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The role of Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-10 in human pulpal inflammation (성인 치수염에서의 INTERLEUKIN-6와 INTERLEUKIN-10의 작용에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Han-Soo
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.515-520
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    • 2002
  • 연구목적 : Cytokine은 유해 미생물에 대한 숙주의 방어기전으로서의 염증반응에서 숙주세포 상호간의 작용을 매개해 주는 역할을 하며, 치수조직에서도 그 존재가 확인된 바 있다. Interleukin-6와 Interleukin-10은 염증의 초기에 작용하는 cytokine으로 알려져 있으나, 치수 및 치근단 질환에서의 역할과 상호작용에 대해서는 잘 알려져 있지 않다. 본 연구에서는 성인의 치수염이 있는 치아에서 Interleukin-6와 Interleukin-10의 농도를 측정하고 이를 정상 치수와 비교함으로써 이들의 치수염에서의 작용을 연구하는 것을 목적으로 하였다. 방법 : 총 60개의 성인 치아들을 대상으로 하였다. 치수염으로 진단된 치아들을 실험군으로 하였고, 정상 치수를 가진 치아들을 대조군으로 하였다. 발치한 치아에서 치수조직을 적출하였다. ELISA를 사용하여 적출된 치수조직 내의 Interleukin-6와 Interleukin-10의 양을 측정하였으며, 그 결과를 Mann-Whitney rank sum test를 사용하여 통계학적 유의성을 검증하였다. 조직학적 검사를 위해서는 발치된 치아에서 치수조직을 적출하여 헤마톡실린-에오신 염색을 시행한 후 관찰하였다. 결과 : 1. Interleukin-6의 농도는 실험군에서 대조군보다 유의하게 높게 나타났다(p<0.05). 2. Interleukin-10의 농도는 실험군에서 대조군보다 유의하게 높게 나타났다(p<0.05). 3. 조직학적 관찰 결과 실험군에서 림프구의 침윤과 부분적인 조직의 괴사 등 염증반응의 양상을 관찰할 수 있었다.

Interleukin-6 and Interleukin-10 in experimentally induced rat Pulpal inflammation (실험적으로 유도된 백서의 치수염에서의 INTERLEUKIN-6와 INTERLEUKIN-10의 농도와 분포에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Seok-Woo;Baek, Seung-Ho;Kim, Chul-Ho;Lim, Sung-Sam
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.232-238
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    • 2002
  • 연구목적 : Cytokine은 유해 미생물에 대한 숙주의 방어기전으로서의 염증반응에서 숙주세포 상호간의 작용을 매개해 주는 역할을 하며, 인간의 치수조직에서도 그 존재가 확인된 바 있다. Interleukin-6와 Interleukin-10은 염증의 초기에 작용하는 cytokine으로 알려져 있으나, 치수 및 치근단 질환에서의 역할과 상호작용에 대해서는 잘 알려져 있지 않다. 본 연구에서는 치수염의 원인균으로 알려진 Prevotella nigrescens를 이용하여 백서의 치수염을 유도한 후 시간의 변화에 따른 Interleukin-6, Interleukin-10의 농도의 변화를 측정하여 이들의 치수염에서의 작용을 알아보는 것을 목적으로 한다. 방법 : 실험적으로 치수의 염증반응을 일으키기 위하여 치수염의 원인균으로 알려진 Prevotella nigrescens를 이용하였다. 실험동물의 하악절치의 incisal tip부분을 절단한 후(n=120), 치수강을 개방시켰다. 실험군에서는 Prevotella nigrescens를 멸균된 면구에 묻혀서 개방된 치수강 내에 접종하였으며, 대조군에서는 균을 접종하지 않고 멸균된 면구만을 개방된 치수강 내에 위치시켰다. 그 후 1, 2, 5일이 경과되었을 때 실험에 사용된 치아를 발치하여, 치수조직을 적출하였다. Amersham사의 ELISA kit를 사용하여 적출된 치수조직내의 Interleukin-6와 Interleukin-10의 양을 측정하였으며 그 결과를 Mann-Whitney rank sum test를 사용하여 통계학적 유의성을 검증하였다. 조직학적 검사를 위해서는 발치된 치아를 nitric acid를 사용하여 탈회시킨 후 헤마톡실린-에오신 염색을 시행한 후 관찰하였다. 결과 : 1) Interleukin-6의 농도는 균접종 후 1일, 2일, 5일 모두에서 실험군에서 대조군보다 높게 나타났으며, 균접종 1일째의 결과는 통계적 유의성이 있었다(P<0.05). 2) Interleukin-10의 농도는 균접종 후 1일, 2일, 5일 모두에서 실험군에서 대조군보다 높게 나타났으며, 균접종 1일째의 결과는 통계적 유의성이 있었다(P<0.05). 3) Interleukin-10/1nterleukin-6 ratio는 실험군과 대조군 모두에서 1일보다 2일째의 결과에서 더 높은 값을 보였으며 대조군에서는 통계적 유의성을 보였다(P<0.05). 4)조직학적 관찰결과 균접종 후 2일째의 조직표본에서는 림프구의 침윤과 부분적인 조직의 괴사 등 염증반응의 양상을 관찰할 수 있었으며, 균접종 5일째의 조직표본에서는 염증의 정도가 감소되는 양상을 확인할 수 있었다.

ACTIONS OF RECOMBINANT $INTERLEUKIN-1{\beta}$, TUMOR NECROSIS $FACTOR-{\alpha}$ AND INTERLEUKIN-6 ON BONE RESORPTION IN VITRO (RECOMBINANT $INTERLEUKIN-1{\beta}$, TUMOR NECROSIS $FACTOR-{\alpha}$ 및 INTERLEUKIN-6의 골흡수 유도 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Moo;Choi, Sang-Mook
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.155-164
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    • 1994
  • 치조골흡수는 만성치주질환의 전형적인 증상이다. 골흡수에 작용하는 여러 요인들 중에서도, 특히 최근에 들어서 몇몇 cytokine들에 대한 관심이 높아지고 있는데, interleukin-1(IL-1), tumor necrosis factor(TNF) 및 interleukin-6(IL-6) 등이 치주질환의 진행과정에서 중요한 치조골흡수요인으로 제안되고 있다. 본 연구의 목적은 신생쥐의 골조직 배양실험을 통해서 recombinant human $interleukin-1{\beta}$ ($rHuIL-1{\beta}$), recombinant human tumor necrosis $factor-{\alpha}$($rHuTNF-{\alpha}$) 및 recombinant human interleukin-6(rHuIL-6) 의 골흡수 유도효과를 알아보고, cyclooxygenase 억제제인 indomethacin과 recombinant murine $interferon-{\gamma}$($rMurIFN-{\gamma}$)가 이들 cytokine의 골흡수 유도능력에 미치는 영향을 알아봄으로써 이들 cytokine의 작용기구에 대해서 알아보고자 하는데 있다. 생후 1-2일된 쥐에게 $1{\mu}Ci^{45}CaCl_2$를 피하주사하고 4일 후에 쥐를 희생시켜 $^{45}Ca$ 로 표지된 두개골을 얻어 24시간 전배양 후, 각 cytokine ($rHuIL-1{\beta}$, $rHuTNF-{\alpha}$ 및 rHuIL-6)과 cytokine 및 첨가약제 (indomethacin 및 $rMurIFN-{\gamma}$)가 함유된 배지로 교환하여 48시간 배양한다. 골흡수 유도효과는 두개골에서 48시간의 배양 중 유리되는 $^{45}Ca$의 방사능 정도로 평가하였다. 본 연구를 통해 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1. $rHuIL-1{\beta}$ ($10^{-12}-10^{-9}M$) 및 $rHuTNF-{\alpha}$ ($10^{-10}-10^{-8}M$)는 농도변화에 따르는 골흡수 유도효과를 보였으나 , rHuIL-6 ($10^{-10}-10^{-8}M$)는 유의할 만한 효과를 보이지 않았다. 2. Indomethacin ($10^{-6}M$)은 $rHuIL-1{\beta}$$rHuTNF-{\alpha}$의 골흡수 유도작용에 유의할 만한 억제효과를 나타내지 않았다. 3. $rMurIFN-{\gamma}$ (1000 U/ml) 은 $rHuIL-1{\beta}$$rHuTNF-{\alpha}$의 골흡수 유도작용에 유의한 억제효과를 나타내었다. 본연구를 통해 치주질환 환자의 치주조직에서 검출되는 $IL-1{\beta}$$TNF-{\alpha}$가 치조골 흡수에 중요한 역할을 할 것으로 생각된다.

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A study on the effects of herbal acupuncture with Liriopis Tuber extract on airway inflammation in the mouse induced with bronchial asthma

  • Park, Young-Whan;Park, Hee-Soo
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.105-121
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    • 2001
  • Objectives: Herbal acupuncture has been administered with Liriopis Tuber extract on the point of BL 13 (Pyesu) to treat bronchial asthma and a certain degree of clinical benefits have been observed but lacking scientific substantiation. Methods: The present report describes on Th1 cytokine (Interleukin-2, Interferon-gamma), Th2 cytokine, (Interleukin-4, Interleukin-5), and IL-12 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (ELISA). Five groups were devised to study the effects of herbal acupuncture with Liriopis Tuber extract at BL 13 (Pyesu) for airway inflammation in the mouse model with bronchial asthma. Results shows that herbal acupuncture with Liriopis Tuber extract at BL 13 increased Th1 cytokine (Interleukin-2) in allergic sensitization and allergic challenge, and decreased Th2 cytokine (Interleukin-2, Interleukin-5) in allergic sensitization.

Effects of mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ on collagenase and TIMP-1 expression in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (기계적 자극과 interleukin-$1{\beta}$가 치주인대 섬유아세포의 collagenase와 TIMP-1의 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Myung-Lip;Bae, Chang
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.165-174
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    • 1998
  • The turnover of collagen is controlled by the balance between collagen synthesis and degradation. The production of collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-1) and its inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of matrix metallopmteinase-1 (TIMP-1) are one of the substances which regulate this balance. The periodontal ligament fibroblast plays an important role in collagen metabolism during orthodontic treatment and is believed to be an origin of the osteoblast in the alveolar bone. The collagenase secreted by the periodontal ligament fibroblast and the osteoblast initiates the bone resorption by removing the osteoid layer in the alveloar bone. The interleukin-$1{\beta}$ is secreted by the macrophage during orthodontic treatment. The present study was undertaken to assess the effect of mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ on the expression of collagenase and TIMP-1 in the periodontal ligament fibroblasts using reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemical staining. The periodontal ligament fibroblasts were stitched by placing the $Petriperm dish^{\circledR}$ dish on the top of spheroidal convex watch glass ($5\%$ surface increase) and tented with interleukin-$1{\beta}$ (1.0 ng/ml), or treated with both of them. Treatment with mechanical stress and/or interleukin-$1{\beta}$ resulted in increased collagenase mRNA expression. The mechanical stress treated group (1.61, 1.62, 1.37 fold increase), the interleukin-$1{\beta}$, tented group (1.68, 1.60, 3.78 fold increase), the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group (1.89, 1.72, 5.48 fold increase) induced increases in collagenase mRNA compared with the control group after 2, 4, 8 hours respectively. But TIMP-1 mRNA expressions at experimental groups were decreased after 2, 4 hours and increased after 8 hours. The mechanical stress treated group (0.16, 0.49 fold decrease and 3.77 fold increase), the interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group (0.15,0.44 fold decrease and 4.46 fold increase), the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ tented group (0.15, 0.69 fold decrease and 4.81 fold increase) induced changes in TIMP-1 mRNA compared with the control group after 2, 4, 8 hours, respectively. Immunohistochemical stain showed that increased collagenase and TIMP-1 staining of the mechanical stress tented group, the interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group, and the mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ treated group compared with that of the control group after 8 hours. These findings suggest that mechanical stress and interleukin-$1{\beta}$ regulate expression of collagenase and TIMP-1.

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Insulin Resistance and Serum Levels of Interleukin-17 and Interleukin-18 in Normal Pregnancy

  • Jahromi, Abdolreza Sotoodeh;Shojaei, Mohammad;Ghobadifar, Mohamed Amin
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 2014
  • We performed this study to evaluate the role of Interleukin-17 (IL-17) and Interleukin-18 (IL-18) in insulin resistance during normal pregnancy. This descriptive cross sectional study was carried out on 97 healthy pregnant women including 32, 25, and 40 individuals in the first, second, and third trimesters, respectively, and on 28 healthy non pregnant women between the autumn of 2012 and the spring of 2013. We analyzed the serum concentrations of IL-17 and IL-18 by using the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Insulin resistance was measured by homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance equation. No significant differences between the demographic data of the pregnant and non pregnant groups were observed. Insulin resistant in pregnant women was significantly higher than the controls (p=0.006). Serum IL-17 concentration was significantly different in non pregnant women and pregnant women in all gestational ages (p<0.05). Serum IL-18 level was significantly lower in subjects with first, second, and third trimesters of pregnancy in compared to non pregnant women (p<0.05). No significant correlations were found between serum IL-17 and IL-18 levels with insulin resistance (r=0.08, p=0.34 vs. r=0.01, p=0.91, respectively). Our data suggested that IL-17 and IL-18 do not appear to attribute greatly to pregnancy deduced insulin resistance during normal pregnancy.

The Interleukin-18 Promoter -607C>A Polymorphism Contributes to Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Risk: Evidence from a Meta-analysis Including 1,886 Subjects

  • Guo, Xu-Guang;Xia, Yong
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.7577-7581
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    • 2013
  • The interleukin-18 promoter -607C>A gene polymorphism may be related to nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) risk but the results of individual studies remain conflicting. A meta-analysis including 1,886 subjects from five individual studies was therefore performed to provide a more accurate estimation. Pooled odds ratios (ORs) and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were evaluated by fixed- or random-effects models. A significant relationship between interleukin-18 promoter -607C>A gene polymorphism and NPC was found in a dominant genetic model (OR: 1.351, 95% CI: 1.089-1.676, P=0.006, $P_{heterogeneity}$=0.904), a homozygote model (OR: 1.338, 95% CI: 1.023-1.751, P=0.034, $P_{heterogeneity}$=0.863), and a heterozygote model (OR: 1.357, 95% CI: 1.080-1.704, P=0.009, $P_{heterogeneity}$=0.824). No significant association was detected in either an allelic genetic model (OR: 1.077, 95% CI: 0.960-1.207, 0.207, $P_{heterogeneity}$=0.844) or a recessive genetic model (OR: 1.093, 95% CI: 0.878-1.361, P=0.425, $P_{heterogeneity}$=0.707). In conclusion, a significant association was found between interleukin-18 promoter -607C>A gene polymorphism and NPC risk. Individuals with the C allele of interleukin-18 promoter -607C>A gene polymorphism have a higher risk of NPC development.

Influence of Propofol, Isoflurane and Enflurance on Levels of Serum Interleukin-8 and Interleukin-10 in Cancer Patients

  • Liu, Tie-Cheng
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.16
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    • pp.6703-6707
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    • 2014
  • Objective: To observe the influence of propofol, isoflurane and enflurance on interleukin-8 (IL-8) and IL-10 levels in cancer patients. Methods: Ninety cancer patients with selective operation from March 2011 to May 2014 were randomly divided into group A (34 cases), group B (28 cases) and group C (28 cases). Intramuscular injections of scopine hydrochloride and phenobarbital sodium were routinely conducted to 3 groups. After general anesthesia was induced, tracheal intubations were given. During the maintenance of anesthesia, 0.5~1.0 mg/kg propofol was intravenously injected to group A discontinuously, while continuous suctions of isoflurane and enflurance were subsequently performed to group B and C correspondingly. Clinical outcomes, postoperative complications as well as serum IL-8 and IL-10 levels before operation (T0), at the time of skin incision (T1), 3 h after the beginning of the operation (T2) and 24 h (T3) and 72 h (T4) after the operation were observed among 3 groups. Results: Operations in all groups were successfully completed. The rates of surgery associated complications were 8.82% (3/34), 7.14% (2/28) and 7.14% (2/28) in group A, B and C, respectively, and there were no significant differences (P>0.05). Serum IL-8 and IL-10 levels increased gradually from the beginning of the operation and reached the peak at T3, and were evidently higher at each time point than at T0 (P<0.01). At T1, serum IL-8 and IL-10 levels had no significant differences among 3 groups (P>0.05), but the differences were significant at T2, T3 and T4 (P<0.05). Moreover, correlation analysis suggested that serum IL-8 level was in positive relation with IL-10 level (r=0.952, P<0.01). Conclusions: Propofol, which is better in inhibiting serum IL-8 secretion and improving IL-10 secretion than isoflurane and enflurance, can be regarded as a preferable anesthetic agent in inhibiting traumatic inflammatory responses.

Bach2 represses the AP-1-driven induction of interleukin-2 gene transcription in CD4+ T cells

  • Jang, Eunkyeong;Lee, Hye Rim;Lee, Geon Hee;Oh, Ah-Reum;Cha, Ji-Young;Igarashi, Kazuhiko;Youn, Jeehee
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.50 no.9
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    • pp.472-477
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    • 2017
  • The transcription repressor Bach2 has been proposed as a regulator of T cell quiescence, but the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. Given the importance of interleukin-2 in T cell activation, we investigated whether Bach2 is a component of the network of factors that regulates interleukin-2 expression. In primary and transformed $CD4^+$ T cells, Bach2 overexpression counteracted T cell receptor/CD28- or PMA/ionomycin-driven induction of interleukin-2 expression, and silencing of Bach2 had the opposite effect. Luciferase and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays revealed that Bach2 binds to multiple Maf-recognition element-like sites on the interleukin-2 proximal promoter in a manner competitive with AP-1, and thereby represses AP-1-driven induction of interleukin-2 transcription. Thus, this study demonstrates that Bach2 is a direct repressor of the interleukin-2 gene in $CD4^+$ T cells during the immediate early phase of AP-driven activation, thereby playing an important role in the maintenance of immune quiescence in the steady state.