• Title, Summary, Keyword: Internalization

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A Mediating Effect of Internalization on Technology Adoption

  • Kim, Sung Kun
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.35-47
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    • 2016
  • Many technology innovations fail. Only a few of them are successfully implemented. Most of the remaining are discontinued before long or fail to be routinized. Although employees attempted to adopt the innovation for some legitimacy reasons, they have not reached the stage of internalization in which they believe in the real value of the innovation and become committed to the innovation. The deficiency of internalization was utilized in many studies as an important factor for explaining the failed innovation cases. However, few empirical studies examine the role of internalization in technology adoption. This study aims to investigate a mediating effect of internalization on technology adoption.

Clathrin and Lipid Raft-dependent Internalization of Porphyromonas gingivalis in Endothelial Cells

  • Kim, Sang-Yong;Kim, So-Hee;Choi, Eun-Kyoung;Paek, Yun-Woong;Kang, In-Chol
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.131-136
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    • 2014
  • Porphyromonas gingivalis is one of the most important periodontal pathogens and has been to known to invade various types of cells, including endothelial cells. The present study investigated the mechanisms involved in the internalization of P. gingivalis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). P. gingivalis internalization was reduced by clathrin and lipid raft inhibitors, as well as a siRNA knockdown of caveolin-1, a principal molecule of lipid raft-related caveolae. The internalization was also reduced by perturbation of actin rearrangement, while microtubule polymerization was not required. Furthermore, we found that Src kinases are critical for the internalization of P. gingivalis into HUVEC, while neither Rho family GTPases nor phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase are required. Taken together, this study indicated that P. gingivalis internalization into endothelial cells involves clathrin and lipid rafts and requires actin rearrangement associated with Src kinase activation.

A Study on the Internalization of Sensor Technology by Comparison of IT Leading Countries

  • Cho, JaeHyuk
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2020
  • The 4th Industrial Revolution is a revolutionary change through intelligence, big fusion and personalization, and the importance of sensor technology that is the basis of core technology is emerging. This study empirically analyzes the derivation of national strategy for R&D of sensor technology, and draws out the effect of technology internalization effort through strategic R&D activities on technical performance and further on national economy. The research and development results are calculated for each type of technology internalization, and the results of the research and development are verified to establish a structure that contributes to the national economic performance. As a national technology internalization strategy, considering its own R&D investment and joint research and development, we examine the impact of each factor on patents and GDP, focusing on causality and ripple effects. For causality analysis, Grandeur causality analysis shows that R&D investment and joint research and development in all countries have mutual causal relationship with GDP. The implications are as follows. First, it is necessary to establish the policy of national economic development through the internalization of technology and knowledge. Second, it is necessary to establish policies according to the type of knowledge internalization. Third, it will be necessary to create an ecosystem environment based on a virtuous relationship between knowledge internalization and national technology and economic development.

The Mediating Effects of Body Comparison on the Relationship between Internalization of Sociocultural Attitudes toward Appearance and Body Dissatisfaction among Adolescent Girls (외모에 대한 사회문화적 태도 내재화와 신체비교가 여자 청소년의 신체불만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Chyung, Yun Joo
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.27-42
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to examine: (1) the relationships among internalization of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, body comparison, and body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls; and (2) whether or not body comparison mediates the relationship between internalization of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance and body dissatisfaction. The participants consisted of 291 girls from fifth through ninth grades. The data were collected by means of questionnaires given in classroom settings. The findings are as follows: there are significant bivariate correlations among internalization of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, body comparison, and body dissatisfaction. Furthermore, body comparison partially mediates the relationship between internalization of sociocultural attitude towards appearance and body dissatisfaction. These results seem to indicate that the idea that there are multiple standards of beauty and individuality for every person should be promoted, and this in turn could lower the risk of body dissatisfaction among adolescent girls.

The Effects of the Internalization of Socio-cultural Values Relating to Appearance on Adolescents' Body Images and Clothing Behaviors (외모에 대한 사회문화적 가치관의 내면화가 청소년들의 신체이미지와 의복행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.58 no.6
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    • pp.96-109
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    • 2008
  • The proposes of this study were to exam the effects of internalization of sociocultural values toward appearance on adolescents' body image and clothing behaviors, and to analyze these effects by adolescents' sex and age variables. The research method was survey and the subjects were 447 male and female adolescents in Daejeon, Korea. The questionnaire consisted of 4 measuring instruments; internalization of sociocultural values toward appearance, body image, clothing behaviors, and demographic attributions. The data were analyzed by factor analysis, t-test, variance analysis, Duncan's multiple range test, using SPSS program. The results are as follows. First, most of adolescents showed positive attitude on sociocultural values toward appearance, and female and high school students revealed higher level of internalization than male and middle school students. Second, as a result of factor analysis, 3 factors emerged in body image(appearance interest, appearance evaluation, and weight concern) and 4 factors emerged in clothing behaviors(clothing interest & psychological dependency, clothing ostentation, clothing conformity, and clothing comfort). Third, internalization of sociocultural values toward appearance had important effects on adolescents' body image and clothing behaviors; the adolescents who had high level internalization showed more interest on their appearance and weight and higher clothing interest & psychological dependency and clothing ostentation and lower clothing comfort than other adolescents who had middle or low level internalization. Forth, internalization of sociocultural values toward appearance showed many different effects on body image and clothing behaviors by adolescents' sex and age variables.

A Qualitative Study on Acceptance of Korean Wave Culture and Internalization of Ideal Beauty among Vietnamese Female Students in Korea (베트남 여성 유학생의 한류 문화 수용과 이상적 미 내면화 경험에 대한 질적 연구)

  • Kang, Yeonghoon;Lee, Ha Kyung;Kim, Woo Bin
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.456-468
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    • 2020
  • Vietnam is becoming a leading country in the consumption of Korean wave. Many Vietnamese students have visited Korea due to a significant interest in the Korean wave. This study used focus group interviews with 12 Vietnamese female students in order to examine the experience of the Korean wave acceptance (RQ1), the experience of internalization toward ideal beauty (RQ2) and differences of internalization towards ideal beauty depending on the living period in Korea (RQ3). First, the results of RQ1 showed that Vietnamese students were accepting the Korean wave through media, Korean and social interaction in their daily lives. They also have a positive attitude toward Korean cosmetics and K-pop among various content of the Korean wave. Second, four focal meanings were composed through RQ2. They were the standards of ideal beauty, the causes of ideal beauty internalization and the results of ideal beauty internalization. The results of ideal beauty internalization were separated into the perception dimension and behavior dimension. Last, the results of RQ3 found that the strength of internalization of ideal beauty can very depending on the living period in Korea. This study has academic implications in that it understands Vietnamese female students who become a member of Korean society from a sociocultural perspective. The results of this study are useful to establish practical implications for young Vietnamese consumers to build desirable aesthetic values.

The Influence of Internalization Problem and Attachment to Parents on the Adjustment to School Life in Middle School Students (중학교 청소년의 심리적 문제와 부모와의 애착이 학교생활 적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Youn-Jung
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.15-25
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    • 2005
  • This research is focused on the influence of internalization problem and attachment to parents on the adjustment to school life, as well as on the attachment to parents as moderators in the influence of the process of internalization problem on the adjustment to school life. To verify the hypothesis, a survey research method was applied using stratified cluster sampling method, and focusing on middle school students in Seoul. Eleven schools were selected randomly from each of the eleven District Offices of Education in Seoul, and data were collected from 1,200 students. The data were analyzed by using the T-test and hierarchical regression methods, and the results are as follows. First, the internalization problem has negatively affected the adjustment to school life. Secondly, the moderators of the attachment to parents in the adjustment to school life were investigated. Through the above mentioned analysis, it can be deducted that, intervention with internalization problem is required in order to promote the adjustment to school life, and the importance of the attachment to parents should be addressed in the intervention for improving adjustment to school life.

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A Structural Relationship Among the Related Variables of Children's Internalizing and Externalizing Problems (아동의 내면화·외현화문제행동 관련변인들 간의 인과적 구조분석)

  • Moon, Dae-Geun;Moon, Soo-Back
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.49-65
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationship between the related variables of children's internalization and externalization of problems. A total of 709 elementary school students residing in Daegu City and Kyungpook province completed questionnaires which assessed family interaction functions, emotional regulation, self-control, and internalization and externalization of problems. The sample variance-covariance matrix was analyzed using AMOS 19.0, and a maximum likelihood minimization function. Goodness of fit was evaluated using the SRMS, RMSEA, and its 90% confidence interval, CFI, and TLI. The results were as follows : First, the function of family interaction, and emotional regulation had a significant direct effect on the internalization of problems. Moreover, emotional regulation, self-control and internalization of problems had a statistically substantial direct effect on the externalization of problems. Second, family interaction functions did not have a statistically significant direct on children's externalization of problems, although it may well have an indirect effect on children's externalization of problems through emotional regulation and self-control. Finally, self-control did not enjoy a direct effect on children's internalization of problems.

Effects of Celebrities' Social Media Pressure on Internalization and Muscularity Dissatisfaction among Men (이상적인 남성의 신체에 대한 연예인의 소셜 미디어 압박이 내면화와 근육 불만족에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Minsun;Lee, Hyun-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.549-561
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the impact of appearance pressure from celebrities' social media upon internalization of mesomorphic ideal and muscularity dissatisfaction and the moderating role of time spent on social media in the relationships among variables in a sample of young Korean men (N=247). Those men who regularly participate in physical activities more than three times a week were included in our sample. Structural equation modeling analysis revealed that celebrities' social media pressure directly influenced both internalization and muscularity dissatisfaction, and internalization predicted muscularity dissatisfaction. A significant mediating effect of internalization in the relationships between celebrities' social media pressure and muscularity dissatisfaction was found. However, the moderating effect of time spent on social media was not found. The present results highlight the significant and negative effects of celebrities' social media on male's body image perception. By comparing the results of this study to previous studies, we can anticipate that the effects of social media on users' body image concerns can differ between male and female in the matter of time spent on social media. Implications of the study results and suggestions for future studies are discussed.

Impact on Internalization of Management Strategy in Public Organization (경영전략 내재화가 공공기관의 발전에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyang-Soo;Lee, Seong-Hoon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2016
  • New systems and management strategies have been successfully settled in order to be linked to enhancing organizational performance internalization process. The most successful methods for internalization are training and communication strategies. However, the organization must be supported by trust and cooperation cultures for successful education and communication. In this study, we measured the degree of internalization of organized vision, and core values. And then, a successful convergence business strategy internalization plan was presented. Strengthening training plan, communication strategies and management strategies must be internalized in parallel with seeking a change of organizational culture. First, iterative learning is very effective in order to strengthen education and management strategies through talking frequently. Second, chief executive officer should pay attention to communication with employees for the internalization. Finally, in order to change the organizational culture, organizational leaders will establish strategic plan to build open and collaborative culture among colleagues and quantitative and qualitative expansion of the human network.