• Title, Summary, Keyword: Interleukin-16

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The inhibitory effect of Scutellaria baicalensis on type 1 interferon production in Raw 264.7 cells (LPS로 자극한 Raw 264.7 cell에서 황금(黃芩)의 type 1 interferon 억제 효과)

  • Kook, Yoon-Bum
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.219-228
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    • 2008
  • Objective : The present study was designed to investigate whether the water extract of the root of Scutellaria baicalensis could regulate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced type 1 interferon. Methods : To evaluate of type 1 interferon inhibitory effect of the root of Scutellaria baicalensis, we examined type 1 interferon in LPS-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. Furthermore, Interleukin (IL)-10 and interferon regulatory factor (IRF) - 1, 7 expression level were examined to study the inhibition mechanisms. Results 1. Extract from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis didn't have any cytotoxity itelf. 2. Extract from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis inhibited interferon-a,b in dose dependant- and type 1 interferon production in time dependant manner. 3. Extract from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis reduced IL-10 and IRF-1, 7 production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. Conclusion : The extract from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis down-regulated LPS-induced type 1 interferon through suppression of IL-10 and IRF-1, 7 expression. This results suggested that the extract from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis may be a beneficial drug against inflammatory diseases.

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The Experimental study of Hwagae-san on Anti-Inflammatory Effect (화개산(華蓋散)의 항염에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • No, Woon-Serb;Shin, Jo-Young;Lee, Si-Hyeong
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.101-114
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    • 2008
  • Objective : The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of Hwagae-san extract(HGSE) on the peritoneal macrophage. Methods : To evaluate anti-inflammatory effects of HGSE, We measured cytokines(interleukin-6; IL-6, interleukin-12; IL-12, tumor necrosis factor-${\alpha}$; TNF-${\alpha}$) and nitric oxide(NO) production in lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced macrophages. Furthermore, We examined molecular mechanism using western blot and also LPS-induced endotoxin shock. Results : 1. HGSE did not have any cytotoxic effect in the peritoneal macrophages. 2. HGSE reduced LPS-induced IL-6, TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-12 and NO production in peritoneal macrophages. 3. HGSE inhibited the activation of extracelluar signal-regulated kinase(ERK), C-Jun NH2-terminal kinase(JNK) but not of p38, degradation of IkB-${\alpha}$ in the LPS-stimulated peritoneal macrophages. 4. HGSE inhibited the production of TNF-$\alpha$, IL-6 and IL-12 in serum after LPS injection. Conclusion : These results suggest that HGSE may inhibit the production of TNF-${\alpha}$, IL-6, and IL-12 through inhibition of ERK and JNK activation, and that HGSE may be beneficial for inflammatory diseases.

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Effects of Bombusae concretio Salicea on Mouse Calvarial Bone Resorption (마우스의 Calvarial Bone Resorption에 미치는 천축황(天竺黃)의 영향)

  • Kim, Seong-Jae;Jeong, Ji-Cheon;Yoon, Cheol-Ho
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.398-407
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    • 2004
  • 목적 :천축황(天竺黃)이 골대사에 미치는 영향을 검토하고자 생쥐의 골세포를 이용하여 골흡수 억제 효과를 관찰하였다. 방법 :$Interleukin-1{\beta}\;(IL-1{\beta})$는 시험관내에서 osteoblast를 조절하는 것으로 알려져 있는데, 천축황(天竺黃)이 $IL-1{\beta}$ 유발된 $PGE_2$, 생성에 관한 영향을 관찰하였다. 결과 :천축황(天竺黃)는 osteoblast체 독성을 나타내지 않았으며, $PGE_2$ 생성을 억제하였다. 특히, 천축황(天竺黃)을 1시간동안 전처리한 경우 $PGE_2$의 합성을 억제하여 골세포 보호효과가 인정되었으며, 또한 골 흡수인자인 $IL-1{\beta}$에 의해 유발된 alkaline phosphatase의 활성도 억제하였는데, 천축황(天竺黃) 전처리후 16시간째에 훨씬 높은 억제효과를 나타내었다. 유사하게 천축황(天竺黃)을 1시간 동안 전처리한 경우 osteocalcin의 생성이 증가되었다. 또한, calcitonin이 나타내는 osteoclast및 osteoblast 함유세포에서 골 흡수를 억제하였다. 결론 :천축황(天竺黃)은 osteoclast가 매개된 골흡수를 억제하는 효과가 인정되었다.

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Pharmacophore Design for Anti-inflammatory Agent Targeting Interleukin-2 Inducible Tyrosine Kinase (Itk)

  • Chandrasekaran, Meganathan;Sakkiah, Sugunadevi;Thangapandian, Sundarapandian;Namadevan, Sundaraganesan;Kim, Hyong-Ha;Kim, Yong-Seong;Lee, Keun-Woo
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.31 no.11
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    • pp.3333-3340
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    • 2010
  • A three dimensional pharmacophore model was generated for the molecules which are responsible for anti-inflammatory activities targeting Interleukin-2 inducible tyrosine kinase (Itk). 16 structurally diverse molecules were selected as training set to generate the hypotheses using Discovery Studio v2.1. The best hypothesis, Hypo1, comprises two hydrogen bond acceptor (HBA), one hydrophobic aromatic (HA), one ring aromatic (RA) and shows high cost difference (63.71), high correlation coefficient (0.97) as well as low RMS deviation (0.81). Hypo1 has been further validated toward a test set, decoy set and Fischer's randomization method. Furthermore, Hypo1 was used to screen NCI and Maybridge databases. Finally, 2 hit molecules were identified as potential leads against Itk, which may be useful for future drug development.

Identification of a novel triterpene saponin from Panax ginseng seeds, pseudoginsenoside RT8, and its antiinflammatory activity

  • Rho, Taewoong;Jeong, Hyun Woo;Hong, Yong Deog;Yoon, Keejung;Cho, Jae Youl;Yoon, Kee Dong
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.145-153
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    • 2020
  • Background: Panax ginseng Meyer (Araliaceae) is a highly valued medicinal plant in Asian regions, especially in Korea, China, and Japan. Chemical and biological studies on P. ginseng have focused primarily on its roots, whereas the seeds remain poorly understood. This study explores the phytochemical and biological properties of compounds from P. ginseng seeds. Methods: P. ginseng seeds were extracted with methanol, and 16 compounds were isolated using various chromatographic methods. The chemical structures of the isolates were determined by spectroscopic data. Antiinflammatory activities were evaluated for triterpene and steroidal saponins using lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages and THP-1 monocyte leukemia cells. Results: Phytochemical investigation of P. ginseng seeds led to the isolation of a novel triterpene saponin, pseudoginsenoside RT8, along with 15 known compounds. Pseudoginsenoside RT8 exhibited more potent antiinflammatory activity than the other saponins, attenuating lipopolysaccharide-mediated induction of proinflammatory genes such as interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase-2, and matrix metalloproteinase-9, and suppressed reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide generation in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion: These findings indicate that pseudoginsenoside RT8 has a pharmaceutical potential as an antiinflammatory agent and that P. ginseng seeds are a good natural source for discovering novel bioactive molecules.

The Effect of Gamisamryungbaekchul-san(加味蔘苓白朮散) on the Tumor and Immune Response in Mouse B16 Melanoma Tumor Model (가미삼령백출산(加味蔘苓白朮散)의 B16 흑색종 암모델에 대한 항종양효과(抗腫瘍效果)와 면역증강효과(免疫增强效果)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Iem Cheol-Hong;Keum Jong-Chul;Lee Sang-Jae;Kim Kwang-Ho
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.103-115
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    • 2001
  • Background : Gamisamryungbaekchul-san(加味蔘?白朮散) is a herbal medicine which has been used for the traditional therapeutic agent of augmentation of the spleen and reinforcement of the Qi. Objective : This Study was performed to investigate the effect of Gamisamryungbaekchul-san on the tumor and immune response in the moose B16 melanoma tumor model. Materials and Methods : The tumor was induced by subcutaneous inoculation of B16BL6 melanoma cells in the shaved dorsal region of mice. Mice were orally administered with Gamisamryungbaekchul-san extract(26.3mg/mouse) for 14days after inoculation. For making examination of antitumor effect, the Increase of life span, Tumor growth inhibition rate, change of body weight were measured and evaluated. For the immune response increasing effect, the percentage of T lymphocyte and B Lymphocyte in the peripheral blood, the percentage of CD4+ T-cell, CD8+ T-cell and CD4+/CD8+ ratio in the peripheral blood and spleen, interleukin-2 productivity were measured and evaluated. Results : Gamisamryungbaekchul-san showed 16.59% increase of life span, 31.64% tumor growth inhibition rate and increase of body weight. Gamisamryungbaekchul-san increased the percentage of T lymphocyte in the peripheral blood, CD4+ T cell percentage of peripheral blood and spleen, and Interleukin-2 productivity as compared with the Control group. Whereas Gamisamryungbaekchul-san had no effect on the percentage of B lymphocyte in the peripheral blood, the percentage of CD8+ T cell, CD4+/CD8+ T-cell ratio in both of peripheral blood and spleen as compared with the Control group. Conclusion : This study shows that Gamisamryungbaekchul-san has anti-tumor effects and immunoregulatory effects on the B16 melanoma tumor model. It is suggested that Gamisarmyungbaekchul-san could be a useful immunomodulator and anti-tumor agent.

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Effects of Eucalyptus and Geranium on Production of IL-2 and IL-4 in Mouse Splenocytes (Eucalyptus와 geranium이 마우스 splenocytes에서 IL-2 및 IL-4 생성에 대한 효과)

  • Cha Bong Kyu;Chang Myung Woong;Jeong Young Kee;Kim Kwang Hyuk
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.162-167
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    • 2006
  • Aromatherpy is the controlled use of essential oils to promote health and well-being. In this work we have investigated the effect of eucalyptus and geranium on the production of interleukin-2 (IL-2) and interleukin4 (IL-4). Mouse splenocytes were incubated with essential oils. The culture supernatants of mouse splenocytes exposed with these oils were harvested to assay IL-2 and IL-4 production. The quantitative changes of IL-2 in splenocytes culture supernatants after exposure with these oils were decreased at high doses, but increased at low doses. But its of IL-4 were increased generally at high doses of eucalyptus. In case of the exposure of geranium, its of IL-4 were dose-dependently increased. These kinds of essential oils showed the probability to improve IL-2- and IL-4-related immune responses at the optimum exposure.

Immunomodulatory and Antigenotoxic Properties of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens KU801 (면역조절능과 유전독성 억제능을 가지는 Bacillus amyloliquefaciens KU801)

  • Lee, Na-Kyoung;Kim, So-Yeon;Chang, Hyo-Ihl;Park, Eunju;Paik, Hyun-Dong
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.249-252
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    • 2013
  • The Bacillus KU801 strain, due to its potential in the field of probiotics for animal use, was isolated from chicken feces. Strain KU801 was identified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens KU801 based on the results of 16S rRNA sequencing. Vegetative and spore cells of B. amyloliquefaciens KU801 were resistant to artificial gastric juice and artificial bile acid. B. amyloliquefaciens KU801 was found to inhibit the production of nitric oxide (NO) and increase the production of Interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1${\alpha}$). DNA damage induced by N-methyl-Ntion of ninitroso-guanidine (MNNG) was significantly inhibited, in a dose dependent manner, by preincubating MNNG together with B. amyloliquefaciens KU801. These results demonstrate the potential use of B. amyloliquefaciens KU801 as a feed additive.

Interferon-γ and Interleukin-10 Gene Polymorphisms are not Predictors of Chronic Hepatitis C (Genotype-4) Disease Progression

  • Bahgat, Nermine Ahmed;Kamal, Manal Mohamed;Abdelaziz, Ashraf Omar;Mohye, Mohamed Ahmed;Shousha, Hend Ibrahim;ahmed, Mae Mohamed;Elbaz, Tamer Mahmoud;Nabil, Mohamed Mahmoud
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.5025-5030
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    • 2015
  • Immunoregulatory cytokines have an influence on hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection outcome. This study aimed to determine whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in IFN- ${\gamma}$ and IL-10 genes are associated with susceptibility and/or are markers of prognosis regarding chronic hepatitis C outcomes. IFN ${\gamma}$ (+874T/A) and IL-10 (-1082G/A) genotypes were determined in 75 HCV genotype 4 patients with different disease severities (chronic hepatitis, n=25, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on top of liver cirrhosis, n=50) and 25 healthy participants using allele-specific polymerase chain reaction. No statistical differences in allele or genotype distributions of IFN ${\gamma}$ and IL-10 genes were detected between patients and controls or between patientgroups. No significant difference in the frequency of IL-10 SNP at position -1082 or IFN-${\gamma}$ at position +874T/A was found between chronic HCV genotype 4 and with progression of disease severity in liver cirrhosis or HCC. In conclusion; interferon-${\gamma}$ and interleukin-10 gene polymorphisms are not predictors of disease progression in patients with chronic hepatitis C (Genotype-4).

Evaluation of the Frequency of the IL-28 Polymorphism (rs8099917) in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Using Zip Nucleic Acid Probes, Kerman, Southeast of Iran

  • Iranmanesh, Zahra;Mollaie, Hamid Reza;Arabzadeh, Seyed Alimohammad;Zahedi, Mohammad Javad;Fazlalipour, Mehdi;Ebrahimi, Saeede
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.1919-1924
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    • 2015
  • Polymorphisms in the region of the interleukin IL-28 gene on chromosome 19 have been related with clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV), a major human pathogen responsible for chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. About 3% of the world's population is infected with HCV. The long-term response to therapy is influenced by many host and viral factors, and recent evidence has indicated that some host genetic polymorphisms related to IL-28 are the most powerful predictors of virological response in patients with HCV. This study assessed frequency of the IL-28 polymorphism (rs8099917) in 50 patients (39 men and 11 women) with chronic hepatitis C using ZNA probe real time PCR new method. All patients were tested for genotype of HCV and the HCV viral load. In parallel, the levels of SGOT, SGPT and ALK enzymes were assessed. Treatment using Peg-interferon alpha with ribavirin was conducted for patients and subsequently samples were collected to detect any change in viral load or liver enzyme rates. The overall frequency of the TT allele is 74%, TG allele 20% and GG allele 6% and the percent of patients who had T allele was 84%. Clear reduction in viral load and liver enzymes was reported in patients with the T allele. Especially for genotype 1 which is relatively resistant to treatment, these alleles may have a role in this decline. In conclusion, we showed that IL-28 polymorphism rs8099917 strongly predicts virological response in HCV infection and that real-time PCR with Zip nucleic acid probes is a sensitive, specific and rapid detection method for detection of SNPs which will be essential for monitoring patients undergoing antiviral therapy.