• Title, Summary, Keyword: Irradiated Food

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Food Majoring College Students' Knowledge and Acceptance of Irradiated Food (식품전공 대학생들의 방사선 조사식품에 대한 인지도 및 수용성)

  • Nam, Hye-Seon;Kim, Kyeung-Eun;Yang, Jae-Seung;Ly, Sun-Yung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.269-277
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    • 2000
  • A survey was conducted to examine the knowledge and acceptance of food irradiation in order to provide baseline data required in the development of food irradiation education programs for college students. 150 students majoring in food and nutrition or food technology in the Chungnam National University were chosen for a survey. The results are as follows. First, college students' knowledge about food irradiation is scanty. Knowledge assessment showed that 56% of the participants had previously heard of food irradiation. 68% of the respondents thought that radioactivity remains in food after irradiation and 25.3% of them were not sure whether radioactivity remains in food after irradiation or not. Only half of the respondents thought that nutrient loss due to irradiation is equal to or lower than that due to cooking or freezing. Second, approximately 56% of the respondents showed that food irradiation is somewhat or strongly needed for meat or fish; whereas, over 60% of them showed that food irradiation is not needed for grain, vegetable and fruit. Almost 40% of the respondents were seriously concerned about irradiation of vegetables and fruits; whereas, they showed less concern about spice irradiation. More than half of the respondents were not willing to use irradiated food in all the six food groups. Third, the correlation analysis showed that the need of food irradiation is negatively correlated with concerning about the irradiated fish and fruits, but positively correlated with willingness to use irradiated food in all the five food groups, except in spices. Concern about the irradiated food is negatively correlated with willingness to use irradiated food from all the six food groups. Fourth, almost all the respondents (over 90%) agreed that the irradiated food labeling is required as well as the development of proper methods to identify irradiated foods.

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Effect of Food Irradiation Education on Food Majoring College Students' Knowledge and Acceptance of Irradiated Food (식품전공 대학생들의 방사선 조사식품에 대한 교육전.후의 인지도 및 수용성 변화)

  • Nam, Hye-Seon;Kim, Kyeung-Eun;Yang, Jae-Seung;Ly, Sun-Yung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.279-285
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    • 2000
  • A survey was conducted to examine the effect of food irradiation education on college students' knowledge and acceptance of food irradiation. The instrument for the knowledge and acceptance of food irradiation was administered before and after food irradiation education, to 150 students majoring in food and nutrition or food technology in the Chungnam National University. Before the education approximately 93% of the respondents did not know that radioactivity dose not remain in food after irradiation; whereas, after education half of them thought that radioactivity dose not remain in irradiated food. Knowledge about food irradiation has improved through education. The education significantly increased all the mean scores of need for food irradiation and willingness to use irradiated foods for the six food groups (p<0.01). The education significantly decreased the mean scores of concern about the irradiated food for all the six food groups (p<0.01). Although the responses to irradiated foods are, in general, negative or neutral even after education, the mean scores of acceptance of the irradiated foods have improved through education in all the six food groups (p<0.01). In conclusion, this study showed that food irradiation education may positively affect the college students' knowledge and acceptance of food irradiation, and that the development of both the appropriate detection methods to identify irradiated foods and the education programs to enlighten the college students are needed.

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Physical and Microbiological Approach in Proving the Identity of Gamma-irradiated Different Teas

  • Kausar, Tusneem;Kim, Byeong-Keun;Kim, Dong-Ho;Kwon, Joong-Ho
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2005
  • Photostimulated luminescence (PSL), thermoluminescence (TL), electron spin resonance (ESR), and direct epiflourescent filter technique/aerobic plate count (DEFT/APC) were applied to detect dried green, black, and oolong teas irradiated between 0-10 kGy. Teas irradiated at 2.5 kGy and higher showed over 5000 photon counts/60 sec, while non-irradiated teas yielded 650-1000 photon counts/60 sec. TL glow curves for minerals separated from teas were detected at about $300^{\circ}C$ with low intensity in non-irradiated samples, whereas around $150^{\circ}C$ with high intensity in all irradiated samples. Ratio of $TL_1/TL_2$ based on re-irradiation step, showing lower than 0.1 and higher than 1.44 for non-irradiated and irradiated samples, respectively, enhanced reliability of TL results. ESR measurements for irradiated teas showed signals specific to irradiation. Log DEFT/APC ratio increased with irradiation dose; this result could be applied to identify irradiated tea samples.

The Korean Public Understanding of Irradiated Food (방사선조사 식품의 국민이해 연구 - '인상(impression)'의 차이와 정보제공효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Sung-Chol;Kim, Hak-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2001
  • The main purposes of this study are to know the contents and forms of impressions that the general public, and the consumerists and environmentalists have of irradiated food, and to know what information of irradiated food influences their impressions. Other purposes are to know what sources those impressions derive from, to know which media they have recently been exposed to and paid attention to irradiated food through, to know which sources they trust of information regarding irradiated food most greatly, and finally to suggest policies and strategies of communication in order to shed positive impressions of irradiated food on people. This study was conducted through the person-to-person interview survey toward 1,200 adults, and 150 consumerists and environmentalists in 1999. Adults are sampled nationally in South Korea. Only 8.7% of the general public have heard of irradiated food. Impressions of irradiated food that the general public mentioned most frequently are: harmful, insecure, negative, etc. The consumerists and environmentalists were found to have the most inaccurate knowledge of irradiated food. Television and newspaper were the major sources of impressions of, exposure to and focus of attention on irradiated food. Based on these results, we seem to devise methods to enhance impression of irradiated food by disseminating information of advantages and benefits that irradiation provides food with and to promote the fact that irradiation on food is totally irrelevant to being radioactive, danger of a nuclear power plant, genetically modifying food, etc.

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A Comparative Study on the Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Community regarding Irradiated Foods in Incheon Area (방사선조사식품의 지식, 태도, 행위에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Hwang, Seong-Hee;Jang, Jae Seon
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.246-252
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    • 2016
  • This paper presents basic supporting data necessary for planning an educational intervention strategy as part of a communication strategy that would form an extensive national consensus on and enhance national understanding of irradiated foods. A survey was conducted to collect data on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior with regard to irradiated foods among community. It appeared 133 male (36.5%) and 231 women persons (63.5%). After irradiated food were analyzed, whole knowledge, attitude, and behavior standard to the irradiated food is 2.32, 11.90, and 12.92 scores respectively. The knowledge, attitude, behavior of irradiated foods according to person characteristics were analyzed. The knowledge on irradiated food was statistical difference by gender, age, education standard and occupation (p<0.05), whereas no statistical difference marriage (p>0.05). The attitude on irradiated food was statistical difference by age, education standard and occupation (p<0.05), whereas no statistical difference gender (p>0.05). The behavior on irradiated food was statistical difference by age, education standard and occupation (p<0.05), whereas no statistical difference gender and marriage (p>0.05). The coefficient of correlation of knowledge and attitude in irradiated food showed positive correlation of r=0.324 (p<0.01). The coefficient of correlation of knowledge and behavior in irradiated food showed negative correlation of r=-0.118 (p<0.05). The coefficient of correlation of attitude and behavior in irradiated food showed negative correlation of r=-0.316 (p<0.01).

The Use of Pulsed Photostimulated Luminescence (PPSL) and Thermoluminescence (TL) for the Detection of Irradiated Perilla and Sesame Seeds

  • Yi, Sang-Duk;Woo, Si-Ho;Yang, Jae-Seung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.142-147
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    • 2000
  • To establish a detection method of irradiated perilla and sesame seeds, studies were performed with pulsed photostimulated luminescence (PPSL) and thermoluminescence (TL). The PPSL photon counts of the mineral separated from irradiated sesame and perilla seeds were higher than unirradiated one and exhibited an increase with increasing irradiation dose and mineral content. Also TL intensities of minerals separated from irradiated sesame and perilla seeds increased with increasing irradiation dose. In all samples, detection was possible with shapes and maximum TL temperatures of the second glow curves showing lower regions than those of the first glow curves and correctly classified as irradiated samples. Glow curve ratios of irradiated samples were higher than 0.5. These results suggest that PPSL and TL are applicable methods for the detection of irradiated perilla and sesame seeds.

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Analysis of the Consumers' Awareness and Information Need for Food Safety -Focused on irradiated foods and environmental hormones- (소비자의 식품 안전성에 대한 인지도 및 정보요구도에 관한 분석 -방사선조사 식품과 환경호르몬을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Hyo-Chung;Kim, Mee-Ra
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.153-164
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    • 2002
  • This study examined the consumers' awareness and information need toward the irradiated foods and environmental hormones. The data were collected from 350 adults living in Daegu and Busan by the self-administered questionnaire. Frequencies and chi-square tests were conducted by SPSS. The results of the survey were as follows: (1) consumers' awareness regarding the irradiated foods and environmental hormones were low, while consumers' concerns for them were high, (2) the orders of the information needs for the irradiated foods are safety of irradiated foods, dose permitted for food irradiation, benefits of irradiated foods, kinds of permitted irradiated foods, and legislations of food irradiation, and (3) the orders of the information needs for the environmental hormones are harmfulness of environmental hormones, standards for contamination by environmental hormones, materials releasing environmental hormones, methods to prevent environmental hormones, and kinds of environmental hormones.

Detection of Irradiated Model Food Containing Salt by Thermoluminescence Measurement

  • Chung, Hyung-Wook;Kwon, Joong-Ho
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.22-26
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    • 1998
  • Model food containing common salt(NaCl) was subjected to the thermoluminescene(TL) detection whether it is irradiated or not. Salt irradiated with $^60Co$-gamma ray and electron beam exhibited a characteristic TL gowcurve depending on the irradiation dose, showing major peaks at $206^{\circ}C$ and $326^{\circ}C$. The intensity of TL glowcurves was directly proportional to the irradiated doses regardless of irradiation sources at each concentration of salt. A high correlation coefficient was observed for irradiated salt between the irradiation doses and the corresponding TL responses. At the same dose, the intensity of TL glowcurve increased as the concentration of salt increased in the test sample. TL glowcurves of nonirradiated salt and irradiated model food without salt were negligible and similar to a baseline . However, irradiated model food containing salt gave rise to a characteristic TL glowcurve with two major peaks at about $240^{\circ}C$ and $300^{\circ}C$, respectively. The results showed that salt played a role as an internla as well as external indicator in TL measurements, indicating that TL will be applicable to other condiments and spices with salt for their detection whether they are irradiated or not.

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Effect of Gamma-Irradiated Red Pepper Powder on Physicochemical Properties of Kakdugi, a Korean Traditional Radish Kimchi

  • Lee, Jeung-Hee;Sung, Tae-Hwa;Kim, Mee-Ree
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.22-28
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    • 2005
  • Physicochemical properties and sensory characteristics of kakdugi prepared with red pepper powder gamma-irradiated up to 7 kGy were determined during fermentation at 5℃. The overall fermentation patterns between kakdugies with irradiated and nonirradiated red pepper powder were similar. Kakdugi prepared with irradiated red pepper powder required one week longer time for optimal ripening compared to the kakdugi control. Irradiated red pepper powder did not affect the hardness and fracturability of kakdugi during fermentation. Kakdugi prepared with irradiated red pepper powder maintained a redder color than the kakdugi control. No significant differences were observed in taste, odor, texture, and overall acceptability (p<0.05) except for color. It can be concluded that irradiation of red pepper powder, up to 7 kGy, did not affect the quality of kakdugi with regard to physicochemical and sensory characteristics during fermentation. Moreover, irradiated red pepper powder was better for maintaining the red color and delaying optimum ripening time of kakdugi fermentation.

Changes in the Components of Red Ginseng after Irradiation and the Korean Consumer's Perception of Irradiated Food

  • Choi, Yoon-Seok;Kim, Jung-Min;Han, Eun-Ok
    • Journal of Radiation Protection and Research
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.26-34
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    • 2020
  • Background: We examined changes in red ginseng components after different doses of irradiation were applied. We also evaluated what housewives and teachers know about irradiated food, as well as their perceptions of and attitudes toward it. Materials and Methods: General nutrients and unique components of irradiated ginseng were then analyzed. Education on irradiated foods and red ginseng was provided to teachers and housewives on two occasions, and changes in their behaviors were evaluated via a qualitative survey. Results and Discussion: The ideal radiation dose to reduce the number of bacteria without changing the unique components of red ginseng is 7.5 kGy. Notably, after educational seminars on this topic, consumers' knowledge, attitudes toward, and perceptions of irradiated ginseng compared to non-irradiated red ginseng changed significantly. Conclusion: It is necessary to provide consumers with information on irradiated foods to promote the growth of the domestic food industry, and to improve public knowledge of the safety and effects associated with the irradiation of food.