• Title, Summary, Keyword: Intervention Programs

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Analysis on the Current State of Batterer Intervention Programs (가정폭력 가해자 개입 프로그램 실태분석)

  • 김경신;김정란
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.117-132
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to analysis on the current state of batterer intervention programs in South Korea. This study was composed of two parts. First, intervention programs for domestic violence batterer in foreign countries were reviewed. Second, bitterer programs in South Korea were explored. In order to expand these bitterer programs in South Korea, culturally appropriate intervention, more innovative research on comparison analysis of diverse intervention approaches, program impact, type of curriculum, and intervention protocol, evaluation criteria, requirements pertaining to program facilitators, political assistance, and coordinated community response and community service are strongly needed.

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A Comparative Study on the Effects of an Individual Intervention Program and a Group Intervention Program on the Demented Elderly and Their Families (치매환자 및 가족지지 프로그램 효과 연구 : 개별 및 집단프로그램 비교)

  • Oh, Jin-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.205-215
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: This study was to compare the effects of individual and group intervention programs on the demented elderly and their families. Methods: The programs were applied to two groups, one by home visiting and the other by group intervention. The groups were composed of 14 elders and 12 elders, respectively, with their families. The programs were applied twice a week, ninety minutes per session for four weeks. Programs consisted of cognitive therapy, music and art therapy, and massage for the demented elderly, education on dementia, cognitive-behavioral intervention for problematic behavior, methods to lessen stress, and counselling for the families. Results: AER, problematic behavior, QOL of pts and QOL, caregiving burden, and relationship with the pts of caregivers were improved after each program but not significantly except QOL of pts (Z=-3.37, p=.00) in the group intervention. When the two interventions were compared with each other, the group intervention program was more effective than the home visiting program in all variables but not significantly except QOL of pts (U=32.00, p=.00). Conclusion: In summary, both the individual and group intervention programs were helpful to both pts and families, and even though there was no statistically significant difference between the two intervention programs except in QOL of pts, the group intervention was more effective.

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A meta-analysis of the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder intervention programs on firefighters (소방공무원의 외상 후 스트레스 장애 중재 프로그램 효과에 관한 메타분석)

  • Kang, Min-Ju
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.33-42
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder intervention programs on firefighters through a meta-analysis. Methods: Seven studies were selected for meta-analysis. The overall average effect size, effect sizes for each intervention variables, and publication bias were analyzed using Comprehensive Meta-Analysis(CMA) version 2.0 (Biostat, Englewood, NJ, USA). Results: Post-traumatic stress disorder intervention programs were found to have a very low, not statistically significant effect (effect size=-.171, confidence interval=-0.361~0.019, Z=-1.768, p>.05). However, these programs was less than 50 (effect size=-.622). Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that further research on the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder intervention among firefighters is needed in order to develop more effective programs.

Meta-analysis of Hypertension-related Nursing Intervention Programs (고혈압 간호중재의 혈압하강 효과에 대한 메타분석)

  • So, Eun-Sun;Lee, In-Sook
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of hypertension-related nursing intervention programs and their effects on systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Methods: Fifteen studies were selected from four databases (Korean studies, Riss4U, RICHIS, and JKAN) published as of 2009. They were analyzed by meta-analysis method. The selected studies contained a control group with pre-test and post-test design, measured blood pressure as a dependent variable, and used a reported statistical value for blood pressure to measure the size of effects. Results: The hypertension-related nursing intervention programs were relatively effective in lowering both systolic and diastolic blood pressure, although they were more efficient to decrease diastolic pressure. Among the hypertension-related intervention programs, complementary and alternative therapies were more effective in lowering blood pressure compared to lifestyle change intervention. Conclusions: To acquire substantial data of intervention effects, and complementary and alternative therapy, subjects in pre-hypertensive stage, and elderly people, better industrial and scholastic research methods need to be developed for future research. Further studies are needed to establish complementary and alternative therapies. Studies with different group of participants and studies using effective research design are in need as well.

Descriptive literature review on the evaluation of the youth smoking prevention program effectiveness (청소년 흡연중재 교육프로그램의 효과평가에 관한 설명적 문헌고찰)

  • Park, Kyoung-Ok;Lee, Kyung-Won
    • The Journal of Korean Society for School & Community Health Education
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    • v.6
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    • pp.35-48
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    • 2005
  • The age of the very first smoking is a significant indicator of life-long health status. Smoking prevention intervention was actively conducted based in middle and high schools with the support of the Korean Act for Health Promotion since 1998. These governmental supports became large and various smoking prevention programs were developed and conducted in diverse standards and perspectives. This study made a comprehensive descriptive literature review on smoking prevention educational programs for youth in Korea to identify the intervention quality and effectiveness of them for future smoking prevention program development. A total of 28 peer-reviewed journal articles published between May, 1995 and May 2005 (for the last 10 years) were finally included in this review process. The study participants should be adolescences in middle or high schools in Korea and the intervention types of the review studies should be smoking prevention or cessation educational programs. The outcomes of the reviewed studies were reanalyzed by the participants' characteristics, theory basement, evaluation design, intervention period, evaluation outcomes, and program effectiveness Most smoking intervention programs were not specified by sex and smoking status. Largely most intervention programs focused on male students although female students' smoking percent is increasing including both smokers and nonsmokers. Based on the school grades, the large percents of smoking intervention were conducted to the first grade of middle school and the first grade of high school. Almost 70% of the reviewed studies did not apply any health behavior change theories and the Transtheoretical model and social cognitive theory were utilized in 7 studies among the last reviewed 30%. The theory-based intervention studies had greater effectiveness than the non-theory based studies. More than 90% had quasi-experimental evaluation design and the effectiveness of the non-experimental designed study seemed over estimated than the quasi-experimental or experimental designed studies. More than 60% of the reviewed studies made their education for less than j days, over a short period and the evaluation factors were knowledge and attitude in general which can be obtained in short intervention period. Therefore, smoking intervention programs for youth in Korea need to be modified in terms of research design such as the intervention period, intervention-evaluation design, theory-based approach, and population-focused intervention specification.

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An Intervention Study for Hypertension in Small Scale Enterprises based on Transtheoretical and Ecological Model (행동변화단계이론과 생태학적모형을 적용한 소규모 사업장에서의 고혈압관리)

  • Jung, Hye Sun;Jhang, Won Gi
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.153-164
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: This study aimed to develop hypertension control programs and to analyse their effects in small scale enterprises(SSE). Method: One program was based on 'Transtheoretical Model and Stages of Change' and named 'Individual Approach'. Another program was based on 'Ecological Model' added to the former theory and named 'Integrating Approach'. The target population of the programs are 33 and 34 workers each. The two intervention programs were conducted for 18 weeks after a pre-intervention survey. Immediately after the programs end, first post-intervention survey was done, and second post-intervention survey was done after 28 weeks. Results: First, at the beginning of intervention, the target workers were evenly distributed over the five stages of Transtheoretical Model. But after the intervention, all workers were found in the maintenance stage. Second, the blood pressure level was diminished in the two programs. In Individual Approach, the workers have lost systolic blood pressure by 17.3 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure by 11.8mmHg. In Integrating Approach, the workers have lost systolic blood pressure by 20.0mmHg and diastolic blood pressure by 15.0mmHg. Conclusion: Integration Approach is more favorable than Individual Approach as an intervention program of hypertension in small scale enterprises.

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Ways to Improve Effectiveness of School-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adolescents: Implications from Focus Group Interviews (포커스 그룹 인터뷰를 통한 학교기반 청소년 금연 프로그램 효과성 제고 방안)

  • Nam, Sung-Hee;Chun, Jong-Serl
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.35-51
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The objective of this study is to explore factors that contribute toward improving the effectiveness of school-based smoking cessation programs for Korean adolescents. Methods: Thematic analysis was done on the feedback gathered from a focus group interview of 5 instructors with ample service experience at smoking cessation programs provided in school settings. Results: This study has identified 9 categories of initiatives that may contribute to improving the quality of existing programs. These nine categories were grouped into the following 4 themes. 1) Improvement in the structure of intervention: the programs should be restructured to allow more instruction time and better instruction environment; 2) Improvement in the content of intervention: the programs should develop differentiated contents considering the characteristics of adolescence; 3) Importance of rapport, adolescents' interests and compensation: the program should be more interesting to adolescents and provide rewards based on the rapport between instructors and adolescents; 4) Cooperation among smoking cessation instructor, school, and community: instructors, teachers at schools, and communities should cooperate actively with one another. Conclusions: The school-based smoking cessation programs will benefit from implementing the findings of this study in improving its effectiveness in smoking cession in adolescents.

The development of therapeutic recreation programs for the elderly: implementation, monitoring and evaluation (노인 우울예방 프로그램 개발 및 효과검증)

  • 전기홍;송미숙;송현종;채준안
    • Health Policy and Management
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.95-112
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    • 1999
  • The objectives of this study were to develop the therapeutic recreation programs for relieving depressive symptoms of the elderly and to verify the effect on their psychological condition. The key elements of these programs, which consisted of 9 sessions. were aerobic exercises, group dynamics. and making fun. These programs were developed through a multidisciplinary approach with social workers and the faculties of preventive medicine. The social workers gave these programs to fifteen elderly people at the community center, so called noinjung, for 9 weeks. Before intervention of this program for the experimental group, the baseline was measured by GDS(geriatric depression scale). After intervention for 9 weeks, GDS as an outcome was measured to evaluate the effects of the program. This data was analyzed by $X^2$-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test. and the results were as follows: 1. Based upon the cutting point(GDS = 5) which could distinguish between depression group and normal group, the number for the normal group increased, while the number for the depression group decreased slightly after intervention with the therapeutic recreation programs, however, there was no significant change(p〉0.05). 2. The score of GDS decreased significantly after intervention with the therapeutic recreation programs(p〈0.05). 3. The scores of GDS decreased in widow(or) group and in female group compared to those of the married group and the male group, respectively(p〈0. 05). 4. The score of GDS increased in groups with similar labor and emotional support compared to those of groups with sufficient or less support, respectively(p〈0.05), These findings indicate that the therapeutic recreation programs might be effective for relieving depressive symptoms of the elderly. It is, therefore, suggested that this program be modified and standardized through review of the intervening process, experimental results, and responses of clients for appling in other noinjungs.

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Analysis of Obesity Intervention Programs in Adolescents: Focused on Endothelium Functions (비만 청소년의 비만 중재 프로그램에 대한 국내외 연구 분석: 혈관내피 기능을 중심으로)

  • Jeon, Hye Kyung;Yoo, Hae Young
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.99-107
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the current status of obesity intervention programs, and its effects on endothelium function in adolescents. Method: This was a descriptive research study, that investigated domestic and international literature 2009-2018. Using databases inside and outside of Korea to search for 'adolescent', 'obese adolescent', 'exercise', 'program', or 'intervention', and 'endothelium function', a total of 14 literature have been selected for 6 domestic research and 8 international research, excluding overlapping, case studies, literature reviews, and unrelated studies. Results: Interventions for enhancing endothelium function were exercise program, diet, vitamin D3 treatment, and Orlistat intake relative to international research, and combined exercise and purple sweet potato intake, in most domestic research. Dependent variables included FMD, RHI, NMD, EPCs, and EMPs, for measuring endothelium function in international research, and PWV, FMD and RHI, in domestic research. Conclusion: Results of this study confirmed that application of obese intervention programs, may improve endothelium function in adolescents. Further studies are required, to develop nursing intervention, that would enhance endothelium function in adolescents.

The Analysis of Risk Factor Management Programs for Patients with Coronary Artery Disease (관상동맥질환자를 위한 위험요인관리 프로그램 분석)

  • Bang, So-Youn;Park, Mi-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was performed to analyse the trends of risk factor management programs for patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: Using PubMed, 35 intervention studies related to risk factor management programs among randomized controlled trials searched with the key words of coronary artery disease and coronary heart disease. Collected studies were analysed according to the characteristics of studies and participants, method and content of intervention, and outcome indicator and its effects. Results: The mean period of intervention was $28.7{\pm}26.8$ weeks, the mean frequency was $3.0{\pm}2.0$ times per week, and the duration of one session was below 60 minuets in 65.8% of the reviewed studies. The interventions were counselling, exercise, education, and cognitive behavior therapy. Counselling was applied most frequently in previous studies. The outcomes of intervention had been measured with anthropometric, physical, physiological, psychological, behavioral, and cognitive aspects, but the effect of the intervention was inconsistent among the studies. Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, systematic and comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation program consisted of counselling, exercise, and education should be developed and performed for health management and relapse prevention of patients with coronary artery disease.