuiHakGye" ("조선의학계"에 실린 '위생풍속(衛生風俗)에관(關)한이어(俚語)' 분석)

  • Jung, Jihun;Lee, Sangjae
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 2014
  • Objective : Understanding the state of sanitation policy during the period of Japanese colonization of Korea. Method : Analyze 'Slang on hygiene practices' found in Korean medical journal "ChoSunEuiHakGye" that published in the period of Japanese colonization. And analyze articles that were same theme. Results : Japanese colonial policy regards the colony people's old adage of health as outrageous things. Japanese colonial police demands don't use old adage of health because it is obstruction to colonial hygiene policy. Conclusion : The Japanese occupation health administration led by the Japanese police considered Korean people as significant. And they regarded old adage of health as harmful habits. In addition, the knowledge derived from traditional Korean medicine was turned away outrageous things. Traditional Korean medicine knowledge lost the chance of renewal.

The Modernization of the Korean Housing Under the Japanese Colonial Rule

  • Sohn, Sei-Kwan;Jun, Nam-Il;Hong, Hyung-Ock;Yang, Se-Hwa
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2006
  • The numerous changes made during the Japanese colonial rule became the basis of the current housing in Korea. Therefore, in order to understand the modern Korean housing, it is essential to understand what the Korean traditional life styles admitted or changed, and how the foreign culture of that time influenced the Korean housing under the Japanese colonial rule. Content analysis through literature review was utilized for the study, and specific sources were research papers, books, magazines, newspapers, and novels. The period during the Japanese invasion was the most active era of modernization in the Korean history. For the housing culture, especially, it can be considered as the most significant period that accepted new housing cultures that replaced the old traditional housing. The Japanese and the Western styles of housing were introduced, new materials and collective production methods were used, and the symbol of the current urban housing in Korea, multi-family dwelling, was constructed. In conclusion, the Koreans did not directly use the Japanese and western housing culture, which were constructed during the Japanese colonial period. They were adapted and altered into Korean style, and eventually, produced various eclectic housing styles.

A Study of Architectural Activities in China Jichang(吉長) during the Japanese Colonial Period - Focused on the articles of Manseon-ilbo(滿鮮日報) in 1940 - (일제강점기 길장지구 한인 관련 건축활동과 시설에 관한 연구 -만선일보의 기사를 중심으로-)

  • Han, Dong-soo
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 2015
  • This paper deals with architectural activities related to Korean society in Jichang district in North East China, focused on the articles of Manseon-ilbo published there during the Japanese colonial period. Construction-related contents in the area closely connected with topical interest, publicity, and enlightenment as a local media source provide positive grounds about pending issues in colonial situations. This paper handles with articles issued in the 1940's newspapers just before the Pacific War. At that time Japanese enter in the Chinese continent, and construct a stable basis in the intimate association with Germany and Italy, countering against the United State. Among articles regarding architecture, most of contents are based on healthcare and public facilities, and urban planning. Overwhelmingly the most popular articles are about new constructions of educational facilities and residential matters. The shortage of goods and the excessive concentration of population resulted in urban and house problems, which were particularly much more serious in Korea society. Such social atmosphere made all activities regarding building constructions, in particular educational facilities, in civil level rather than the helps of the Japanese colonial government. Thus, through education and house matters we can read a slice of Korean society to survive in the colonial environment of Jichang district.

A Study on the Changes and Meanings of Geological Terminologies for Elementary School Science Level (초등 수준 지질학 용어의 시대적 변천과 의미 탐색)

  • Lee, Myon U
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.424-435
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the geological terms used in the elementary school science curriculums from 1876 to present. We collected the data of geological terminologies based on what is being used in the revised 2007 national curriculum. In this study, data was divided into three periods according to political events, "The Modern Enlightenment Period (1876~1910)", "The Japanese Colonial Period (1910~1945)", and "The Current Curriculum Period (1945~present)". During the early modern enlightenment period, translated Chinese characters' terminologies by western scholars in Qing-China were used in science books. The late modern enlightenment period, we used many translated Japanese textbooks in schools, which naturally introduced the way that Japan's terminology is used. In the Japanese colonial period, Korean students had to study science subjects written in Japanese characters, so they had used Japanese terminologies of science. After the liberation of Korea from the Imperial Japan, there was an efforts to make new Korean terminologies of geology under the new current national curriculum. However, the terminologies used in Korean textbooks ended up using and borrowing the same way that the Japanese-Sino terms of science used later.

A study of how proprietary medicines during the Japanese colonial period led to transforms in Korean medicine and Korean medicine prescriptions (일제강점기 매약을 통해 본 한약의 제형 변화와 새로운 한약 처방의 경향성에 대한 고찰)

  • Hwang, Jihye;Kim, Namil
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.99-112
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we examine the changes to Korean medicine that occurred when 'proprietary medicines' (賣藥) swept through the pharmaceutical market during the Japanese occupation (1910-1945 C.E.). Proprietary medicine during the Japanese colonial period took various forms including ready-made, over-the-counter, patent, and nostrum type pharmaceuticals. This paper examines how Korean medicine, which was the dominant form of medicine during the Joseon Dynasty, was forced to adapt to the rise of proprietary medicines. We found that the prescription of Korean medicine herbal decoctions became more like proprietary medicine in the way that they were formulated. In addition, prescriptions in Korean medicine books were reformulated with prescriptions and medicines from outside the tradition. Proprietary medicines, many of which were made with secret recipes handed down in a family, also attracted attention. Such prescriptions were made famous through advertisements and further influenced future Korean medicine doctors. New prescriptions took advantage of the trust and authority existing in traditional Korean medicine by introducing ginseng and traditional medicinal herbs such as deer antler velvet (鹿茸, Cervi Parvum Cornu). This paper argues that proprietary medicine of the Japanese colonial period distorted the concept of traditional herbal medicine.

A Study on Fisheries Business Trends during the Period of Japanese Colonial Rule in Tongyeong based on Fisheries Status, Catches and Issues (통영지역의 일제강점기 수산관련 주요 동향에 대한 분석 -어업현황, 어획고, 주요 이슈 등을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Dong-Ho
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.75-92
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    • 2015
  • Generally, the outcomes of the historical study in some domain would be a most fundamental and basic reference for understanding the essential and core component of them. Specially in case of social science, the importance of historical research much more emphasized that would be divided into independent academic field. In Korean history including fisheries business and industry, the most remarkable historic event would be the period of Japanese colonial rule that one of the most obstacle should overcome. Though the fisheries business and industry of Korea have considerable own history, the research and study of that not so much have been performed or investigated including the period of Japanese colonial rule. Most of the existing research of fisheries history have merely focused on partial topics like 'Fishermen's Association', 'Fisheries Industry Despoliation'. And the historical study of fisheries business and industry's overall status and trend in local area except Pusan also not enough. The aims of this study are exploring the fisheries trends and status during the period of Japanese colonial rule in Tongyeong and finding out the overall major fisheries business issues that would be a better understanding the Korean fisheries industry. Achieving that Objectives, over 800 articles of media, the Japanese government-general of Korea, and other historical data were gathered, refined and analyzed. This paper focused on of major fisheries topics and issues that including overall fisheries status, trends, fisheries catches, local fisheries cooperatives and fisheries exhibition during the period of Japanese colonial rule in Tongyeong. The result of this study shows that the status of fisheries in Korea had been deteriorated for exploitation of Japanese imperialism and Japanese fisheries capitalist during that period. Though the level of Tongyeong in fisheries was very high in terms of catches ratio and population of fisherman, the distribution networks of fishermen's association was not good enough. And the Tongyeong fisheries exhibition in 1922 has positive aspects for considering both composition of organization and educational activity. Even though the results and findings would be a helpful guidelines for understanding the fisheries business trends and status under the rule of Japanese imperialism, more research and study of that should be accomplished.

Taegu Burip Library and Japanese Colonial Policy (대구부립도서관과 일제의 식민지정책)

  • 김남석
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.1-23
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    • 2001
  • Japanese colonial library policy was to interfere with the library activities by Korean leaders to enlighten Korean people as a form of independence movement, and through the government library to colonize Korean people into Japanese culture. This study investigates and analyzes the background of foundation and activities of the Taegu Burip Library which was officially founded first in Korea by Japanese colonial government. It tries to find the hided intention of the Japanese colonists to establish the libraries in Korea as a part of their colonial policy.

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A Study on the Acceptance of the 'On-dol' in the Official - Residences Built by the Japanese Colonist in 1905~1945 - (1905~1945년에 지어진 일본 관사의 온돌 수용 - 국가기록원 소장 일제시기 관영건축도면을 중심으로 -)

  • Baek, Yun-Jin;Jeon, Bong-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the acceptance of the On-dol, Korean underfloor heating system, in the official residences built by the japanese colonist in 1905~1945. The On-dol is the main element that formed Korean housing culture throughout our her history. Since the climate of Korea is colder than that of Japan, the Japanese-style house built in Korea needed to take measures for the harsher winter. Therefore the official residences built during the japanese colonial period, built after the Japanese-style house, accepted the On-dol as additional heating system for their houses. Over forty years the official residences were constructed in large quantities, and many of the official residences also installed the On-dol. Some important changes were discovered about the acceptance of the On-dol. To define this concretely, this study was performed empirically through the comparison and analysis of governmental architectural drawings. There is great significance to consider that an architectural element of Korea influenced the Japanese-style houses. In conclusion, differences between the official residences with the On-dol and those without, during the latter stage of the japanese colonial period have founded. These results demonstrate that this element of traditional korean architecture affected the development of foreign houses built in Korea.

A study on the site and floor plan type of official residences during the japanese colonial period in Taegu province. (일제시대 사택건축의 배치ㆍ평면유형 및 공간구성에 관한 연구 - 대구지역을 중심으로 -)

  • 윤재웅;이철영
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 1997
  • The official residences were built for japanese official who had lived in Taegu province during the japanese colonial period. The purpose of this study is to find the prototypes of site and plan patterns for the official residences in Taegu province during the japanese colonial period. Their site-plans are classified into either individual and row type depending on the building's composition. These each have three and two branch types assording to the location of the innercourt and main entrance. The floor plans are classified into the four types according to the location of the corridor.

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Analysis of Regional Food Specialities Status in Korea during the Japanese colonial period through 『Specialities of Joseon (朝鮮の特産)』 (『조선(朝鮮)の특산(特産)』으로 보는 일제강점기 식품 특산물 현황 분석)

  • Cha, Gyung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.651-670
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the status of food specialties in Korea during the Japanese colonial period through 『Specialities of Joseon (朝鮮の特産)』. The book recorded a total of 164 areas and 317 specialties, focusing on five railway lines and branch lines on the Gyeongbu, Honam, Gyeongui, Gyeongwon, and Hamgyeong. Among the specialities, 211 species were included, excluding overlapping ones. The food specialties accounted for 100 kinds in 159 regions or 47.4 percent of the specialties. There were 47 food specialties in 47 areas of the Gyeongbu Line, 21 food specialties in 20 areas of the Honam Line, 32 food specialties in 40 areas of the Gyeongui Line, 26 food specialties in 15 areas of the Gyeongwon Line, and 33 food specialties in 42 areas of the Hamgyeong Line. Among the specialties, the amount of fish and their workpiece was overwhelmingly the largest. Next came processed goods of fruits, grains, and vegetables. In modern factories, corn, tomatoes, blueberries, and sardines were made of processed goods. Factories have been constructed for glass noodles, sugar, and soju. Specialities and processed goods produced in each region were brought to Japan during the Japanese colonial period.