• Title, Summary, Keyword: Japanese Quail

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Cross Fertility between the Wild Japanese Quail in the Weishan Lake Area and Domestic Quail

  • Xu, W.;Chang, H.;Wang, H.Y.;Chang, G.B.;Du, L.;Lu, S.X.;Yi, H.Q.;Xu, Q.;Xu, M.;Wang, Q.H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.1421-1423
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    • 2003
  • Cross fertility between wild Japanese quail and domestic quail was explored in an experiment conducted on 18(3♂, 15♀)wild Japanese quails in Weishan Lake area, 18(3♂, 15♀)medium-sized domestic quails and 18(3♂, 15♀)pint-sized domestic quails, which were divided into nine groups. This study demonstrated that wild quail could succeed in crossing with domestic quail,producing fertilized eggs and hatching first filial generation. The findings indicated that there were no reproduction isolation between the wild Japanese quail and domestic quail, and that the best cross combination was between wild male quail and medium-sized domestic female quail, in which the fertility rate and hatchability of fertilized eggs amounted to 42.86% and 29.63% respectively. Based on the results, a new way could be adopted to protect, exploit and utilize genetic resources of wild quail.

Genetic Diversity of Wild Quail in China Ascertained with Microsatellite DNA Markers

  • Chang, G.B.;Chang, H.;Liu, X.P.;Zhao, W.M.;Ji, D.J.;Mao, Y.J.;Song, G.M.;Shi, X.K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.1783-1790
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    • 2007
  • The genetic diversity of domestic quail and two wild quail species, Japanese (Coturnix coturnix)and Common quail (Coturnix japonica), found in China was studied using microsatellite DNA markers. According to a comparison of the corresponding genetic indices in the three quail populations, such as Polymorphism Information Content (PIC), Mean Heterozygosity ($\bar{H}$) and Fixation Index, wild Common quail possessed rich genetic diversity with 4.67 alleles per site. Its values for PIC and $\bar{H}$ were the highest, 0.5732 and 0.6621, respectively. Domestic quail had the lowest values, 0.5467 and 0.5933, respectively. Wild Japanese quail had little difference in genetic diversity from domestic quail. In addition, from analyses of the fuzzy cluster based on standard genetic distance, the similarity relationship matrix coefficient between wild Japanese quail and domestic quail was 0.937, and that between wild Common quail and domestic quail was 0.783. All of these results showed that the wild Japanese quail were closer to the domestic quail for phylogenetic relationship than wild Common quail. These results at the molecular level provide useful data about quail's genetic background and further supported the hypothesis that the domestic quail originated from the wild Japanese quail.

Acute Oral Toxicity Test in Japanese Quail (일본 메추리를 이용한 급성 경구독성시험법의 확립)

  • 최은실;박종환;홍정주;박재학
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.287-296
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    • 2001
  • The acute oral LD5O toxicity values of isazofos, pyraclofos, diazinon and methomyl were determined for Japanese quail based on OECD guideline. The $LD_{50}$ of isazofos, pyraclofos and diazinon was 16.26 mg/kg, and 7.11mg/kg body weight In female respectively. And the $LD_{50}$ of each chemical in male was 21.44, 35.64, 8.28 mg/kg body weight respectively. Diazinon was the most susceptible compounds to Japanese quail in both sexes. The $LD_{50}$ of methomyl was 21.24 mg/kg body weights in female, and 28.28 mg/kg body weight in male respectively. Diazinon, isazofos and methomyl were more toxic In the female than male. The symptoms of poisoning were similar in quails administrated with each chemicals. The clinical sign in Japanese quail were ataxia, salivation, diarrhea, ruffled feather and convulsion at dead point. There were severe hemorrhage and catarrhal inflammation from duodenum to ileum In all compounds. In Japanese quail treated with organophosphorus and carbamate compounds, brain acetylcholinesterase was inhibited by 88-96. The recovery was not observed after 5 h in sublethal dose.

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Study on Phylogenetic Relationship Between Wild Japanese Quails in the Weishan Lake Area and Domestic Quails

  • Chang, G.B.;Chang, H.;Zhen, H.L.;Liu, X.P.;Sun, W.;Geng, R.Q.;Yu, Y.M.;Wang, S.C.;Geng, S.M.;Liu, X.L.;Qin, G.Q.;Shen, W.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.603-607
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    • 2001
  • This paper is based on the 36 wild Japanese quails which migrated to and settled in the Weishan Lake area. The gene frequency of 10 loci encoding the enzymes in viscera and muscle was detected. After collecting the same data about 20 quail colonies in China and other countries, it clusters the 21 quail populations by fuzzy cluster analysis. The study indicates that the wild Japanese quail in the Weishan Lake area is closer to domestic quail for phylogenetic system than wild Japanese quails in Japanese Islands. The paper supports the thesis that the quail domestication area should be further studied.

Production Performances of Japanese Quail Parent Stock under Open Housing System

  • Hossain, Muhammad Belal;Sen, Provas Chandra;al Noman, Md. Abdullah;Islam, Ariful;Ghosh, Sumon;Islam, Shariful;Chakma, Shovon;Paul, Ashit Kumar
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.115-119
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    • 2015
  • The study was carried out to assess the production performances of Japanese quail parent stock raised under open housing system and the study was conducted in a local farm with 2000 Japanese parent stock quail birds (Coturnix coturnix japonica). Observed body weight gain was recorded in each weekend up to 7 weeks of their age; birds gained weight 15.73, 31.45, 47.20, 90.80, 125.27, 153.14 and 175.20 grams, respectively. There have been observed sharp decline of fertility and hatchability of birds with increase of their age. Optimum fertility was recorded at third week and optimum hatchability at fifth week of their age. Average flock uniformity was found 83.68%. The hen day egg production of the flock was recorded 81, 83, 85, 86, 89, 89, 89, 89 and 88% in each weekend, respectively. It may therefore be concluded that Japanese quail parent stock performs well under open housing system in Bangladesh and future study can be taken to better understand their production performances.

Effects of Replacement of Soybean Meal by Cottonseed Meal on Laying Performance and Haemoglobin Levels in Practical Diets for Breeder Japanese Quail, Coturnix coturnix japonica

  • Erturk, M. Mustafa;Ozen , Nihat;Celik, Kemal
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.980-983
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    • 2004
  • A 16 week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of replacement of soybean meal (SM) by extracted cottonseed meal (CSM) on laying performance and haemoglobin levels in practical diets for breeder Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). One hundred ninety two quails (6 weeks old) were divided randomly into eight groups. The diets were isocaloric containing 2,900 kcal/kg of ME and isonitrogenous (% 20 crude protein) as fed basis. SM was replaced by 0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0, 12.5, 15.0 and 17.5% of CSM, respectively. Average egg production (quail day, %; quail house, %), egg weight (g), daily feed intake (g/bird), feed efficiency ratio (g feed/g egg) data indicated no significant differences among the treatments; while, blood haemoglobin levels (% g Hb) of 7th (15.0% CSM) and 8th (17.5% CSM) group were lower than the control (0% CSM) diet (p<0.05). This experiment indicated that 17.5% CSM could replace SM (providing 44% of SM protein) in practical diets of breeder Japanese quails without any significant impairment on laying performance.

A Long-day-stimulus Induced the Expression of c-Fos-like Molecules in the Hypothalamus of Japanese quail

  • Okano, Keiko;Okano, Toshiyuki;Oishi, Tadashi;Fukada, Yoshitaka
    • Journal of Photoscience
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.255-257
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    • 2002
  • In birds, the photoperiodic seasonal breeding involves encephalic photoreception at the initial step of triggering the well-known endocrinal cascade. Especially in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnixjaponica), the reproductive neuroendocrine function responds to a single long day, and hypothalamic regions are known to be important for the reproductive response. However, little is known about where and how the light and time signals are integrated to detect daylength information and transduced to the endocrinal responses. To gain insights into this issue, we are interested in the c-Fos expression in the hypothalamus of the Japanese quail. Meddle and Follett (1997) previously identified two hypothalamic regions where c-Fos-like immunoreactivities were induced in response to a long day by using an antibody to carboxyl terminal region of human c-Fos (Lys$^{347}$ -Leu$^{367}$ ). In the present study, we used a different anti-c-Fos antibody recognizing a region from Lys$^{128}$ to Ala$^{152}$ of human c-Fos, and found in long-day- stimulated quails many c-Fos-like immunoreactive nuclei localizing within two regions, nucleus anterior medialis hypothalami and nucleus periventricularis hypothalami, which are distinct from those identified in the previous study. Then, we focused on the difference in the cross-reactivities of the antibodies used, and determined the whole coding sequence of quail c-Fos to compare the antigenic sequences of the two antibodies with the amino acid sequence of quail c-Fos. We found that the antibody we used would recognize quail c-Fos more specifically than that used in the previous study.

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Determination of Genetic Diversity Using 15 Simple Sequence Repeats Markers in Long Term Selected Japanese Quail Lines

  • Karabag, Kemal;Balcioglu, Murat Soner;Karli, Taki;Alkan, Sezai
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.29 no.12
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    • pp.1696-1701
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    • 2016
  • Japanese quail is still used as a model for poultry research because of their usefulness as laying, meat, and laboratory animals. Microsatellite markers are the most widely used molecular markers, due to their relative ease of scoring and high levels of polymorphism. The objective of the research was to determine genetic diversity and population genetic structures of selected Japanese quail lines (high body weight 1 [HBW1], HBW2, low body weight [LBW], and layer [L]) throughout 15th generations and an unselected control (C). A total of 69 individuals from five quail lines were genotyped by fifteen microsatellite markers. When analyzed profiles of the markers the observed ($H_o$) and expected ($H_e$) heterozygosity ranged from 0.04 (GUJ0027) to 0.64 (GUJ0087) and 0.21 (GUJ0027) to 0.84 (GUJ0037), respectively. Also, $H_o$ and $H_e$ were separated from 0.30 (L and LBW) to 0.33 (C and HBW2) and from 0.52 (HBW2) to 0.58 (L and LBW), respectively. The mean polymorphic information content (PIC) ranged from 0.46 (HBW2) to 0.52 (L). Approximately half of the markers were informative ($PIC{\geq}0.50$). Genetic distances were calculated from 0.09 (HBW1 and HBW2) to 0.33 (C and L). Phylogenetic dendrogram showed that the quail lines were clearly defined by the microsatellite markers used here. Bayesian model-based clustering supported the results from the phylogenetic tree. These results reflect that the set of studied markers can be used effectively to capture the magnitude of genetic variability in selected Japanese quail lines. Also, to identify markers and alleles which are specific to the divergence lines, further generations of selection are required.

Radioimmunoassay of High-Density Lipoprotein in Japanese Quail Serum (메추리혈청 리포단백질의 방사면역분석법)

  • 한병훈;한용남;유시용;양현옥;박명환
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.90-95
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    • 1985
  • The development of radioimmunoassay (RIA) for high-density lipoprotein (HDL) in Japanese quail serum will contribute to the screening of drugs acting on cholesterol transport. We have developed a double antibody RIA method for J. quail HDL. The first antibody was raised in rabbit by immunization of HDL isolated by the dextrane sulfate-$Mn^{#}$ precipitation method. For the preparation of raclioiodinated antigen, HDL was further purified by combination of electrophoretic procedure. Using the second antibody raised in goat by rabbit IgG, we have furnished the RIA method for HDL. It showed high specificity and sensitivity of working assay range, 0.1-33.mu.g HDL/tube. There was no correlation between the radioimmunoassay of HDL and the enzyme assay of HDL-cholesterol.

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Use of natural ingredients in Japanese quail diet and their effect on carcass and meat quality - A review

  • Vargas-Sanchez, Rey David;Ibarra-Arias, Felix Joel;Torres-Martinez, Brisa del Mar;Sanchez-Escalante, Armida;Torrescano-Urrutia, Gaston Ramon
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.32 no.11
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    • pp.1641-1656
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    • 2019
  • The present paper reviews the findings of different research studies on the effect of natural ingredients in the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) diet on carcass characteristics and meat quality. The results show a relationship between the type and concentration of ingredients used in diets and carcass characteristics and meat quality. The inclusion of medicinal herbs (thyme, black seed, and mint), plants (canola), seeds (chickpea), spices (cinnamon and coriander), worms (earthworms), bee products (propolis), phytochemicals (lycopene), and edible fungi (common mushrooms) in the diet improved carcass quality characteristics compared to the control diets (basal diets). The inclusion of medicinal herbs (spearmint and green tea), spices (cinnamon), vegetables (tomato), plants (verbena and canola), seeds (marijuana), and edible fungi (oyster mushrooms) improved meat quality. In conclusion, the use of ingredients of natural origin in the diet of Japanese quail improves carcass quality characteristics and meat quality.