• Title, Summary, Keyword: International Organization Sources

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Information Sources and Use of the UN Specialized Agencies (국제연합 전문기구의 정보원과 이용에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sook-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.5-27
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to enhance the access and the use of international information sources by analyzing the types and the characteristics of information services and resources of the UN specialized agencies. A brief review of the goals and activities of the 16 specialized agencies involving every aspects of international affairs, such as agriculture, food standards, alleviating poverty, financial stability, labor conditions and health care, are presented with the discussions of the useful documents and publications available at the each agency's WWW page as well as access tools for the resources and information services of the agencies. Finally, some suggestions for more effective international information services are made.

An Emission Estimation of Pollutants Including Ship Sources in the Pusan Metropolitan Area (연안의 선박오염배울을 포함한 부산지역의 대기오염물질 배출량 산정)

  • 이화운;김유근;원경미;조인숙
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.587-598
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    • 1999
  • In recent years emissions of pollutants from ship sources, especially NOx and SOx, is controlled by IMO(International Maritime Organization). The emissions of pollutants from ship sources in Pusan is considerably large, because the number of ship's coming and going in Pusan port is larger than that of other ports in Korea. Since Pusan is under the strong influence of land-sea breezes, pollutants emitted from ship sources will be transported into the inland. Control of emissions from ship sources is required to devise effectively the policy of air quality management in Pusan. Therefore this paper considered the present condition of total pollutant sources and emission characteristics including in coastal urban area.

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The Role of Major Donors in Health Aid to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea

  • Lee, Haewon;Ahn, Deborah Y.;Choi, Soyoung;Kim, Youngchan;Choi, Hyunju;Park, Sang Min
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.118-126
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    • 2013
  • We investigated the major trends in health aid financing in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) by identifying the primary donor organizations and examining several data sources to track overall health aid trends. We collected gross disbursements from bilateral donor countries and international organizations toward the DPRK according to specific health sectors by using the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development creditor reporting system database and the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs financial tracking service database. We analyzed sources of health aid to the DPRK from the Republic of Korea (ROK) using the official records from the ROK's Ministry of Unification. We identified the ROK, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), and The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) as the major donor entities not only according to their level of health aid expenditures but also their growing roles within the health sector of the DPRK. We found that health aid from the ROK is comprised of funding from the Inter-Korean Cooperation Fund, private organizations, local governments, and South Korean branches of international organizations such as WHO and UNICEF. We also distinguished medical equipment aid from developmental aid to show that the majority of health aid from the ROK was developmental aid. This study highlights the valuable role of the ROK in the flow of health aid to the DPRK, especially in light of the DPRK's precarious international status. Although global health aid from many international organizations has decreased, organizations such as GFATM and UNFPA continue to maintain their focus on reproductive health and infectious diseases.

A Study on the Development of Curriculum Track for Civil Service Librarian

  • Noh, Younghee
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.31-63
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    • 2013
  • The goal of this study is to improve the competitiveness of professional librarians in society. To this end, we analyzed domestic and international LIS curriculum, determined demand from field librarians through a survey, carried out job analysis by library types, and developed an operating model for LIS curriculum by synthesizing all of these results. Finally, we suggested a course of study for civil service librarians based on this model. As a result, the six required courses for civil service librarians are: Introduction to Library and Information Science, Information Organization, Information Services (Reference and Information Services), Library Management, Information Retrieval, and Field Work. The four core courses for the civil service concentration are: Collection Development, Information Sources by Subjects, Public Library Management, and Digital Libraries. Suggested electives best suited to this career path include Using Web Resources, Information Literacy, Information Services in Culturally Diverse Communities, Library Marketing, Libraries and Cultural Programs, Reading Guidance, Library History, Small Library Management, Studies in Library Buildings, Library Cooperation, Managing Digital Collections, and Information and Communication in a Digital Age.

Predatory Publishing Is a Threat to Non-Mainstream Science

  • Gasparyan, Armen Yuri;Nurmashev, Bekaidar;Udovik, Elena E.;Koroleva, Anna M.;Kitas, George D.
    • Journal of Korean Medical Science
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.713-717
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    • 2017
  • This article highlights the issue of wasteful publishing practices that primarily affect non-mainstream science countries and rapidly growing academic disciplines. Numerous start-up open access publishers with soft or nonexistent quality checks and huge commercial interests have created a global crisis in the publishing market. Their publishing practices have been thoroughly examined, leading to the blacklisting of many journals by Jeffrey Beall. However, it appears that some subscription journals are also falling short of adhering to the international recommendations of global editorial associations. Unethical editing agencies that promote their services in non-mainstream science countries create more problems for inexperienced authors. It is suggested to regularly monitor the quality of already indexed journals and upgrade criteria of covering new sources by the Emerging Sources Citation Index (Web of Science), Scopus, and specialist bibliographic databases. Regional awareness campaigns to inform stakeholders of science communication about the importance of ethical writing, transparency of editing services, and permanent archiving can be also helpful for eradicating unethical publishing practices.

Anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin contents, antioxidant activity, and in situ degradability of black and red rice grains

  • Hosoda, Kenji;Sasahara, Hideki;Matsushita, Kei;Tamura, Yasuaki;Miyaji, Makoto;Matsuyama, Hiroki
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.8
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    • pp.1213-1220
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    • 2018
  • Objective: An experiment was conducted to assess the antioxidant contents and activities of colored rice grains and to evaluate their nutritive characteristics in terms of chemical composition and in situ ruminal degradation. Methods: Ten cultivars of colored rice grains (Oryza sativa L.) collected from several areas of Japan were studied, and control rice without pigment, maize, barley, and wheat grains were used as control grains. Their chemical compositions, pigment, polyphenol contents, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), and degradation characteristics were determined. Results: The starch contents of the colored rice grains were in the range of 73.5% to 79.6%, similar to that of the control rice grain. The black and red rice grains contained anthocyanin (maximum: $5,045.6{\mu}g/g$) and proanthocyanidin (maximum: $3,060.6{\mu}g/g$) at high concentrations as their principal pigments, respectively. There were significantly (p<0.05) positive relationships among the pigment contents, polyphenol content, and TAC values in the colored and control rice grains, indicating that the increase in pigment contents also contributed to the increased polyphenol content and TAC values in the colored rice grains. The dry matter and starch degradation characteristics, as represented by c (fractional degradation rate of slowly degradable fraction) and by the effective degradability, of the colored rice grains and the control rice grain were ranked as follows among commonly used grains: wheat>barley${\geq}rice$>maize. The colored rice grains also included the most-digestible starch, since their potential degradable fraction and actual degradability at 48 h incubation were almost 100%. Conclusion: Colored rice grains have high potential to be used as antioxidant sources in addition to starch sources in ruminants.

A Study on the trend and applications of S-100 Standard (S-100 표준 동향 및 적용사례 연구)

  • Oh, Se-Woong;Park, Jong-Min;Suh, Sang-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.88-90
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    • 2011
  • The IHO(International Hydrographic Organization) has developed the S-100 standard as a universal hydrgraphic data model for consistent use and application of various hydrographic data and sources, and is developing the product specification standards. The organization modified this standard to reflect the requirements of application parts, detailed the insufficient contents for products. In this study, the trend and recent requirement of S-100 standard were analyzed. Also, a method of managing S-100 standard was completed based on the analysis of S-100 application.

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A Comparative Analysis on the Competitiveness of the Korean, Chinese and Japanese Fashion Industries: The Generalized Double Diamond Model Approach

  • Son, Miyoung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.67-85
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    • 2014
  • This study compares and analyzes the fashion industry of Korea with that of China and Japan, the two countries geographically and culturally adjacent to Korea, by applying the generalized double diamond model to find useful measures to strengthen the global competitiveness of the Korean fashion industry. The fashion industries of Korea, China and Japan were first compared in terms of the four determinants of the double diamond model: thereafter, the double diamond model of Korea, China and Japan were compared. In this, study 31 sub-variables were extracted to measure the eight determinants and secondary data were collected from selected sources between January 2013 and May 2014. The results of comparing the domestic diamond models showed that: China is considerably better than Korea and Japan in terms of demand conditions, firm strategy, organization, and competition conditions while Japan is superior in terms of demand conditions and Korea shows better related and supporting industries conditions. When comparing and analyzing the international diamond models, Japan is superior in terms of factor conditions and China has better demand conditions, while Korea has failed to lead in any of the four determinants. When comparing and analyzing the comprehensive diamond model per country, China show superior demand conditions and firm strategy, organization, and competition conditions, Japan has better factor conditions, and Korea shows superior related and supporting industries conditions.

Uncertainty Study of Added Resistance Experiment (부가저항 실험의 불확실성 연구)

  • Park, Dong-Min;Lee, Jaehoon;Kim, Yonghwan
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.51 no.5
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    • pp.396-408
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    • 2014
  • In this study, uncertainty analysis based on ITTC(International Towing Tank Conference) Recommended Procedures is carried out in the towing-tank experiment for motion responses and added resistance. The experiment was conducted for KVLCC2 model in head sea condition. The heave, pitch and added resistance were measured in different wave conditions, and the measurement was repeated up to maximum 15 times in each wave condition in order to observe the uncertainty of measured data. The uncertainty analysis was carried out by adopting the ISO-GUM(International Organization for Standardization, Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurements) method recommended by ITTC. This paper describes the details about the analysis method, uncertainty and the measured uncertainty for each source. The uncertainty analysis results are summarized as a tabular form. To validate the accuracy of the present measurement, the experimental results are compared with the results of numerical computation and other experiment. From the present uncertainty analysis, the main sources of uncertainty are identified, which can be very useful to improve the accuracy for added resistance experiment.

Oral Health Diagnosis by Using Combination of Evidence in Dezert-Smarandache Theory

  • Fadhillah, Muhammad Kamil;Listio, Syntia;Choi, Yong Keum;Lee, Hyun
    • International journal of advanced smart convergence
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.185-196
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    • 2018
  • Based on World Health Organization (WHO) children and adults have a problem with their oral health, such as Dental cavities and periodontal disease. It is not easy to obtain the high convince level of result of the dental and periodontal diseases. Because each of them have different degrees of uncertainty and there have several discounting factors (error rates) in different of survey. To solve this problem we propose the Dezert-Smarandache Theory (DSmT) for efficient combination of uncertain, imprecise and highly conflicting sources of information. Moreover, we apply the SEFP as a context reasoning. Finally, we make the simulation by using 12 surveys and compare Propotional Conflict Redistribution 5 (PCR5) and Dempster-Shafer Theory (DST) to show the belief or probability for the low, a heavy, high and ultra-high risk situation.