• Title, Summary, Keyword: Interrelationship

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INTERRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MANDIBULAR CONDYLAR HEAD POSITION IN TRANSCRANIAL VIEW AND ARTICULAR DISC POSITION (경두개방사선사진에서의 하악과두 위치와 관절원판 위치간의 상호관계)

  • Ko Jae-Hee;Choi Soon-Chul;You Dong-Soo
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Maxillofacial Radiology
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.319-330
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    • 1995
  • This study was designed to evaluate the interrelationship between the condylar head position in transcranial view and the articular disc position in the arthrography. The condylar positions were assessed by subjective method and linear measurement method on the transcranial view. The subjects for this study consisted of 24 symptomatic joints with normal disc position, 37 joints with anterior disc displacement with reduction and 44 joints with anterior disc displacement without reduction that were classified by arthrotomography under the fluoroscopic guidance. The interrelationship between the condylar head position in transcranial view and the articular disc position in the arthrography was evaluated by Chi square test. The obtained results were as follows : 1. There was no significant interrelationship between the position of condylar head in closed mouth state on transcraniaJ view and articular disc position in the arthrography (p>0.05). 2. There was no significant interrelationship between the changes of interarticular distance in 1 inch opening state and articular disc position in the arthrography (p>0.05). 3. There was no significant interrelationship between the position of condylar head related to the apex of articular eminence in 1 inch opening state and articular disc position in the arthrography(p>0.05). 4. There was significant interrelationship between the changes of interarticular distance that is assessed by linear measurement method in maximum opening state and articular disc position in the arthrography(p<0.05), but there was no significant interrelationship when the condylar head position was assessed by subjective method(p>0.05). 5. There was significant interrelationship between the degree of condylar translation in maximum opening state and articular disc position in the arthrography(p<0.05). 6. The correlation coefficient between two methods to assess the position of condylar head were 0.7989: the condylar head position in articular fossa in closed state, 0.6847: interarticular space in 1 inch opening state, 0.8965: the degree of condylar translation in 1 inch opening state, 0.5944: the changes of interarticular space in maximum opening state, 0.9215: the degree of condylar translation in maximum opening state.

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Study on the interrelationship between the PWV and the temperature difference (맥파전달속도(PWV)와 말초체열분포(DITI)와의 관계 연구)

  • Lee, Yoon-Jae;Cho, Jung-Hoon;Lee, Chang-Hoon;Lee, Jin-Moo;Jang, Jun-Bock;Lee, Kyung-Sub
    • Journal of Oriental Medical Thermology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2008
  • Objective: The purpose of this study is to identify relationship between the PWV and the temperature difference. Methods: When it comes to senile patients who suffer from cold limbs, there is need to see whether or not the patient's low temperature of the limbs is do to arteriosclerosis. The Pulse Wave Velocity(PWV) is a non-invasive method measuring the artery's rigidness. And the Digital Infrared Thermal Imaging(D.I.T.I) is a non-invasive method to see the body's thermal change. Research on the interrelationship of the artery's rigidness and body's thermal distribution was done by using these two tests. The subjects of this research were patients between the age 40~65 who have done both the D.I.T.I and PWV in March 2005~ September 2005. They had to have no history of diabetes, coronary illnesses or cerebrovascular diseases which are diseases that can effect the outcome of the PVW, nor history of spondylopathy or dermatosis which can effect the outcome of the D.I.T.I. Results: The results were as follows. 1. There was a significant interrelationship between the right wrist-ankle PWV and the temperature difference of the right wrist-palm. 2. There was a significant interrelationship between the left wrist-ankle PWV and the temperature difference of the left wrist-palm. 3. There was no significant interrelationship between the right wrist-ankle PWV and the temperature difference of the right thigh-dorsum of foot. 4. There was no significant interrelationship between the left wrist-ankle PWV and the temperature difference of the left thigh-dorsum of foot. 5. The right ABI showed no significant interrelationship between the temperature difference of the right wrist-palm and the right thigh-dorsum of foot. 6. The left ABI showed no significant interrelationship between the temperature difference of the left wrist-palm and the left thigh-dorsum of foot. Conclusion: The study shows that there was a significant interrelationship between wrist-ankle PWV and the temperature difference of wrist-palm.

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Development of the Analysis Methodology for Interrelationship between Transportation Facilities (교통시설 상호연관성 분석방법론 개발)

  • Namkung, Baekkyu;Chung, Sungbong;Chang, Yu-Jin
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2013
  • PURPOSES : Lots of criticism such as over/duplication investment, inconsistency of the policies among local governments and national plans etc. has been aroused due to the policy of supply-driven construction for transportation facilities. Recently, according to the environmental-friendly transportation policy, the investment of railroad has been expanded gradually, however the duplication with existing road facility makes it difficult to construct railroad. Thus it is necessary to evaluate the interrelationship between new project and existing facilities in the planning stage. However the method and the criteria for analyzing the duplication and over-investment of projects are not established in the manual, thus the feasibility of these projects are carried out from the economic point of view. METHODS: First, It reviewed about interrelationship criteria(domestic, overseas) and proposed implications and this study directions. Next, It developed the methods of evaluating independency, competitiveness and complementarity. RESULTS : In this study, the methods of evaluating independency, competitiveness and complementarity etc. are suggested to analyze the interrelationship between transportation facilities. The case study was carried out to examine the applicability of the methods. CONCLUSIONS: The methods raise rationality of decision-making compared to existing one. In the future, these methods are introduced into the manual of pre-feasibility study and feasibility study, more efficient decision-making and investment are expected.

The Development of interrelationship improvement program for children (아동의 대인관계 개선 프로그램의 개발)

  • 이정숙;전숙영
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.15-32
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study were to develop family welfare service program on interrelationship improvements of children. For this purpose, programs related to children that is performed by social welfare agency and that is based on group psychotherapy were included. The results were as follows. First. programs related to children that is performed by social welfare agency are insufficient to evaluations of plans, performance and outputs. In particular, speciality of social worker in perform on programs in related to children is absent. Second, programs of interrelationship improvements of children based on group pychotherapy were specialized in evaluations of plans, performance and output. Through out this analysis, the program of interrelationship improvements of children is developed. This program is based on group psychotherapy, include art therapy, sociodrama.

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A Study on the interrelationship between the Spatial Structure of Residential Space and the Structure of Music (주거공간의 공간구조와 음악 구조의 상관성에 관한 연구 - 16C~19C 주거공간을 중심으로 -)

  • 이홍규
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.33
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 2002
  • There is an agreement that sociocultural forces affect on the types of arts. There have been a little attempts to draw analogy between architecture and music. There are many objective and subjective factors for this to be true. If, however, the two arts are out of much the same social conditions, they show a degree of conformity in design and general organization. Our study shows the interrelationship between the Residential Space and structure of music. In order to clarify the interrelationship between architecture and music, the study examines ten Residential Spaces suggested by Yi-Jinkyung. The Residential Spaces are analyzed by using theory of Space Syntax. The structure of music is analyzed by tonality, counterpoint and harmony. The comparison between the Residential Spaces and music follows : From Renaissance to the 19th century, they have the same tendency to 1) openness & closure to the outer space and 2) the netting diagram in the inner space & Counterpoint 3) the tree diagram in the space & Harmony

A Study on functional interrelationship of An- Daecheong in Traditional residence (전통주택 안대청의 기능적 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • 여미나;윤재웅
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.67-72
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    • 1996
  • The Purpose of this study is to examine the characteristics of the space composition of Korean traditional residence by analysing the meaning and function of traditional residence's An-Daecheong of late Chosun dynasty, as well as its interrelationship with other spaces. It can be analysed. then that such factors as the weak economic ablility of the current agricultural society and reduction of the number of family member have made the function of the An-Daecheong weak, and that such factors as westernization of life style and modernization of residence facilities have reduced the functional interrelationship of the An-Daecheong. An-Madang and Kitchen.

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Derivation of Interrelationship Chart between ISO/IEC 9126 Software Quality Characteristics and Engineering Attributes (IS0/1EC 9126 품질특성과 공학적 품질속성의 상관도표 도출)

  • 이상덕;정창신;유영관;이종무
    • Proceedings of the Safety Management and Science Conference
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    • pp.151-155
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    • 2001
  • This paper presents the interrelationship chart between software quality characteristics and engineering attributes. The software quality characteristics and their subcharacteristics are excerpted front IS0/1EC 9126 standards, and the engineering attributes are from Deutsch and Willis[4]. Based on the previous studies and subjective judgement, trisected interrelationship(strong, medium, weak) between these two groups are derived. The results are summarized in a table, and can be used as a quick reference guide to the software quality engineering applications such as quality evaluations for software products, selection of key engineering attributes for high-quality software production, and so forth.

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Analysis of Interrelationship between Software Quality Characteristics and Engineering Attributes (소프트웨어 품질특성과 공학적 품질속성의 상호관계 분석)

  • 이상덕;정창신;유영관;이종무
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 2001
  • This paper presents the interrelationship between software quality character and engineering attributes. The software quality characteristics and subcharacteristics are excerpted from IS0/IEC 9126 standards, and the engineering attributes are from Deutsch and Willis〔4〕. Based on the previous studies a subjective judgement, trisected interrelationship(strong, medium, weak) bet these two groups are derived. The results are summarized in a table, and can be used as a quick reference guide to the software quality engineering application such as quality evaluations for software products, selection of key engineering attributes for high-quality software production, and so forth.

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A Study on Using Generative Design based on Shape Grammars (도형문법 기반의 생성디자인 활용에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Eon-Yong;Jun, Han-Jong
    • Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.440-448
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    • 2010
  • At the early design stage, a designer would develop a design through reviewing various alternatives. However, the limitation of human information handling capacity restricts what makes various alternatives. A way to overcome the limitation is to create the alternatives with computer power and the generative design concept with computer has been used. For the generative design, even if a great deal of methodologies has been presented, the core of methodologies would be the process of shapes which examine interrelationship among shapes and how shape can be changed with the interrelationship. The interrelationship can be represented as rules. To represent the rule, the shape grammar is suggested by Stiny in 1972 with the article of "Shape Grammars and the Generative Specification of Painting and Sculpture". The aim of this paper is to present a way of using generative design based on shape grammar for generating alternatives in 3D manner.

A Study on the Interrelationship between Otto Wagner and Gustav Mahler in Belle Epoque (벨 에포크의 오토 바그너와 구스타프 말러의 상관성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Hong-Kyu;Park Joung-Lan;Dong Jung-Keun
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2005
  • There have been a little attempts to draw analogy between architecture and music. There are many objective and subjective factors for this to be true. If, however, the two arts are out of much the same social conditions, they show a degree of conformity in design and general organization. Our study shows the interrelationship between Otto Wagner and Gustav Mahler in Belle Epoque. In order to clarify the interrelationship between architecture and music, this study examines works of Otto Wagner on the basis of the characteristic of Gustav Mahler. This comparison between Otto Wagner and Gustav Mahler follows : in Belle Epoque, they have the same tendency to 1) the disintegration of historicism, 2) the style of description, 3) the reversion, 4) the giganticness, 5) the change of materials and 6) the proportion.