• Title, Summary, Keyword: Interleukin-16

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Molecular Interaction Between Interleukin-8 Receptor and G$_\alpha$16 subunit G protein (Interleukin-8 수용체와 G$_\alpha$ 16 subunit G protein 간의 분자상호 작용에 관한 연구)

  • 하지희;강주섭;고현철;신인철;이창호
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.276-280
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    • 2000
  • In order to identify the domains of the G$_{\alpha}$16 subunit G protein that are responsible for its activation by the Interleukin-8 receptor, a serious of chimeras between G$_{\alpha}$16 and G$_{\alpha}$11 were assessed for their abilities to be activated by these receptors. Co-expression of IL-8 receptor and chimeras in which the carboxyl-terminal regions of G$_{\alpha}$11 were replaced from 30 up to 156 amino acid residues with the corresponding regions of G$_{\alpha}$16 demonstrated that C-terminal 156 amino acid residues of the G$_{\alpha}$16 were not sufficient to confer IL-8 receptor interaction specificity. Testing of a reciprocal serious of chimeras composed of G$_{\alpha}$16 sequences at the amino terminus and G$_{\alpha}$11 sequences at the carboxyl terminals revealed that sequences extending from the amino tar- minus to amino acid 209 of G$_{\alpha}$16 were sufficient to 7ndow the chimera with 75-80% of interaction specificity for 7-8-induced activation. These results suggest th,.7t combined interactions of the C-terminal 30 amino acid residues and certain domains extending from the arts.ino terminus to amino acid 209 of Gal 6 protein may be involved in its couplings to IL-8 receptor.tain domains extending from the arts.ino terminus to amino acid 209 of Gal 6 protein may be involved in its couplings to IL-8 receptor.

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Expression of the Functional Recombinant Interleukin-16 in E. coli and Mammalian Cell Lines

  • Kim, Seon-Young;Lee, Chang-Hun;Kim, Kyung-Joo;Kim, Yeon-Soo
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.234-241
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    • 2001
  • The C-terminal 393 bp region of the human interleukin-16 (IL-16) gene was cloned and expressed in E. coli along with mammalian cell lines. Recombinant IL-16 expressed from E. coli was 22 kDa on SDS-PAGE and showed 260% of chemoattractant activity at a concentration of $0.1\;{\mu}g/ml$. HeLa, COS, and Neuro-2a cells were transduced by recombinant retrovirus vector pLNC/IL-16/IRES/TK and the intracellular and secreted amounts of IL-16 produced by HeLa/IL-16/TK, COS/IL-16/TK, and Neuro-2a/IL-16/TK cells were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). HeLa/IL-16/TK $(1{\times}10^5)$ and COS/IL-16/TK $(1{\times}10^5)$ cells secreted 36.1 and 13.3 ng of IL-16 for 48 h, respectively. Forty-nine ng and 86.4 ng of IL-16 remained in the cell lysates of HeLa/IL-16/TK and COS/IL-16/TK. Intracellular and secreted amounts of IL-16 from Neuro-2a/IL-16/TK $(5{\times}10^5)$ cells during 24 h cultivation were 50 ng and 3.3 ng, respectively. Also, HeLa and COS cells wee stably transfected with mammalian expression vector pCRIII/IL-16. Both culture media and cell lysates prepared from HeLa/IL-16 cells and COS/IL-16 cells showed chemoattractant activity ranging from 190% to 460% as compared to the control experiment. Expression of the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV0tk) gene in pLNC/IL-16/ IRES/TK bicistronic retroviral expression vector was verified by performing a genciclovir (GCV) sensitivity assay. Finally, IL-16 repressed Tat-transactivated human immunodeficiency virus type 1 long terminal repeat (HIV-1 LTR) promoter activity.

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Influence of Propofol, Isoflurane and Enflurance on Levels of Serum Interleukin-8 and Interleukin-10 in Cancer Patients

  • Liu, Tie-Cheng
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.16
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    • pp.6703-6707
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    • 2014
  • Objective: To observe the influence of propofol, isoflurane and enflurance on interleukin-8 (IL-8) and IL-10 levels in cancer patients. Methods: Ninety cancer patients with selective operation from March 2011 to May 2014 were randomly divided into group A (34 cases), group B (28 cases) and group C (28 cases). Intramuscular injections of scopine hydrochloride and phenobarbital sodium were routinely conducted to 3 groups. After general anesthesia was induced, tracheal intubations were given. During the maintenance of anesthesia, 0.5~1.0 mg/kg propofol was intravenously injected to group A discontinuously, while continuous suctions of isoflurane and enflurance were subsequently performed to group B and C correspondingly. Clinical outcomes, postoperative complications as well as serum IL-8 and IL-10 levels before operation (T0), at the time of skin incision (T1), 3 h after the beginning of the operation (T2) and 24 h (T3) and 72 h (T4) after the operation were observed among 3 groups. Results: Operations in all groups were successfully completed. The rates of surgery associated complications were 8.82% (3/34), 7.14% (2/28) and 7.14% (2/28) in group A, B and C, respectively, and there were no significant differences (P>0.05). Serum IL-8 and IL-10 levels increased gradually from the beginning of the operation and reached the peak at T3, and were evidently higher at each time point than at T0 (P<0.01). At T1, serum IL-8 and IL-10 levels had no significant differences among 3 groups (P>0.05), but the differences were significant at T2, T3 and T4 (P<0.05). Moreover, correlation analysis suggested that serum IL-8 level was in positive relation with IL-10 level (r=0.952, P<0.01). Conclusions: Propofol, which is better in inhibiting serum IL-8 secretion and improving IL-10 secretion than isoflurane and enflurance, can be regarded as a preferable anesthetic agent in inhibiting traumatic inflammatory responses.

Variants of Interleukin-16 Associated with Gastric Cancer Risk

  • Zhang, Tao;Wang, Hui
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.5269-5273
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    • 2013
  • Aim: We conducted a case-control matched study to investigate the role of IL-16 gene polymorphisms, rs4072111, rs1131445, rs4778889 and rs11556218, in the risk of gastric cancer in a Chinese population, also performing subgroup analysis by subsites. Methods: To test the hypothesis of involvement, we analyzed the four SNPs of IL16 in 347 cancer patients and 368 controls. Demographic data and other information were collected using a newly designed questionnaire. Genotyping of IL16 (rs4072111, rs1131445, rs4778889 and rs11556218) was performed in a 384-well plate format on the MassARRAY(R) platform. Results: In our study, we found the gastric cancer patients were more likely to be male and have a family history of cancer (P<0.05). We found the rs4778889 CC and rs11556218 GG genotype was significantly associated with 1.97 and 1.84-fold increased risk of non-cardia gastric cancer, while we did not find significant association between the four IL-16 SNPs and cardia gastric cancer. Conclusions: In conclusion, our study indicated that IL-16 rs4778889 CC and rs11556218 GG genotypes are associated with an increased risk of non-cardia gastric cancer in a Chinese population. Our results offer insights into the influence of IL-16 on development of gastric cancer.

Assessment of interleukin-1beta and interleukin-6 in the crevicular fluid around healthy implants, implants with peri-implantitis, and healthy teeth: a cross-sectional study

  • Yaghobee, Siamak;Khorsand, Afshin;Ghohroudi, Amir Alireza Rasouli;Sanjari, Khashayar;Kadkhodazadeh, Mahdi
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.40 no.5
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    • pp.220-224
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: This study aimed to assess and compare the levels of interleukin-1beta (IL-$1{\beta}$) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the crevicular fluid around healthy implants, implants with peri-implantitis, and healthy teeth. Materials and Methods: This study evaluated 16 dental implants in 8 patients (4 males and 4 females). These patients had at least one healthy implant and one implant with peri-implantitis next to healthy teeth. The crevicular fluid was collected using absorbent cones and transferred to the laboratory. Specimens were evaluated by ELISA for interleukin levels. Data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni tests (P<0.05). Results: Levels of IL-$1{\beta}$ in the crevicular fluid around implants with peri-implantitis were significantly higher than around healthy implants (P=0.002); the latter was significantly higher than around healthy teeth (P=0.015). A significant difference was found in the level of IL-6 in the crevicular fluid around implants with peri-implantitis and healthy implants (P=0.049) and also between implants with peri-implantitis and healthy teeth (P<0.001). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, significant differences exist in the levels of IL-$1{\beta}$ and IL-6 in the crevicular fluid of implants with peri-implantitis, healthy implants, and healthy teeth. More studies with larger sample sizes in different populations are necessary.

Effects of mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ on collagenase and TIMP-1 expression in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (기계적 자극과 interleukin-$1{\beta}$가 치주인대 섬유아세포의 collagenase와 TIMP-1의 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myung-Lip;Bae, Chang
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.165-174
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    • 1998
  • The turnover of collagen is controlled by the balance between collagen synthesis and degradation. The production of collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1) and its inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of matrix metallopmteinase-1 (TIMP-1) are one of the substances which regulate this balance. The periodontal ligament fibroblast plays an important role in collagen metabolism during orthodontic treatment and is believed to be an origin of the osteoblast in the alveolar bone. The collagenase secreted by the periodontal ligament fibroblast and the osteoblast initiates the bone resorption by removing the osteoid layer in the alveloar bone. The interleukin-$1{\beta}$ is secreted by the macrophage during orthodontic treatment. The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ on the expression of collagenase and TIMP-1 in the periodontal ligament fibroblasts using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical staining. The periodontal ligament fibroblasts were stitched by placing the $Petriperm dish^{\circledR}$ dish on the top of spheroidal convex watch glass ($5\%$ surface increase) and tented with interleukin-$1{\beta}$ (1.0 ng/ml), or treated with both of them. Treatment with mechanical stress and/or interleukin-$1{\beta}$ resulted in increased collagenase mRNA expression. The mechanical stress treated group (1.61, 1.62, 1.37 fold increase), the interleukin-$1{\beta}$, tented group (1.68, 1.60, 3.78 fold increase), the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group (1.89, 1.72, 5.48 fold increase) induced increases in collagenase mRNA compared with the control group after 2, 4, 8 hours respectively. But TIMP-1 mRNA expressions at experimental groups were decreased after 2, 4 hours and increased after 8 hours. The mechanical stress treated group (0.16, 0.49 fold decrease and 3.77 fold increase), the interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group (0.15,0.44 fold decrease and 4.46 fold increase), the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ tented group (0.15, 0.69 fold decrease and 4.81 fold increase) induced changes in TIMP-1 mRNA compared with the control group after 2, 4, 8 hours, respectively. Immunohistochemical stain showed that increased collagenase and TIMP-1 staining of the mechanical stress tented group, the interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group, and the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group compared with that of the control group after 8 hours. These findings suggest that mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ regulate expression of collagenase and TIMP-1.

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Effects of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim and Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi on $IL-1{\beta}-induced$ GnT-III and V in Melanoma B-16 (Melanoma B-16에서 $IL-1{\beta}$ 유발 GnT-III, V 활성에 대한 과루인(瓜蔞仁), 황금(黃芩) 추출물의 영향(影響))

  • Seo, Woon-Gyo;Jeong, Ji-Cheon
    • THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN ORIENTAL ONCOLOGY
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.103-118
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    • 1999
  • The activity of N-acetylglucosamitnyltransferase(GnT) III and V on a Melanoma B-16 was examined after incubation with interleukin 1 (IL-1). While augumenting cell proliferation, IL-1 resulted in a decrease of GnT-III activity and an increase of GnT-V activities. Consistant with this, Melanoma B-16 cultured with IL-1 showed increased affinlity to Daturam stramonium lectin, which recognizes asialo-tri- and asialeo-tetra-antenery N-linked oligosaccharides. These results indicate that IL-1 modulate glycosyltransferase activity and the oligosaccharide structure of target cells. On the other hand, to investigate whether or not TKM-SG affect GnT-V gene expression in lung metastatic carcinoma, we used RT-PCR methods. TKM-SG treated cell lines showed low levels of secretion of GnT-V mRNA transcription as elucidated by RT-PCR. Thus, with together lower GnT-V activity levels in the medium, TKM-SG was highly effective for lung cancer metastasis treatment and it was concluded that the medicine can be used as a potent anti-lung cancer metastasis medicine.

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Interleukin-9 Inhibits Lung Metastasis of Melanoma through Stimulating Anti-Tumor M1 Macrophages

  • Park, Sang Min;Do-Thi, Van Anh;Lee, Jie-Oh;Lee, Hayyoung;Kim, Young Sang
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.43 no.5
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    • pp.479-490
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    • 2020
  • Interleukin-9 (IL-9) is well known for its role in allergic inflammation. For cancer, both pro- and anti-tumor effects of IL-9 were controversially reported, but the impact of IL-9 on tumor metastasis has not yet been clarified. In this study, IL-9 was expressed as a secretory form (sIL-9) and a membrane-bound form (mbIL-9) on B16F10 melanoma cells. The mbIL-9 was engineered as a chimeric protein with the transmembrane and cytoplasmic region of TNF-α. The effect of either mbIL-9 or sIL-9 expressing cells were analyzed on the metastasis capability of the cancer cells. After three weeks of tumor implantation into C57BL/6 mice through the tail vein, the number of tumor modules in lungs injected with IL-9 expressing B16F10 was 5-fold less than that of control groups. The percentages of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, NK cells, and M1 macrophages considerably increased in the lungs of the mice injected with IL-9 expressing cells. Among them, the M1 macrophage subset was the most significantly enhanced. Furthermore, peritoneal macrophages, which were stimulated with either sIL-9 or mbIL-9 expressing transfectant, exerted higher anti-tumor cytotoxicity compared with that of the mock control. The IL-9-stimulated peritoneal macrophages were highly polarized to M1 phenotype. Stimulation of RAW264.7 macrophages with sIL-9 or mbIL-9 expressing cells also significantly increased the cytotoxicity of those macrophages against wild-type B16F10 cells. These results clearly demonstrate that IL-9 can induce an anti-metastasis effect by enhancing the polarization and proliferation of M1 macrophages.

Simple Purification of Escherichia coli-Derived Recombinant Human Interleukin-2 Expressed with N-terminus Fusion of Glucagon

  • Won Hye-Soon;Lee Jeewon;Kim In-Ho;Park Young-Hoon
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.13-16
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    • 2000
  • Simple procedures have been devised for purifying recombinant human interleukin-2 (hIL-2), which was expressed in Escberichia coli using sequences of glucagon molecules and enterokinase cleavage site as an N-terminus fusion partner. The insoluble aggregates of recombinant fusion protein produced in E. coli cytoplasm were easily dissolved by simple alkaline pH shift $(8\rightarrow12\rightarrow8)$. Following enterokinase cleavage, the recombinant hIL-2 was finally purified by one-step reversed-phase HPLC with high purity. The ease and high efficiency of this simple purification process seem to mainly result from the role of used glucagon fusion partner, which could be applied to the production of other therapeutically important proteins.

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Inhibitory Effects of Extracts of Houttuynia cordata Thumb (Saururaceae) on Cytokine Release of Human Monocytic THP-1 Cells and Human Eosinophilic EoL-1 Cells

  • Lee, Ji-Sook
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.341-347
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    • 2010
  • In the present study, we investigated whether Houttuynia cordata Thumb (Saururaceae; HC) extracts have an anti-inflammatory effect in human monocytic THP-1 cells and human eosinophilic EoL-1 cells. The dried and powdered whole plants of HC were extracted with 80% EtOH. The combined extract (HC-1) was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with water, and then successively partitioned with n-hexane, EtOAc, and BuOH to produce the n-hexane (HC-2), EtOAc (HC-3), BuOH (HC-4), and the water-soluble fractions (HC-5), respectively. HC extracts have no cytotoxicity on THP-1 cells and EoL-1 cells at a high concentration of $10\;{\mu}g/ml$ for 24 h, except HC-2 extract ($10\;{\mu}g/ml$). Interleukin-6, Interleukin-8 and Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in THP-1 cells were increased after the treatment with the extract from house dust mite or LPS. The increase of cytokine production was strongly suppressed by HC-3 extract, in comparision with other extracts. HC-3 also had inhibitory effect on Interleukin-6 production increased by mite extract and LPS in EoL-1 cells. However, HC-3 extract increased Interleukin-8 production induced by mite extract and LPS in EoL-1 cells. These results suggest that HC extracts may be used as useful agents for treating allergic disorders such as asthma and atopic dermatitis.