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On the Background and the Process of 'Japan Fisheries' Compilation ('일본수산지'의 편찬 배경과 과정에 대하여)

  • Seo, Kyung-Soon
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.25-50
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    • 2020
  • The aim of this study is to overview what changes happened on the maritime field during the early Meiji period, how the compilation of 'Japan Fisheries' linked to the changes, and when the 'Japan Fisheries' was launched, completed and published. The trilogy of Japan Fishing Method, Japan Fishery Products, and Japan's Useful Marine Products are called "Japan's Fishery." These were completed in 1895 for almost ten years since the compilation project was launched in 1886 at the Agricultural and Commercial Ministry. Japan Fishing Method selected, improved and recorded excellent fishing and fishing methods in various Japanese regions at that time whereas Japan Fisheries Products chose excellent fish products from various methods of manufacturing and recorded the enactment and sale of fishery products. Japan's Useful Marine Products is not currently passed on, so it is not known what kind of useful marine products are recorded. However, it can be assumed that the classification method of the "Japanese Fishing Classification Table" published in 1889 was based on the Japan Fishing Index. The cited texts in Japan Fisheries Products are up to 55 documents, including Engisiki and Wakansanzaizukai's "Report of the Great Japan Fishery Association," "Ariticle of the Fisheries Fair," "The Western Fishery Manufacturing Technique" and "Trade Situation with China." Completed with extensive research from old books to the latest fishery information, "Japan's Fishery" is Japan's best "Marine Products Encyclopedia" at the time. It is also a valuable literature that can trace fishing and fishing techniques and methods of manufacturing marine products in each Japanese fishing village before the end of the nineteenth century.

Experimental and Clinical Study of Korea Red Ginseng Treatment on Hypertension

  • Jin, En-Yuan;Jin, Ming;Wei, Yu-Lin;Huang, Lin-Hun;Yan, Xiao-Ping;Shi, Zai-Xiang;Huang, Li;Shen, De-Chu;Fu, Ren-Jie;Zhao, Tian-Yu;Nam, Ki-Yeul;Kumagai, Akira
    • Proceedings of the Ginseng society Conference
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    • pp.190-198
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    • 1998
  • 1 . Experimental study Preventive effect of Korea Red Ginseng (KPG) on hypertensive retinal arteriolosis in rabbits was studied. The results as follows: Blood pressure: Hypertensive group (B) was obviously raised up in comparing with that in normal group(A) and in hypertension + KRG group(C). Ocular fundus:Changes in B group including the retinal arteriospasm, crossing arterioveous, exudation and edema. But C group showed lightly. Light microscope: HE stained vascular damage in retina including thickness hyalimisation, execdates and edema Electron microscope: The endothelial cells were arranged irregularly, different shape and showed cytoplasm loose and vacuole. Immunohistochemistry: Ginseng can regulating endothelin-1, angiotension-ll, endothelium grow factor expre,j,iion and secreation in retinal blood clrultion. 2. ClinicAl Study 66 of hypertensive patients (42 men, 23 women,48-68 years old)and 20 normal person (7 men, 13 women,47-68 years old) were administrated(p.0.) by HRG (3g per day for 6 weeks). The results showed that marked effective rate and total effective rate were 53cyo and 60.6alo respectively and no severe side effects were found. The above results suggest that Ginseng have a difinite hypotensive effect and a role of preventing hyperfine sloe arteriosclerosis.

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"Peaceful Uses" of Outer Space and Japan' s Space Policy

  • Takai, Susumu
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • no.spc
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    • pp.247-270
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    • 2007
  • Space development and utilization must be conducted within a framework of "peaceful uses" principle under Space Treaty. Japan ratified the treaty in 1967, and interpreted "peaceful uses" as "non-military uses" then. A ghost of "peaceful uses" principle has been hung over Japan up to the moment. Japan's space development and utilization has been conducted with genuine academic interest, and therefore Japan did not introduce space infrastructures to national security policy and did not facilitate growth of space industry. When the Cold War ended, Northeast Asian security environment makes Japan difficult to maintain an interpretation as "non-military uses". Besides the change of external security environment, the domestic industry situation and a series of rocket launching failure needed reexamination of Japan's space policy. Japan is gradually changing its space policy, and introducing space infrastructure in a national security policy under a "generalization" theory that gave a broad interpretation of "peaceful uses" principle. Council for Science and Technology Policy (CSTP) adopted a basic strategy of Japan's space policy in 2004. Since then, a long-term report of Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), an investigation report of Society of Japanese Aerospace Companies (SJAC) and a proposal of Japan Business Federation (JSF) were followed. Japan will promote space development and utilization in national security policy with a "strictly defensive defense" strategy and "non-aggressive uses"principle for protection of life and property of Japanese people and stabilization of East Asian countries.

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