• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Internet of Things

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Process-Aware Internet of Things: A Conceptual Extension of the Internet of Things Framework and Architecture

  • Kim, Meesun;Ahn, Hyun;Kim, Kwanghoon Pio
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.4008-4022
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    • 2016
  • This paper tries to extend the conventional conceptual framework of the Internet of Things (IoT) so as to reify an advanced pervasive IoT-community collaboration concept, which is called the process-aware Internet of Things. The extended conceptual framework is embodied as a referential architecture that can be a standardized reference model supporting the conceptual integration of the Internet of Things and the process awareness. The extended referential architecture covers the full range of the architectural details from abstracting the process-aware behavioral semantics to reifying the IoT-process enactments. These extended framework and architecture ought to be the theoretical basis for implementing a process-aware IoT-community computing system supporting process-aware collaborations of Things in pervasive computing environments. In particular, we do point up that the proposed framework of the process-aware Internet of Things is revised from the Internet of Things framework announced in ITU-T SG133 Y.2060 [26] by integrating the novel concept of process awareness. We strongly believe that the extended conceptual framework and its referential architecture are able to deliver the novel and meaningful insight as a standardized platform for describing and achieving the goals of IoT-communities and societies.

Beginning of a New Standard: Internet of Media Things

  • Kim, Sang-Kyun;Sahu, Nevadita;Preda, Marius
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.11 no.11
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    • pp.5182-5199
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    • 2017
  • Recently, Internet of Things (IoT) drives a large variety of research, development, and new type of markets. All type of devices and sensors will be part of the Internet of Things and will be able to communicate not only plain data, but also audio-visual, olfactory, and haptic media data. In addition, as the devices and sensors getting smarter, it is highly probable that they can process acquired media and metadata to extract higher level of information (e.g., semantics). To support such enhanced functionalities, ISO/IEC SC29 WG11 (MPEG) starts a new standard project, ISO/IEC 23093, called Internet of Media Things (IoMT) to provide standard data formats and APIs for media things. This paper presents the standardization activities of IoMT focusing on explaining terms, standard scopes, and major media things with their use cases. One of the use cases, an IoT system for a blind pedestrian navigation assistance, is evaluated to prove its effectiveness.

사물인터넷에서 참여 기기를 고려한 개인화 정보 검색 기법 (Personalized Information Retrieval Method considering Participating Device in Internet of Things)

  • 권준희
    • 디지털산업정보학회논문지
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2020
  • Internet of Things is growing rapidly. As it evolves, the amount of data is increasing significantly. It requires a new personalized information retrieval method. Internet of Things is defined as uniquely identifiable interoperable connected object. The first definition of Internet of Things was from Things oriented perspective. However, previous studies about personalized information retrieval method do not consider Things. To meet user's individual needs, previous studies concentrate on only human, not Things. In this paper, we propose a personalized information retrieval method considering participating device in Internet of Things. It provides personalized information using data type preference for each device. Moreover, it provides personalized results by integrating data type preference for set of devices. This paper describes a new personalized retrieval method and algorithm. It consists of five steps. Then, it presents four scenarios using proposed method. The scenarios show our work is more effective and efficient than existing one.

사물인터넷 보안 문제제기와 대안 (Security Vulnerability of Internet of Things and Its Solution)

  • 최희식;조양현
    • 디지털산업정보학회논문지
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2015
  • Internet of Things(IoT) is electronic devices and household appliances use wireless sensor network in environment of high speed wireless network and LTE mobile service. The combination of the development of Internet and wireless network led to development of new forms of service such as electronic devices and household appliances can connect to the Internet through various sensors and online servers such as a Home Network. Even though Internet of Things is useful, there are problems in Internet of Things. In environment of Internet of Things, information leakage could happens by illegal eavesdropping and spoofing. Also illegal devices of wireless communication interference can cause interfere in Internet of things service, physical damage and denial of service by modulation of data and sensor. In this thesis, it will analyze security threats and security vulnerability in environment of mobile services and smart household appliances, then it will suggest plan. To solve security issues, it is important that IT and RFID sensor related companies realize importance of security environment rather than focus on making profit. It is important to develop the standardized security model that applies to the Internet of Things by security-related packages, standard certification system and strong encrypted authentication.

사물 인터넷의 보안 위협 요인들에 대한 분석 (Analysis on the Security threat factors of the Internet of Things)

  • 전정훈
    • 융합보안논문지
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.47-53
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    • 2015
  • 최근 사물 인터넷(internet of things) 기술은 클라우드 컴퓨팅 서비스(cloud computing service) 및 빅 데이터(big data)와 함께 IT분야에 이슈가 되고 있는 기술 중에 하나로, 다양한 산업분야에서 응용 및 활성화되고 있다. 이러한 동향은 유비쿼터스(ubiquitous) 시대를 실현하는데 중요한 기반 기술의 등장이라 할 수 있다. 그러나 사물 인터넷은 다양한 산업분야에서 실현되고 있는 만큼 보안 문제 또한 다양할 것으로 예상되고 있는 가운데 이에 대한 보안 위협(security threats)들에 대한 대응 방안이 강구되어야 할 것이다. 따라서 본 논문은 사물 인터넷 기술의 적용분야에 대한 사례와 이에 따른 보안 위협들을 분석해 봄으로써, 향후, 사물 인터넷의 보안 대응 방안 마련에 활용될 것으로 기대한다.

도서관의 시맨틱 기반 사물인터넷(IoT) 적용에 관한 연구 (A Study on Internet of Things based on Semantic for Library)

  • 정민경;권선영
    • 한국도서관정보학회지
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.235-260
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    • 2014
  • 본 연구에서는 도서관에 사물인터넷(Internet of Things) 개념을 적용하여 사람, 사물, 데이터 등의 정보가 서로 유기적으로 연계되는 생태학적인 네트워크 공간으로서의 해석을 시도하였다. 먼저 도서관의 물리적 공간에 존재하는 다양한 사물과 인터넷 공간에 존재하는 데이터를 사물인터넷 요소로 정의하였다. 다음으로 다양한 사물들이 상이한 메타데이터와 통신 프로토콜을 통해 정보를 교환하고 유용한 정보로서 서로 통합하기 위한 시맨틱 웹 기술 적용을 제안하였다. 마지막으로 인터넷 공간속에서 다양한 사물인터넷의 요소들이 실시간으로 공유하는 정보를 도서관 관리 및 이용자 서비스 등 특정 목적에 활용될 수 있는 방안으로서 사물인터넷 모델을 제시하고자 하였다.

사물 인터넷의 기술 동향과 전망에 관한 연구 (A study on the Techniques Trends and Prospects for Internet of Things)

  • 전정훈
    • 융합보안논문지
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    • v.14 no.7
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    • pp.65-73
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    • 2014
  • 최근 사물 인터넷 기술은 클라우드 컴퓨팅 서비스와 그리드 컴퓨팅 등 새로운 기술들과 함께 이슈가 되고 있다. 이러한 사물 인터넷은 스마트 기기의 발전으로 더욱 그 활용범위가 커지고 있으며, 여러 산업 분야에서 많은 관심을 갖고 있다. 이러한 상황에서 사물 인터넷의 기술과 동향을 분석해 봄으로써, 미래 IT분야에 적응할 수 있는 준비가 필요한 시점이라고 본다. 따라서 본고에서는 이와 같은 사물 인터넷의 다양한 기술들과 구축사례를 분석해 봄으로써, 향후, 국내 사물 인터넷의 로드맵과 환경 구축의 자료로 활용될 것으로 기대한다.

사용자 요소 기반의 신뢰성 있는 기기 탐색을 위한 사물인터넷 통합 시스템 개발 (Development of an Integrated IoT System for Searching Dependable Device based on User Property)

  • 류신혜;김상욱
    • 한국멀티미디어학회논문지
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.791-799
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    • 2017
  • With the development of the internet of things, sensor and device are can be applied to various scenario. Overall improving of the dependability index of internet of things is the ultimate goal. And reliability aims to increase the success rate of internet of things service delivery. Many studies about internet of things system have been made on the system to assess a dependability for providing reliable service to user, but it has difficult to reflect the user context for evaluating the device reliability. Also, most do not consider the availability of content information. In this paper, it proposed dependable device searching system in the internet of things environment. This system evaluates device dependability based on device status and measured data. Through the proposed system, it can be provided reliable context information for user-centric service.

An Internet of Things System Architecture for Aiding Firefighters in the Scene of Disaster

  • Lee, Hyesun;Hong, Sang Gi;Lee, Kang Bok
    • Journal of Information Processing Systems
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.1286-1292
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    • 2018
  • To support and protect firefighters in the scene of disaster, this research suggests an Internet of Things (IoT) system architecture that can be configurable and applicable to firefighting and rescue in various disaster situations. The proposed approach provides increased adaptability and reusability of systems compared to existing approaches. To validate the feasibility of the approach, a system of systems based on the architecture was developed and successfully tested for a specific firefighting and rescue scenario in a given test environment.

VLC4WoT : Visible Light Communication for Web of Things

  • Durgun, Mahmut;Gokrem, Levent
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.1502-1519
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    • 2020
  • Recently, new devices have been developed for the Internet of Things concept. The devices commonly use RF (Radio Frequency) based wireless communication. With the increase in the number of devices, the space allocated for the radio frequency band in wireless communication fills rapidly. Visible Light Communication (VLC) is an alternative, secure and economical communication technology that uses light instead of radio frequencies. While Web of Things (WoT) is the adaptation of the experience and knowledge acquired from the web into the internet of things ecosystems. By combining these two technologies, the development of the Visible Light Communication for Web of Things (VLC4WoT) system, which can use VLC and WoT technologies, has been our motivation. In our study, microcontroller control circuit was created for VLC4WoT system. Control of the circuits over the internet was performed. VLC based receiver and transmitter units have been developed for wireless communication. Web based interface was created for control. The test apparatus consisting of four objects with four outputs and a transfer unit was carried out. In this test, communication was achieved successfully. It was presented in the study that VLC can be used in the web of things architecture. In the future, it is envisaged to use this system as a safe and economical system in indoor environments.