• 제목/요약/키워드: Iron availability

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Effect of Iron Availability on Induction of Systemic Resistance to Fusarium Wilt of Chickpea by Pseudomonas spp.

  • Saikia, Ratul;Srivastava, Alok K.;Singh, Kiran;Arora, Dilip K.;Lee, Min-Woong
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2005
  • Selected isolates of Pseudomonas fluorescens (Pf4-92 and PfRsC5) and P. aeruginosa (PaRsG18 and PaRsG27) were examined for growth promotion and induced systemic resistance against Fusarium wilt of chickpea. Significant increase in plant height was observed in Pseudomonas treated plants. However, plant growth was inhibited when isolates of Pseudomonas were used in combination with Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ciceri (FocRs1). It was also observed that the Pseudomonas spp. was colonized in root of chickpea and significantly suppressed the disease in greenhouse condition. Rock wool bioassay technique was used to study the effect of iron availability on the induction of systemic resistance to Fusarium wilt of chickpea mediated by the Pseudomonas spp. All the isolates of Pseudomonas spp. showed greater disease control in the induced systemic resistance (ISR) bioassay when iron availability in the nutrient solution was low. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis indicated that an the bacterial isolates produced more salicylic acid (SA) at low iron ($10\;{\mu}M$ EDDHA) than high iron availability ($10\;{\mu}Fe^{3+}$ EDDHA). Except PaRsG27, all the three isolates produced more pseudobactin at low iron than high iron availability.

Assessment of Dietary Iron Availability and Analysis of Dietary Factors Affecting Hematological Indices in Iron Deficiency Anemic Female High School Students (철결핍성 빈혈 여고생의 철분이용률 평가 및 철분영양지표에 영향을 미치는 영양요인 분석)

  • 안홍석
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.787-792
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to estimate the iron availability and to analyze dietary factors which influence hematological indices of 130 female adolescents with iron deficiency anemia. Intakes of iron and other nutrients were estimated using a self-administrated questionnaire combined with the 24-hour recall mehtod and iron availability was calculated by Monsen's method. Mean daily intakes of calorie, protein and vitamin C were 1631.0kcal(77.7% of RDA), 54.7g(84.2% of RDA) and 45.7mg(83.0% of RDA), respectively. In terms of iron, mean daily intake was 8.7mg(48.3% of RDA) and heme iron intake was 3.0mg which correspond to 34% of total iron intake. The amount of total absorbable iron was 1.5mg and the estimated bioavailability of dietary iron was 17.2%. In summary, intake of several nutrients for most of the subjects were under RDA. Dietary factors affecting hematological indices were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression. Intake of vitamin C was a major determinant of Hb level, while both intake of enhancing factor and iron availability were major determinants of serum ferritin level. In conclusion proper nutritional education and guidance for iron deficiency anemic female adoalescent needs to be developed and to improve their iron storage should be increased intakes of enhancing factors, female adoalescents.

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A Survey on Iron Intake and Nutritional Status of Female College Students of Chungnam National University (충남대 여대생의 철분 섭취량과 영양 상태에 대한 연구)

  • 남혜선
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.404-412
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    • 1992
  • Iron intake and nutritional status of 99 female college students of Chungnam Natiional Unive-rsity were estimateed with dietary survey and measurement of hematological indices including the level of serum ferritin Food intake was measured using the weighing method and iron availability per meal was calculated according to Monsen and Hallberg. The average daily intakes of protein vitamin C. total iron and also total available amount of iron were higher than the Korean R.D.A. The blood indices for iron status however showed that iron status of the subjects was inade-quate. Furthermore the serum ferritin levels indicated marginal iron storage in 75% of the subjects.

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Growth of Stahylococcus aureus with Defective Siderophore Production in Human Peritoneal Dialysate Solution

  • Park, Ra-Young;Sun, Hui-Yu;Choi, Mi-Hwa;Bae, Young-Hoon;Shin, Sung-Heui-
    • Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 2005
  • In this study, we attempted to determine the effects of iron-availability and the activity of the bacterial iron-uptake system (IUS) on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus in human peritoneal dialysate (HPD) solution. A streptonigrin-resistant S. aureus (SRSA) strain, isolated from S. aureus ATCC 6538, exhibited defective siderophore production, thereby resulting in ineffective uptake of iron from low iron-saturated transferrin. The growth of both strains was stimulated in HPD solution supplemented with FeCl_3 and holotransferrin, but growth was inhibited in HPD solution which had been supplemented with apotransferrin and dipyridyl. The SRSA strain grew less robustly than did its parental strain in both iron-supplemented HPD solution and regular HPD solution. These results indicate that iron-availability and siderophore-mediated IUS activity in particular, the ability to produce siderophores and thus capture iron from low iron-saturated transferrin play critical roles in the growth of S. aureus in HPD solution. Our results also indicated that the possibility of using iron chelators as therapeutic or preventive agents warrants further evaluation.

The Microencapsulated Ascorbic Acid Release in vitro and Its Effect on Iron Bioavailability

  • Lee, Jun-Beum;Ahn, Joung-Jwa;Lee, Jong-Hwi;Kwak, Hae-Soo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.874-879
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    • 2003
  • The present study was carried out to examine the stability of microencapsulated ascorbic acid in simulated-gastric and intestinal situation in vitro and the effect of microencapsulated ascorbic acid on iron bioavailability. Coating materials used were polyglycerol monostearate (PGMS) and medium-chain triacylglycerol (MCT), and core materials were L-ascorbic acid and ferric ammonium sulfate. When ascorbic acid was microencapsulated by MCT, the release of ascorbic acid was 6.3% at pH 5 and 1.32% at pH 2 in simulated-gastric fluids during 60 min. When ascorbic acid was microencapsulated by PGMS, the more ascorbic acid was released in the range of 9.5 to 16.0%. Comparatively, ascorbic acid release increased significantly as 94.7% and 83.8% coated by MCT and PGMS, respectively, for 60 min incubation in simulated-intestinal fluid. In the subsequent study, we tested whether ascorbic acid enhanced the iron bioavailability or not. In results, serum iron content and transferring saturation increased dramatically when subjects consumed milks containing both encapsulated iron and encapsulated ascorbic acid, compared with those when consumed uncapsulated iron or encapsulated iron without ascorbic acid. Therefore, the present data indicated that microencapsulated ascorbic acid with both PGMS and MCT were effective means for fortifying ascorbic acid into milk and for enhancing the iron bioavailability.

Bacillus subtilis HmoB is a heme oxygenase with a novel structure

  • Park, Seong-Hun;Choi, Sa-Rah;Choe, Jung-Woo
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.239-241
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    • 2012
  • Iron availability is limited in the environment and most bacteria have developed a system to acquire iron from host hemoproteins. Heme oxygenase plays an important role by degrading heme group and releasing the essential nutrient iron. The structure of Bacillus subtilis HmoB was determined to 2.0 ${\AA}$ resolution. B. subtilis HmoB contains a typical antibiotic biosynthesis monooxygenase (ABM) domain that spans from 71 to 146 residues and belongs to the IsdG family heme oxygenases. Comparison of HmoB and IsdG family proteins showed that the C-terminal region of HmoB has similar sequence and structure to IsdG family proteins and contains conserved critical residues for heme degradation. However, HmoB is distinct from other IsdG family proteins in that HmoB is about 60 amino acids longer in the N-terminus and does not form a dimer whereas previously studied IsdG family heme oxygenases form functional homodimers. Interestingly, the structure of monomeric HmoB resembles the dimeric structure of IsdG family proteins. Hence, B. subtilis HmoB is a heme oxygenase with a novel structural feature.

Biochemical Indices of Vitamin E, Ascorbic Acid and Iron Status : Relation to Diet, Supplement Use and Other Lifestyle Variables in Urban and Rural (Amish) Populations

  • Ro, Hee-Kyung;Jean T. Snook;Elizabeth Prater
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.205-212
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    • 2000
  • The relation of food and supplemental intake of iron, vitamin E and ascorbic acid and other lifestyle variables to packed cell volume (PCV) and serum vitamin levels was studied in urban and rural (71% Amish) communities. Subjects were interviewed (24-h dietary recalls) on three occasions over 18-months, and blood samples were taken (maximum observations = 442). Mean PCV was lower in rural males (43.3) than in urban males (45.4) despite higher man food iron intake (18.7 and 14.4 mg/day, respectively). Mean meal iron availability was higher at lunch and lower at breakfast and dinner for rural than for urban subjects. Smoking was the number one variable in males and females explaining variance in PCV. Supplemental vitamin E and ascorbate intakes explained the most variance in serum vitamin E and ascorbate levels, respectively. Serum vitamin E was also associated with supplemental ascorbate intake (r=0.29). Serum ascorbate was also associated with food ascorbate intake (r=0.28) and body weight (r=-0.24).

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Assessment of the Intake and Availability of Dietary Iron and Nutrition Knowledge in Pregnant Women (임산부의 철분 섭취량과 흡수율 및 관련된 영양지식에 관한 연구)

  • 김은경;이규희
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 1998
  • This study was designed to estimate mean daily iron intake and its bioavailabi- lity and to assess nutrition knowledge for 144 pregnant women in the last trimester. Serum ferritin concentration was analyzed to estimate their iron stores. Dietary intakes of iron(heme iron and nonheme iron), the amounts of MPF(meat, poultry and fish) and ascorbic acid were assessed by modified 24-hr recall method. The food frequency questionnaire was used to assess subjects usual food consumption patterns. The mean value of serum ferritin was $21.3\pm{15.2ng/ml}$ and 26.4% of the pregnant women had a serum ferritin level <12ng/ml(i.e. depleted iron stores). The mean daily intake of total orin in the pregnant women was 56.5%(17.0mg) of RDA and heme iron intake was 0.94mg which was 5.5% of total iron intake. Total absorbable iron calculated by the method of Monsen was 2.41mg and bioavailability of dietary iron was 2.41%. Food frequency test score of meats group was positively correlated(r=0.443) with the bioaavailability of dietary iron. The mean score on the nutrition knowledge test of subjects was 12.76(out of a possible 20 points). These results indicate that the nutritional iron status may be improved by increasing either the amount of iron in the diet or its availability.

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A Study on Iron Nutritional Status of Girls at Puberty in Kangnung Area (강릉지역 일부 사춘기 소녀의 철분 영양상태에 관한 연구)

  • 김은경;류옥남;박계월
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.139-148
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    • 1999
  • This study was designed to assess the iron nutritional status of girls at puberty in Kangnung area. The subjects consisted of 161 adolescents in sixth-grade in primary school and first-grade in middle school girls. Anthropometric measurements were taken for body weight, height, percentage of body fat, and circumferences of waist and hip. Nutrient intakes were assessed by modified 24-hour recall method. Food models and other measuring tools were also used. Fasting blood samples were obtained and analyzed for hemoglobin(Hb) concentration, hematocrit(Hct), serum iron(FE) and total iron binding capacity(TIBC). Mean values for Hb, Hct, Fe, TIBC, TS and serum ferritin were $13.6{\pm}0.9g/dl$, $39.6{\pm}3.9%, 91.3{\pm}36.3{\mu}g/dl$, $327.9{\pm}45.2{\mu}g/dl$, $28.3{\pm}11.8%$ and $37.4{\pm}24.2ng/ml$, respectively. Prevalence of iron deficiency greatly varied by indices from 4.8% when judged by Hb to 18.4% by serum Fe concentration. The Hb concentration was positively correlated with Hct(r=0.641), serum iron(r=0.266) and transferrin saturation(r=0.237)(p<0.05). On the other hand, serum ferritin concentration showed significantly negative correlation with TIBC(r=-0.572). Mean daily intake of iron was 14.94mg and heme iron intake was 1.13mg and which was 7.6% of total iron intake. Total absorbable iron calculated by the method of Mosen was 1.38mg and bioavailability of dietary iron was 9.3%. These results suggest that the prevalence of iron deficiency of pubertal girls is very high, therefore the guidelines for diet and social supports, such as, school food service system should be provided to improve their iron status in middle school students.

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A Study on Iron Nutritional Status and Dietary Iron Bioavailability of Postmenopausal Women in Jeon-Ju Area (폐경기 이후 여성의 철분영양상태 및 철분이용율에 관한 연구)

  • 주은정;김인숙;서은아
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.12
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    • pp.59-71
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the iron nutritional status and dietary iron availability of postmenopausal women residing in Jeonju area. The anthropometric parameters, nutrient intake and biochemical status of iron were measured from 57 postmenopausal women aged 50∼74 years old. Mean values of hemoglobin(Hb), hematocrit(Hct), serum iron(Fe), total iron binding capacity(TIBC) and serum ferritin(Ferritin) concentration were 12.82${\pm}$1.03g/dl, 37.68${\pm}$2.99%, 92.60${\pm}$46.66ug/dl, 353.0${\pm}$54.48ug/dl, 86.86${\pm}$100.7ug/ιrespectively. Prevalence of iron deficiency greatly varied by indices from 14.04% when judged by Ferritin(<20ug/ι) to 40.4% by TIBC(>360${\mu}$g/dl. The anemic subjects assessed with Hct percent(36%) represented 22.8%, whereas 21.1% of the subjects possessed less than 12g/dl of Hb. Ferritin concentration showed a significantly negative correlation with TIBC(r=-0.343, p<0.01) and a positive correlation with MCHC(r=0.361, p<0.01). The mean daily intake of iron was 10.62mg and intake of heme iron was 5.3%(0.56mg) of total iron intake. Total absorbable iron caculated by the method of Monsen was 0.49mg anti bioavailability of dietary iron was 4.61%. Ferritin Concentration was positively associated with total iron intake(r=0.264, p<0.05), dietary nonheme iron(r=0.286, p<0.05) and iron of animal food (r=0.364, p<0.01). But Ferritin concentration was not correlated dietary heme iron(r=-0.137, p>0.05). Major food groups of iron intake were vegetables(20.15%), cereals(19.59%) and fishes(12.34%) in postmenopausal women. Intake of eggs was positively associated with Ferritin(r=0.473, p<0.01).

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