• Title, Summary, Keyword: Internet of Things

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A Study on the e-Document Development of Parcel Service for Reliable Delivery (택배 물류 안전 배송을 위한 전자문서 개발 연구)

  • Ahn, Kyeong Rim;Park, Chan Kwon
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2016
  • Parcel service is to deliver goods from one place to the designated destination requested according to user request. Parcel operations such as sorting, distributing, etc. or the managed information are heterogeneous by the companies. Additionally, it is impossible to support interoperability between companies with unformatted data of manual processing. Most parcel package boxes attached to paper typed waybill is attached is delivered to consignee. So, security problems such as personal information leaking are occurred, or extra processing time and logistics costs are needed due to wrong or the damaged information. Business environment of parcel service is rapidly changed as introducing unmanned delivery or the advanced technology such as Internet of Things. User want to know the accurate status or steps from parcel service request to delivery. To provide these requirements, the unified and integrated waybill information for reliable transportation of parcel service is needed. This information will provide to pickup or delivery carrier, warehouse or terminal, and parcel service user per pickup, transport, and delivery stage of parcel delivery service. Therefore, this paper defines the simplified and unified information model for parcel service waybill by analyzing information systems used for logistics unit processes that is occurred to parcel service, and manual work processes, and developing the relevant information of work flows occurred between business processes or transactions with the collected or processed information by from parcel service's stages. It is possible to share these standard model between business entities, and replacing paper typed waybill will improve national life safety as preventing security threats by paper typed waybill. As a result, it will promote the public interest from the stakeholder's perspective.

The IEEE 802.15.4e based Distributed Scheduling Mechanism for the Energy Efficiency of Industrial Wireless Sensor Networks (IEEE 802.15.4e DSME 기반 산업용 무선 센서 네트워크에서의 전력소모 절감을 위한 분산 스케줄링 기법 연구)

  • Lee, Yun-Sung;Chung, Sang-Hwa
    • Journal of KIISE
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.213-222
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    • 2017
  • The Internet of Things (IoT) technology is rapidly developing in recent years, and is applicable to various fields. A smart factory is one wherein all the components are organically connected to each other via a WSN, using an intelligent operating system and the IoT. A smart factory technology is used for flexible process automation and custom manufacturing, and hence needs adaptive network management for frequent network fluctuations. Moreover, ensuring the timeliness of the data collected through sensor nodes is crucial. In order to ensure network timeliness, the power consumption for information exchange increases. In this paper, we propose an IEEE 802.15.4e DSME-based distributed scheduling algorithm for mobility support, and we evaluate various performance metrics. The proposed algorithm adaptively assigns communication slots by analyzing the network traffic of each node, and improves the network reliability and timeliness. The experimental results indicate that the throughput of the DSME MAC protocol is better than the IEEE 802.15.4e TSCH and the legacy slotted CSMA/CA in large networks with more than 30 nodes. Also, the proposed algorithm improves the throughput by 15%, higher than other MACs including the original DSME. Experimentally, we confirm that the algorithm reduces power consumption by improving the availability of communication slots. The proposed algorithm improves the power consumption by 40%, higher than other MACs.

The Arduino based Window farm Monitoring System (아두이노를 활용한 창문형 수경재배 모니터링 시스템)

  • Park, Young-Min
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.563-569
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    • 2018
  • This paper is on the implementation of a system for automatically monitoring window farm hydroponics based on Arduino (utilizing Arduino's open source code) emerging as the icon of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. A window farm, which means window-type hydroponics, is offered as an alternative to fulfill the desires of people who want to grow plants aside from the busy daily life in the city. The system proposed in this paper was developed to automatically monitor a window farm hydroponics cultivation environment using the Arduino UNO board, a four-charmel motor shield, temperature and humidity sensors, illumination sensors, and a real-time clock module. Modules for hydroponics have been developed in various forms, but power consumption is high because most of them use general power and motors. Since it is not a system that is monitored automatically, there is a disadvantage in that an administrator always has to manage its operational state. The system is equipped with a water supply that is most suitable for a plant growth environment by utilizing temperature, humidity, and light sensors, which function as Internet of Things sensors. In addition, the real-time clock module can be used to provide a more appropriate water supply. The system was implemented with sketch code in a Linux environment using Raspberry Pi 3 and Arduino UNO.

Effect of Psychological Variables on Decision-making Time in the Online Centipede Game (온라인 지네 게임으로 알아본 심리적 변인이 의사결정 시간에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Bora;Kwon, Young-Mi
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.169-185
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    • 2017
  • Given that nowadays things get very fast due to the pervasive use of the Internet and mobile devices, decision-making time can be an important variable in the online economic decisions. Although in experimental and behavioral economics, measures like scores or earnings are usually preferred, this study argues that the time variable can be dealt with as a new decision outcome. Thus, by selecting some psychological factors presumably impactful in the online context (i.e., incidental emotions, psychological distances, and individual's impulsivity), this study tested their effect on decision time in the online centipede game. As a result, the mean decision time in the game was longer (1) in the happiness condition than in the anger condition and (2) in the friend condition than in the stranger condition. The people with attention difficulties spent a short time in the decision and the people who dislike complex problems spent a short time in explaining their decision. This study can contribute to the field as it used the decision time as the dependent variable and it tested the effect of psychological factors in the context of online decision-making. Future studies can be conducted in other online decision situations or by considering other psychological variables.

Development of a Mountainous Area Monitoring System based on IoT Technology (IoT 기술 기반의 산악지 모니터링 시스템 개발)

  • Kim, Kyoon-Tai
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.437-446
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    • 2017
  • 70 percent of Korea's territory is covered with mountains, whose difficult conditions can cause damage to facilities. Recently, the demand for facilities related to outdoor activities including monorails has been on the rise, and such facilities are much more likely to become damaged. For this reason, a monitoring system applying IoT to mountainous areas was developed and its applicability is evaluated in this study. The current status of the existing mountainous facilities and monitoring systems were reviewed, and the current wired monitoring technology was analyzed. A scenario for IoT-based monitoring was developed, and then sensor nodes were developed, which include an RF-communication module and interface, power-supply and solar-cell. A testbed was set up at K University. The same data was collected by the wireless system as had been collected by the wired one. The study findings are as follows. Firstly, by using the wireless system, it is estimated that the construction duration can be reduced by about 25 percent, while the construction costs can be reduced by about 3~52 percent. Secondly, the safety of the construction workers can be improved by making the working conditions less dangerous, such as by eliminating the need to transport cables.

A Study on the Technology Development of User-based Home Automation Service (사용자 위치기반 홈오토메이션 서비스 기술 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Gi;Lee, Yeong-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.327-332
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    • 2017
  • As Internet of Things (IoT) technology advances, there is a growing demand for location-based services (LBSs) to identify users' mobility and identity. The initial LBS system was mainly used to measure position information by measuring the phase of a signal transmitted from a global positioning system (GPS) satellite or by measuring distance to a satellite by tracking the code of a carrier signal. However, the use of GPS satellites is ineffective, because it is difficult to receive satellite signals indoors. Therefore, research on wireless communications systems like ultra-wide band (UWB), radio frequency identification (RFID), and ZigBee are being actively pursued for location recognition technology that can be utilized in an indoor environment. In this paper, we propose an LBS system that includes the 2.45GHz band for chirp spread spectrum (CSS), and the 3.1-10.6GHz band and the 250-750MHz bands for UWB using the IEEE 802.15.4a standard for low power-based location recognition. As a result, we confirmed that the 2.45GHz Industrial, Scientific and Medical (ISM) band RF transceiver and the ranging function can be realized in the hardware and has 0dBm output power.

Real-Time Management System of Reefer Container based on IoT (IoT 기반 냉동컨테이너 실시간 관리 시스템)

  • Moon, Young-Sik;Jung, Jun-Woo;Choi, Sung-Pill;Kim, Tae-Hoon;Lee, Byung-Ha;Kim, Jae-Joong;Choi, Hyung-Lim
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.2093-2099
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    • 2015
  • To prevent damage to the cargo, monitoring and remote management for reefer containers is necessary. The currently used remote monitoring service is the Power Cable Transmission(PCT) system, which is recommended by the International Maritime Organization(IMO). However, this system is not widely used because it requires a separate PCT infrastructure and is susceptible to data loss problems. To solve this problem, this study introduces the "IoT-based reefer container management system", The proposed system which is attached to reefer container collects and transmits data on the temperature, status and location of reefer container to middleware using RS-232 communication and WCDMA/GSM communication. Middleware is store the data received in the database and provide information to user in real time through the web and mobile program. At this time, users able to change setting temperature in real time from a distant place through the web program. This study tested by transit about shipment of strawberries to monitor and analyze and check the system's overall effectiveness.

Efficient Patient Information Transmission and Receiving Scheme Using Cloud Hospital IoT System (클라우드 병원 IoT 시스템을 활용한 효율적인 환자 정보 송·수신 기법)

  • Jeong, Yoon-Su
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2019
  • The medical environment, combined with IT technology, is changing the paradigm for medical services from treatment to prevention. In particular, as ICT convergence digital healthcare technology is applied to hospital medical systems, infrastructure technologies such as big data, Internet of Things, and artificial intelligence are being used in conjunction with the cloud. In particular, as medical services are used with IT devices, the quality of medical services is increasingly improving to make them easier for users to access. Medical institutions seeking to incorporate IoT services into cloud health care environment services are trying to reduce hospital operating costs and improve service quality, but have not yet been fully supported. In this paper, a patient information collection model from hospital IoT system, which has established a cloud environment, is proposed. The proposed model prevents third parties from illegally eavesdropping and interfering with patients' biometric information through IoT devices attached to the patient's body at hospitals in cloud environments that have established hospital IoT systems. The proposed model allows clinicians to analyze patients' disease information so that they can collect and treat diseases associated with their eating habits through IoT devices. The analyzed disease information minimizes hospital work to facilitate the handling of prescriptions and care according to the patient's degree of illness.

Reliable Hybrid Multicast using Multi-layer Transmission Path (다계층 전송경로를 이용한 신뢰성 있는 하이브리드 멀티캐스트)

  • Gu, Myeong-Mo;Kim, Bong-Gi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.35-40
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    • 2019
  • It is important to constantly provide service in real-time multimedia applications using multicast. Transmission path reconstruction occurs in hybrid multicast using Internet Protocol (IP) multicast and ALM in order to adapt the network status to things like congestion. So, there is a problem in which real-time QoS is reduced, caused by an increase in end-to-end delay. In this paper, we want to solve this problem through multi-layer transmission path construction. In the proposed method, we deploy the control server and application layer overlay host (ALOH) in each multicast domain (MD) for hybrid multicast construction. After the control server receives the control information from an ALOH that joins the MD, it makes a group based on the hop count and sends it to the ALOH in each MD. The ALOH in the MD performs the role of sending the packet to another ALOH and constructs the multi-layered transmission path in order of priority by using control information that is received from the control server and based on the delay between neighboring ALOHs. When congestion occurs in, or is absent from, the ALOH in the upper MD, the ALOH selects the path with the highest priority in order to reduce end-to-end delay. Simulation results show that the proposed method could reduce the end-to-end delay to less than 289 ms, on average, under congestion status.

Low-Complexity Deeply Embedded CPU and SoC Implementation (낮은 복잡도의 Deeply Embedded 중앙처리장치 및 시스템온칩 구현)

  • Park, Chester Sungchung;Park, Sungkyung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.699-707
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    • 2016
  • This paper proposes a low-complexity central processing unit (CPU) that is suitable for deeply embedded systems, including Internet of things (IoT) applications. The core features a 16-bit instruction set architecture (ISA) that leads to high code density, as well as a multicycle architecture with a counter-based control unit and adder sharing that lead to a small hardware area. A co-processor, instruction cache, AMBA bus, internal SRAM, external memory, on-chip debugger (OCD), and peripheral I/Os are placed around the core to make a system-on-a-chip (SoC) platform. This platform is based on a modified Harvard architecture to facilitate memory access by reducing the number of access clock cycles. The SoC platform and CPU were simulated and verified at the C and the assembly levels, and FPGA prototyping with integrated logic analysis was carried out. The CPU was synthesized at the ASIC front-end gate netlist level using a $0.18{\mu}m$ digital CMOS technology with 1.8V supply, resulting in a gate count of merely 7700 at a 50MHz clock speed. The SoC platform was embedded in an FPGA on a miniature board and applied to deeply embedded IoT applications.