• Title, Summary, Keyword: Isotherms

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Constant Correlation Factors between Temkin and Langmuir or Frumkin Adsorption Isotherms at Poly-Pt, Re, and Ni/Aqueous Electrolyte Interfaces

  • Chun Jang H.;Jeon Sang K.;Chun Jin Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.194-200
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    • 2004
  • The constant correlation factors between the Temkin and the Langmuir or the Frumkin adsorption isotherms of over-potentially deposited hydrogen (OPD H) for the cathodic H2 evolution reaction (HER) at poly-Pt and Re/0.5M $H_2SO_4$ and poly-Ni/0.05 M KOH aqueous electrolyte interfaces have been experimentally and consistently found using the phase-shift method. At intermediate values of the fractional surface coverage $(\theta),\;i.e.,\;02<{\theta}<0.8$, the Langmuir and Temkin adsorption isotherms of OPD H for the cathodic HER are correlated to each other even though the adsorption conditions or processes are different from each other. At the same range of $\theta$, correspondingly, the Frumkin and Temkin adsorption isotherms of OPD H for the cathodic HER are correlated to each other. The equilibrium constants $(K_o)$ for the Temkin adsorption isotherms $({\theta}\;vs.\; E)$ are consistently ca. 10 times greater than those (K, Ko) for the corresponding Langmuir or Frumkin adsorption isotherms ($({\theta}\;vs.\; E)$. The interaction parameters (g) for the Temkin adsorption isotherms $({\theta}\;vs.\; E)$ are consistently ra. 4.6 greater than those (g) for the corresponding Langmuir or Frumkin adsorption isotherms $({\theta}\;vs.\; E)$. These numbers (10 times and 4.6) can be taken as constant correlation factors between the corresponding adsolftion isotherms (Temkin, Langmuir, Frumkin) at the interfaces. The Temkin adsorption isotherm corresponding to the Langmuir or the Frumkin adsorption isotherm, and vice versa, can be effectively verified or confirmed using the constant correlation factors. Both the phase-shift methodand constant correlation factors are useful and effective for determining or confirming the suitable adsorption isotherms (Temkin, Langmuir, Frumkin) of intermediates for sequential reactions in electrochemical systems.

Adsorption Isotherm Patterns According to the Interactions Between Adsorbed Particles (흡착입자간 상호작용에 따른 흡착등온선 패턴)

  • Kim, Cheol Ho
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.462-468
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    • 2013
  • We study and describe-from the point of view of the interactions of the adsorbed particles-three types of the adsorption isotherms, namely, Langmuir type adsorption isotherms, phase transition type adsorption isotherms, and adsorption limited type adsorption isotherms, which are observed by experiments. By introducing and using a one dimensional statistical occupancy model, we derived analytical adsorption isotherms for the no force, the attractive force, and the repulsive force exerted on the other adsorbed particles. Our derived adsorption isotherms qualitatively pretty well agree with the experimental results of the adsorption isotherms. To specify each adsorption type, Langmuir type adsorption is a phenomenon that occurs with no forces between the adsorbed particles, phase transition type adsorption is a phenomenon that occurs with the strong attractive forces between the adsorbed particles, and adsorption limited type adsorption is a phenomenon that occurs with the repulsive forces between the adsorbed particles. The theoretical analysis-only using fundamental thermodynamics and occupancy statistics though-qualitatively quite well explains the experimental results.

Prediction of chloride binding isotherms for blended cements

  • Ye, Hailong;Jin, Xianyu;Chen, Wei;Fu, Chuanqing;Jin, Nanguo
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.655-672
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    • 2016
  • A predictive model for chloride binding isotherms of blended cements with various supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) was established in this work. Totally 560 data points regarding the chloride binding isotherms of 106 various cements were collected from literature. The total amount of bound chloride for each mixture was expressed a combinational function of the predicted phase assemblage and binding isotherms of various hydrated phases. New quantitative expressions regarding the chloride binding isotherms of calcium-silicate-hydrate (C-S-H), AFm, and hydrotalcite phases were provided. New insights about the roles of SCMs on binding capabilities of ordinary portland cements (OPC) were discussed. The proposed model was verified using separate data from different sources and was shown to be reasonably accurate.

Disjoining Process Isotherms for oil-water-oil Emulsion Films (오일-물-오일 에멜젼막의 Disjoining Pressure에 관한 연구)

  • 조완구
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.71-96
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    • 1997
  • We have used a novel liquid surface forces apparatus to determine the variation of disjoining pressure with film thickness for dodecane-water-dodecane emulsion films. The LSFA allows measurement of film thicknesses in the range 5-100 nm and disjoining pressure from 0-1500 Pa. Disjoining pressure isotherms are given for films stabilised by the nonionic surfactnat n-dodecyl pentaoxyethylene glycol ether$(C_{12}E_5)$ and n-decyl-$\beta$-D-glucopyranoside($C_{10}- $\beta$-Glu)$ and the anionic surfactant sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulphosuccinate(AOT) in the presense of added electrolyte. For $C_{12}E_5$ and AOT, the emulsion films are indefinitely stable even for the highest concentration of NaCl tested (136.7 Nm) whereas the $C_{10}-{eta}-Glu$ film shows coalescence at this salt concentration. For film thicknesses greater than approximately 20 nm with all three surfactants, the disjoining pressure isotherms are reasonably well described in terms of electrostatic and van der Waals, forces. For the nonionic surfactant emulsion films, the charge properties of the monolayers are qualitatively similar to those seen for foam films. For AOT emulsion films, the monolayer surface potentials estimated by fitting the isotherms are similar to the values of the zeta potential measured for AOT stabilised emulsion droplets. For thin emulsion films certain systems showed isotherms which suggested the presence of an additional repulsive force with a range of approximately 20 nm.

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The Estimation of Standard Physisorption Isotherms based on the V-t Plots of Physisorption on Various Inorganic Adsorbents (V-t 도시 결과에 의한 각종 물리 흡착 등온식의 평가)

  • An, Un Seon;Jo, Hyeon U;Lee, Gwang Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.26-33
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    • 1994
  • Adsorption isotherms of nitrogen and argon on various adsorbents measured up to present by authors are used to make the V-t plots using various numerical and the analytical standard adsorption isotherms to estimate the appropriateness of these standard isotherms. It is confirmed that the analytical FHH equation is appropriate for wide range of adsorbents as a standard isotherm.

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Adsorption Isotherms Models and Moisture Adsorption Characteristics of Tobacco (담배의 수분 흡착 특성과 흡착 등온식의 모델에 관한 연구)

  • O, In-Hyeok;Kim, Gi-Hwan;Jeong, Gyeong-Rak
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.150-159
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    • 1996
  • In this study, to obtain the basic data for the optimum moisture control system, moisture adsorption characteristics, adsorption isotherms models for water and surface physical characteristics of burley and flue-cured tobacco were investigated. By the hypothesis' the phenomenon of moisture adsorption of tobacco is the same as the first order reaction, the wetting constant (k) and equilibrium moisture content were obtained. And activation energy, frequency factors were also calculated by applying its data to Arrhenius equation. The Kamei's empirical formula of moisture adsorption isotherms showed the best agreement with the experimental data and its correlation coefficient (r) was 0.997. It can be seen that specific surface area of burley is 157 m2/g, that of flue-cured is 152 m2/g, -△H1 of adsorbed monolayer is 45,972 J/mol, 45,486 J/mol, respectively, and the condensation heat (40,595 J/mol) being caught in adsorbed multilayer is less than that of monolayer.

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Adsorption Isotherms of Catechin Compounds on (+)Catechin-MIP

  • Jin, Yinzhe;Wan, Xiaolong;Row, Kyung-Ho
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.29 no.8
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    • pp.1549-1553
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    • 2008
  • A molecular imprinted polymer (MIP) using (+)catechin ((+)C) as a template and acrylamide (AM) as a functional monomer was prepared. Acetonitrile was used as the porogen with ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA) as the crosslinker and 2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile) (AIBN) as the initiator. The adsorption isotherms in the MIP were measured and the parameters of the equilibrium isotherms were estimated by linear and nonlinear regression analyses. The linear equation for original concentration and adsorpted concentrations was then expressed, and the adsorption equilibrium data were correlated into Langmuir, Freundlich, quadratic, and Langmuir Extension isotherm models. The mixture compounds of (+)C and epicatechin (EC) show competitive adsorption on specific binding sites of the (+)catechin-MIP. The adsorption concentrations of (+)C, epicatechin (EC), epicatechin gallate (ECG), and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), on the (+)catechin-molecular imprinted polymer were compared. Through the analysis, the (+)catechin-molecular imprinted polymer showed higher adsorption ability than blank polymer which was synthesized molecular imprinted polymer without (+)catechin. Furthermore, the competitive Langmuir isotherms were applied to the mixture compounds of (+)C and EC.

Covalent Organic Frameworks for Extremely High Reversible $CO_2$ and $H_2$ Uptake Capacity : A Multiscale Simulation Approach (우수한 가역적 이산화탄소 및 수소 저장성능을 가지는 공유결합성 유기적 골격구조체에 관한 다중스케일 접근법을 이용한 연구)

  • Choi, Yoon Jeong;Choi, Jung Hoon;Choi, Kyung Min;Kang, Jeung Ku
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.113.2-113.2
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    • 2010
  • We report that the novel covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are capable of reversibly providing an extremely high uptake capacity of carbon dioxide and hydrogen at room temperature. These COFs are designed based on the multiscale simulations approach via the combination of ab initio calculations and force-field calculations. For this goal, we explore the adsorption sites of carbon dioxide and hydrogen on COFs, their porosity, as well as carbon dioxide adsorption isotherms. We identify the binding sites and energies of $CO_2$ on COFs using ab initio calculations and obtain the carbon dioxide adsorption isotherms using grand canonical ensemble Monte Carlo calculations. Moreover, the calculated adsorption isotherms are compared with the experimental values in order to build the reference model in describing the interactions between the $CO_2/H_2$ and the COFs and in predicting the $CO_2$ and $H_2$ adsorption isotherms of COFs. Finally, we design three new COFs, 2D COF-05, 3D COF-05 (ctn), and 3D COF-05 (bor), for the high capacity $CO_2/H_2$ and $H_2$ storage.

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Review on the Determination of Frumkin, Langmuir, and Temkin Adsorption Isotherms at Electrode/Solution Interfaces Using the Phase-Shift Method and Correlation Constants

  • Chun, Jinyoung;Chun, Jang H.
    • Korean Chemical Engineering Research
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.734-745
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    • 2016
  • This review article described the electrochemical Frumkin, Langmuir, and Temkin adsorption isotherms of over-potentially deposited hydrogen (OPD H) and deuterium (OPD D) for the cathodic $H_2$ and $D_2$ evolution reactions (HER, DER) at Pt, Ir, Pt-Ir alloy, Pd, Au, and Re/normal ($H_2O$) and heavy water ($D_2O$) solution interfaces. The Frumkin, Langmuir, and Temkin adsorption isotherms of intermediates (OPD H, OPD D, etc.) for sequential reactions (HER, DER, etc.) at electrode/solution interfaces are determined using the phase-shift method and correlation constants, which have been suggested and developed by Chun et al. The basic procedure of the phase-shift method, the Frumkin, Langmuir, and Temkin adsorption isotherms of OPD H and OPD D and related electrode kinetic and thermodynamic parameters, i.e., the fractional surface coverage ($0{\leq}{\theta}{\leq}1$) vs. potential (E) behavior (${\theta}$ vs. E), equilibrium constant (K), interaction parameter (g), standard Gibbs energy (${\Delta}G_{\theta}{^{\circ}}$) of adsorption, and rate (r) of change of ${\Delta}G_{\theta}{^{\circ}}$ with ${\theta}$ ($0{\leq}{\theta}{\leq}1$), at the interfaces are briefly interpreted and summarized. The phase-shift method and correlation constants are useful and effective techniques to determine the Frumkin, Langmuir, and Temkin adsorption isotherms and related electrode kinetic and thermodynamic parameters (${\theta}$ vs. E, K, g, ${\Delta}G_{\theta}{^{\circ}}$, r) at electrode/solution interfaces.

Adsorption of Dyes Reactive Blue 221, N Blue RGB and Acid Blue MTR on Two Different Samples of Activated Carbon

  • Kant, Rita;Rattan, V.K.
    • Carbon letters
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.206-210
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    • 2010
  • Removal of dyes Reactive Blue 221, N Blue RGB and Acid Blue MTR using two different samples of activated carbon by static batch method was studied. Experimental data on optical density of solutions at different concentrations ranging from 10 to 100 mg/L and of solutions after adsorption on activated carbon samples were measured. Calibration curves were plotted and the amount of dye $q_e$ adsorbed was calculated. The data was fitted to Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms for two different carbon samples and different concentration and pH values. Constants were calculated from the slope and intercept values of the isotherms. Coefficient of correlation $R_2$ and Standard Deviation SD were also noted. The data fitted well to the isotherms. Carbon sample $C_1$ showed higher potential to adsorb all the three dyes. Adsorption was higher at lower concentrations. Carbon sample $C_2$ showed better adsorption in acidic pH as compared to in alkaline pH. From the analysis of the data capacity of $C_1$ and $C_2$ to remove the dyes from water have been compared.