• Title, Summary, Keyword: Ionic liquid

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Influence of Functionalization of Silica with Ionic Liquid on Ethylene Polymerization Behavior of Supported Metallocene (실리카의 이온성 액체 기능화가 메탈로센 담지촉매의 에틸렌 중합 거동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jeong Suk;Lee, Chang Il;Ko, Young Soo
    • Applied Chemistry for Engineering
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.86-91
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    • 2016
  • Three amorphous silicas and SBA-15 were employed as supports, which were capable of confining ionic liquid (IL) and metallocene in the nanopore. Ionic liquid functionalized silica was prepared by the interaction between the chloride anions of 1,3-bis(cyanomethyl)imidazolium chloride and the surface OH groups. Metallocene and methylaluminoxane (MAO) were subsequently immobilized on the ionic liquid functionalized silica for ethylene polymerization. The metallocene supported on ionic liquid functionalized XPO-2412 and XPO-2410 having a larger pore diameter compared to SBA-15 showed higher activity than that of using supported catalyst without ionic liquid functionalization. However, the activity of metallocene supported on SBA-15 decreased after ionic liquid functionalization, suggesting that the diffusion of ethylene monomer and cocatalyst to the active site of nanopore was restricted during ethylene polymerization. This could be resulted from significant reduction of the pore diameter due to the immobilization of ionic liquid and $(n-BuCp)_2ZrCl_2$ and MAO. The effect on polymerization activity in accordance with the concentration of hydroxyl groups on the surface was also investigated. The polymerization activity increased as the concentration of hydroxyl groups on amorphous silica increased. The polymerization activities of metallocene supported on silica showed the similar trend after ionic liquid functionalization.

Effect of Ionic Liquid on the Kinetics of Peroxidase Catalysis

  • Lee, Yoon-Mi;Kwon, O-Yul;Yoo, Ik-Keun;Ryu, Keun-Garp
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.600-603
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    • 2007
  • The effect of a water-miscible ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate $([BMIM][BF_4])$, on the horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-catalyzed oxidation of 2-methoxyphenol (guaiacol) with hydrogen peroxide $(H_2O_2)$ was investigated. HRP maintains its high activity in the aqueous mixtures containing various concentrations of the ionic liquid and even in 90% (v/v) ionic liquid. In order to minimize the effect of solution viscosity on the kinetic constants of HRP catalysis, the enzymatic reactions in the subsequent kinetic study were performed in water-ionic liquid mixtures containing 25% (v/v) ionic liquid at maximum. As the concentration of $[BMIM][BF_4]$ increased for the oxidation of guaiacol by HRP, the $K_m$ value increased with a slight decrease in the $K_{cat}$ value: The $K_m$ value increased from 2.8 mM in 100% (v/v) water to 22.5mM in 25% (v/v) ionic liquid, indicating that ionic liquid significantly weakens the binding affinity of guaiacol to HRP.

Novel Imidazolium Ionic Liquids Containing Quaternary Ammonium Iodide or Secondary Amine for Dye-sensitized Solar Cell

  • Seo, Dong-Wan;Lim, Young-Don;Lee, Soon-Ho;Ur, Soon-Chul;Kim, Whan-Gi
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.32 no.8
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    • pp.2633-2636
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    • 2011
  • A new type of ionic liquid based on N-(3-aminepropyl)imidazolium iodide, called IIQAI, which consists of imidazolium and quaternary ammonium salt, and APII-(hydroxyethyl, propyl, hexyl) were synthesized and used as ionic liquid in dye-sensitized solar cells. APII-hexyl is solid, whereas IIQAI, APII-(hydroxyethyl, propyl) are viscous liquids. The synthesized ionic liquid showed relative thermal stability compared to the commercial ionic liquid of DMII. Among them, IIQAI was more stable than the other ionic liquid because of the two salt groups. APII-hydroxyethyl, which contains two hydroxyl groups, showed low viscosity with good flow. New types of ionic liquids were examined by $^1H$-NMR spectroscopy, thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA). IIQAI enabled a solar energy conversion efficiency of 6.3%, which is slightly higher than that of the referenced (DMII, 6.2%).

Performance of EMIMFSI ionic liquid based gel polymer electrolyte in rechargeable lithium metal batteries

  • Balo, Liton;Gupta, Himani;Singh, Shishir Kumar;Singh, Varun Kumar;Kataria, Shalu;Singh, Rajendra Kumar
    • Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
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    • v.65
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    • pp.137-145
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    • 2018
  • Flexible gel polymer electrolytes based on polymer polyethylene oxide, salt lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl) imide and ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide are synthesized. Prepared samples show high thermal stability, high ionic conductivity at room temperature and an electrochemical stability window of ~3.51V vs. $Li/Li^+$. Lithium deposition-striping voltage profiles show the formation of a stable solid electrolyte interface. A $Li/GPE/LiFePO_4$ cell was assembled by low cost thermal lamination technique. This cell can deliver $143mAh\;g^{-1}$ capacity at room temperature at C/20 rate with good discharge efficiency. Use of micro grid mesh type Al current collector in cathode exhibits significant improvement in capacity retention.

Preparation and characterization of proton exchange membranes in non-aqueous conduction (무수 전도성 양성자 교환막 제조 및 특성평가)

  • Park, Jin-Soo;Sekhon, S.S.;Baek, Ji-Suk;Yang, Tae-Hyun;Kim, Chang-Soo;Yim, Sung-Dae;Park, Gu-Gon
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.282-285
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    • 2009
  • This study presents preparation and characterization of composite membranes based on ionic liquids. The ionic liquids act as water in sulfonated membranes. On the behalf of ionic conduction through ionic liquid inside the membranes, non-aqueous membranes showed Arrenhius dependence on temperature with no external humidification. It was implied that hopping mechanism of proton was dominant in the ionic liquid based membranes. In addition, small angle X-ray (SAXS) studies provided the information on morphology of ionic clusters formed by the interaction between sulfonic acid groups of the polymers and ionic liquids. The SAXS spectra showed matrix peaks, ionomer peaks and Prodo's law for Nafion based composite membranes and only matrix peaks for hydrocarbon based ones. However, ionic conductivity and atomic force microscopy (AFM) images showed the clear formation of ionic clusters of the hydrocarbon based composite membranes. It implies for ionic liquid based high temperature membranes that it is important to use sulfonated polymers as solid matrix of ionic liquid which can form clear ionic clusters in SAXS spectra.

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The Analytical Study on Synthesis and Optimization of Purification of Ionic Liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate (이온성 액체 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium Tetrafluoroborate의 정제 최적화 조건에 따른 특성 변화 분석 연구)

  • Yang, Kyung-Chul;Chun, Kyung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.103-107
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    • 2013
  • In this study, the ionic liquid 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetraflouroborate (EMI-BF4) was synthesized and purified using the liquid/liquid fractional distillation method to apply a supercapacitor. EMI-BF4 was extracted with dichloromethane from the liquid/liquid extraction method in acidic, neutral, and alkali conditions for removal of impurity, and then the electrical capacities of the purified ionic liquids were measured and compared. The electrical capacities of ionic liquids under acidic condition showed higher value than those of neutral or alkali conditions. As the ratio of ionic liquid to solvent became higher, the electrical capacity value was increased.

Effects of Structural Difference of Ionic Liquids on the Catalysis of Horseradish Peroxidase

  • Hong, Eun-Sik;Park, Jung-Hee;Yoo, Ik-Keun;Ryu, Keun-Garp
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.713-717
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    • 2009
  • The dependence of the catalytic properties of horseradish peroxidase on the structural changes of ionic liquids was investigated with two water-miscible ionic liquids, N-butyl-3methypyridinium tetraftuoroborate ([$BMP_y$][$BF_4$]) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium methylsulfate ([BMIM][$MeSO_4$]), each of which shares an anion ($BF_4^-$) or a cation ($BMIM^+$) with 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetraftuoroborate ([BMIM][$BF_4$]), respectively. The oxidation of guaiacol (2-methoxyphenol) with $H_2O_2$was used as a model reaction. In order to minimize the effect of solution viscosity on the kinetic constants of the enzymatic catalysis, the enzymatic reactions for the kinetic study were performed in water-ionic liquid mixtures containing 25% (v/v) ionic liquid at maximum. Similarly to the previously reported results for [BMIM][$BF_4$], as the concentration of [$BMP_y$][$BF_4$] increased, the $K_m$value increased with a decrease in the $k_{cat}$value: the $K_m$value increased markedly from 2.8 mM in 100% water to 12.6 mM in 25% (v/v) ionic liquid, indicating that ionic liquid significantly weakens the binding affinity of guaiacol to the enzyme. On the contrary, [BMIM][$MeSO_4$] decreased the Km value to 1.4 mM in 25% (v/v) ionic liquid. [BMIM][$MeSO_4$] also decreased $k_{cat}$more than 3-folds [from 13.8 $s^{-1}$in 100% water to 4.1 $s^{-1}$in 25% (v/v) ionic liquid]. These results indicate that the ionic liquids interact with the enzyme at the molecular level as well as at a macroscopic thermodynamic scale. Specifically, the anionic component of the ionic liquids influenced the catalysis of horseradish peroxidase in different ways.

Post combustion capture and conversion of carbon dioxide using histidine derived ionic liquid at ambient conditions

  • Kumar, Pradeep;Varyani, Manish;Khatri, Praveen K.;Paul, Subham;Jain, Suman L.
    • Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
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    • v.49
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    • pp.152-157
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    • 2017
  • The present work describes a simple, highly efficient and cost effective approach for efficient capturing of $CO_2$ and its conversion into high value product by using amino acid derived task specific ionic liquids (AAIL). Among the three different kinds of amino acid (histidine, aspartic acid and glutamic acid) derived ionic liquids studied, histidine derived amino acid ionic liquid was found to be an efficient capturing medium for $CO_2$ and its conversion to corresponding cyclic carbonates by reaction with epoxides under ambient reaction conditions at atmospheric pressure using dimethylcarbonate as reaction medium. The salient features of the developed methodology are the use of biocompatible amino acid derived ionic liquid, efficient capturing and conversion of carbon dioxide, metal free system, excellent product yields and atmospheric pressure condition.

Influence of Ionic Liquid as a Template on Preparation of Porous η-Al2O3 to DME Synthesis from Methanol

  • Yoo, Kye-Sang;Lee, Se-Hee
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.1628-1632
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    • 2010
  • Porous ${\eta}-Al_2O_3$ was synthesized by modified sol-gel method using ionic liquid as a templating material. The addition of ionic liquid assisted to increase the surface area of alumina. However, the acidity of aluminas prepared with ionic liquids was hardly affected regardless the change of its structural properties. Among the ionic liquids used in this study, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([Bmim][$PF_6$]) was the most effective ionic liquid to produce porous ${\eta}-Al_2O_3$ particles. The catalytic performance of these aluminas has been investigated in dehydration of methanol to produce dimethyl ether. The alumina prepared with [Bmim][$PF_6$] outperformed the other aluminas except ${\eta}-Al_2O_3$ without modification in this reaction.

Removal of Na+ from Ionic Liquids by Zeolite for High Quality Electrolyte Manufacture

  • Cho, Won-Je;Seo, Yongseong;Jung, Soon Jae;Lee, Won Gil;Kim, Byung Chul;Mathieson, Grant;Yu, Kook-Hyun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.1693-1697
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    • 2013
  • This study develops a novel method to remove the free cations created during the synthesis of ionic liquid. The cations are removed from the ionic liquid by size-selective adsorption onto chemically surface-modified Zeolite. The porous crystal nano-structure of Zeolite has several electron-rich Al sites to attract cations. While large cations of an ionic liquid cannot access the Zeolite nano-structure, small cations like $Na^+$ have ready access and are adsorbed. This study confirms that: $Na^+$ can be removed from ionic liquid effectively using Zeolite; and, in contrast to the conventional and extensively applied ion exchange resin method or solvent extraction methods, this can be done without changing the nature of the ionic liquid.