• Title/Summary/Keyword: Intention to Quit Smoking

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Factors Influencing Intention to Quit Smoking in Korean Adult Smokers: Using 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (우리나라 성인 흡연자의 금연의도와 관련 요인: 2014년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Moon, Seongmi
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.178-190
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The present study was designed to examine the impact of socioeconomic, health-related, and health behavioral factors on Korean people's intention to quit smoking. Methods: The subjects were 851 men and 145 women, aged 19 or more who had participated in the 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The intention to quit smoking was categorized as "within 6 months," "after 6 months," or "no intention". The associations of the intention to quit smoking with sociodemographic, health related, and health behavioral factors were examined in a logistic regression. Results: In male smokers, the number of diseases, perceived somatotype, vigorous intensity leisure activity, aerobic physical activity, and smoking intensity had a significant influence on the intention to quit smoking. In female somkers, the economic status, number of diseases, walking activity, and moderate intensity leisure activity were significantly influential on the intention to quit smoking. Conclusion: To increase male smokers' intention to quit smoking, it should be emphasized that smoking is harmful to. Moreover, special attention should be paid to low-educated female smokers to increase their intention to quit smoking.

Factors Associated with Intention to Quit Smoking among Male Smokers in 13 Communities in Honam region of Korea: 2010 Community Health Survey (남자 흡연자의 금연의도 관련 요인: 호남지역 13개 지역 2010 지역사회 건강조사)

  • Ryu, So-Yeon;Shin, Jun-Ho;Kang, Myeng-Guen;Park, Jong
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2011
  • Objectives: This study is to identify factors associated with intention to quit smoking among male adult smokers in 13 communities of Korea. Methods: Data from 2010 Community Health Survey (CHS) in 13 communities of Honam region, Korea, were analyzed. Multiple logistic analysis method was used to determine the influence of selected factors on the intention to quit smoking among male smokers. Results: Residential area, smoking amounts per day, exposure to secondhand smoking, past attempts to quit, walking activity, brushing teeth after lunch, and stress were found to be independently associated with intention to quit smoking. Socio-demographic factors including age, marital status, educational level, and monthly income were not associated. Conclusions: Identifying factors associated with intention to quit smoking provides possibilities for shaping effective policies and programs for increasing smoking cessation in Korea.

Factors affecting Smoking Middle School Students' Intention to Quit Smoking: On the Basis of the ASE Model (흡연 중학생의 금연의도에 영향 미치는 요인: ASE 모델 적용을 중심으로)

  • Seo, Young Sook;Kim, Young Im
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.471-479
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify factors for smoking middle school students' intention to quit smoking on the basis of the social influence and self-efficacy [ASE] model. Methods: Data were collected from 2,015 students from five middle schools in Daegu with a structured questionnaire in March, 2013 and analyzed by using $x^2$-test, ANOVA, pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis. Results: The smoking rate was 6.1% among the total subjects and 85.4% of the smokers had intention to quit smoking. The mean value of attitude toward quitting smoking was $2.15{\pm}0.34$, that of social influence $3.38{\pm}0.65$, and that of self-efficacy $2.84{\pm}0.95$. The multiple regression analysis showed an explanatory power of 24.7%, and experience of trying to quit smoking was the strongest factor affecting the intention to quit smoking (${\beta}$=.34, p<.01), followed by school years and social influence. Conclusion: In order to increase smoking middle school students' intention to quit smoking, intervention strategies are needed to increase positive social influence or to offer public information to younger smoking students in low school years.

The influence of threat perception and psychological reactance to cigarette warning labels on intention to quit smoking among smoking adolescents -with focus on industrial specialized high school students (특성화 고등학교 흡연 청소년의 담뱃갑 경고그림 위협인식, 심리적 저항이 금연의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Suhyun;Park, Jiyoung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.283-296
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    • 2021
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of threat perception and psychological reactance to graphic health warnings on cigarette packages on intention to quit smoking among smoking adolescents. Methods: The participants were 185 smoking adolescents attending two industrial specialized high schools, who had witnessed graphic health warnings on cigarette packages within the previous 30 days. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis using SPSS/WIN Ver. 25.0. Results: The results showed that participant threat perception (𝛽=.14, p=.037) after witnessing a cigarette warning message had a positive influence on intention to quit smoking. On the other hand, psychological reactance (𝛽=-.23, p=.001) showed a negative influence on intention to quit smoking. Conclusion: When designing and developing a message for smoking adolescents, customized messages are required to reflect teenagers' characteristics and raise threat perception and lower psychological reactance. In addition, we propose a future study be conducted to determine the influences of various psychological determinants, including self-efficacy and skills, on threat perception and psychological reactance to graphic health warnings on cigarette packages among smoking adolescents.

Factors Associated with Intention to Quit Smoking in Community-dwelling Male Adult Smokers (지역사회 거주 성인남성의 금연의도 관련요인)

  • Ahn, Hye-Ran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.364-371
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the factors associated with intention to quit smoking in community-dwelling male adult smokers in Korea. Methods: This study was cross-sectional research that used data of 4,010 male smokers. Data from the 2013 Community Health Survey were analyzed through multiple logistic regression. Results: Of the male adult smokers, 65.64% reported that they had an intention to quit smoking. In the logistic regression analysis, age, amount of smoking per day, previous attempts to quit smoking, exposure to smoking-quitting campaigns, and toothbrushing after lunch were significantly associated with intention to quit smoking. Conclusion: These factors should be considered in developing policies and population-based smoking cessation programs to increase smoking cessation among Korean men.

Factors Affecting Intention to Quit Smoking of Current Smokers by Gender (성별에 따른 흡연자의 금연의도 관련 요인)

  • Noh, Young-Min;Lee, Yejin;Kim, Ji-yeon;Noh, Jin-Won
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.321-328
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    • 2019
  • This study is to identify the factors related to smokers' intention to quit smoking and the differences between male and female smokers. We used data from Community Health Survey of 2017 and a total of 39,435 participated in the study. It was analyzed through IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 to conduct frequency analysis and binary logistic regression analysis. We found that gender, age, marital status, education, household income, subjective health, attempts to quit smoking, exposure to quit smoking campaigns, education to quit smoking, and number of cigarettes per day are related to the smokers' intention to quit smoking. For male smokers, education and household income are relevant to their intention to quit smoking, unlike female smokers. The findings suggest that smoking cessation campaigns and education are necessary for smokers with low level of education or income. Further, it indicates that gender differences should be taken into consideration upon intervention program.

Predictors of Intention to Quit Smoking in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (급성관상동맥증후군 환자의 금연의도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yun, Kyung-Soon;Cho, Sook-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.107-119
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study is a descriptive research to investigate the predictors of intention to quit smoking in patients with acute coronary syndrome(ACS). Methods: A total of 192 ACS patients hospitalized for an angiogram during symptom management were conveniently recruited from a university hospital cardiovascular care unit. Data were collected from January to December in 2018 and were analyzed using binominal logistic regression. Results: The predictors of intention to quit smoking in patients with ACS were drinking(odds ratio[OR]=0.315, p=.006), experience of smoking cessation education(OR=0.325, p=.007), depression(OR=0.739, p<.001), and smoking-related self-efficacy(OR=1.091 p=.006). Conclusion: The findings suggest that the alleviation of depression and enhancement of smoking-related self-efficacy can prevent recurrence and enhance the treatment of ACS.

Predictors of Intention to Quit Smoking among Patient with Coronary Heart Disease (관상동맥질환자의 금연의도에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • 김은경;김매자;송미령
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.355-363
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the level of intention to quit smoking and to identify factors influencing intention to quit among patients with coronary heart disease. Method: The subjects consisted of 80 male patients with coronary heart disease (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction) at three hospitals in Seoul. The data were collected with self reporting in a structured questionnaire. Stepwise multiple regression was used to identify predictors of intention to quit. Included variables were attitudes toward smoking cessation, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, usefulness of smoking cessation, and previous attempts to quit. Result: 1. The mean score for intention to quit was 11.1($\pm$6.1) which was lower than median score of the scale. 2. There were significant correlations between the all predictive variables and the intention to quit(r=.24-.48, p<.05). 3. usefulness of smoking cessation, perceived behavioral control, and previous attempts to quit explained 34.6% of the variance for intention to quit. Conclusion: usefulness of smoking cessation, perceived behavioral control, and previous attempts to quit were identified as important variables in explaining the intention to quit smoking among patients with coronary heart disease. Thus, it is necessary to try to enhance this factors for increasing intention to quit among patients with coronary heart disease.

Predictors of Intention to Quit Smoking among Woman Smokers in Korea (한국 흡연여성의 금연의도 영향요인)

  • Park, Kyung-Yeon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.253-263
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was done to explore the predictors asssociated with Korean women smokers' intentions to quit smoking. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study including 3,578 women smokers. Data from the 2010 Community Health Survey conducted by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were examined and analyzed using SPSS 21.0 for multiple logistic regression. Results: Of the women smokers 52.2% reported having an intention to quit smoking but only 3.9% had received education in smoking cessation. In the logistic analysis, factors associated with intention to quit smoking were age (Odds ratio and 95% [confidence interval]: 0.97 [0.96-0.98]), health-related quality of life (OR=2.39 [1.14-5.03]), perceived stress (OR=1.11 [1.00-1.22]), marital status (OR=0.93 [.86-1.00]), age of starting to smoke (OR=1.14 [1.04-1.24]), number of cigarettes per day (OR=0.84 [0.76-0.93]), exposure to smoking-quitting campaigns (OR=1.48 [1.22-1.80]), previous attempts at weight-control (OR=1.37 [1.15-1.63]), frequency of alcohol use (OR=1.16 [1.01-1.34]), hypercholesterolemia (OR=1.62 [1.18-2.24]), experiences of trying to quit smoking (OR=4.04 [3.45-4.73]), and regular medical check-up (OR=1.13 [1.03-1.43]). Conclusion: Identifying factors associated with the intentions to quit smoking provides possibilities for shaping effective policies and programs to increase smoking cessation among Korean women.

Factors Contributing to the Intention to Quit Smoking in Community-dwelling Elderly Smokers (지역사회 거주 노인의 금연의도 영향요인)

  • Kim, Jung Soon;Yu, Jung Ok;Kim, Myo Sung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.358-365
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with the intention to quit smoking in community-dwelling elderly smokers. Methods: From the database of the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES-IV), the researchers selected 448 elderly smokers over the age of 65. Data were analyzed with the $x^2$ test and multiple logistic regression using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: Of the respondents, 45.5% intended to quit. The factors associated with the intention to quit were relative youth, having limit of activity day living and having past attempts to quit. Conclusion: Population-based smoking cessation programs, especially those targeted at the elderly, should take these predictors into consideration in the design of interventions.