• Title, Summary, Keyword: Interleukin-16

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Reduced Interleukin-17 and Transforming Growth Factor Beta Levels in Peripheral Blood as Indicators for Following the Course of Bladder Cancer

  • Baharlou, Rasoul;Vasmehjani, Abbas Ahmadi;Dehghani, Ali;Ghobadifar, Mohamed Amin;Khoubyari, Mahshid
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.156-163
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    • 2014
  • Interleukin (IL) 17 is produced by T-helper (Th) 17 with a vigorous effect on cells of the immune system playing important roles in pathogenesis of immune-mediated diseases, including autoimmune disorders and cancers. Therefore, the aim of current study was to determine the serum levels of IL-6, IL-17, and transforming growth factor beta (TGF-${\beta}$) in Iranian bladder cancer patients, and to correlate them with disease status. Blood samples were collected from 40 bladder cancer patients and 38 healthy individuals with no history of malignancies or autoimmune disorders. The serum levels of IL-6, IL-17, and TGF-${\beta}$ were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The results showed that the levels of IL-17 (p<0.0001) and TGF-${\beta}$ (p<0.0001) were significantly lower in the patients compared to the controls. No significant differences in the level of serum IL-6 (p=0.16) was observed between the patients and controls. In addition, demographic characteristics between control and patients groups were not significantly different. As most of the cases studied in this investigation were in stage I and II, it is concluded that reduced Th17-related cytokines can be used as indicators for following the course and clinical stages of bladder carcinoma progress and immune response to cancer.

Anti-inflammatory effects of Fangchinoline and Tetrandrine

  • Kim, Hack-Seang;Park, Hong-Serck;Kim, Young-Soo;Oh, Ki-Wan
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.89-89
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    • 1997
  • Fangchinoline and Tetrandrine are the major alkaloids of bis-benzylisoquinoline structure isolated from Stephania tetrandra which has been used as anti-inflammatory drug. The purpose of this study was to investigate the inhibitory effects of Fangchinoline and Tetrandrine on cyclooxygenase, interleukin-5(IL-5) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) as anti-inflammatory mechanisms. Tetrandrine at 100 ${\mu}$M did not show any inhibitory effect but Fangchinoline showed 31% of inhibition on cyclooxygenase. In addition, in mIL-5-dependent Y16 proliferation assay, Tetrandrine at 30 ${\mu}$M exhibited more than 50% of inhibition but Fangchinoline did not any effect. However in hIL-6-dependent MH60 proliferation assay, more than 50% of inhibition was observed by both of Fangchincline and Tetrandrine at 30 ${\mu}$M. Fangchinoline and Tetrandrine also showed anti-inflammatory effects by croton oil induced mouse ear edema test.

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Immunoregulation Effect of KamiBohuh-tang

  • Park Kyung Mi;Jung Jin Hong;Yoo Dong Youl
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.186-191
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to prove the efficacy of KamiBohuh-tang(KBT) on immunoregulation and the possibility of KBT as an immunoadjuvant. KBT with solid feed was administered orally once a day for 7 days to an experimental group, a solution of salt and solid feed without KBT to a control group. After a week T cell, B cell, cytokines, nitric oxide and phagocytic activity are measured. KBT enhanced the proliferation of splenocytes and the subpopulation of Th cells in splenic T-Iymphocytes, but did not affect the proliferation of thymocytes. KBT decreased the subpopulation of T-Iymphocytes in splenocytes. KBT enhanced the production of interferon-γ. interleukin-2, interleukin-4 in mice serum and the phagocytic activity in peritoneal macrophages but it suppressed the production of nitric oxide. These results suggest that KBT is a potent prescription on immune response via the increase of the proliferation of splenocytes, the production of cytokines from splenic Th cells and the phagocytic activity in vivo.

Effects of the Essential Oil Components from Ligusticum chuanxiong on Proinflammatory Mediators of RAW264.7 Macrophage Cells

  • Lim, Hye-Rim;Shin, Seung-Won
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.259-264
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    • 2010
  • The essential oil fraction was obtained from the underground parts o of Ligusticum chuanxiong (Umbelliferae) by steam distillation, and its main components, Z-ligustilide and butylidene phthalide, were isolated by column chromatography. Its essential oil fraction and the isolated main components were examined for effects on their anti-inflammatory properties in RAW 264.7 macrophage cells to develop a new natural anti-inflammatory drug. The results showed that the L. chuanxiong essential oil fraction and its main components, Z-ligustilide and butylidene phthalide, inhibited the production of nitric oxide significantly in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated RAW 264.7 cells. LPS-induced interleukin-$1{\beta}$ (IL-$1{\beta}$), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-$\alpha$) production was also decreased in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, western blot analysis revealed that the L. chuanxiong essential oil fraction and also its main components, Z-ligustilide, and butylidene phthalide reduced the expression levels of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS).

The Extract of Gleditsiae Spina Inhibits Mast Cell-Mediated Allergic Reactions Through the Inhibition of Histamine Release and Inflammatory Cytokine Production

  • Shin, Tae-Yong
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 2010
  • Mast cell-mediated allergic disease is involved in many diseases such as anaphylaxis, asthma and atopic dermatitis. The discovery of drugs for the treatment of allergic disease is an important subject in human health. In the present study, the effect of water extract of Gleditsiae Spina (WGS) (Leguminosae), on compound 48/80-induced systemic allergic reaction, anti-DNP IgE antibody-induced local allergic reaction, and histamine release from human mast cell line (HMC-1) cells were studied. In addition, the effect of WGS on phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) plus calcium ionophore A23187 (A23187)-induced gene expression and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines were investigated using HMC-1 cells. WGS was anally administered to mice for high and fast absorption. WGS inhibited compound 48/80-induced systemic allergic reaction. WGS dose-dependently decreased the IgE-mediated passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. WGS reduced histamine release from HMC-1 cells. In addition, WGS decreased the gene expression and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines in PMA plus A23187-stimulated HMC-1 cells. These findings provide evidence that WGS could be a candidate as an antiallergic agent.

Assessment of Relationship between Wilms' Tumor Gene (WT1) Expression in Peripheral Blood of Acute Leukemia Patients and Serum IL-12 and C3 Levels

  • Rezai, Omran;Khodadadi, Ali;Heike, Yuji;Mostafai, Ali;Gerdabi, Nader Dashti;Rashno, Mohammad;Abdoli, Zahra
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.16
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    • pp.7303-7307
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    • 2015
  • Background: Leukemia is a common cancer among children and adolescents. Wilms' tumor gene (WT1) is highly expressed in patients with acute leukemia. It is found as a tumor associated antigen (TAA) in various types of hematopoietic malignancies and can be employed as a useful marker for targeted immunotherapy and monitoring of minimal residual disease (MRD). In this regard, WT1 is a transcription factor that promotes gene activation or repression depending on cellular and promoter context. The purpose of this study was assessment of WT1 gene expression in patients with acute leukemia, measurement of IL-12 and C3 levels in serum and evaluation of the relationship between them. Materials and Methods: We evaluated the expression of WT1 mRNA using real-time quantitative RT-PCR and serum levels of IL-12 and C3 using ELISA and nephelometry in peripheral blood of 12 newly diagnosed patients with acute leukemia and 12 controls. Results: The results of our study showed that the average wT1 gene expression in patients was 7.7 times higher than in healthy controls (P <0.05). In addition, IL-12 (P = 0.003) and C3 (P <0.0001) were significantly decreased in the test group compared to controls. Conclusions: WT1 expression levels are significantly higher in patients compared with control subjects whereas serum levels of interleukin-12 and C3 are significantly lower in patients. Wt1 expression levels in patients are inversely related with serum levels of IL-12 and C3.

Antitumor and Immunomodulatory Effects of Chungsangbohahwan on Murine Melanoma-induced Lung Metastasis (청상보하환(淸上補下丸)이 흑색종(黑色腫)의 폐전이(肺轉移) 억제(抑制) 및 면역조절작용(免疫調節作用)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Ha, Jee-Yong;You, Byeong-Gil
    • THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN ORIENTAL ONCOLOGY
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.159-175
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    • 1998
  • In order to investigate the antitumor effect by Chungsangbohahwan after B-16 cells were transplanted in C57BL/6 mice, and the immune responses in mice induced by methotrexate, the extract of Chungsangbohahwan was orally administered to the mice for 21 days. Experimental studies were performed for measurance of metastasis, cell cytotoxicity in vitro, natural killer cell activity, productivity of interleukin-2. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Inhibition of metastasis in Chungsangbohahwan-treated group was higher than control group with significance on 7th day and 14th day. 2. On the MTT assay, cell viability was significantly inhibited by $5{\mu}g/well$, $2.5{\mu}g/well$, $1.25{\mu}g/well$, and $0.625{\mu}g/well$ of Chungsangbohahwan concentration inhibited cell viability significantly(P<0.05). $IC_{50}$ for cell viability was $2.17{\mu}g/well$. 3. Natural killer cell activity in Chungsangbohahwan-treated group was significantly increased on 100:1, 50:1 E/T(effect cell/target cell) ratio(P<0.05). 4. Production of interleukin-2 in Chungsangbohahwan-treated group was significantly increased(P<0.05).

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Upregulation of IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA Expression by Interleukin-18

  • Kim, Hyo-Young;Kim, Hee-Sun
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.67-78
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    • 2007
  • Background : Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is one of the principal inducers of interferon-${\gamma}$ (IFN-${\gamma}$) in lymphocytes. Materials and Methods : The effect of IL-18 on the expression of chemokine IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA in C57BL/6 mouse peritoneal macrophages was studied by using Northern blot analysis, enzyme linked immunosobent assay and electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Results : IL-18 was determined to exert no direct effect on the expression of IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA. However, IL-18 pretreatment was determined to play a cooperative role in the synergistic induction of LPS-induced IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA expression. The effect associated with IL-18 pretreatment with regard to the synergistic induction of LPS-induced IP-10 (CXCL10) mRNA expression was detected after 16 hr of IL-18 pretreatment, administered prior to LPS stimulation. The pattern of NF-${\kappa}B$ binding activity during IL-18 pretreatment with LPS stimulation was found to coincide with the expression of IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA. Conclusion : Although IL-18 alone exerts no direct effect on the expression of chemokine IP-10(CXCL10), a definite period of IL-18 pretreatment induces the synergistic expression of LPS-induced IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA. NF-${\kappa}B$ activation is a component of this synergistic effect of IL-18 pretreatment. These results provide useful information, which may facilitate the elucidation of the action mechanisms underlying IL-18 effect on the expression of IP-10(CXCL10) mRNA.

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THE CHANGE OF EXPRESSION OF INTERLEUKIN-6 AND -8 AFTER THE APPLICATION OF THE STATIC COMPRESSIVE PRESSURE ON THE FIBROBLAST ORIGINATED FROM THE PERIODONTAL LIGAMENTS (치주인대 기원의 섬유아 세포에 압축력을 가한 경우 Interleukin-6 및 Interleukin-8의 발현 변화에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yeon-Hee;Kim, Seong-Gon;Nahm, Dong-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.426-429
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    • 2006
  • The fibroblast in the periodontal ligaments received various stress. Among them, compression and tension are quite important and they are related to the remodeling of tooth and alveolar bone. We studied the change of expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in the fibroblasts of the periodontal ligaments by real-time RT-PCR and ELISA. In results, the relative activity of IL-6 mRNA in 2 hours after was 1.54${\pm}$0.08 and 1.00${\pm}$0.05 in control and test, respectively (P<0.05). Its 12 hours after was 1.23${\pm}$0.06 and 2.78${\pm}$0.14 in control and test, respectively (P<0.05). The relative activity of IL-8 mRNA in 2 hours after was 1.00${\pm}$0.05 and 0.24${\pm}$0.01 in control and test, respectively (P<0.05). Its 12 hours after was 1.23${\pm}$0.06 and 0.63${\pm}$0.03 in control and test, respectively (P<0.05). The concentration of IL-6 was 1.02${\pm}$0.16 ng/ml, 0.90${\pm}$0.14 ng/ml, and 1.32${\pm}$0.12 ng/ml (P<0.05) in control, 2, and 12 hours after, respectively. The concentration of IL-8 was 2.26${\pm}$0.17 ng/ml, 1.70${\pm}$0.26 ng/ml (P<0.05), and 0.84${\pm}$0.47 ng/ml (P<0.05) in control, 2, and 12 hours after, respectively. In conclusion, the expression of IL-6 was significantly increased after the application of the static compressive force, but IL-8 was significantly decreased. Considering their known function, their expression is quite important in tooth and bone resorption.

Whitening Effect of Angelica keiskei Koidzumi Extract by Inhibition of Endothelin-1 Production and Melanogenesis (Endothelin-1 생성 저해와 멜라닌생성 저해에 의한 신선초 추출물의 미백 효과)

  • Park, Sun-Hee;Lee, Bang-Yong;Han, Chang-Sung;Kim, Jin-Guk;Kim, Kyoung-Tae;Kim, Ki-Ho;Kim, Young-Heui
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2008
  • In order to investigate the potential of a Angelica keiskei Koidzumi extract and its fractions as an active ingredient for whitening cosmetics, we prepared Angelica keiskei Koidzumi extract(70% ethanol), and the aqueous suspension was successively extracted with hexane, ethyl acetate(EA), and n-butanol fraction. We measured their inhibitory effects on mushroom tyrosinase and melanin synthesis in B16 melanoma cells and normal human kerationocytes in vitro. They did not show inhibitory activity against mushroom tyrosinase and the melanin synthesis except hexane and EA fractions. Hexane and EA fractions markedly inhibited cellular tyrosinase activity at a lower concentration(25 and 5 ${\mu}g/mL$, respectively) than arbutin(250 ${\mu}g/mL$). We also quantified the released amount of endothelin-1(ET-1), a mitogen of melanocyte, and interleukin-$1{\alpha}$(IL-$1{\alpha})$, a mediator of UVB-induced inflammation. Hexane and EA fractions did not affect IL-$1{\alpha}$ production, but they decreased UVB-induced ET-1 production in normal human keratinocytes in a dose dependant manner. As a result, hexane and EA fractions could inhibit the melanogenesis through the inhibition of UVB-induced ET-1 production in normal human keratinocytes. This result suggests that hexane and EA fractions of Angelica keiskei Koidzumi extract could be used as an active ingredient for cosmetics.