• Title, Summary, Keyword: Intervention Programs

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The Current Status and Prospects of Community Nutrition Services - 1 . A Study on the Perception of Nutrition Services for the Health Center - Directors in Areas Not Employing Public Health Nutritionists (보건영양사업의 현황과 전망 - 1 . 영양사 미배치 지역 보건소장 대상 영양사업 인식조사)

  • Park, Hye-Ryeon;Kim, Hye-Ryeon
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.254-262
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    • 1998
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the perception of community nutrition programs and the conditions to carry them out, for 32 directors of health centers where public health nutritionists are not employed. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. Nutrition intervention programs were not carried out actively except those for infants but the health center directors strongly felt the necessity of carrying out various nutrition programs. The factors that affect the selecting and priotizing of nutrition programs were the need of community residents, the perception of the local congressmen, and the head of the local government. The most urgent and important problem to be solved in order to intervene nutrition programs was employing public health nutritionists on a tenure basis. Other were securing necessary revenue, precise guidance, political support, hardwares, etc. These results showed the importance of employing public health nutritionists for intervening appropriate nutrition programs and improving the perception of nutrition services for health center directors, local congressmen and personnels in charge of formulating nutrition policies.

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An Evaluative Study on the Quality of Papers on the Effects of the Smoking Prevention Programs in Korea

  • Park, Eunok
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.67-78
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    • 2003
  • This investigation was performed to summarize a few prominent features of smoking prevention program studies and to evaluate the quality of smoking prevention program studies using the Quality of Study Rating Form (QSRF). 24 school-based smoking prevention programs were subjected to an evaluation of study quality using QSRF. Study quality was 57.29 points out of 100 points on average, so it cannot be said that study quality was good. Most of the studies described the subjects and the intervention contents and intervention time. 50% stated where the intervention occurred specifically, 50% of the studies either discussed a specific theory that justified the use of one or more intervention methods, or they cited literature said to support the chosen intervention method. Only one study assigned subjects randomly to experimental groups or control groups and 50.0% of the studies showed baseline equality. There was no study where subjects were blind to being in the treatment or control group or where subjects were selected randomly by random sampling procedure. 79.2% of the studies had non-treated control groups and 20.8% of the studies had comparison groups with other treatments in the form of either other delivery methods or other contents. Sample sizes were larger than 21 in the experimental group for all studies. 75% of the studies stated face validity of outcome measure or cited from previous literature. 58.3% of the studies tested reliability and 45.8% reported the reliability measure was a figure of .70 or greater. There was no study where those rating outcomes were rated blind, because researchers generally collected data by themselves. Outcome measures were taken only after the intervention was completed and tests of statistical significance were generally referred to statistical method and p value in all studies. All studies met the criteria that follow-up was greater than 75%. The implications for the future studies were discussed.

Program Theory Evaluation of a Lifestyle Intervention Program for the Prevention and Treatment of Metabolic Syndrome (대사증후군 상태 개선을 위한 생활습관 중재프로그램의 프로그램 이론 평가)

  • Yoo, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Hye-Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.165-175
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the program theory of a lifestyle intervention program for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome. Methods: The program evaluated is a tailored intervention for multiple health behavior associated with metabolic syndrome which is informed by theoretical constructs from the Intervention Mapping and Transtheoretical model. The program components include one-to-one health counseling, a self-management handbook, and a health diary. To evaluate program impact theory we examined the logic of program goals and objectives, intervention methods and strategies, and the theoretical constructs of program materials through document review and matrix building. Results: This evaluation has found that the intervention program applied social cognitive theory constructs to design intervention methods and strategies in addition to the Transtheoretical model: self-monitoring for goal setting and monitoring skill, outcome expectation for the benefits of health behavior change, and interaction with environment for observational learning through modeling. While the intervention addresses multiple determinants and behaviors, it is limited to an individual level and lacks social and environmental approaches. Following the Transtheoretical framework, the contents of the intervention materials were developed utilizing consciousness raising as a main strategy for earlier stages of change, and counterconditioning and stimulus control for later stages of change. Conclusion: Program theory evaluation can be a process of enhancing program validity. It would also be necessary for providing basis for efficient program implementation. When comparisons of program theory between similar programs are possible, program theory and validity will be strengthened when comparisons of program theories between similar programs are possible.

Effects of Aquatic Intervention on Range of Motion, Gross Motor Function and Balance in the Children with Cerebral Palsy : Meta-Analysis (뇌성마비 아동의 수중 중재가 관절가동범위와 대동작기능 및 균형에 미치는 효과 : 메타분석)

  • Choi, Kibok;Cho, Sunghyoun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.71-83
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This meta-analysis aimed to analyze to the effects of aquatic exercise programs in children with cerebral palsy and identify directions for future research. Methods: A systematic search based on the PRISMA guidelines was undertaken for studies conducted between 2006 and 2018 on aquatic exercise programs in children with cerebral palsy. A total of 10 studies were selected according to the inclusion criteria. The methodological quality was assessed using the Risk of Bias Tool for Randomized Controlled Trials (RoB) and Risk-of-Bias Assessment Tool for Non-randomized Studies (RoBANS). A meta-analysis software (CMA 3.0) was used to calculate the mean effect size, effect size by intervention (Halliwick and Watsu Aquatic methods), and effect size by outcome. Results: The mean effect size was 0.457. The effect size by intervention was largest for the Halliwick method, followed by the Watsu method. The effect size by outcome was largest for range of motion, followed by the gross motor function measure, the Pediatric Berg Balance Scale, and the Modified Ashworth Scale. Meta-regression analysis showed effect size increased when sample size, number of sessions, and length of sessions increased. Conclusion: The results show that aquatic exercise programs have a positive effect on children with cerebral palsy. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a guideline that recommends the appropriate intervention and the identifies the direction of future studies on aquatic exercise programs.

Developing Health Education Programs for Health Promotion: Development of a Training Guide on Prevention of Smoking and Excessive Drinking

  • Bae, Kyung-Hee;Nam, Jung-Ja
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.55-70
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    • 2001
  • Background: Alcohol and tobacco use are two major behavioral risk factors implicated in increased morbidity and mortality. Since both substances are widely used in Korea, a concerted effort is currently underway to reduce the use of tobacco and alcohol in Korea. Objectives: Efforts directed toward preparing health promotion planners and health educators from local health departments to organize and implement community-wide interventions to reduce the proportion of people smoking and reduce the average level of alcohol consumption in the community. Methods: Comprehensive multi-media health promotion materials were developed based on health behavior theories and strategies. The materials were developed to introduce a user-oriented developmental approach by making messages more persuasive and organizing content in a user-friendly manner. Health educators from all local health departments in the country were trained in the use of the materials, to enable them to develop community interventions to reduce smoking and drinking. Implications for Practitioners: The process followed in developing the health intervention materials is described in detail to assist practitioners who need to develop effective programs to reduce the use of tobacco and alcohol. Sections of the report explain health intervention theories, specific program activities to include in an intervention, development, organization, evaluation, choosing a target audience, choosing goals of an intervention, and methods of making program content vivid and persuasive.

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Systematic Review of the Literatures on Music Intervention for Neurological Patients in Korea (신경계 질환자 대상의 국내 음악중재연구에 대한 체계적 문헌고찰)

  • Jeong, Seong Hee
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the literature on music intervention for neurological patients in Korea and to explore the effect of music intervention on functional rehabilitation of neurological patients. Methods: This systematic review examined literature from 2005 to 2010. The existing literature was searched in the electronic databases of RISS and KISS using the following keywords: music, rhythmic movement, stroke, brain injury, dementia, Parkinson, spinal cord injury. Seventy-seven studies were founded through the database. After The exclusion of duplicates, case studies, literature review, and irrelevant studies, nine studies were included for analysis. Results: They included nine quasi-experimental studies. The medical diagnoses of the study participants were stroke, dementia, brain injury, and spinal cord injury. Among nine studies, only two studies were conducted in the nursing area. Eight studies used comprehensive music programs composed of health education, gait training, vocal training, or relaxation therapy, and these comprehensive programs were effective in the areas of physical and psychosocial treatment. Seventeen sessions were provided on average throughout intervention, and the average duration of each session was 49.4 minutes. Conclusion: Comprehensive music intervention can be implemented in nursing care for patients with neurological problem.

Intervention Program Effectiveness for Preventing Sexual Violence: A Systematic Review (성폭력 예방 교육 중재 프로그램에 관한 체계적 문헌고찰: 국내 연구를 중심으로)

  • Woo, Chung Hee;Ryu, Gi Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.409-419
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to synthesize sexual violence prevention programs by systematic review and to establish an effective program for its prevention. Existing studies of domestic sexual violence prevention programs were retrieved using RISS, KISS, and NDSL from 2000 until August 2018. Of 1125 studies identified, 22 met the inclusion criteria. Study participants were children to adults and students with disabilities. The methods of intervention varied according to the characteristics of the participants and included lectures, discussions, role plays, puppet shows, songs and campaigns. The contents of the intervention were related to the concepts of sexual violence, sexual violence coping, sexual harassment, and gender equality, while the main variables influencing the results of intervention were sexual knowledge, sexual attitude, sexual violence knowledge, sexual violence coping and gender equality consciousness. In most of the studies was effective. However, for some studies, sexual awareness and sexual attitude were not significant influencing factors. Future sexual violence prevention programs should include gender equality and bystander concepts, that can recognize social responsibility for sexual violence.

Analysis of Reported Study on Intervention Programs for Patients with Diabetes Mellitus (당뇨병환자에게 적용한 중재프로그램 연구논문 분석)

  • Song, Gab-Sun;Kim, Ho-Jin;Jun, Jum-Yi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.9
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    • pp.541-551
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    • 2015
  • This research was a review and analysis of published articles and theses in Korea on Intervention Programs for patients with Diabetes Mellitus. A comprehensive search of databases was undertaken(Korean studies, Riss4u). using research terms such as"diabetes", "diabetes and education" "diabetes and exercise", "diabetes and intervention", "diabetes and education or exercise." 53 studies were analyzed focusing on type, application method, dependant variable and effect using descriptive statistics. 8 intervention type and 113 dependant variables were used. The most frequently used applied education and counseling and glycometabolism, self-care, self-efficacy the most frequently used dependant variable. The effects of dependant variables no effect or were different effects. Further reserarch in the digital convergence should requires the consideration of Structured content and exercise and the effect of the measurement variables, including the psychological variable effect.

Effects of Multifactorial and Follow-up Programs Applying a Capacity Building Strategy: Focusing on Older Adults Living in a Urban-rural Complex Area

  • Han, Song YI;Ko, Young;Kim, Hee Ryang;Kim, Jiyoun
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.243-255
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine effects of a multifactorial program for preventing the frailty of older adults and effects of a follow-up program applying a capacity building strategy. Methods: A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used for the nonequivalent control group. The follow-up group (n=75) and non-follow-up group (n=68) received the same multifactorial program comprising muscle strength exercise, cognitive training, and psychosocial programs for 12 weeks. After completion of multifactorial program, the follow-up group took follow-up programs applying the capacity building strategy for following 12 weeks. The data of physical function, cognitive function, and psychological function, and self-rated health were collected from both groups three times: before intervention, after intervention, and 12 weeks after intervention. The data were analyzed using $x^2$ test and t-test. Results: In comparison with the non-follow-up group, the scores of Timed Up & Go Test, and physical activities energy expenditure were significantly improved in the follow-up group. Conclusion: These results indicate that a multifactorial program with follow-up adapting the strategies of capacity building for the older adults group is feasible to prevent the physical frailty in community.

Analysis of Gerontological Nursing Researches in Korea from 1997 to 2003 (국내 노인간호연구 분석 (1997년부터-2003년까지))

  • Yang, Kyung-Mi;Park, Chai-Soon;Kim, Soon-Lae
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.419-437
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: This study aims to analyze the trends of the gerontological nursing researches in Korea and suggest the direction for research in this nation. Method: A total of 241 dissertations and other published articles in Korea from 1997 to 2003 were analyzed in this study focusing on the design of the research, key words, measurement tools for basic concepts, and the intervention outcomes in the case of the experimental research. Result: Of those analyzed researches. it was found that 80.9% accounted for the published articles and 19.1% dissertations. There were no clear criteria for the classification of the old men. The most popular research design was an exploratory/descriptive study (54.4%). The major concepts were about 'physical and mental health'. Most of the measurement tools used were developed by foreigners. which were translated into Korean. Among 56 experimental studies, nursing intervention programs in 22 studies were based on physical exercise programs. Conclusion: It is necessary to analyze the trend of gerontological health research in comparison with multidisciplinary researches for elderly people. In addition, the experimental researches for both development and verification of nursing intervention programs are needed. Also, accumulation of research outcomes and development of a standardized instrument for the measurement of Korean elderly people are required.

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