• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ischemic Heart Disease

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Association of Body Mass Index with Medical Care Use and Costs - Cerebrovascular Diseases, Ischemic Heart Disease, Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus -

  • Kim, Kyung-Ha;Noh, Jin-Won
    • International Journal of Contents
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.14-20
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of obesity with medical care use and costs according to overall diseases, cerebrovascular diseases (CVD), ischemic heart disease (IHD), hypertension (HTN) and diabetes mellitus (DM). The final sample was a group of persons who were free of diseases mentioned above and were not underweight. Their baseline screening program data and health insurance contribution data were connected with a 7-year medical claim database. The participants were classified according to their baseline BMI into normal, overweight, obese, and severely obese groups. Given the disease type, the total costs of DM showed the largest difference in each obesity group in both males and females. Also, the pharmacy costs for DM were more relevant than any other type of service to the obesity level. Considering the high prevalence of obesity and the relevantly increased medical care use and costs, there is a need for reduction in medical costs through obesity prevention efforts.

MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF CARDIOPROTECTION BY A NOVEL GRAPE SEED PROANTHOCYANIDIN EXTRACT

  • Bagchi, Debasis;Preuss, Harry G.;Das, Dipak K.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.20-21
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    • 2001
  • Free radicals and oxidative stress playa crucial role in the pathophysiology of a broad spectrum of cardiovascular diseases including congestive heart failure, valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathy, hypertrophy, atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease. We have demonstrated that IH 636 proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) provides excellent protection against free radicals in both in vitro and in vivo models, and exhibits significantly better efficacy as compared to vitamins C, E and $\beta$-carotene.(omitted)

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Preoperative Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Severe Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation - 2 case reports -

  • Kim, Tae-Sik;Na, Chan-Young;Baek, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Jae-Hyun;Oh, Sam-Sae
    • Journal of Chest Surgery
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.236-239
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    • 2011
  • Indication for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been extended as the experience of ECMO in various clinical settings accumulates and the outcome after ECMO installation improves. We report two cases of successful mitral valve surgery for severe ischemic mitral regurgitation in patients on ECMO support for cardiogenic shock which developed upon coronary angiography.

Plasma Total Homocysteine, Folate and Vitamin $B_{12}$ Concentrations in Patients with Coronary Stenosis (관상동맥협착 환자의 혈장 총 Homocysteine, 엽산 및 비타민 $B_{12}$ 농도)

  • Lim Hyeon Sook;Heo Young-Ran
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.963-970
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    • 2005
  • Recently elevated plasma homocysteine concentration is considered an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis and thrombosis with coronary artery disease. Folate and vitamin $B_{12}$ are cofactors and closely related with metabolism of homocysteine. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the correlation between homocysteine and folate and vitamin $B_{12}$ in patients with ischemic heart disease. Twenty-six patients, in whom coronary angiographic finding revealed more than $50\%$ of stenosis at least in one coronary vessel were enrolled as the patient group, and thirty subjects, in whom angiographic finding revealed in not significant stenosis, but complained of chest pain, were selected as the control group. Fasting venous blood was obtained and measured the concentration of plasma total homocysteine, folate and vitamin $B_{12}$ by high performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection method. We examined the correlation between homocysteine and folate and/or vitamin $B_{12}$ in the control group and the patient group, respectively. Compared with the control group, the patient group had relatively higher plasma total homocysteine concentration ($10.7\pm4.2\;vs\;9.6\pm3.5$ umol/L), but showed no significant difference. Folate and vitamin $B_{12}$ concentration are low in the patient group, but showed no significant difference between patient and control group. Plasma total homocysteine concentration showed negative correlation with folate and vitamin $B_{12}$ in both the control group and the patient group, and showed significantly negative correlation in patient group {r = -0.550 (p < 0.01) vs r = -0.609 (p < 0.01)}. We knew that the plasma total homocysteine concentration were relatively elevated in patient group compared with the control group. Because plasma total homocysteine concentrations are closely negative correlated with folate and vitamin $B_{12}$ in the patient group, folate and vitamin $B_{12}$ supplement can lower the mortality and morbidity of ischemic heart disease. (Korean J Community Nutrition 10(6) : $963\∼970$, 2005)

A Study of Prescription Analysis on Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease and Evaluation of Antihypertensive Drug Use in General Hospital (종합병원 허혈성 심장질환 환자의 항고혈압약제 사용 현황 및 평가)

  • Moon, Kyoung-Sil;Song, Hyun-Ju;Sohn, Uy-Dong
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.336-342
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    • 2007
  • Treatment of hypertension is important in reducing death and attack rates by Ischemic heart disease (IHD). The purposes of this study are to investigate recent prescriptions for patients with IHD and to evaluate antihypertensive drug use. On the basis of the guidelines proposed by Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on prevention, detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure, we analyzed prescriptions of antihypertensive drugs for patients with IHD. It is necessary to set up new guideline for appropriate treatment to lower death and attack rates for patients with IHD.

The Comparison of Risk Factors for Ischemic Stroke or Intracranial Hemorrhage in Korean Stroke Patients: A Nationwide Population-based Study

  • Choi, Sun-Young;Kim, Ji-In;Hwang, Shin-Woo
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.405-410
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    • 2018
  • Stroke is a leading cause of death in the Korean population and remains a major health burden worldwide. The two main pathologic types of stroke are ischemic stroke and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH), but comparisons of risk factors for these have been limited. We under took a nationwide population-based study to analyze the relationship between these risk factor sand ischemic stroke and ICH. From January 2003 to December 2013, a total of 37,561 patients with newly diagnosed ischemic stroke or ICH were identified using the National Health Insurance Service data base as the study population. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the association between baseline risk factors and presentation with ICH versus ischemic stroke. The incidence of ischemic stroke showed an increasing rend every year, while there was no significant change in the incidence of ICH. Of the several risk factors associated with stroke, old age (OR 2.35, 95% CI 2.12~2.49, P < 0.001) was more closely associated with ischemic stroke than ICH, whereas renal disease (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.55~0.99, P = 0.04) and carotid disease (OR 0.25, 95% CI 0.17~0.35, P < 0.001) were more strongly associated with ICH. In addition, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, hypertension, ischemic heart disease and male sex was associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. Old age was more strongly associated with ischemic stroke than ICH, while carotid stenosis and renal impairment were more closely associated with ICH risk. Classic risk factors for stroke have considerably different associations with the two main pathologic types of stroke.

Pseudonormal or Restrictive Filling Pattern of Left Ventricle Predicts Poor Prognosis in Patients with Ischemic Heart Disease Presenting as Acute Heart Failure

  • Lee, Jae-Geun;Beom, Jong Wook;Choi, Joon Hyouk;Kim, Song-Yi;Kim, Ki-Seok;Joo, Seung-Jae
    • Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.217-225
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    • 2018
  • BACKGROUND: In patients with acute heart failure (AHF), diastolic dysfunction, especially pseudonormal (PN) or restrictive filling pattern (RFP) of left ventricle (LV), is considered to be implicated in a poor prognosis. However, prognostic significance of diastolic dysfunction in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) has been rarely investigated in Korea. METHODS: We enrolled 138 patients with IHD presenting as AHF and sinus rhythm during echocardiographic study. Diastolic dysfunction of LV was graded as ${\geq}2$ (group 1) or 1 (group 2) according to usual algorithm using E/A ratio and deceleration time of mitral inflow, E'/A' ratio of tissue Doppler echocardiography and left atrial size. RESULTS: Patients in group 1 showed higher 2-year mortality rate ($36.2%{\pm}6.7%$) than those in group 2 ($13.6%{\pm}4.5%$; p = 0.008). Two-year mortality rate of patient with LV ejection fraction (LVEF) < 40% ($26.8%{\pm}6.0%$) was not different from those with LVEF 40%-49% ($28.0%{\pm}8.0%$) or ${\geq}50%$ ($13.7%{\pm}7.4%$; p = 0.442). On univariate analysis, PN or RFP of LV, higher stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and higher New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class were poor prognostic factors, but LVEF or older age ${\geq}75$ years did not predict 2-year mortality. On multivariate analysis, PN or RFP of LV (hazard ratio [HR], 2.52; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-5.84; p = 0.031), higher stage of CKD (HR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.14-2.17; p = 0.006) and higher NYHA functional class (HR, 1.81; 95% CI, 1.11-2.94; p = 0.017) were still significant prognostic factors for 2-year mortality. CONCLUSIONS: PN or RFP of LV was a more useful prognostic factor for long-term mortality than LVEF in patients with IHD presenting as AHF.

The Trend and Issues of Nursing Research Related to Ischemic Heart Disease Published in Korea (허혈성심질환 관련 국내 간호연구 동향)

  • Lee, Jong-Yul;Lee, Hyang-Yeon
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.89-102
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    • 2003
  • This study attempted to analyze the trend of studies related to IHD(Ischemic Heart Disease). This article reviewed 102 researches on IHD conducted from 1980 to 2003, by examining them according to their characteristics, such as sources by publication period, research design, nursing intervention, outcome of experimental research, and theme of qualitative research. The results were as follows : 1. The number of studies related to IHD has steadily increased year by year since 1985, and that of the articles was the highest during the post-2000 period. Especially, the majority of researches has published since 1995. 2. The 69 studies were degree of all 102 studies related to IHD, and the majority of articles' authors belonged to graduate school. Thirty three studies were non-degree articles. As for study design, the number of quantitative studies were 99 and that of qualitative studies were 3. Non-experimental research design were largely survey and correlational study. 3. Non-experimental study makes up a high proportion of the quantitative study. The most of experimental studies were accomplished after 2000. The main subjects were patients, chart records and general subjects. The majority number of subjects was like this : while the number of non-experimental study was between 51 and 100, that of experimental study was below 50. The number of subject of qualitative study is like this : the number of phenomenology study was 21 and 11, and that of case study is 14. 4. Nursing interventions used in the experimental study comprised teaching program, cardiac rehabilitation program, massage, relaxation, music therapy and providing of sense information. And the most nursing intervention effects included physiological effect, increased self-efficacy, relieved pain and increased quality of life. Most studies proved to have the affirmative effects. 5. The number of qualitative studies related to IHD is like this : the number of degree articles was 2 and that of non-degree articles was 1. Its themes included resources of hope, the experience of coronary artery angiography and the experience of admission at ICU(Intensive Care Unit).

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