• Title, Summary, Keyword: Internal Rate of Return

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A Study on the Calculation of Productive Rate of Return (생산투자수익률 계산방법에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin Wook;Kim, Kun-Woo;Kim, Seok Gon
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.95-99
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    • 2015
  • The IRR(internal rate of return) is often used by investors for the evaluation of engineering projects. Unfortunately, it has serial flaws: (1) multiple real-valued IRRs may arise; (2) complex-valued IRRs may arise; (3) the IRR is, in special cases, incompatible with the net present value (NPV) in accept/reject decisions. The efforts of management scientists and economists in providing a reliable project rate of return have generated over the decades an immense amount of contributions aiming to solve these shortcomings. Especially, multiple internal rate of returns (IRRs) have a fatal flaw when we decide to accep it or not. To solve it, some researchers came up with external rate of returns (ERRs) such as ARR (Average Rate of Return) or MIRR (MIRR, Modified Internal Rate of Return). ARR or MIRR. will also always yield the same decision for a engineering project consistent with the NPV criterion. The ERRs are to modify the procedure for computing the rate of return by making explicit and consistent assumptions about the interest rate at which intermediate receipts from projects may be invested. This reinvestment could be either in other projects or in the outside market. However, when we use traditional ERRs, a volume of capital investment is still unclear. Alternatively, the productive rate of return (PRR) can settle these problems. Generally, a rate of return is a profit on an investment over a period of time, expressed as a proportion of the original investment. The time period is typically the life of a project. The PRR is based on the full life of the engineering project. but has been annualised to project one year. And the PRR uses the effective investment instead of the original investment. This method requires that the cash flow of an engineering project must be separated into 'investment' and 'loss' to calculate the PRR value. In this paper, we proposed a tabulated form for easy calculation of the PRR by modifing the profit and loss statement, and the cash flow statement.

An Economic Analysis with the Productive Rate of Return (생산투자수익률을 적용한 생산투자사업의 경제성 분석)

  • Kim, Jin Wook;Son, Immo;Shin, Jaiwook
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.50-56
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    • 2017
  • The IRR (internal rate of return) is often used by investors for the evaluation of engineering projects. Unfortunately, it is widely known that it has serial flaws. Also, External rate of returns (ERRs) such as ARR (Average Rate of Return) or MIRR (MIRR, Modified Internal Rate of Return) do not differentiate between the real investment and the expenditure. The PRR (Productive rate of return) is faithful to the conception of the return on investment. The PRR uses the effective investment instead of the initial investment. In this paper, we examined two cases of the engineering project. the one is a traditional engineering project with financing activity, another is the project with R&D. Although the IRR has only one value, it overestimates or underestimate profitabilities of Engineering Projects. The ARR and the MARR assume that a returned cash reinvest other projects or assets instead of the project currently executing. Thus they are only one value of a project's profitability, unlike the IRR. But the ARR does not classify into the effective investment and non-investment expenditure. It only accepts an initial expenditure as for an investment. The MIRR also fails to classify into the investment and the expenditure. It has an error of making a loss down as the investment. The IRR works as efficiently as a NPW (Net Present Worth). It clearly expresses a rate of return in respect of an investment in an engineering project with a loan. And it shows its ability in an engineering project with a R&D investment.

A STUDY ON REINVESTMENT RATE OF CAPITAL AND TRUE RATE OF RETURN (자본의 재투자율과 순수익율에 대한 연구)

  • 박흥석
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.15 no.26
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    • pp.159-163
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    • 1992
  • The assumption of reinvestment rate leads to the results conflicting with the priority order of investments determined by net present worth. It has been revealed through various studies that the priority order of projects determined by the criteria based on internal rate of return is different from that determined by present worth. This study is to find out how to define reinvestment rate of return influencing the decision-making of the priority order through examining the meanings of reinvestment rate of capital and true rate of return, and to present some examples with a simple mathematical model.

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Understanding of a Rate of Return Analysis using an IRR (내부수익률을 이용한 수익률분석법에 대한 이해)

  • 김진욱;이현주;차동수
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 2002
  • A capital investment problem is essentially one of determining whether the anticipated cash inflows from a proposed project are sufficiently attractive to invest funds in the project. The net present value(NPV) criterion and internal rate of return(IRR) criterion are widely used as means of making investment decisions. A positive NPV means the equivalent worth of the inflows is greater than the equivalent worth of outflows, so, the project makes profit. Business people are familiar with rates of return because they all borrow money to finance ventures, even if the money they borrow is their own. Thus they are apt to use the IRR in preference to the NPV. The IRR can be defined as the discount rate that causes the net present value of a cash flow to equal zero. Why the project are accepted if the project's IRR is greater than the investor's minimum attractive rate of return\ulcorner Against the NPV, the definition cannot distinctly explain the concept of the IRR as decision criterion. We present a new definition of the IRR as the ratio of profit on the invested capital.

Economic Analysis on Rural Amenity-Based Green Tourism (농촌 어메니티자원을 활용한 그린투어리즘의 경제성 분석)

  • Kwon, Yong-Dae;Hong, Jong-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2003
  • This paper aimed at identifying rural amenities valuable in terms of marketed value and economic analysis of green tourism so as to develop policy instruments for new rural communities. We conducted the case study on Jik-Dong rural community in Taejeon city and estimated income effects of green tourism and internal rate of return of investment for rural amenity facilities. The research results are as followings; (1) green tourism participant will spend the worth of 50,392 won per person, (2) earnings from green tourism amounts to about 2,471 thousand won per household, (3) internal rate of return of green tourism investment is estimated as 7%. The strategies far green tourism is suggested as follows; (1) rural amenities should be well maintained for green tourism infrastructure (2) measures to internalize the value of rural amenities should be developed for market oriented peen tourism (3) effective program for inducing visitors with purchasing power should be designed.

A Study on Rate of Returns in Engineering Projects (실물투자분석에서 수익률분석법의 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Jin-Wook;Lee, Choon-Shik
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.74-79
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    • 2008
  • The reinvestment assumption of the internal rate of return(IRR) method may not be valid in an engineering economy study. This situation, coupled with the computational demands and possible multiple interest rate associated with the IRR method, has given rise to other rate of return methods, such as the external rate of return(ERR) method, that can remedy some of these weaknesses. But ERRs are not used generally. We present another rate of return including all attributes of the minimum attractive rate of return(MARR).

Economic Analysis of pay-Fishing Construction Business (유료 낚시터 조성사업의 경제성 분석)

  • SONG, Jung-Hun;KIM, Do-Hoon
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.1092-1098
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    • 2015
  • Fishing population has been increasing with national income improvement and the five-day workweek in Korea. Recently commercial fishing facilities like pay fishing pond are emerging as demand of saltwater fishing increases, unlike the past when inland fishing was prominent. In order to do businesses, economic analysis should be done in advance. This study aimed to make an Economic analysis of Uljin pay-fishing place by estimating the cost and benefit, and calculating the rate of economic return. The results show the Uljin pay-fishing place's net present value of 3.5 billion won, internal rate of return of 14%, and benefit cost ratio of 1.16 at 5.5% social discount rate.

Money's Worth Analysis of National Pension : Are Returns on National Pension' Contributions Fair? (국민연금에 대한 수익분석 : 국민연금급여는 과연 보험료에 대한 공평한 수익인가?)

  • Kwon, Mun-Il
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.41
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    • pp.43-67
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    • 2000
  • The main source in financing the National Pension benefits is the contribution raised from the insured's earnings. So, Most of the insured take a great interest in the questions of what return on the payment of contribution National Pension benefits provide and whether there be the difference in return according to earnings level. The Purpose of this study is to assess money's worth of National Pension and to answer the above questions. There are two basic types of money worth analysis, empirical and hopothetical. This study basically belongs to the former in terms that it is based on actual earnings and insured term. For performing money's worth analysis, four different measures which are referred as the "break-even period", the "benefit/tax ratio", the "net lifetime transfer", the "internal rate of return" are used and they all involve the way in which the relationship between the present value of contributions and the present values of benefit is present. The results which evaluate average money's worth of accrued rights before 1999 are le as follows. Break-even period is about 43 months, benefit/tax ratio being 4.9, net lifetime transfers being about 37 mil1ion won, internal rate of return being 33.2%. This verifies that money' worth of National Pension is much higher than actuarially fair. In the mean while, money' worth is proved to be very different according to earnings level. The progressivity relationship between earnings level and rate of return is found in all measures but net lifetime transfer.

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A Method of Evaluating Profitability and Risk of Multiple Investments Applying Internal Rate of Return

  • Mizumachi, Tadahiro
    • Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2010
  • In today's uncertain economic environment, economic risk is inherent in making large investments on manufacturing facilities. It is, therefore, practically meaningful to divide investment over multiple periods, reducing the risk of investment. Then, the cash-flow over the entire planning horizon would comprise positive inflow and negative outflow. In this case, in general, evaluation by internal rate of return (IRR) is not feasible, because multiple IRRs are involved. This paper deals with a problem of evaluating profitability, as well as risk, of investment alternatives made in multiple times of investment over the entire horizon. Typically, an additional investment is required after the initial one, for expanding manufacturing capacity or other reasons. The paper pays attention to a unit cash-flow over two periods, decomposing the total cash-flow into a series of unit cash-flow patterns. It is easy to evaluate profitability of a unit cash-flow by using IRR. The total cash-flow can be decomposed into the series of two types of unit cash-flows: an investment type one (negative-positive) and the borrowing type one (positive-negative). This paper, therefore, proposes a method in which only the borrowing type unit cash-flow is eliminated in the series by converting total cash-flow using capital interest rate. Then, a unique IRR can be obtained and the profitability is evaluated. Thus, the paper extends the method of IRR so that it may help decision making in complicated cash-flow pattern observed in practice.

Feasibility Study of Forestry Project in Sarawak State, Malaysia

  • Woo, Heesung;Turner, Paul;Kang, Byongrho;Jang, Jaeyoung;Woo, Jongchoon
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.352-358
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    • 2018
  • This research paper investigates available options for implementing clean development mechanism (CDM) project in Sarawak state, Malaysia. To investigate economic feasibility, data was collected using survey and field research methods. Also, economic analysis was estimated using net present value (NPV), internal rate of return (IRR) and payback period (PBP) during the 30 years CDM: afforestation and reforestation periods. The result of economic analysis indicated that, the payback period was estimated at 9 years with 18 percent of internal rate of return (IRR). This study also highlighted that CDM biomass supply project have a lot of challenges due to the reduction and exclusion of bio-Solid Recovered Fuel (SRF), supply and demand scenario, and impact of restriction of illegal logging in Malaysia. This study results demonstrate the methodology and guideline for future CDM investment and projects.