• Title, Summary, Keyword: International Organization

Search Result 1,765, Processing Time 0.044 seconds

A Theoretical Analysis of International Civil Aviation Organization (국제민간항공기구의 이론적 고찰)

  • Kim, Kwan-Ok
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
    • /
    • v.14
    • /
    • pp.151-174
    • /
    • 2001
  • Theories of international organization have explained the creation, maintenance, and decline of international organization. However, their explanations on changes of international organization have been much more different one another. For example, the theory of hegemonic stability argues that international organization can be created and maintained only by a hegemonic state and will be declined if the hegemonic state decline. On the other hand, the functional approach believes that the positive functions and effects that international organization provides motivate states to create and maintain the organization, while the game-theoretical approach explains international organization based on cost-benefit calculation of rational states. Thus, the empirical evaluation of the arguments of the theories of international organization and defining the major factors that determine international organization are necessary not only for the development of theories of international organization but also for making desirable policies toward international organization. For the purpose, this paper compares and contrasts the three major theories of international organization and applies the approaches to the case of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to test their arguments. Since the ICAO has been rarely examined by the theories of international organization, the case study could be desirable case to evaluate theories of international organization. In this sense, this paper attempts to define the major factors that determine the creation, maintenance, and decline of the ICAO. In particular, since the Korean government has changed its policy for air transport security system recently, it will investigate the role of ICAO on the policy change to define the limits and strength of ICAO. In conclusion, this paper will assess the relative explanatory power of each approach based on the analysis of the creation and changes of ICAO

  • PDF

Establishment and Functions of World Health Organization: With a Functionalism Perspective (기능주의 관점에서 본 세계보건기구의 설립과 역할)

  • Ko, Han-Soo;Kim, Chang-Yup
    • Health Policy and Management
    • /
    • v.22 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-28
    • /
    • 2012
  • Since its establishment in 1948, World Health Organization (WHO) has tried and facilitated international cooperation of public health under the goal of "the highest attainable health," and gained outcomes like the eradication of smallpox and polio, turning itself into the representative of international public health. However, there was discord between member nations during the cold war era, and the status of WHO experienced rise and fall after its establishment. WHO, the representative international health organization, also has not been freed from influences from international regime changes, which means that the discussion on the internal causes of WHO functionings should be expanded more. In this study, functionalism was tested as one of international relations theory that tries to explain the establishment and role of WHO. Especially, this study analyzed the problems and problem-solving process that WHO had to face by using Imber's five steps theory that arranged chronologically the theory of Mitrany. We mainly investigated the secondary source that described historic facts on the rise and fall of WHO in terms of roles and functionings during establishment of WHO, the cold war era, and international cooperation of public health. The roles of WHO were analyzed by selecting the gains of WHO in the post cold war era. The functionalism arrangement of Imber was appropriate to some extent in explaining the establishment and role of WHO. The first step was International Sanitary Conference in 1851 that made nations to recognize international cooperation of public health, and the second step was the establishment of WHO that handles public health as an international organization. Recent cases of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and International Health Regulations showed that each nation agreed with an international norm that they had to cooperate each other to tackle infectious diseases and smoking, and this implies that these were emergence of global governance. This process was the third step of Imber's theory (nations had a gain from international cooperation would agree with the expansion of authority of international organization). However, the last two steps of the theory are still not realized. The partial success of WHO was based on the functional elements that WHO deals with non-political elements, human resources centering on professionals, and democratic decision making process. This essential and non-political characteristics mean that necessity of international cooperation catalyzed by WHO would continue despite of the global governance era when global health governance get faced more challenges.

Study on the Criminal Information System of Police Cooperation Organization between European Nations (유럽의 국가간 경찰협력기구의 범죄정보시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
    • /
    • v.13 no.4
    • /
    • pp.263-271
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study is about the criminal information system of police cooperation organization between European nations. The criminal information system of police cooperation organization between European nations is the organization created by the sign of the Europol convention in 26 July 1995 and the effectuation in 1 October 1998 for European nations' cooperative confrontation with frequent international terror, international organization crime, drug trafficking, illegal immigrant smuggling, and other critical crimes. From the beginning, this organization established the criminal information system for overcoming the working limits of previous international police organization. This system consists of information system, work file, and index system and enables every national unit or other law enforcement agents to collect, exchange, and utilize the information. Additionally, it try to keep in step with the rapidly change time, such as the integration with CMS, the establishment of correspondence system against cyber crime, and the introduction of biometric database. The criminal information system of the Europol gives important suggestions to the police cooperation organization between nations, besides prevention and suppression against the international crimes in Europe.

  • PDF

A Study of Developing the Evaluation Tools of International Airport′s Service Quality in Korea (국제공항 서비스품질 측정도구 개발에 관한 연구(인천 및 김포국제공항을 대상으로))

  • 장대성
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Quality Management
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.59-76
    • /
    • 2004
  • It has been regarded as important in both academic and practical issues how to evaluate service quality. In addition international traveling will be growing due to increasing income and globalization. Thus, it is very important to measure the international airport's service quality properly. This study was conducted to identify the service quality factors which are utilized to measure international airport's service quality. According to the statistical analyses' results of this study, seven service quality factors and thirty two measurement items were found to evaluate international airport's service quality. They are some different from those which PZB(1988b) identified to measure service quality. This result implies that it is necessary to find the service quality factors reflecting the unique characters of the service organization when measuring service quality of a service organization.

A Study on the International Accreditation Standard and Unit Spatial Organization of Public School in Korea (국내공립학교의 국제인증기준과 단위공간구성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Eul-Gyu;Jeon, You-Chang
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.13-22
    • /
    • 2016
  • Recently, Korea has been established and operated International Schools manifesting to improve the nation's capacity of the foreign languages skill and to cultivate internationally trained professional manpower. In order to achieve the vision of a world-class educational organization, it has to be designed for the facility standards to meet the international accreditation standards. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to research about basic resources through comparison of facility conditions between public schools in Korea and international accredited schools. By comparing those two different plan drawings are found the following things. First, Schools which established with International Accreditation Standard are prepared detailed criteria for the facility, Furthermore information about the furnishings included, in addition to specific equipments for classes are stated to be prepared. Secondly, it is more effective when special classrooms such as music and science are equipped with various spatial elements, enough educational equipment storage, teacher's study rooms, practical training rooms and student's activity rooms to support various teaching programs and learning efficiently. Lastly, there was a clear tendency that not only hardware but also software standards for the audiovisual room and library have been more enhanced to enable multidisciplinary educational approaches with the recent education training trend.

Comparing the Survey Package of Land Administration Domain Model with the Cadastral Information Model in Korea (ISO TC 211 Land Administration Domain Model의 SurveyPackage와 국내지적정보모델의 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Sang-Min;Han, Soo-Hee;Heo, Joon
    • Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.113-119
    • /
    • 2009
  • In Ubiquitous Information society, real shape of spatial information and accurate position information are required. Spatial information standardization is needed to service for the people. International standard was defined to ensure compatibilities of various standards, technologies, and terminologies and to promote mutual trade certain criteria and standard forms were established through international agreement. International standard is made by International Organization for Standardization, and International Standard Organization Technical Committee 211 manages the geographic information field. ISO TC 211 is working on LADM (Land Administration Domain Model) which defines administration law and spatial surveying component related to land and efficiently manages data and land systems of the countries. This study introduced processing of standardization of a surveying package which is related with LADM and comparing it with Korea Cadastral information system.

  • PDF

An Empirical Study on the 3PL Human Resource Management of International Logistics Network Integration (국제물류통합에서의 3PL 인적자원관리에 관한 실증연구)

  • Lee, Ki-Woong;Lee, Moon-Kyu;Lee, Myoung-Bae
    • International Commerce and Information Review
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.327-352
    • /
    • 2010
  • 3PL is the alternative for the corporation seeking to increase its logistics efficiency and effective implement of organization development. This study is to establish effective management method of the logistics companies and suggest further research direction by looking through theoretical background, applications, organization knowledge, international and domestic condition and problems of the 3PL which concludes to policy making. This study suggests corporation’s policy on technology oriented, management participation and knowledge on organization is used to secure competitive edge on logistics service. Close cooperation between departments is needed to acquire technology oriented information from 3PL human resource pool.

  • PDF

Asbestos and Asbestos-related Diseases in Vietnam: In reference to the International Labor Organization/World Health Organization National Asbestos Profile

  • Pham, Van Hai;Tran, Thi Ngoc Lan;Le, Giang Vinh;Movahed, Mehrnoosh;Jiang, Ying;Pham, Nguyen Ha;Ogawa, Hisashi;Takahashi, Ken
    • Safety and Health at Work
    • /
    • v.4 no.2
    • /
    • pp.117-121
    • /
    • 2013
  • This paper describes progress on formulating a national asbestos profile for the country of Vietnam. The Center of Asbestos Resource, Vietnam, formulated a National Profile on Asbestos-related Occupational Health, with due reference to the International Labor Organization/World Health Organization National Asbestos Profile. The Center of Asbestos Resource was established by the Vietnamese Health Environment Management Agency and the National Institute of Labor Protection, with the support of the Australian Agency for International Development, as a coordinating point for asbestos-related issues in Vietnam. Under the National Profile on Asbestos-related Occupational Health framework, the Center of Asbestos Resource succeeded in compiling relevant information for 15 of the 18 designated items outlined in the International Labor Organization/World Health Organization National Asbestos Profile, some overlaps of the information items notwithstanding. Today, Vietnam continues to import and use an average of more than 60,000 metric tons of raw asbestos per year. Information on asbestos-related diseases is limited, but the country has begun to diagnose mesothelioma cases, with the technical cooperation of Japan. As it stands, the National Profile on Asbestos-related Occupational Health needs further work and updating. However, we envisage that the National Profile on Asbestos-related Occupational Health will ultimately facilitate the smooth transition to an asbestos-free Vietnam.

The Changes of Standardization Administrative Organization and Improvement Plan (표준화행정기구의 변천과정 및 개선방안)

  • 조남호;이내형;한우철
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
    • /
    • v.24 no.66
    • /
    • pp.47-57
    • /
    • 2001
  • This thesis introduce the organization system and office regulation of standardization administrative organization for the change of times, also suggest improvement plan for its effective management. The main improvement plan refer to the standardization administrative organization\`s work, this thesis suggest, 1. Readjustment of national standardization system and effective reorganization for standards information organization. 2. For industrial standards system, the korea industrial standards should be maintained uniform system, So decentralized korea industrial standard at government ,must be unified and maintained to unique policy for its effective improvement. 3. To strengthen with international standards organization, a institutional device, budget funds, and expert should be backed up. 4. For training and education of expert, Refer to the performance of one\`s duty, the proper expert should be chosen and posted. Also, systematic training and education system for expert must be developed, So they can be on duty continuously, Finally, this thesis suggest that the necessity of systematic and unique policy must be established for high position at international area. Since the limitation of data, the future research will be performed for budget funds and personnel setup.

  • PDF