• Title/Summary/Keyword: Isoprene

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A Study on the Mechanical Characteristics and Waterproof Performance of Impermeable Asphalt Pavement Materials (불투수성 아스팔트 포장재료의 방수기능과 역학적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Injoong;Kim, Kyeongjin;Lee, Seungyong
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.242-248
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    • 2016
  • This paper presents features of impermeable asphalt pavement material that uses thermoplastic GMA-based polymer(SIS, Stylene Isoprene Stylene) to improve the waterproof performance. Furthermore, as part of this study, the aerodynamic characteristics of the asphalt paving materials, using the newly suggested thermoplastic polymer, are identified through experiments. In the experiment, the aerodynamic characteristics were analyzed by testing on stability, flow values, porosity, dynamic stability, tensile strength ratio and skid resistance in accordance with KS standard and ASTM standard.

Measurements of Isoprene and Monoterpenes at Mt. Taehwa and Estimation of Their Emissions (경기도 태화산에서 isoprene과 monoterpenes 측정 및 배출량 산정)

  • Kim, Hakyoung;Lee, Meehye;Kim, Saewung;Guenther, Alex.B.;Park, Jungmin;Cho, Gangnam;Kim, Hyun Seok
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.217-226
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    • 2015
  • To investigate the distributions of BVOCs (Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds) from mountain near mega city and their role in forest atmospheric, BVOCs and their oxidized species were measured at a 41 m tower in Mt. Taehwa during May, June and August 2013. A proton transfer reaction-mass spectrometer (PTR-MS) was used to quantify isoprene and monoterpenes. In conjunction with BVOCs, $O_3$, meteorological parameters, PAR (Photosynthetically Active Radiation) and LAI (Leaf Area Index) were measured. The average concentrations of isoprene and monoterpenes were 0.71 ppbv and 0.17 ppbv, respectively. BVOCs showed higher concentrations in the early summer (June) compared to the late summer (August). Isoprene started increasing at 2 PM and reached the maximum concentration around 5 PM. In contrast, monoterpenes concentrations began to increase 4 PM and stayed high at night. The $O_3$ maximum was generally found at 3 PM and remained high until 5 PM or later, which was concurrent with the enhancement of $O_3$. The concentrations of BVOCs were higher below canopy (18 m) than above canopy, which indicated these species were produced by trees. At night, monoterpenes concentrations were negatively correlated with these of $O_3$ below canopy. Using MEGAN (Model of Emissions of Gases and Aerosols from Nature), the emissions of isoprene and monoterpenes were estimated at 1.1 ton/year and 0.9 ton/year, respectively at Mt. Taehwa.

Effect of shear on poly(styrene-b-isoprene) copolymer micelles

  • Bang, Joon-A;Lodge, Timothy P.
    • Korea-Australia Rheology Journal
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.227-232
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    • 2007
  • The use of various shearing apparatuses to study the phase behavior of poly(styrene-b-isoprene) diblock copolymer micelles is described. A DMTA rheometer was modified so that one can apply oscillatory shear and obtain the scattering pattern along the shear gradient direction. A cone and plate shear cell was designed to access scattering along the shear vorticity direction, and both oscillatory and steady shear can be applied. The most popular way to employ steady shear on relatively low viscosity fluids is to use a Couette cell, because a high shear rate can be readily achieved without disturbing the sample by overflow. In this work, oscillatory shear was used to obtain a single crystal-like scattering pattern, and thereby to examine the mechanism of the thermotropic transition between face-centered cubic (fcc) and body-centered cubic (bcc) lattices. By applying the steady shear, the response of the fcc lattices to various shear rates is discussed.

On the Selection of FCC and BCC Lattices in Poly(styrene-b-isoprene) Copolymer Micelles

  • Bang, Joona;Lodge, Timothy P.
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2008
  • Spherical micelles of poly(styrene-b-isoprene) (SI) diblock copolymers in selective solvents have been reported to pack onto either face-centered cubic (fcc) or body-centered cubic (bcc) lattices. The selection rule for fcc and bcc lattices has been understood in terms of the intermicellar potentials, and they have been quantified using the ratio of the corona layer thickness to the core radius, $L/R_c$, as suggested by McConnell and Gast. In order to test the validity of the McConnell-Gast criterion, this study compared the $L/R_c$ values from various solutions i.e. nine SI copolymers in several different selective solvents. The McConnell-Gast criterion was not found to be a determining factor, even though it could explain the fcc/bcc selection qualitatively. From the phase diagrams, the transition between fcc and bcc phases was also considered as a function of concentration and temperature, and their physical mechanisms are discussed based on the recent mean-field calculation reported by Grason.

Mechanical Property, Thermal Conductivity, Rebound Resilience and Thermal Property of Chloro Isobutylene Isoprene Rubber/Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer Blend

  • Hwang, Young-Bea;Lee, Won-Ki;Park, Chan Young
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.80-85
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    • 2018
  • Chloro isobutylene isoprene rubber (CIIR) and ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) compounded with other formulation chemicals, depending on the polymer blend, were prepared by mechanical mixing. After manufacturing the rubber vulcanizate by compression molding with a hot press, the mechanical and thermal properties including thermal conductivity, rebound resilience of the CIIR/EPDM blends were measured. As the EPDM rubber content increased, hardness and tension set showed a tendency to increase. Pure CIIR exhibited the lowest tensile strength; however, tensile strength increased with loading of EPDM rubber. On the other hand, in CIIR rubber, which is usually a low-rebound elastomer owing to a high damping effect, rebound resilience exhibited an increasing trend as the content of EPDM rubber increased. As the EPDM rubber content increased, thermal stability was improved due to reduction of decomposition rate in the rubber region of the blend vulcanizate.

Cure Characteristics, Mechanical Property and Ozone Resistance of Natural Rubber/Bromo Isobutylene Isoprene Rubber Blend

  • Choi, Im Cheol;Lee, Won-Ki;Park, Chan Young
    • Elastomers and Composites
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.168-174
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    • 2018
  • Natural rubber (NR) and bromo-isobutylene-isoprene rubber (BIIR) were compounded with other formulation chemicals through polymer blending via a mechanical mixing method. After rubber vulcanization by hot-press compression molding, the cure characteristics, mechanical properties, and ozone resistance of the NR/BIIR blends were measured. As the BIIR content increased, the maximum torque of the blends decreased, while the optimum cure time and scorch time tended to increase. Furthermore, the hardness of the blends increased with increasing BIIR content, reaching the maximum value at 75 wt% BIIR, and decreased with a further increase in the BIIR loading. The tensile strength and elongation at break decreased with an increase in the BIIR content, reaching the minimum value at 75 wt% BIIR, and increased with a further increase in the BIIR content. In the ozone resistance test, cracks were not generated when the BIIR content was more than 75 wt%.

Synthesis of$\beta,\gamma$-Unsaturated Ketones through Ligand-Promoted Hydroiminoacylation of Dienes by Rh

  • Jun Chul-Ho;Koo Bon-Tak;Kang Jung-Bu;Kim Keun-Jae
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.1064-1069
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    • 1994
  • Chlorobis(isoprene)rhodium(Ⅰ) (3), prepared by olefin-exchange reaction of chlorobis(cyclooctene)rhodium dimer (2) with isoprene, reacted with benzaldimine 4 to give iminoacylrhodium(Ⅲ) ${\eta}^3$-1,2-dimethylallyl complex 6. Ligand-promoted reductive elimination of 6 by pyridine and P(OMe)$_3$ produced ${\beta},{\gamma}$-unsaturated ketimine 8, which was readily hydrolyzed to give ${\beta},{\gamma}$-unsaturated ketone 9. Other methyl branched dienes such as 2,3-dimethylbutadiene, 3-methyl-1,3-pentadiene, 2-methyl-1,3-pentadiene, 2,4-dimethyl-1,3-pentadiene, 3-methyl-1,4-pentadiene and 2-methyl-1,4-pentadiene, were applied the synthesis of ${\beta},{\gamma}$-unsaturated ketones. In case of 2,4-dimethyl-1,3-pentadiene, only ${\gamma},{\delta}$ -unsaturated ketone 25, 1,2-addition product, was obtained, may be due to the mono-olefin coordination.

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