• Title, Summary, Keyword: Intervention Programs

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A Systematic Review of School-bullying Interventions for Children and Adolescents in Korea (국내 학령기 아동·청소년 대상 집단따돌림 중재에 관한 체계적 문헌고찰)

  • Hwang, Ji-Hye;Seok, Yoonhee;Park, Hyo Gyeong;Lee, Ji Yeon
    • Perspectives in Nursing Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.12-27
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: Bullying is a global problem, and various programs are under way to prevent it. The purpose of this study was to review school bullying interventions for Korean school-age children and adolescents. Methods: Online databases such as RISS, KISS, DBpia, NDSL and KMBASE were searched, identifying 32 intervention studies published from January 2009 to November 2018. Results: Thirty-two intervention studies were identified: 23 included school bullying prevention and 9 included school bullying treatment for victims or youth at high risk for bullying. The main purpose of preventive intervention was to decrease the bystander's attitude toward group bullying and treatment program was to improve the psychosocial adaptation of bullying victims. The school bullying interventions varied from group counseling, social skills training, art therapy, bibliotherapy using role-play, game & activities. Classroom environment variables and self-esteem, peer-related variables improved significantly after the school bullying prevention programs and school bullying treatment programs, respectively. Conclusion: There is potential for enhancing the outcomes of the behavioral, interpersonal psychological variable. Integrated interventions considering the individuality, gender and physical health of children and adolescents will also be needed. However, a rigorous study design is required to compensate for the methodological limitations.

The Effect of Follow-up Nutrition Intervention Programs Applied Aged Group of High Risk Undernutrition in Rural Area(II) (영향위험 농촌 노인집단에 적용한 영양중재 프로그램의 추후관리 효과(II))

  • Park, Mi-Yeon;Chun, Byung-Yeol;Jeong, Gu-Beom;Oh, Hyun-Mee;Lee, Jung-Hyun;Park, Phil-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.193-204
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    • 2007
  • This research has done for 67 undernutrition people of the aged men and women that are practiced follow-up nutrition intervention programs for 9weeks. The result of health related status, eating habit, food attitude and food intake for 2days is as following. 37.3% of objected old people are drinking, 20.9% of those are smoking and 29.9% of those are exercising. 55.2% of objected old people of the second intervention program about self-rated health say good. Sleeping hours of 25.4% of objected old people is from 6 to 8 hours. Meal amount and appetite above 98% of objected old people, compared to those of before sixty age, are decreasing and similar. 67.8% or 70.1% of the objected old people, compared to those of before sixty age, say same in sweet and salt taste. More significantly increased food group in after intervention than before intervention is vegetables and animal foods. There is no difference between management group and comparison group by ANCOVA analysis. DDS and DVS in management group are no significant differences between before intervention and after intervention.

A Concept Analysis of Therapeutic Intervention in Nursing (간호학에서 치료적 중재(therapeutic intervention)에 대한 개념분석)

  • Jin, Hye Kyung;Kim, Moon Ja;Lee, Eun Nam
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This concept analysis was done to clarify therapeutic intervention in nursing. Methods: For this study the process of Walker & Avant's concept analysis was used. Twenty-nine studies from electronic data bases met criteria for selection. Results: Therapeutic intervention can be defined by the following attributes: 1) goal-oriented, 2) forming a therapeutic relationship, 3) reinforcement of coping ability, 4) patient-centered, 5) a holistic integrated approach. The consequences of therapeutic intervention were improvement of quality of life, coping skills, self-care. Conclusion: Attributes of therapeutic intervention identified in this study can be applied to develop tools for measuring therapeutic nursing behaviors or to develop therapeutic nursing intervention programs for patient or family.

The Effects of Video Programs of Cardiopulmonary Cerebral Resuscitation Education (동영상 심폐소생술 교육이 간호사의 심폐소생술 수행능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Byun, Gyu Ri;Park, Jeong Eun;Hong, Hae Sook
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the effect of video programs of cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation (CPCR) education of cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation of nurses. Methods: The subjects of the study were 64 nurses working in a university hospital. Nurse's CPCR performance have been measured four times (pre-test, post-test at immediately, 3 months and 6 months after intervention). Data were collected from February to August 2013. Results: There were significant differences in knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy, and performance between groups by measure time. And there were significant interactions in knowledge, self-efficacy, and performance between groups, within groups, except for the attitude. The video programs of CPCR interventions appear to be effective in the improvement of knowledge, self-efficacy, and performance, as compared to the control group. Conclusion: The video programs of CPCR education was an effective intervention to improve and retain the level of knowledge, attitude, self-efficacy and performance. And the video program of CPCR education have an advantage of self-learning effect for nurses with shift work. Therefore video programs of CPCR education will be utilized for continuing nurse's education.

Effects of Home-Based Intervention Program to Prevent Child Abuse for Parents: A Meta Analysis (부모를 위한 아동학대 예방 가정방문 프로그램 효과 메타분석)

  • Park, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Hyun Kyoung
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.479-493
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was done to conduct a meta-analysis of articles describing randomized controlled trials which showed substantiated effects for home-based child abuse prevention programs for all parents. Methods: The articles regarding child abuse prevention programs for parents were investigated using the systematic review method. A literature search was conducted in PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane central library, Eric, and RISS on material published. Article searches and quality appraisal through RoB (Risk of Bias) yielded 14 records. Results: The total random effect size was 0.344 (Parents outcome, 0.333; Child outcome, 0.310; Environment, 0.275). The home based intervention for parents was effective for prevention of potential child abuse. Conclusion: This study supports the effectiveness of health care professional directing child abuse prevention programs for all parents whose children are in the early years of life including during the period of pregnancy.

Attitude of Infant and Toddler′s Mother towards Massage Intervention (마사지 중재에 대한 영유아 어머니의 태도)

  • Jung Hyang-Mi
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.20-31
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to understand and analyze the subjective structure of attitude, opinion of infant and todder's mother, regarding the massage intervention in order to yield fundamental data for the activation scheme of the massage intervention. This research was based on a Q-Methodological approach. According to the results of this study, there were four categories of mothers' opinion about the massage intervention. The first type accepts the wholistic effect of massage intervention very positively that it improves infant's health in various aspects: prevention of diseases, promotion of the growth, settlement of sentiments, etc. The second type describes the effect of the intervention in the emotional aspect, such that the intimacy plays a very significant role in the intervention. The third type explains the complementary effect of the intervention that it eases symptoms rather than actually cures diseases. The fourth type emphasizes the healing effect of the intervention that it is required to go through professional training to utilize the effect. For example, a Kyongrak massage is very effective for curing diseases. In consideration of various types of massage intervention, it is very necessary to have a specialty for the massage intervention and develop unique mothers education programs depending upon different applications of the massage intervention in order to reorganize and activate the massage intervention as a nursing intervention for infant and toddlers.

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A Study of Humor as a Nursing Intervention for Hospitalized Children (입원아동을 위한 아동간호학 분야의 유머 중재에 관한 고찰)

  • Sim, In-Ok;Han, Kyung-Ja
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.114-121
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: Humor is an important part of life. Humor has many benefits as an intervention for hospitalized children. Humor is one strategy that pediatric nurses can use to help children cope with illness and hospitalizations. The purposes of the study were to 1) review the definition of humor, 2) identify methods and skills in using humor as an intervention, 3) identify the effects of humor as an intervention, and 4) suggest further research. Method: The design was a descriptive study with literature review. Previous studies were identified by searches of MEDLINE, CHNIAL, PUBMED and ProQuest. Results: Humor has positive physiological, psychological, social and communicative effects on patients and humor has a positive effect on the immune system. Conclusion: The main point identified from this study suggests that humor as a nursing intervention be developed for nurses to use with children who are hospitalized. Further research is needed to develop programs for humor as an intervention for health promotion and disease prevention in children.

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Effectiveness of Internet-based Interventions on HbA1c Levels in Adult Patients with Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials (인터넷 기반 중재프로그램을 통한 성인 당뇨 환자의 HbA1c 중재효과: 메타분석)

  • Jung, Chang Suk;Noh, Hyun Jung;Gu, Min Jeong;Kim, Yi Young;Lee, Soon Young
    • Journal of health informatics and statistics
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    • pp.307-317
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study aimed to verify the effectiveness of Internet-based intervention programs for adults with diabetes by conducting a meta-analysis of studies conducted since 2000. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of research papers published in domestic and overseas journals from January 2000 to December 2015, and selected 9 papers that met the analysis criteria. Data analysis was performed using the open source statistical software R 3.5.0, to analyze the effectiveness of Internet-based interventions on experimental and control groups. Results: The analysis showed that intervention programs for controlling HbA1c levels in adult patients with diabetes most commonly comprised 7 sessions on Internet-based management (77.8%), and the most common frequency of application of intervention programs was 4 session in 6 months (33.4%). The present meta-analysis revealed statistically significant effects of Internet-based intervention activities (SMD = 0.92, 95% CI 0.45-1.40). The analysis of the effect size according to the intervention period showed that the 3-month, 6-month, and 12-month interventions reported in eight studies (89%) had a high effect on the Internet-based intervention group. Conclusions: The results of this study confirm the effectiveness of Internet-based intervention programs for adult patients with diabetes. The need for research on the utilization of Internet-based intervention programs for the steady management of diabetes, a chronic disease; for the development of specific guidelines for intervention activities; and for establishing appropriate protocols are acknowledged.

Trends in Research on Adolescent Suicide Interventions (청소년 자살 중재연구 동향)

  • Cho, Hun Ha;Kang, Jung Mi;Kim, Won Soon
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.393-406
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was designed to analyze recent trends in adolescent suicide intervention research in Korea and to suggest future research directions in this area. Methods: Studies Thirty-four studies selected from http://www.riss4u.net over the for last 20 years were analyzed by field and design of the study, study participants, and the outcome variables used in intervention studies. Results: Nineteen (55.9%) of the 34 studies were conducted in the fields of welfare (9), psychology (5) and nursing science (5). Ordinary adolescents were the most frequently studied participants. A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used in twenty one (61.7%) of the 34 studies. The most frequently measured outcome variables were depression, suicidal ideation and self-esteem. Conclusion: These results suggest that research on adolescent suicide intervention programs is expanding with a focus on ordinary adolescents as and subjects. In order to prevent suicide, research on family, teachers, and friends, who all are important parts of a teenager's support system, is needed. It is also necessary to develop a post-management intervention program to prevent recurrence in high-risk teenagers who have attempted suicide.

Interventions to Reduce the Problems of Abused Children and Adolescents in Residential Facilities in South Korea: An Integrative Review

  • Kim, Sungjae;Bang, Kyung-Sook;Lee, Gumhee;Song, Min Kyung;Jeong, Yeseul
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.273-289
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the literature on intervention studies for abused children and adolescent in residential facilities in South Korea (ACARF-K). The goal was to understand the problems they experience, to evaluate the content and effectiveness of interventions applied to them, and to develop evidence-based nursing intervention programs. Methods: We used four electronic databases to search for relevant articles. 18 studies according to Whittemore and Knafl's integrative review method to synthesize the literature. Results: The ACARF-K experienced problems in biophysical, psychological, and sociocultural domains related to attachment impairment. Effective intervention strategies were building trust through empathy and fulfillment of needs, encouraging ACARF-K to express themselves and helping them to clarify emotions in an unthreatening environment, and improving their self-concept through activities in which they experienced achievement. Conclusion: Interventions are needed to help restore attachment damage among ACARF-K. The interventions in this study utilized emotional, cognitive, relational, and behavioral therapeutic tools to improve their psychological and social capacities. Future intervention programs for ACARF-K should include these key elements.