• Title/Summary/Keyword: Iterative Learning Control

Search Result 112, Processing Time 0.127 seconds

Dynamic Modeling and Real-Time Implementation of Control Algorithms for a SCARA Type Robot (스카라형 로보트의 동적 모델링과 제어 알고리듬들의 실시간 구현)

  • ;;Zeung Nam Bien
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics
    • /
    • v.25 no.8
    • /
    • pp.916-926
    • /
    • 1988
  • In this paper, we explore real-time implementation of various dynamic control algorithms, which use the different levels of the information of the dynamics, using a SCARA type robot to show the feasibility and effectiveness of such algorithms. For these purposes, the kinematics of the SCARA type robot is anayzed and the manipulator-actuator dynamic equations based on Lagrange mechanisms are derived. Experimental results indicate that computed torque technique and iterative learning control methods perform better than classical PID control and that these algorithms can be effectively applied to controlling industrial manipulators.

  • PDF

An iterative learning approach to error compensation of position sensors for servo motors

  • Han, Seok-Hee;Ha, In-Joong;Ha, Tae-Kyoon;Huh, Heon;Ko, Myoung-Sam
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • 1993.10b
    • /
    • pp.534-540
    • /
    • 1993
  • In this paper, we present an iterative learning method of compensating for position sensor error. The previously known compensation algrithms need a special perfect position sensor or a priori information about error sources, while ours does not. To our best knowledge, any iterative learning approach has not been taken for sensor error compensation. Furthermore, our iterative learning algorithm does not have the drawbacks of the existing iterative learning control theories. To be more specific, our algorithm learns a uncertain function inself rather than its special time-trajectory and does not request the derivatives of measurement signals. Moreover, it does not require the learning system to start with the same initial condition for all iterations. To illuminate the generality and practical use of our algorithm, we give the rigorous proof for its convergence and some experimental results.

  • PDF

A Study on the Development of Robust control Algorithm for Stable Robot Locomotion (안정된 로봇걸음걸이를 위한 견실한 제어알고리즘 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Won-Jun;Yoon, Dae-Sik;Koo, Young-Mok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
    • /
    • v.18 no.4
    • /
    • pp.259-266
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study presents new scheme for various walking pattern of biped robot under the limitted enviroments. We show that the neural network is significantly more attractive intelligent controller design than previous traditional forms of control systems. A multilayer backpropagation neural network identification is simulated to obtain a learning control solution of biped robot. Once the neural network has learned, the other neural network control is designed for various trajectory tracking control with same learning-base. The main advantage of our scheme is that we do not require any knowledge about the system dynamic and nonlinear characteristic, and can therefore treat the robot as a black box. It is also shown that the neural network is a powerful control theory for various trajectory tracking control of biped robot with same learning-vase. That is, we do net change the control parameter for various trajectory tracking control. Simulation and experimental result show that the neural network is practically feasible and realizable for iterative learning control of biped robot.

Design of an iterative learning controller for a class of linear dynamic systems with time-delay (시간 지연이 있는 선형 시스템에 대한 반복 학습 제어기의 설계)

  • Park, Kwang-Hyun;Bien, Zeung-Nam;Hwang, Dong-Hwan
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
    • /
    • v.4 no.3
    • /
    • pp.295-300
    • /
    • 1998
  • In this paper, we point out the possibility of the divergence of control input caused by the estimation error of delay-time when general iterative learning algorithms are applied to a class of linear dynamic systems with time-delay in which delay-time is not exactly measurable, and then propose a new type of iterative learning algorithm in order to solve this problem. To resolve the uncertainty of delay-time, we propose an algorithm using holding mechanism which has been used in digital control system and/or discrete-time control system. The control input is held as constant value during the time interval of which size is that of the delay-time uncertainty. The output of the system tracks a given desired trajectory at discrete points which are spaced auording to the size of uncertainty of delay-time with the robust property for estimation error of delay-time. Several numerical examples are given to illustrate the effeciency of the proposed algorithm.

  • PDF

Direct Learning Control for a Class of Multi-Input Multi-Output Nonlinear Systems (다입력 다출력 비선형시스템에 대한 직접학습제어)

  • 안현식
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SC
    • /
    • v.40 no.2
    • /
    • pp.19-25
    • /
    • 2003
  • For a class of multi-input multi-output nonlinear systems which perform a given task repetitively, an extended type of a direct leaning control (DLC) is proposed using the information on the (vector) relative degree of a multi-input multi-output system. Existing DLC methods are observed to be applied to a limited class of systems with the relative degree one and a new DLC law is suggested which can be applied to systems having higher relative degree. Using the proposed control law, the control input corresponding to the new desired output trajectory is synthesized directly based on the control inputs obtained from the learning process for other output trajectories. To show the validity and the performance of the proposed DLC, simulations are performed for trajectory tracking control of a two-axis SCARA robot.

Optimal Learning Control Combined with Quality Inferential Control for Batch and Semi-batch Processes

  • Chin, In-Sik;Lee, Kwang-Soon;Park, Jinhoon;Lee, Jay H.
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • 1999.10a
    • /
    • pp.57-60
    • /
    • 1999
  • An optimal control technique designed for simultaneous tracking and quality control for batch processes. The proposed technique is designed by transforming quadratic-criterion based iterative learning control(Q-ILC) into linear quadratic control problem. For real-time quality inferential control, the quality is modeled by linear combination of control input around target qualify and then the relationship between quality and control input can be transformed into time-varying linear state space model. With this state space model, the real-time quality inferential control can be incorporated to LQ control Problem. As a consequence, both the quality variable as well as other controlled variables can progressively reduce their control error as the batch number increases while rejecting real-time disturbances, and finally reach the best achievable states dictated by a quadratic criterion even in case that there is significant model error Also the computational burden is much reduced since the most computation is calculated in off-line. The Proposed control technique is applied to a semi-batch reactor model where series-parallelreactions take place.

  • PDF

An iterative learning and adaptive control scheme for a class of uncertain systems

  • Kuc, Tae-Yong;Lee, Jin-S.
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • 1990.10b
    • /
    • pp.963-968
    • /
    • 1990
  • An iterative learning control scheme for tracking control of a class of uncertain nonlinear systems is presented. By introducing a model reference adaptive controller in the learning control structure, it is possible to achieve zero tracking of unknown system even when the upperbound of uncertainty in system dynamics is not known apriori. The adaptive controller pull the state of the system to the state of reference model via control gain adaptation at each iteration, while the learning controller attracts the model state to the desired one by synthesizing a suitable control input along with iteration numbers. In the controller role transition from the adaptive to the learning controller takes place in gradually as learning proceeds. Another feature of this control scheme is that robustness to bounded input disturbances is guaranteed by the linear controller in the feedback loop of the learning control scheme. In addition, since the proposed controller does not require any knowledge of the dynamic parameters of the system, it is flexible under uncertain environments. With these facts, computational easiness makes the learning scheme more feasible. Computer simulation results for the dynamic control of a two-axis robot manipulator shows a good performance of the scheme in relatively high speed operation of trajectory tracking.

  • PDF

A Study on Motion Planning Generation of Jumping Robot Control Using Model Transformation Method (모델 변환법을 이용한 점핑 로봇 제어의 운동경로 생성에 관한 연구)

  • 서진호;산북창의;이권순
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
    • /
    • v.21 no.4
    • /
    • pp.120-131
    • /
    • 2004
  • In this paper, we propose the method of a motion planning generation in which the movement of the 3-link leg subsystem is constrained to a slider-link and a singular posture can be easily avoided. The proposed method is the jumping control moving in vertical direction which mimics a cat's behavior. That is, it is jumping toward wall and kicking it to get a higher-place. Considering the movement from the point of constraint mechanical system, the robotic system which realizes the motion changes its configuration according to the position and it has several phases such as; ⅰ) an one-leg phase, ⅱ) in an air-phase. In other words, the system is under nonholonomic constraint due to the reservation of its momentum. Especially, in an air-phase, we will use a control method using state transformation and linearization in order to control the landing posture. Also, an iterative learning control algorithm is applied in order to improve the robustness of the control. The simulation results for jumping control will illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed control method.

A P-type Iterative Learning Controller for Uncertain Robotic Systems (불확실한 로봇 시스템을 위한 P형 반복 학습 제어기)

  • 최준영;서원기
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SC
    • /
    • v.41 no.3
    • /
    • pp.17-24
    • /
    • 2004
  • We present a P-type iterative learning control(ILC) scheme for uncertain robotic systems that perform the same tasks repetitively. The proposed ILC scheme comprises a linear feedback controller consisting of position error, and a feedforward and feedback teaming controller updated by current velocity error. As the learning iteration proceeds, the joint position and velocity mrs converge uniformly to zero. By adopting the learning gain dependent on the iteration number, we present joint position and velocity error bounds which converge at the arbitrarily tuned rate, and the joint position and velocity errors converge to zero in the iteration domain within the adopted error bounds. In contrast to other existing P-type ILC schemes, the proposed ILC scheme enables analysis and tuning of the convergence rate in the iteration domain by designing properly the learning gain.

A Study on Intelligent Control of Real-Time Working Motion Generation of Bipped Robot (2족 보행로봇의 실시간 작업동작 생성을 위한 지능제어에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Min-Seong;Jo, Sang-Young;Koo, Young-Mok;Jeong, Yang-Gun;Han, Sung-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
    • /
    • v.19 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 2016
  • In this paper, we propose a new learning control scheme for various walk motion control of biped robot with same learning-base by neural network. We show that learning control algorithm based on the neural network is significantly more attractive intelligent controller design than previous traditional forms of control systems. A multi layer back propagation neural network identification is simulated to obtain a dynamic model of biped robot. Once the neural network has learned, the other neural network control is designed for various trajectory tracking control with same learning-base. The biped robots have been received increased attention due to several properties such as its human like mobility and the high-order dynamic equation. These properties enable the biped robots to perform the dangerous works instead of human beings. Thus, the stable walking control of the biped robots is a fundamentally hot issue and has been studied by many researchers. However, legged locomotion, it is difficult to control the biped robots. Besides, unlike the robot manipulator, the biped robot has an uncontrollable degree of freedom playing a dominant role for the stability of their locomotion in the biped robot dynamics. From the simulation and experiments the reliability of iterative learning control was illustrated.