• Title, Summary, Keyword: Interleukin-2, 4, 6

Search Result 610, Processing Time 0.056 seconds

Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-10 in experimentally induced rat Pulpal inflammation (실험적으로 유도된 백서의 치수염에서의 INTERLEUKIN-6와 INTERLEUKIN-10의 농도와 분포에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Seok-Woo;Baek, Seung-Ho;Kim, Chul-Ho;Lim, Sung-Sam
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.232-238
    • /
    • 2002
  • 연구목적 : Cytokine은 유해 미생물에 대한 숙주의 방어기전으로서의 염증반응에서 숙주세포 상호간의 작용을 매개해 주는 역할을 하며, 인간의 치수조직에서도 그 존재가 확인된 바 있다. Interleukin-6와 Interleukin-10은 염증의 초기에 작용하는 cytokine으로 알려져 있으나, 치수 및 치근단 질환에서의 역할과 상호작용에 대해서는 잘 알려져 있지 않다. 본 연구에서는 치수염의 원인균으로 알려진 Prevotella nigrescens를 이용하여 백서의 치수염을 유도한 후 시간의 변화에 따른 Interleukin-6, Interleukin-10의 농도의 변화를 측정하여 이들의 치수염에서의 작용을 알아보는 것을 목적으로 한다. 방법 : 실험적으로 치수의 염증반응을 일으키기 위하여 치수염의 원인균으로 알려진 Prevotella nigrescens를 이용하였다. 실험동물의 하악절치의 incisal tip부분을 절단한 후(n=120), 치수강을 개방시켰다. 실험군에서는 Prevotella nigrescens를 멸균된 면구에 묻혀서 개방된 치수강 내에 접종하였으며, 대조군에서는 균을 접종하지 않고 멸균된 면구만을 개방된 치수강 내에 위치시켰다. 그 후 1, 2, 5일이 경과되었을 때 실험에 사용된 치아를 발치하여, 치수조직을 적출하였다. Amersham사의 ELISA kit를 사용하여 적출된 치수조직내의 Interleukin-6와 Interleukin-10의 양을 측정하였으며 그 결과를 Mann-Whitney rank sum test를 사용하여 통계학적 유의성을 검증하였다. 조직학적 검사를 위해서는 발치된 치아를 nitric acid를 사용하여 탈회시킨 후 헤마톡실린-에오신 염색을 시행한 후 관찰하였다. 결과 : 1) Interleukin-6의 농도는 균접종 후 1일, 2일, 5일 모두에서 실험군에서 대조군보다 높게 나타났으며, 균접종 1일째의 결과는 통계적 유의성이 있었다(P<0.05). 2) Interleukin-10의 농도는 균접종 후 1일, 2일, 5일 모두에서 실험군에서 대조군보다 높게 나타났으며, 균접종 1일째의 결과는 통계적 유의성이 있었다(P<0.05). 3) Interleukin-10/1nterleukin-6 ratio는 실험군과 대조군 모두에서 1일보다 2일째의 결과에서 더 높은 값을 보였으며 대조군에서는 통계적 유의성을 보였다(P<0.05). 4)조직학적 관찰결과 균접종 후 2일째의 조직표본에서는 림프구의 침윤과 부분적인 조직의 괴사 등 염증반응의 양상을 관찰할 수 있었으며, 균접종 5일째의 조직표본에서는 염증의 정도가 감소되는 양상을 확인할 수 있었다.

The Levels of Interferon-gamma, Interleukin-2 Receptor, Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-10 in the Patients with Malignant Pleural Effusion, Tuberculosis Effusion, Parapneumonic Effusion, and Lung Emphysema? (악성 흉수, 결핵성 흉수 및 부폐렴 삼출액과 농흉에서 Interferon-gamma, Interleukin-2 Receptor, Interleukin-6, Interleukin-10 농도의 비교)

  • Kim, Myung-Hoon;Kim, Seung-Joon;Park, Yong-Keun;Kim, Seok-Chan;Lee, Sook-Young;Kim, Young-Kyoon;Kim, Kwan-Hyoung;Moon, Hwa-Sik;Song, Jeong-Sup;Park, Sung-Hak
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
    • /
    • v.49 no.5
    • /
    • pp.568-575
    • /
    • 2000
  • Background : Cytokines are chemical mediators that control and modulate many inflammatory processes. They work in different fashions in a variety of diseases. Discriminating between malignant effusion, tuberculous effusion, and parapneumonic effusion are crucial from the clinical view-point in Korea. In the current study, interferon-gamma (IFN-${\gamma}$), soluble interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were measured for this purpose. Methods : Pleural fluids from patients with malignant disease, tuberculosis, parapneumonic effusion and lung empysema were collected and gauged using commercial ELISA kits. Results : 34 patients were enrolled in this study. Among these 15 cases were malignant effusions, 12 were tuberculosis pleurisy and 7 were parapneumonic effusion and lung empyema. The levels of cytokines measured in this study were as follows, in order of frequency, malignant effusion, tuberculous effusion, parapneumonic effusion and lung empyema. The levels of INF-${\gamma}$ were higher in tuberculous effusion than in malignant or parapneumonic effusion ($295.5{\pm}585.5$ vs. $16.7{\pm}50$ vs. $10.0{\pm}0$ pg/ml, p>0.05). The levels of IL-2R were higher in tuberculous effusion than in malignant or parapneumoruc effusion ($7423.5{\pm}3752.8$ vs. $3247.4{\pm}1713.3$ vs. $3790.2{\pm}3201.1$ pg/ml, p<0.05). No significant differences were found in the levels of IL-6 between the groups ($600{\pm}12.8$ pg/ml in malignant effusion, $556.4{\pm}161.7$ pg/ml in tuberculous effusion, $514.4{\pm}224.8$ pg/ml in parapneumoruc effusion). IL-10 levels were higher in parapneumoruc effusion than in malignant or tuberculous effusions ($98.4{\pm}141.7$ vs. $28.2{\pm}55.5$ vs. $11.3{\pm}11.7$ pg/ml, p<0.05). Conclusion : These results suggest that the measurement of IL-2R levels in pleural fluids may be a useful means of differentiating between tuberculous effusion and pleural effusions of other origins, and that the measurement of IL-10 levels in pleural fluids may be useful to differentiate between parapneumonic effusion and pleural effusions of other origins.

  • PDF

Effects of mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ on collagenase and TIMP-1 expression in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (기계적 자극과 interleukin-$1{\beta}$가 치주인대 섬유아세포의 collagenase와 TIMP-1의 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myung-Lip;Bae, Chang
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
    • /
    • v.28 no.1
    • /
    • pp.165-174
    • /
    • 1998
  • The turnover of collagen is controlled by the balance between collagen synthesis and degradation. The production of collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1) and its inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of matrix metallopmteinase-1 (TIMP-1) are one of the substances which regulate this balance. The periodontal ligament fibroblast plays an important role in collagen metabolism during orthodontic treatment and is believed to be an origin of the osteoblast in the alveolar bone. The collagenase secreted by the periodontal ligament fibroblast and the osteoblast initiates the bone resorption by removing the osteoid layer in the alveloar bone. The interleukin-$1{\beta}$ is secreted by the macrophage during orthodontic treatment. The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ on the expression of collagenase and TIMP-1 in the periodontal ligament fibroblasts using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical staining. The periodontal ligament fibroblasts were stitched by placing the $Petriperm dish^{\circledR}$ dish on the top of spheroidal convex watch glass ($5\%$ surface increase) and tented with interleukin-$1{\beta}$ (1.0 ng/ml), or treated with both of them. Treatment with mechanical stress and/or interleukin-$1{\beta}$ resulted in increased collagenase mRNA expression. The mechanical stress treated group (1.61, 1.62, 1.37 fold increase), the interleukin-$1{\beta}$, tented group (1.68, 1.60, 3.78 fold increase), the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group (1.89, 1.72, 5.48 fold increase) induced increases in collagenase mRNA compared with the control group after 2, 4, 8 hours respectively. But TIMP-1 mRNA expressions at experimental groups were decreased after 2, 4 hours and increased after 8 hours. The mechanical stress treated group (0.16, 0.49 fold decrease and 3.77 fold increase), the interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group (0.15,0.44 fold decrease and 4.46 fold increase), the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ tented group (0.15, 0.69 fold decrease and 4.81 fold increase) induced changes in TIMP-1 mRNA compared with the control group after 2, 4, 8 hours, respectively. Immunohistochemical stain showed that increased collagenase and TIMP-1 staining of the mechanical stress tented group, the interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group, and the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group compared with that of the control group after 8 hours. These findings suggest that mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ regulate expression of collagenase and TIMP-1.

  • PDF

ACTIONS OF RECOMBINANT $INTERLEUKIN-1{\beta}$, TUMOR NECROSIS $FACTOR-{\alpha}$ AND INTERLEUKIN-6 ON BONE RESORPTION IN VITRO (RECOMBINANT $INTERLEUKIN-1{\beta}$, TUMOR NECROSIS $FACTOR-{\alpha}$ 및 INTERLEUKIN-6의 골흡수 유도 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Moo;Choi, Sang-Mook
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
    • /
    • v.24 no.1
    • /
    • pp.155-164
    • /
    • 1994
  • 치조골흡수는 만성치주질환의 전형적인 증상이다. 골흡수에 작용하는 여러 요인들 중에서도, 특히 최근에 들어서 몇몇 cytokine들에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있는데, interleukin-1(IL-1), tumor necrosis factor(TNF) 및 interleukin-6(IL-6) 등이 치주질환의 진행과정에서 중요한 치조골흡수요인으로 제안되고 있다. 본 연구의 목적은 신생쥐의 골조직 배양실험을 통해서 recombinant human $interleukin-1{\beta}$ ($rHuIL-1{\beta}$), recombinant human tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}$($rHuTNF-{\alpha}$) 및 recombinant human interleukin-6(rHuIL-6) 의 골흡수 유도효과를 알아보고, cyclooxygenase 억제제인 indomethacin과 recombinant murine $interferon-{\gamma}$($rMurIFN-{\gamma}$)가 이들 cytokine의 골흡수 유도능력에 미치는 영향을 알아봄으로써 이들 cytokine의 작용기구에 대해서 알아보고자 하는데 있다. 생후 1-2일된 쥐에게 $1{\mu}Ci^{45}CaCl_2$를 피하주사하고 4일 후에 쥐를 희생시켜 $^{45}Ca$ 로 표지된 두개골을 얻어 24시간 전배양 후, 각 cytokine ($rHuIL-1{\beta}$, $rHuTNF-{\alpha}$ 및 rHuIL-6)과 cytokine 및 첨가약제 (indomethacin 및 $rMurIFN-{\gamma}$)가 함유된 배지로 교환하여 48시간 배양한다. 골흡수 유도효과는 두개골에서 48시간의 배양 중 유리되는 $^{45}Ca$의 방사능 정도로 평가하였다. 본 연구를 통해 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1. $rHuIL-1{\beta}$ ($10^{-12}-10^{-9}M$) 및 $rHuTNF-{\alpha}$ ($10^{-10}-10^{-8}M$)는 농도변화에 따르는 골흡수 유도효과를 보였으나 , rHuIL-6 ($10^{-10}-10^{-8}M$)는 유의할 만한 효과를 보이지 않았다. 2. Indomethacin ($10^{-6}M$)은 $rHuIL-1{\beta}$$rHuTNF-{\alpha}$의 골흡수 유도작용에 유의할 만한 억제효과를 나타내지 않았다. 3. $rMurIFN-{\gamma}$ (1000 U/ml) 은 $rHuIL-1{\beta}$$rHuTNF-{\alpha}$의 골흡수 유도작용에 유의한 억제효과를 나타내었다. 본연구를 통해 치주질환 환자의 치주조직에서 검출되는 $IL-1{\beta}$$TNF-{\alpha}$가 치조골 흡수에 중요한 역할을 할 것으로 생각된다.

  • PDF

Study on Alteration of Interleukin-$1{\beta}$, -2, -6 Production and Serum Level in Schizophrenic Patients (정신분열증 환자에서 Interleukin-$1{\beta}$, -2, -6 생산능과 혈청농도 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Ku;Lee, Min-Soo;Suh, Kwang-Yoon
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
    • /
    • v.1 no.1
    • /
    • pp.98-108
    • /
    • 1994
  • The etiology and pathophysiology of schizophrenia remain unknown. It has been postulated that infectious-autoimmune process may play a role in the pathogenesis of symptoms in some schizophrenic patients. Findings of altered interleukin(IL) regulation have been regarded as additional proof that schzophrenia has an infectious-autoimmune background. In the present study, we measured mitogen-stimulated production of and serum level of IL-$1{\beta}$, IL-2, IL-6 using ELISA in 16 neuroleptic-free schizophrenic patients and in 16 age, sex matched healthy controls. The results were as follows : 1) There was a significant decrease of IL-2 production in schizophrenic patients than in normal controls(respectively $1.90{\pm}0.13ng/m{\ell}$, $2.79{\pm}0.14ng/m{\ell}$, p<0.001). But there was no significant difference of IL-$1{\beta}$ production and IL-6 production between schizophrenic patients and normal controls. 2) There was a significant increase of serum level of IL-2 in schizophrenic pateitns than in normal controls(respectively $184.8{\pm}12.8pg/m{\ell}$, $104.2{\pm}34.2pg/m{\ell}$, p<0.01). Serum level of IL-$1{\beta}$ was partially detected in both groups and serum level of IL-6 was not detected in both groups. 3) There was no significant differences of IL-$1{\beta}$, -2, -6 production & serum level of IL-2 according to male vs female, paranoid type vs undifferentiated type, drug-naive group vs drug-free group in schizophrenic patients. 4) There was significant correlation between IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-6 production(r=0.86, p<0.001). No correlation between IL-$1{\beta}$, -2, -6 production, serum level of IL-2 and age, duration of illness, and BPRS score was found. It has been suggested that the low lymphocyte production of IL-2 in the patients with autoimmune disease occurs because the T cells are activated and lymphocyte-derived IL-2 has been released into the serum. The authors suggest that decreased IL-2 production in our schizophrenic patients is due to increased IL-2 serum level in those patients. Thus our finding of low IL-2 production and high serum level of IL-2 in our schizophrenic patients is compatible with the possibility that our patients have an autoimmune process. Further study on relationship between IL alteration and other immunological abnormalities(the presence of serum autoantibody and of anti-brain antibody, $CD4^+$, $CD8^+$ cell index, etc) in schizophrenic patients will be warranted.

  • PDF

Chitosan Oligosaccharides Inhibits LPS-Induced Inflammation Responses through the Phosphorylation of MAPK Singnal Pathways in Osteoblast Cell

  • Song, Kook;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Journal of Chitin and Chitosan
    • /
    • v.22 no.2
    • /
    • pp.103-109
    • /
    • 2017
  • The scaffold-based tissue engineering approach had become an important method for bone repair and regeneration. The basic requirements of scaffolds were non-toxic, non-inflammatory, biodegradable, absorbable, appropriate porous, and no side effects. In recent, chitosan-based scaffolds had been applied as a hydrogel. In the present study, we were to investigate the effect of chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation reaction and its molecular mechanisms in osteoblast. Less than 1,000 molecular weight and 90 to 95 percent deacetylated COS were used. Treatment of COS significantly inhibited LPS-production of nitric oxide (NO), Tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$ ($TNF-{\alpha}$) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) in a dose dependent manner with decreases in mRNA expression of interleukin-$1{\beta}$ ($IL-1{\beta}$), $TNF-{\alpha}$ and IL-6. Furthermore, COS inhibited LPS-induced phosphorylation of inhibitory kappa $B-{\alpha}$ ($I{\kappa}B-{\alpha}$) and p-JNK, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and also inhibited expression of toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4). These results indicated that COS inhibited LPS-induced the inflammatory reaction of iNOS, $TNF-{\alpha}$ and IL-6 thorough down regulation of the TLR-4, nuclear factor-${\kappa}B$ ($NF-{\kappa}B$) and MAPKs pathway. It suggested that COS might be applied for developing an anti-inflammatory scaffold.

Anti-Inflammatory Mode of Isoflavone Glycoside Sophoricoside by Inhibition of Interleukin-6 and Cyclooxygenase-2 in Inflammatory Response

  • Kim, Byung-Hak;Chung, Eun-Yong;Ryu, Jae-Chun;Jung, Sang-Hun;Min, Kyung-Rak;Kim, Youngsoo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.306-311
    • /
    • 2003
  • Soy, high dietary intake for the oriental population, is a main source of isoflavonoids. Sophoricoside (SOP) an isoflavone glycoside was isolated from immature fruits of Sophora japonica (Leguminosae family) and its inhibitory effect on chemical mediators involved in inflammatory response was investigated in this study. SOP inhibited the interleukin (IL)-6 bioactivity with an $IC_{50}$ value of 6.1 $\mu$M whereas it had no effects on IL-1$\beta$ and TNF-a bioactivities. SOP was identified as a selective inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 activity with an $IC_{50}$ value of 4.4 $\mu$ M, but did not show inhibitory effect on the synthesis of COX-2. However, SOP had no effect on the production of reactive oxygen species including superoxide anions and nitric oxide. These results revealed that in vitro anti-inflammatory action of SOP is significantly different from that of genistein known as a phytoestrogen of soy products. This experimental study has documented an importance of dietary soy isoflavonoids as multifunctional agents beneficial to human health, and will help to clarify protective mechanisms of SOP against inflammatory conditions.

The Effect of Autogenous Demineralized Dentin Matrix and Interleukin-6 on bone Regeneration

  • Jang, Won Seok;Kim, Min Gu;Hwang, Dae Suk;Kim, Gyoo Cheon;Kim, Uk Kyu
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
    • /
    • v.42 no.4
    • /
    • pp.203-211
    • /
    • 2017
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of demineralized and particulate autogenous tooth, and interleukin-6 in bone regeneration. A demineralized and particulate autogenous tooth was prepared and human osteoblast-like cells (MG63) and human osteosarcoma cells were inoculated into the culture. The rate of cell adhesion, proliferation and mineralization were examined, and the appearance of cellular attachment was observed. An 8 mm critical size defect was created in the cranium of rabbits. Nine rabbits were divided into three groups including: An experimental group A (3 rabbits), in which a demineralised and particulate autogenous tooth was grafted; an experimental group B (3 rabbits), in which a demineralized, particulate autogenous tooth was grafted in addition to interleukin-6 (20 ng/mL); and a control group. The rabbits were sacrificed at 1, 2, 4 and 6 weeks for histopathological examination with H-E and Masson's Trichrome, and immunohistochemistry with osteocalcin. The cell-based assay showed a higher rate of cell adhesion, mineralization and cellular attachment in the experimental group A compared with the control group. The animal study revealed an increased number of osteoclasts, newly formed and mature bones in the experimental group A compared with the control group. Eventually, a higher number of osteoclasts were observed in the experimental group B. However, the emergence of newly formed and mature bone was lower than in the experimental group A. The current results suggest that treatment with demineralized and particulate autogenous tooth and interleukin-6 is not effective in stimulating bone regeneration during the bone grafting procedure.

Potential of Lilium lancifolium in Alleviating Pain and Inflammation in a Rat Model of Monosodium Iodoacetate-Induced Osteoarthritis

  • Kim, Jisoo;Kim, Joo Yun;Jeong, Ji-Woong;Choi, Il dong;Park, Soo-Dong;Lee, Jung Lyoul;Sim, Jae-Hun
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.638-644
    • /
    • 2020
  • Lilium lancifolium (LL) is widely cultivated in East Asia and used to attenuate airway diseases. Our current study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effect of LL on pain level and inflammatory response in a rat model of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis (OA). We first examined the effect of LL on inflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators in IL-1β-treated HTB-94 cells. The LL extract was found to significantly inhibit the levels of Interleukin-6 (IL-6), Interleukin-8 (IL-8), and prostaglandin-E2 (PGE-2) in Interleukin-1 β (IL-1β)-stimulated HTB-94 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, chronic oral administration of LL effectively restored the weight-bearing distribution in the rat model of MIA-induced OA. In addition, administration of LL inhibited inflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators, such as C-reactive protein (CRP), IL-6, leukotriene B4 (LTB-4), PGE-2, and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). Our findings collectively suggested LL as one of the potential therapeutic agents for OA, owing to its properties of reducing pain and inflammatory responses.

Inhibitory Effects of Extracts of Houttuynia cordata Thumb (Saururaceae) on Cytokine Release of Human Monocytic THP-1 Cells and Human Eosinophilic EoL-1 Cells

  • Lee, Ji-Sook
    • Biomedical Science Letters
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.341-347
    • /
    • 2010
  • In the present study, we investigated whether Houttuynia cordata Thumb (Saururaceae; HC) extracts have an anti-inflammatory effect in human monocytic THP-1 cells and human eosinophilic EoL-1 cells. The dried and powdered whole plants of HC were extracted with 80% EtOH. The combined extract (HC-1) was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with water, and then successively partitioned with n-hexane, EtOAc, and BuOH to produce the n-hexane (HC-2), EtOAc (HC-3), BuOH (HC-4), and the water-soluble fractions (HC-5), respectively. HC extracts have no cytotoxicity on THP-1 cells and EoL-1 cells at a high concentration of $10\;{\mu}g/ml$ for 24 h, except HC-2 extract ($10\;{\mu}g/ml$). Interleukin-6, Interleukin-8 and Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in THP-1 cells were increased after the treatment with the extract from house dust mite or LPS. The increase of cytokine production was strongly suppressed by HC-3 extract, in comparision with other extracts. HC-3 also had inhibitory effect on Interleukin-6 production increased by mite extract and LPS in EoL-1 cells. However, HC-3 extract increased Interleukin-8 production induced by mite extract and LPS in EoL-1 cells. These results suggest that HC extracts may be used as useful agents for treating allergic disorders such as asthma and atopic dermatitis.