• Title, Summary, Keyword: Integrity

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An Effective Multiple Transition Pattern Generation Method for Signal Integrity Test on Interconnections (Signal Integrity 연결선 테스트용 다중천이 패턴 생성방안)

  • Kim, Yong-Joon;Yang, Myung-Hoon;Park, Young-Kyu;Lee, Dae-Yeal;Yoon, Hyun-Jun;Kang, Sung-Ho
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea SD
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.14-19
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    • 2008
  • Semiconductor testing area challenges many testing issues due to the minimization and ultra high performance of current semiconductors. Among these issues, signal integrity test on interconnections must be solved for highly integrated circuits like SoC. In this paper, we propose an effective pattern application method for signal integrity test on interconnects. Proposed method can be applied by using boundary scan architecture and very efficient test can be preceded with pretty short test time.

Failure Probability Estimation of Steam Generator Tube Containing Axial Through-Wall Crack (축방향 관통균열이 존재하는 증기발생기 세관의 파손확률 예측)

  • Moon Seong In;Lee Sang Min;Bae Sung Ryul;Chang Yoon Suk;Hwang Seong Sik;Kim Joung Soo;Kim Young Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.22 no.10
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    • pp.137-143
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    • 2005
  • The integrity of steam generator tubes in nuclear power plant should be maintained sufficiently during operation. For sake of this, complicated assessment procedures are required such as fracture mechanics analysis, etc. The integrity assessment of tubes has been performed by using conventional deterministic approaches while there are many uncertainties to carry out a rational evaluation. In this respect, probabilistic integrity assessment is considered as an alternative method for integrity assessment. The objectives of this study are to develop an integrity assessment system based on probabilistic fracture mechanics and to predict the failure probability of steam generator tubes containing an axial through-wall crack. The developed integrity assessment system consists of three evaluation modules, which apply first order reliability method, second order reliability method and Monte Carlo simulation method, respectively. The system has been applied to predict failure probability of steam generator tubes and the estimation results showed a promising applicability of the probabilistic integrity assessment system.

A Study on the Development and Effects of an Educational Program for Ego Integrity of the Elderly through Therapeutic Recreation (치료레크레이션을 활용한 노인자아통합 교육프로그램 개발과 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Sook-Ja;Lee, Yeung-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.623-630
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    • 2008
  • An educational program through therapeutic recreation was developed in order to analyze the effect of enhancement of ego integrity of the elderly. First of all, this study was designed to summarize the concepts of ego integrity and the effects of therapeutic recreation on the elderly and to identify elderly's educational needs of both educational methods and contents from the literature review. The above identified knowledge and information were applied to developing the educational program. The program was composed of 6 sessions with 17 old men and women focused on developing self acceptance using reminiscence on ego integrity through their whole life span and developing positive and active attitudes towards life. And enforcing and evaluation methods were also suggested. The results were as follows. This program showed the significant differences between post-test and pre-test scores in the scale of ego integrity of the elderly. In conclusion, educational program through therapeutic recreation employed for this study has significant effects of increasing ego integrity of the elderly.

A Lightweight Integrity Authentication Scheme based on Reversible Watermark for Wireless Body Area Networks

  • Liu, Xiyao;Ge, Yu;Zhu, Yuesheng;Wu, Dajun
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.8 no.12
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    • pp.4643-4660
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    • 2014
  • Integrity authentication of biometric data in Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) is a critical issue because the sensitive data transmitted over broadcast wireless channels could be attacked easily. However, traditional cryptograph-based integrity authentication schemes are not suitable for WBAN as they consume much computational resource on the sensor nodes with limited memory, computational capability and power. To address this problem, a novel lightweight integrity authentication scheme based on reversible watermark is proposed for WBAN and implemented on a TinyOS-based WBAN test bed in this paper. In the proposed scheme, the data is divided into groups with a fixed size to improve grouping efficiency; the histogram shifting technique is adopted to avoid possible underflow or overflow; local maps are generated to restore the shifted data; and the watermarks are generated and embedded in a chaining way for integrity authentication. Our analytic and experimental results demonstrate that the integrity of biometric data can be reliably authenticated with low cost, and the data can be entirely recovered for healthcare applications by using our proposed scheme.

Effects of Participating Self-Growth Program on Ego-Integrity and Family Relationship Satisfaction of the Elderly Women (자기성장 프로그램 참여가 노년기 여성의 자아통합감과 가족관계만족도에 미치는 효과)

  • Choi, Soon Ho;Yoon, Gyung Ja
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study was to test the effects of participating self-growth program on ego-integrity and family relationship satisfaction of the elderly women. The subjects were 15 elderly women of low education. The levels of ego-integrity, including life attitudes, wisdom toward life, acceptance of life, and acceptance of death, and family relation satisfaction were measured before and after completing the program sessions. The program of eight sessions was conducted twice a week, for two hours. A significant difference in ego integrity, relation satisfaction with children, and relation satisfaction with grandchildren was found between pre- and post-test scores. The results show that elderly women can benefit from programs enhancing ego integrity and relation satisfaction with offspring. This study can be utilized in the Healthy Family Support Centers or the elderly welfare program for improvement of ego-integrity and parent-child relationship satisfaction of the elderly.

Effects of Rotated Endotracheal Tube Fixation Method on Unplanned Extubation, Oral Mucosa and Facial Skin Integrity in ICU Patients (기관내관 순환고정방법이 중환자실 환자의 비계획적 발관 및 구강.안면 피부 통합성에 미치는 효과)

  • Choi, Young-Soon;Chae, Young-Ran
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.116-124
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The study was done to compare effects of two endotracheal tube (ET tube) fixation methods (rotated fixation versus conventional) on unplanned extubation and skin integrity for orally intubated patients in intensive care units. Methods: The research design was a non-equivalent control group with repeated measures design. Participants were 80 patients; 40 participants assigned to each group. ET tube for the experimental participants fixed with rotated method every morning. Unplanned extubation was assessed by bedside nurses using the unplanned extubation report form. Oral mucosa and facial skin integrity were assessed using oral assessment guide and facial skin integrity assessment guide at day 3, 7, 10 and 14. Results: There was no difference in the unplanned extubation rate between the two groups. Oral mucosa impairment scores for the rotated fixation method were significantly lower at day 7 (p=.044), 10 (p=.048) and day 14 (p=.037). Also facial skin integrity impairment scores for the same group were significantly lower at day 7 (p=.010), 10 (p=.003), and 14 (p=.002). Conclusion: Results of the study suggest that the rotated fixation method is effective for these patients, to prevent impairment of oral mucosa and facial skin integrity. Further research is needed to prevent unplanned extubation.

The Influencing Factors on the Ego Integrity of Elderly Living Alone (독거노인의 자아통합감에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Jeong, Hyun Jeong;Yoon, Sook Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.499-508
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted in order to determine the extent of ego integrity and to confirm the association between the sense of ego integrity and integrated loneliness, social support, and social activities. Methods: For this study, 146 elderly people participated. The data was analyzed with SPSS/WIN 21.0, using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, correlation analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. Results: In regards to differences between ego integrity according to general characteristics of subjects, there was a statistically significant difference in education (F=4.13, p=.007). In elderly living alone, ego integrity was significantly positive correlated with social support and social activities, but negative correlated with loneliness. These variables explained 43.2% of the sense of ego integrity. Conclusion: The study suggested that nursing programs and social activity programs designed to aid the elderly living alone must focus on reducing loneliness, as well as increasing social support and social activities, while taking education into consideration. Also, these programs should strive to build social support systems.

THE EFFECT OF POSTULATED FLAWS ON THE STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY OF RPV DURING PTS

  • Jhung, Myung-Jo;Choi, Young-Hwan;Chang, Yoon-Suk;Kim, Jong-Wook
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.647-654
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    • 2007
  • Postulation of flaws, one of the most important areas in RPV integrity assessment, significantly affects the results. In the present work, several parameters, such as orientation, underclad vs. surface cracking, crack depth and shape, etc., are postulated and parametric studies are performed to investigate the influence of the flaw parameters on the structural integrity assessment of the reactor pressure vessel during pressurized thermal shock. The influence of individual parameters describing the crack is evaluated based on sensitivity study results.

What Is Research Misconducts? Publication Ethics Is as Important as Research Integrity

  • Uhm, Chang-Sub
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.67-70
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    • 2016
  • Research ethics are mainly of two fields; research integrity and publication ethics. Research misconducts can occur at both areas. Examples of the research integrity violations are falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism; and those of the publication ethics violations are duplicate publication including self-plagiarism, and improper authorship. In this paper, concepts of research misconducts defined in Research Misconduct-related Rules of The Korean Society of Microscopy are explained and discussed.

The ethics of integrity (자아 통합성의 윤리)

  • Lee, Hye-jung
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.144
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    • pp.319-338
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    • 2017
  • Nowadays, the attention of integrity increases in ethics by concerning about the self and reviving the virtue ethic. It's terminology is diverse because integrity is understood and translated in various dimensions. I am trying to translate integrity into self-integration. Firstly, the reason why is to bring the Latin language of integrity. The Latin language of integrity means an undivided and broken completeness or totality with nothing wanting. Secondly, This is the reason why it is related with the morally good life. This integrity is not an integration as a stream of consciousness and a substantial self identity given from an ancient Greek. I resolve a self integration through the unity of a narrative of MacIntyre. MacIntyre's point is like this. Integrity is connected with the unity of character which a self is embedded in character. The unity of character presupposes a self identity, ultimately the integrity of narrative requires the unity of character. But like a beginning and middle and end of a narrative, he says that the concept of self is based on the its unity in the narrative uniting birth and middle and death. This is in the course of life being his/her history and narrative because a self has a sustainability of time embedded in a life from birth to end. That self exists as a subject making its narrative shows being responsible for and responsible for experience and action constructing this narrative. This shows the relation with narrative and temporality. The self of present is talking about the self of past and brings the problem of responsibility by narrating the self of future. Then, who are those person who live life of their integrity. We can talk that comfort women live life of their integrity. Comfort women realized their integrity by narrating and become subject of their history.