• Title, Summary, Keyword: Interleukin-16

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Inhibition of Tumor Growth through Macrophage Activation by Polysaccharide Fraction from Peonia japonica (PJ-P) (백작약 조다당분획에 의한 대식세포 활성화를 통한 암세포 증식 억제)

  • 박혜란;정우희;정일윤;이성태;조성기
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2003
  • The immunomodulatory activity of PJ-P, a polysaccharide fraction extracted from Paeonia japonica, were reported in our previous paper. In the present study, we investigated that PJ-P inhibited cancer growth through activation of macrophages. The activities of peritoneal macrophage to induce tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-$\alpha$, interleukin-1 (IL-1)$\beta$, interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-12 (IL-12) as well as to ingest fluorescence-latex microbeads were enhanced by treatment of PJ-P. Direct cytocidal activity of PJ-P against cancer cells was not shown. However, in vitro, peritoneal macrophages treated with PJ-P had an activity to kill cancer cells. Furthermore, PJ-P significantly prolonged the survival of mice implanted intraperitoneally with B16F0 mel-anoma cells. These results suggest that PJ-P could be a useful immunomodulator and assistant of anti-tumor agent.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced Expression of Interleukin-1 Beta is Mediated Via Protein Kinase C Signaling Pathway

  • Cho, Jang-Eun;Lee, Kyung-Hong;Son, Sin-Jee;Park, Sang-Jung;Lee, Hye-Young;Kim, Yoon-Suk
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.119-122
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    • 2010
  • Interleukin-1${\beta}$ $(IL-1{\beta})$ is one of the key proinflammatory cytokines and it plays an important role for the antimycobacterial host defense mechanisms. In this study, we examined Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB)-stimulated induction of IL-1${\beta}$ and evaluated the associated signal transduction pathways. In PMA-differentiated THP-1 cells, MTB infection increased mRNA expression of IL-$1{\beta}$ in a dose-dependent manner. The expression of IL-1${\beta}$ mRNA began to be induced at 1.5 h after infection, and induced expression of IL-1${\beta}$ was retained for 48 h after MTB infection. The increase in expression of IL-1${\beta}$ caused by MTB was reduced in cells treated with Ro-31-8425 (an inhibitor of PK$C{\alpha}$, ${\beta}I$, ${\beta}II$, ${\gamma}$, ${\varepsilon}$) or PD98059 (an inhibitor of MEK1), meanwhile, pre-treatment with $G\ddot{o}6976$ (an inhibitor of $Ca^{2+}$ dependent PK$C{\alpha}$ and PK$C{\beta}I$) or Rottlerin (an inhibitor of PK$C{\delta}$) has no effect on MTB-induced expression of $IL-1{\beta}$ mRNA. These results show that the expression of $IL-1{\beta}$ mRNA caused by MTB may be mediated via MEK1 and PKC isoforms including PK$C{\beta}II$, $PKC{\gamma}$, or $PKC{\varepsilon}$. Further studies are required to determine whether other PKC isoforms $(PKC {\eta},\;{\theta},\;{\varepsilon},\;and\;{\lambda}/{\iota})$, except $PKC{\delta}$, $PKC{\alpha}$, and $PKC{\beta}I$, are also involved in $IL-1{\beta}$ mRNA expression after mycobacterial infection.

Experimental Studies on the Kinds of Sasim-tang In Behcet's Disease Symptoms in ICR Mice (베체트병의 동물모형에 대한 사심탕류 투여 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Seon Goo;Ahn Kyoo Seok
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.1061-1070
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    • 2004
  • Chronic oral aphthae, recurrent ulcer and uveitis are the three main festations of Behcet's disease(BD). The aetiopathogenesis of Behcet's disease is still obscure, but herpes simplex virus is one of the possible casual factors. Gamchosasim-tang (Gancaoxiexin-tang), Banhasasim-tang(Banxiaxiexin-tang) and Saenggangsasim-tang( Shengjiangxiexin-tang) are traditional medication in Oriental medicine, that has been used to treat inflammatory disease. Especially, Gamchosasim-tang used to treat Behcet's disease like symptoms. ICR mice were used for this study. The earlobe of the mice were scratched with a needle, then inoculation with 1.0×10/sup 6/ plaque forming units/㎖ of HSV type I. Virus inoculation was performed twice with 10 day interval, followed by 16 weeks of observation. Using the HSV-induced Behcet's disease mouse model, kinds of Sasim-tang were administered variously before and after inoculation. In order to. classify the symptomatic mice as having Behcet's disease like symptoms. We followed the revised Japanese classification with minor modifications. Ulceration of the mice were monitored. In addition, spleen cytokine expression were measured by polymerase chain reaction, ELISA. HSV DNA was detected in HSV inoculation mice. HSV-induced mice treated with kinds of Sasim-tang showed improvement in symptom. In RT-PCR results, IFN-γ was expressed for all groups, IL-2 was expressed for the treated groups, and IL-10 was also expressed. IL-4 was expressed nothing. In ELISA, IL-2 was increased for GSST 2, BSST 2, GSST 2, GSST3 and INF-γ was increased for GSST 2, BSST 2, SSST 2, SSST 3. This model suggest the possible role of immune response to viral infection in the development and activation of Behcet's disease.

Stratification Analysis and Case-control Study of Relationships between Interleukin-6 Gene Polymorphisms and Cervical Cancer Risk in a Chinese Population

  • Shi, Wen-Jing;Liu, Hao;Wu, Dan;Tang, Zhen-Hua;Shen, Yu-Chen;Guo, Lin
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.17
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    • pp.7357-7362
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    • 2014
  • Interleukin-6 (IL-6), a central proinflammatory cytokine, maintains immune homeostasis and also plays important roles in cervical cancer. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate any associations of IL-6 gene polymorphisms at positions -174 and -572 with predisposition to cervical cancer in a Chinese population. The present hospital-based case-control study comprised 518 patients with cervical cancer and 518 healthy controls. Polymorphisms of the IL-6 gene were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Patients with cervical cancer had a significantly higher frequency of the IL-6 -174 CC genotype [odds ratio (OR) =1.52, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.06-2.19; p=0.02], IL-6 -572 CC genotype (OR =1.91, 95% CI = 1.16-3.13; p=0.01) and IL-6 -174 C allele (OR =1.21, 95% CI = 1.02-1.44; p=0.03) compared to healthy controls. When stratifying by the FIGO stage, patients with III-IV cervical cancer had a significantly higher frequency of IL-6 -174 CC genotype (OR =1.64, 95% CI =1.04-2.61; p=0.04). The CC genotypes of the IL-6 gene polymorphisms at positions -174 and -572 may confer a high risk of cervical cancer. Additional studies with detailed human papillomavirus (HPV) infection data are warranted to validate our findings.

Interleukin-8 and Matrix Metalloprotease 9 as Salivary Biomarkers of Pain in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorder Myalgia: A Pilot Study

  • Park, Yang Mi;Ahn, Yong-Woo;Jeong, Sung-Hee;Ju, Hye-Min;Jeon, Hye-Mi;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Ok, Soo-Min
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.44 no.4
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    • pp.160-168
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: To search the salivary factors that objectively indicate an pain in myalgia patients with temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) and determine the possibility of the factors as pain-biomarkers. Methods: Participants consisted of pain-free 15 persons (male 7, female 8, mean age±standard deviation (SD); 26.8±16.04 years) and 45 myalgia patients with TMD (male 21, female 24, mean age±SD; 27.98±13.01 years). They were divided into a pain-free group (numerical rating scale [NRS] score 0), a mild pain group (NRS 1-4), a moderate pain group (NRS 5-6), and a severe pain group (NRS 7-10) and members of all groups were age, sex matched. Interleukin-8 (IL-8) and matrix metalloprotease 9 (MMP-9) were selected as pain biomarkers, by searching the Gene Expression Omnibus database and analyzing pain-related genes. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to measure the concentration of IL-8 and MMP-9 in the patients' saliva. Results: IL-8 and MMP-9 levels were statistically significantly higher in pain groups than in the pain-free group. Greater differences were observed in patients with acute pain (with painful duration under 3 months) than in the control group and in female patients than in male. Conclusions: Salivary IL-8 and MMP-9 may play a role as biomarkers of myalgia in patients with TMD.

Effect of Hwang-Ryeon-Hae-Dok-Tang on the Release of IL-8 in Human Nasal Mucosal Fibroblast (黃連解毒湯의 사람 비점막 섬유아세포 IL-8 분비에 대한 효과)

  • Lee, In-su;Kim, Hee-taek;Lee, Eun-yong;Kim, E-hwa;Ryu, Ju-hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.68-81
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    • 2003
  • It is proposed that Hwang-Ryeon-Hae-Dok-Tang may modulate the immune response on allergy or asthma. Human nasal mucosal fibroblasts are a rich source cytokines, inflammatory mediators, and chemokines. Chemokines are important for the recruitment of leukocytes to sites of infection, which is essential in host defense. Objectives : The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Hwang-Ryeon-Hae-Dok-Tang(HH) on the release of the IL-8 chemokine in human nasal mucosal fibroblasts after stimulation with cytokines like interleukin-4(IL-4), tumor necrosis factor- (TNF- ), interferon- (lFN- ), and interle ukin-l (IL-I ). Methods : To detect the release of IL-8, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) kit was performed. The cytotoxicity was measured by MTT assay. Results : HH significantly inhibited the secretion of IL-8 with a dose-dependant manner. The effective dosage did not have the cytotoxicity on human nasal mucosal fibroblasts Conclusions : Results of our study show that HH would play an important role in modulation of IL-8 in human nasal mucosal fibroblasts.

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Platelet-Activating Factor Potentiates the Activity of Respiratory Burst and Interleukin-1 in Rat Alveolar Macrophages

  • Lee, Ji-Hee
    • The Korean journal of physiology & pharmacology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.251-257
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    • 1995
  • The objective of the present study was to test the effect of platelet-activating factor (PAF) on rat alveolar macrophages. PAF alone did not stimulate superoxide secretion from alveolar macrophages. However, PAF $(10^{-5}\;M)$ significantly enhanced phagocytic activator zymosan-induced superoxide secretion from alveolar macrophages. This enhancement of PAF plus zymosan was 30% above the sum of the separate effects of PAF and zymosan. Similarly, PAF $1.3{\times}(10^{-5}\;M)$ was not a direct stimulant of alveolar macrophages, as it had no stimulatory effect on chemiluminescence generation, but potentiated zymosan-induced activation of chemiluminescence, i.e., 162% above the separate effects of each stimulant. PAF $10^{-16}{\pm}10^{-6}\;M$ also failed to stimulate IL-1 production from alveolar macrophages. In contrast, when both PAF $10^{-10}\;M$ and lipopolysaccharide(LPS) $(1 {\mu}g/ml)$ were added together at the initiation of the culture, IL-1 production was significantly increased indicating the potentiative effects of PAF on IL-1 production by alveolar macrophages. Collectively, these data suggest that PAF alone does not activate the release of bioactive products from alveolar macrophages. However, PAF appears to act as a priming mediator that potentiates stimuli-induced macrophage activity. These novel actions of PAF prove its role as a potent mediator of inflammatory and immune responses in the lung.

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Modulatory Activity of Bifidobacterium sp. BGN4 Cell Fractions on Immune Cells

  • Kim Nam-Ju;Ji Geun-Eog
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.584-589
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    • 2006
  • Bifidobacteria has been suggested to exert health promoting effects on the host by maintaining microbial flora and modulating immune functions in the human intestine. We assessed modulatory effects of the different cell fractions of Bifidobacterium sp. BGN4 on macrophage cells and other immune cells from the spleen and Peyer's patches (PP) of mouse. Cell free extracts (CFE) of the BGN4 fractions induced well-developed morphological changes in the macrophages and increased the phagocytic activity more effectively than other fractions in the mouse peritoneal cells. Nitric oxide (NO) production was significantly reduced by both the cell walls (CW) and CFE in the cultured cells from the spleen and PP. The production of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) was eminent in the spleen cells treated with experimental BGN4 cell fractions. However, in the PP cells, IL-6 was slightly decreased by the treatment with the whole cell (WC) and CW, whereas IL-10 was significantly increased by the treatment with the CW and CFE. These results suggest that different types of bifidobacterial cell fractions may have differential immunomodulatory activities depending on their location within the host immune system.

Inhibitory Effect of Capsaicin on Interleukin-8 Production by Helicobacter pylori-Infected MKN-45 Cells

  • Lee, Kwang-Hyoung;Lee, Yong-Chan;Kim, Tae-Il;Noh, Sung-Hoon;Kim, Ji-Yeon;Paik, Hyun-Dong;Kim, Chang-Han
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1078-1083
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    • 2006
  • Capsaicin is the active ingredient in chili pepper and has an inhibitory effect on Helicobacter pylori growth and $NF-{\kappa}B$ activation. The present study examined the effect of capsaicin on interleukin (IL)-8 production by H. pylori ATCC 43504-infected MKN-45 cells, a gastric epithelial cell line. The viability of the MKN-45 cells treated with capsaicin at 0, 50, 100, 250, and $500\;{\mu}M$ was 99, 98, 99, 99, and 85%, respectively. A capsaicin concentration as low as $50\;{\mu}M$ significantly inhibited the IL-8 production induced by H. pylori ATCC 43504 infection (43.2% of control) during 24 h of incubation. However, low concentrations of capsaicin $(50\;and\;100{\mu}M)$ did not significantly inhibit the IL-8 production by $TNF-{\alpha}-$ or PMA-treated MKN-45 cells. Therefore, the overall inhibitory effect of capsaicin on H. pylori ATCC 43504 was the sum of H. pylori ATCC 43504 growth inhibition, host cell survival, and $NF-{\kappa}B$ signal cascade inhibition.