• Title, Summary, Keyword: Integrity

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Mutual Reciprocal Relationship between Ego Integrity and Depression in Elderly: Multi-dimensional Influencing Factors (노인의 자아통합감과 우울의 상호 순환적 관계에 대한 모형 검정: 다차원적 영향요인을 중심으로)

  • Jeong, Hye Sun;Oh, Hyun Soo
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.262-272
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the mutual reciprocal relationship between elders' ego integrity and depression including physical and psycho-social predictors of both variables. The study also investigated the significant predictors of elders' ego integrity and depression. Methods: Data were collected using a structured questionnaire from 137 elders. Results: Perceived health status, self-esteem, family interaction, and depression were significant predictors of ego integrity, whereas pain, self-esteem, and ego integrity were significant factors of depression. The results also showed that ego integrity and depression had reciprocal relationship with each other. Conclusion: Psycho-social factors might be more important to improve ego integrity and to alleviate depression in elderly subjects than physical factors.

Broken Integrity Detection of Video Files in Video Event Data Recorders

  • Lee, Choongin;Lee, Jehyun;Pyo, Youngbin;Lee, Heejo
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.3943-3957
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    • 2016
  • As digital evidence has a highly influential role in proving the innocence of suspects, methods for integrity verification of such digital evidence have become essential in the digital forensic field. Most surveillance camera systems are not equipped with proper built-in integrity protection functions. Because digital forgery techniques are becoming increasingly sophisticated, manually determining whether digital content has been falsified is becoming extremely difficult for investigators. Hence, systematic approaches to forensic integrity verification are essential for ascertaining truth or falsehood. We propose an integrity determination method that utilizes the structure of the video content in a Video Event Data Recorder (VEDR). The proposed method identifies the difference in frame index fields between a forged file and an original file. Experiments conducted using real VEDRs in the market and video files forged by a video editing tool demonstrate that the proposed integrity verification scheme can detect broken integrity in video content.

Development of Integrity Evaluation Techniques for Concrete Structures (콘크리트 구조물의 건전성 평가 기법 개발)

  • 정연주;김도겸;이장화;조명석;송영철
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.623-626
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    • 1999
  • Structural integrity in concrete structures are affected by materialistic and environmental factors. Therefore, to develop a objective integrity evaluation method is extremely difficult. In this study, preliminary integrity evaluation method for concrete structures was proposed by conducting by visual and detailed inspection for in-situ conditions based on the weighting factors for structural significance and integrity degrading factors of each element constituting concrete structures.

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Factors Influencing Ego-Integrity in Community Dwelling Elders (재가 노인의 자아통합감에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Chang, Hae-Kyung;Oh, Won-Oak
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.529-537
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship of perceived health status, depression, meaning of life, and family function and to ego integrity, and to investigate the main factors influencing ego-integrity in community dwelling elders. Method: The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design using a convenience sampling. Data collection was done using self-report questionnaires with 157 community dwelling elders located in 3 cities, Seoul, Seosan and Gyungju. Data analysis was done using SPSS 15.0 pc+ program for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Results: There were significant differences between ego-integrity according to gender, religion, economic level and amount of spending money. Ego-integrity had significant positive correlations with perceived health status, meaning of life, family function and a negative correlations with depression. The major factors that affect ego-integrity in community dwelling elders were self-awareness and acceptance, contentedness with past and present, gender and family function, which explained 62.7% of ego-integrity. Conclusion: Findings from this study provide a comprehensive understanding of ego-integrity and related factors for community dwelling elders.

Direct and Indirect Membrane Integrity Tests for Monitoring Microbial Removal by Microfiltration (정밀여과(MF)막 미생물 제거율 모니터링을 위한 막 완전성시험)

  • Hong, Seungkwan;Miller, Frank;Taylor, James
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.801-806
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    • 2004
  • The pilot study was conducted to (i) investigate the ability of various membrane integrity monitoring methods to detect changes in membrane integrity during operation, and (ii) determine the impact of membrane damage on microbial removal by microfiltration. Two variations of air pressure hold tests were investigated for direct integrity monitoring: pressure decay (PD) and diffusive air flow (DAF) tests which are most commonly used integrity tests for microfiltration (MF) membranes. Both PD and DAF tests were sensitive enough to detect one damaged fiber out of 66,000 under field operaing conditions. Indirect integrity monitoring such as turbidity and particle counting, however, responded poorly to defects in membrane systems. Microbial challenge study was performed using both new and deliberately damaged membranes, as well as varying the state of fouling of the membrane. This study demonstrated that MF membrane with nominal pore size $0.2{\mu}m$ was capable of removing various pathogens including coliform, spore, and cryptosporidium, at the level required by drinking water regulations, even when high operating pressures were applied. A sharp decrease in average log reduction value (LRV) was observed when one fiber was damaged, emphasizing the importance of membrane integrity in control of microbial contamination.

The Concept Analysis of Ego-integrity in the Elderly (노인의 자아통합감 개념 분석)

  • Chang Sung Ok;Kong Eun Sook;Kim Kwuy Bun;Kim Nam Cho;Kim Ju Hee;Kim Chun Gill;Kim Hee Kyung;Song Mi Soon;Ahn Soo Yeon;Lee Kyung Ja;Lee Young Whee;Chon Si Ja;Cho Nam Ok
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.34 no.7
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    • pp.1172-1183
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: Ego-integrity in Erikson's stage theory is used frequently among health team members related to the care of the elderly and has specific meanings within the context of quality of life in later life. However, the concept of ego-integrity in the elderly has not been well articulated in the literature. This study was conducted clarify and conceptualize the phenomena of ego-integrity in the elderly. Method: A Hybrid Model of concept development was applied to develop a concept of ego-integrity, which included a field study carried out in Seoul, South Korea using in-depth interviews with old adults who were admitted as a right person for research subject according to attributes of ego-integrity analysed in the theoretical phase. Results: The concept of ego-integrity emerged as a complex phenomenon having meanings in several different dimensions which encompassed several attributes. Conclusions: Ego-integrity is a concept having needs that should be treated in a specific way and it is possible to enrich the meaning and methods to manage ego-integrity in nursing interventions for promoting quality of life so that its application may have effects that have positive impacts on the elderly's well being.

Ego Integrity, Appearance Behavior, Health, and Demographic Variables of Elderly Women (노년기 여성의 자아통합감과 인구통계적 특성, 건강 및 외모행동과의 관련 연구)

  • Lee, Eun-Sil;Ahn, Seong-Ah
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.43 no.12
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    • pp.153-163
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    • 2005
  • The purposes of this study were to investigate the differences of appearance behavior and ego integrity of elderly women according to demographic variables, and health, and to examine how the ego integrity of elderly women was influenced by appearance behavior, health, and demographic variables. The subjects were 117 elderly women(aged 60 to 70) in Jinju, Korea who were interviewed face-to face with a survey questionnaire. The results of the study were as follows. There were significant differences in appearance adornment and ego integrity (wise living and attitude toward life) according to age. After controlling for age, there were significant differences in appearance interest, makeup, and ego integrity according to education. There was a significant difference in ego integrity (attitude toward life) according to the presence of a spouse or mate. There were significant differences in appearance interest, makeup, and ego integrity according to health. Health and education had a significant effect on satisfaction with the present living. Health, age(-), and appearance behavior had a significant effect on wise living. Health, age(-), and education had a significant effect on attitude toward life. Education and health had a significant effect on appearance behavior. The present findings indicate that health state and appearance behavior, such as appearance interest and makeup, had a significant effect on the ego integrity of elderly women. On the whole, the ego integrity of elderly women was positively correlated with the level of health state, education, and appearance behavior.

Integrity Evaluation System of CANDU Reactor Pressure Tube

  • Kim, Young-Jin;Kwak, Sang-Log;Lee, Joon-Seong;Park, Youn-Won
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.947-957
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    • 2003
  • The pressure tube is a major component of the CANDU reactor, which supports nuclear fuel bundle. In order to complete the integrity evaluation of pressure tube, expert knowledge, iterative calculation procedures and a lot of input data are required. More over, results of integrity assessment may be different according to the evaluation method. For this reason, an integrity evaluation system, which provides efficient way of evaluation with the help of attached database, was developed. The present system was built on the basis of 3D FEM results, ASME Sec. XI, and Fitness For Service Guidelines for CANDU pressure tubes issued by the AECL (Atomic Energy Canada Limited). The present system also covers the delayed hydride cracking and the blister evaluation, which are the characteristics of pressure tube integrity evaluation. In order to verify the present system, several case studies have been performed and the results were compared with those from AECL. A good agreement was observed between those two results.

Edge-Integrity and the Syllable Structure in Korean

  • Kang, Eun-Yeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Language and Information Conference
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    • pp.135-146
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    • 2002
  • The so-called overapplication of Coda Neutralization in Korean, the occurrence of a neutralized consonant in a non-neutralizing environment, is often considered as evidence for serial derivation. In this paper I propose that the neutralization effect at surface is not a result of a phonological process at an intermediate level in serial derivation, but due to a constraint requiring the integrity of the morphological constituent: EDGE-INTEGRITY. It is argued that this is not reducible to an alignment constraint, but a genuine faithfulness constraint on the edge of a morphological constituent. The putative opacity related with the coda neutralization is shown to be an epiphenomenon arising from the ambisyllabic representation of a consonant at a morphological juncture, satisfying both EDGE-INTEGRITY arid Syllabic Conditions. Consonant Copy in the Jeju dialect provides further evidence for EDGE-INTEGRITY, the Only difference being that the conflict between Syllabic Conditions and EDGE-INTEGRITY is resolved by insertion of a copied consonant.

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A Study on Referential Integrity Constraint on Web Page (웹 페이지에서 참조무결성 제약조건에 관한 연구)

  • 유남현;손철수;김원중
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.569-572
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    • 2004
  • The Web site which many people manage and maintenance much HTML page is so difficult to solve broken link like as dangling reference and inaccurate contents reference. That is, in the case we update or delete connections structure between HTML documents, it is difficult to guarantee referential integrity of Web Pages. In this chapter, we surveyed and defined integrity constraints condition between the parent page and child page, and studied about method to express by extension UML. WWW, Constraints, UML

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