• Title, Summary, Keyword: Intervention Programs

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A Study on Customized Nutrition Intervention Program Design and Application for the Low-Income Elderly (저소득층 노인을 위한 맞춤영양관리 프로그램의 개발과 시범 적용 연구)

  • Do, Hyun-Joo;Lee, Young-Mee
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.716-729
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    • 2011
  • This study aimed to plan nutrition support programs for the elderly living alone whose nutrition status were seriously concerned, conducted seven stages nutrition intervention program on a trial basis, and evaluated the effectiveness of the program of the Elderly Nutrition Support Project. Subjects were selected for personalized nutrition management based on nutritional risk score and nutrition intervention were tailored to the problems occurred. The elderly nutrition support program targets were 44 senior citizens who lived alone with low income. The 33 (as Type 1) of the subjects with whom milk, tofu, seaweed, eggs, black beans have been supported, and also provide nutrition education, and the rest 11 persons (as Type 2) to whom food was not supported but provide nutrition education programs. As a result, all subjects showed that compared with pre and post program implementation, their daily exercise time and milk and protein consumption level were increased and some improvement was observed regular meals consumption and low-salt diets. Their nutrient intake level such as calories, protein, calcium, iron improved after implementation. In addition, NSL DETERMINE scores significantly improved from 13.21 to 7.24 in Type 1 and 11.27 to 9.91 in Type 2. As positive dietary behavioral changes were observed as in that they purchased more protein and calcium rich foods.

Analysis of Nursing Research Trend Associated with Breast Cancer in Korea (유방암 관련 국내 간호연구 동향)

  • Park, Young-Mi;Lee, Hyang-Yeon
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.91-103
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study was attempted to see the trends in breast cancer researches in Korea. Method: We collected a total of 94 articles associated with breast cancer and published in Korea from 1976 to August 2004 and analyzed the characteristics of those articles, the journals which published those articles in each year, the research designs, subjects, intervention effects in experimental studies, the subjects and concept distribution in comparative researches and themes of the articles. Result: 1. Articles published and associated with breast cancer have increased since 1990 and picked after 2000. 2. Most research designs are survey and correlation studies which are non-experimental research(70.2%) and next are experimental and qualitative researches. 3. In a total 17 articles which are experimental researches, intervention studies which use exercise programs are most(5 articles) and the next are education program, supportive nursing intervention, guided imagery, massage and rehabilitation programs. 4. In correlational researches, concepts such like social-psychological adaptation, partner support, health promotion behavior and family support are treated frequently. 5. Subjects in most comparative studies are patients with breast cancer and normal women. 6. Most nursing research themes are psycho/spiritual problems, 16 articles(17.0%). Conclusion: These results show that the researches related with breast cancer have actively increased and body functions and psycho-social variables have been improved through nursing intervention. Therefore, it seems that more systematic interdisciplinary studies and systematic complement are necessary for future breast cancer nursing researches.

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Effect of Intervention Programs for Improving Maternal Adaptation in Korea: Systematic Review (국내 모성적응증진 프로그램의 효과에 대한 체계적 문헌고찰)

  • Song, Ju Eun;Ahn, Jeong Ah
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.129-141
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the current state of nursing intervention for maternal adaptation and its' effectiveness in Korea by utilizing a systematic review. Methods: The PICO(Population-Intervention-Compar ator-Outcome) strategy was established, and 1,720 pieces of literature published during the last ten-year period from four electronic databases were reviewed. Eighteen references that met inclusion and exclusion criteria were finally selected for systematic review. The quality of references using critical appraisal checklist for experimental studies were evaluated, and then systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted. Results: All 18 references were quasi-experimental research design. Most interventions were provided at the hospital and postpartum care center. Maternal adaptation interventions appeared to be of many types, and particularly maternal role education programs were the most common. Confidence in maternal role was used as the most common variable for the maternal adaptati on. Various interventions for helping maternal adaptation in the postnatal period improved maternal confidence, moth er-infant attachment, maternal satisfaction and mother-infant interaction effectively. Conclusion: A diversity of nursin g interventions in postnatal period improved various aspects of maternal adaptation. Randomized controlled trials and longitudinal studies are needed in order to verify the effect of interventions for maternal adaptation more clearly.

Rethinking Disaster Prevention Design: Educating the Public Using Narrative-Based Simulation

  • Kang, Sunwoo;Han, Myeong Ah
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.251-252
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    • 2016
  • The vast majority of the disaster prevention design research in Korea has focused on the macro-level interventions such as examining the existing systems and approaches, instituting revised policies, systematically establishing intervention programs, and evaluating the effectiveness of the interventions. However, little has focused on systematically challenging individuals' awareness using micro-level intervention. The present paper introduces approaches to micro-level intervention by infusing narrative-based simulation, and further suggests the implications on balancing the approaches of both micro-level and macro-level interventions.

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An Exploratory Analysis School-based Intervention Studies to Prevent Smoking by American Adolescents (미국의 청소년 흡연예방을 위한 중재 프로그램의 현황)

  • Jung, Hye-Sun;Ha, Yeong-Mi;Jhang, Won-Gi;Lee, Ji-Won;Yi, Yun-Jeong;Yun, Soon-Nyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.119-134
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to understand a variety of intervention studies to prevent smoking by adolescents in U.S. and find out implications for Korea. Methods: This study reviewed articles found in the internet and analysed the data of US DHHS and CDC. Results: The School Health Policies and Programs Study (SHPPS) is a national survey periodically conducted to assess school health policies and programs of U.S. The main components of SHPPS are health education and physical education, health services, mental health and social services, school policies, and school environments. The CDC guidelines for school health programs to prevent tobacco use and addiction are composed of policy, instruction, curriculum, training, family involvement, tobacco-use cessation efforts, and evaluation. School-based interventions to prevent smoking can be classified into the categories of information-giving curricula, social competence curricula, social influence approaches, combined methods draw on social competence and social influence approaches and multi-modal programmes and Youth Empowerment study. The key programs for adolescent smoking prevention are ALERT Project, HSPP, TNT Project, MPP, NC YES. Conclusions: As smoking is often the first step of unhealthy behaviour such as alcohol drinking, illegal drugs, and violence, smoking prevention programmes for adolescents in U.S. have been comprehensive school-based health programs. In smoking prevention programs for adolescents, CDC plays a critical role by supporting survey, research, policy, and funds. The effectiveness of the programs was high when it was based on school and involved parents, community, and mass media. As the effect of each programme is not expected to last for a long time, consistent repetition of these interventions is essential. Current smoking prevention programs for adolescents are exploring the empowerment approach focused on the active involvement of participants rather than traditional approaches using order and discipline.

Effects of a School-based Intervention Program for Middle School Adolescent Girls with Depression: As Part of the School Health Services

  • Sung, Kyung Mi
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.7
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    • pp.984-991
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a school-based intervention program for middle school adolescent girls with depression. Methods: The study was a pretest-posttest repeated-measure design with a nonequivalent control group. Fifty eight students with depressive symptoms were recruited from two middle schools in Seoul, Korea. The data were collected from the intervention (n=30) and the comparison group (n=28). The research instrument was Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale. Results: The intervention group greatly improved from baseline to 10 weeks and then saw a slight positive change between 10 and 13 weeks. Conclusion: The results of this research show that depression intervention programs are effective for young female adolescents. Thus the investigation has important school-based treatment implications, and should be integrated into school curriculums by school health nurses for early intervention of depressive symptoms in middle school adolescent girls.

An Integrative Literature Review on Self-awareness Education/Training Programs in the Nursing Area

  • Han, Soolgi;Kim, Sungjae
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This paper is a review of interventions designed to promote self-awareness in the nursing area. The specific purpose was to analyze the general characteristics of self-awareness intervention studies, intervention contents, and the effects of the studies in order to present basic information for developing self-awareness interventions in the nursing area. Methods: Using "nurse/nursing" and "self-awareness" as key words, the researchers searched six electronic databases. The method proposed by Whittemore and Knafl was used. Results: Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. The most common research design was quasi-experimental. Nine quasi-experimental studies (52.9%), 7 qualitative studies (41.2%), and 1 mixed methodology study (5.9%) were analyzed. Most studies used group intervention and student nurses as participants. The interventions were revealed to be effective in enhancing participants' self-awareness. The reflection method was used in most intervention approaches. Conclusion: To provide therapeutic nursing care, having self-awareness is important. Future research with well-designed clinical trials applying self-awareness intervention needs to be conducted to enhance self-awareness in the nursing area.

Developing Health Education Programs for Health Promotion: Development of a Training Guide on Prevention of Smoking and Excessive Drinking (건강증진사업을 위한 보건교육프로그램 개발 : 금연, 절주교육을 중심으로)

  • Bae, Kyunghee;Nam, Jungja
    • Proceedings of The Korean Society of Health Promotion Conference
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    • pp.91-111
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    • 2001
  • Background: Alcohol and tobacco use are two major behavioral risk factors implicated in increased morbidity and mortality. Since both substances are widely used in Korea, a concerted effort is currently underway to reduce the use of tobacco and alcohol in Korea. Objectives: Efforts directed toward educating health promotion planners and health educators from local health departments to organize and implement health education programs to reduce the proportion of people smoking and excessive drinking in the community. Methods: A training guide on prevention of smoking and excessive drinking has been developed. Comprehensive multi-media health promotion materials were developed based on health behavior theories and strategies for effective health behavioral interventions. To better control of behavioral risk and promote health enhancement, the materials were developed to introduce a user-oriented developmental approach by making messages more persuasive and organizing content in a user-friendly manner. Sections of the report explain theoretical background of the intervention, choosing goals and a target population, specific program activities to include in an intervention, development, organization, methods of making program content vivid and persuasive, and evaluation,. Implications for Practitioners: The process followed in developing the health intervention materials is described in detail to assist practitioners who need to develop effective programs to reduce the use of tobacco and excessive alcohol. Health educators from all local health departments in the country were trained in the use of the materials, to enable them to develop community interventions to reduce smoking and excessive drinking.

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A Survey on the Status of Hospital-Based Early Intensive Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorder in South Korea (국내 자폐스펙트럼장애 아동의 병원 기반 조기 집중 중재 실태 조사)

  • Lee, Ju Young;Moon, Duk-Soo;Shin, Suk-Ho;Yoo, Hee-Jung;Byun, Hee-Jung;Suh, Dong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.213-219
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: Early intensive interventions are very important for children with autism spectrum disorder. We examined the actual conditions of hospital-based early intensive interventions for autism spectrum disorder in Seoul, in order to help develop and implement an evidence-based early intensive intervention model for use in Korea. Methods: Nine hospital-based institutes running an early intensive intervention program for children with autism spectrum disorder responded to a questionnaire in September 2014. They provided a brief introduction to their program, explained its theoretical bases, and reported the number of children, their age, intervention time, duration and so on. Results: In the majority of the institutions, the intervention was provided for over 20 hours every week, and the theoretical bases included various applied behavioral analysis (ABA) methods and other therapies (language and occupational therapy). The therapist-child ratio ranged from 1:1 to 5:3. Various types of therapists were involved, including behavioral analysts, special education teachers and (or) language pathologists. There was only one clinic where the behavioral analyst was the main therapist. Usually, the intervention was terminated just before the child entered elementary school. The main merit of the hospital-based intervention in our survey was the effectiveness of the multi-disciplinary intervention plan and its other merits were the accuracy of the diagnosis, its ability to be combined with medicine, and so on. Conclusion: The current hospital-based early intensive intervention programs provide interventions for over 20 hours per week and employ multidisciplinary approaches. However, there are very few institutes for children with autism and very few intervention specialists and specialist education courses in the country. We need more educational programs for intervention therapists and have to try to develop policies which encourage the implementation of an evidence-based early intensive intervention program nationwide.

The Effect of Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation on Cognitive Function and Depression in Stroke Patient's through a Computerized Cognitive Rehabilitation Program (경두개 직류전류자극과 전산화 인지재활 프로그램이 뇌졸중 환자의 인지기능 및 우울감에 미치는 영향)

  • An, Taegyu;Kwon, Hyukchul
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 2019
  • Purpose : The purpose of this randomized controlled trial study was to examine the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on cognitive function and depression in stroke patients. Methods : Thirty stroke patients were randomly divided into an experimental group (n = 15) and a control group (n = 15). The experimental group received tDCS while performing computerized cognitive rehabilitation programs, and the control group was provided with sham tDCS while operating the same programs. The 30-minute intervention was implemented five times per week for six weeks. To assess cognitive function before and after the intervention, the Neurobehavioral Cognitive Status Examination was conducted; the Beck Depression Inventory BDI was employed to assess depression. Results : The experimental group showed statistically significant increases in cognitive function and decreases in depression (p < .05 ). Comparing the amount of variation between the groups after arbitration also showed significant differences in cognitive function and depression between the two groups (p > .05). Conclusion : The application of tDCS and computerized cognitive rehabilitation programs for stroke patients may positively affect their cognitive function and depression. Therefore, tDCS used with computerized cognitive rehabilitation programs is positively applicable to the enhancement of cognitive function in stroke patients and reduction of depression.