• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Integrity

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Guaranteed GNSS-based Road Charging Applications through User-Level Integrity

  • Mark, Audrey;Schortmann, Joaquin Cosmen;Olague, Miguel Angel Martinez;Merino, Miguel Romay
    • 한국항해항만학회:학술대회논문집
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    • v.2
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    • pp.77-82
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    • 2006
  • Integrity plays a fundamental role in the feasibility of 'liability critical' applications. Road charging, e.g. road tolling in urban zones or on highways, represents a series of liability critical applications where a guarantee in integrity could be a true enabler: being the mechanism that prevents the incorrect charging of users and enabling the advancement of these applications using GNSS such as Galileo and EGNOS that provide integrity mechanisms. However, the integrity of the end user position is not guaranteed by the EGNOS and Galileo integrity services alone as provided. Algorithms have been developed to supply a guarantee on the performance attainable at the user level through the provision of a horizontal protection level that responds to local user conditions such as multipath or interference. In addition, an application has been developed that implements road charging mechanisms based on the availability of user-level integrity. Results obtained show that the user-level integrity algorithms provided the required level of integrity guarantee and granularity of the horizontal protection levels necessary for executing urban and rural (highway) road charging. In addition, the road charging application developed shows that the current application domain requirements can be met through the provision of guaranteed integrity and that further reductions in the horizontal protection levels along with increased signal availability will enable future road charging modalities.

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모바일 디스플레이 회로 모듈의 시그널 인티그리티 해석 기법 (Analysis Method of Signal Integrity for Mobile Display Circuit Modules)

  • 이용민
    • 전자공학회논문지SC
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 2009
  • 본 논문은 모바일 디스플레이모듈의 signal integrity와 power integrity의 시뮬레이션 방법에 관한 것이다. 본 제안 방법은 커넥터, FPCB, 드라이버IC를 포함하는 회로모듈 해석에 사용할 수 있다. 최근에 모바일 디스플레이 업계의 시리얼 인터커넥션기술에 대한 필요성 대두로 시스템오동작 방지 및 전자기파 발생을 억제하기 위해 신호선과 전원전압에 대한 섬세한 컨트롤이 필요하다. S파라미터와 Z파라미터 분석으로 주파수 도메인과 시간 도메인에서의 상관관계를 분석한다. 멀티포트 매크로를 이용하여 시간 도메인에서 sigh integrity를 power integrity에 함께 분석할 수 있다.

소형 항공기 미익부 구조 건전성 평가에 관한 연구 (Study on Evaluation of Structural Integrity for Small Aircraft Tail)

  • 이무형;박일경;김성준;안석민
    • 항공우주시스템공학회지
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 2012
  • Structural integrity evaluation is important item in the aircraft certification. Recently, it is designed for limit load, material weakness about fatigue and corrosion, damage by bird strike in flight to evaluate structural integrity of aircraft. And static/fatigue analysis are performed to secure structural integrity, it was verified by static and fatigue tests. To evaluate the structural integrity of small aircraft tail, structural integrity was calculated by the finite element analysis. In the present study, finite element analysis are performed to pick out load cases in flight occurrence, and secure margin of safety to evaluate structural integrity of KC-100 tail unit. The proprieties of finite element analysis results are compared with the static structure test results. The estimation process of structural integrity for small aircraft tail may help the design.

Overview of 3-D IC Design Technologies for Signal Integrity (SI) and Power Integrity (PI) of a TSV-Based 3D IC

  • Kim, Joohee;Kim, Joungho
    • 한국전자파학회지:전자파기술
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.3-14
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, key design issues and considerations for Signal Integrity(SI) and Power Integrity(PI) of a TSV-based 3D IC are introduced. For the signal integrity and power integrity of a TSV-based 3-D IC channel, analytical modeling and analysis results of a TSV-based 3-D channel and power delivery network (PDN) are presented. In addition, various design techniques and solutions which are to improve the electrical performance of a 3-D IC are investigated.

Extenuating Food Integrity Risk through Supply Chain Integration: The Case of Halal Food

  • Ali, Mohd Helmi;Tan, Kim Hua;Pawar, Kulwant;Makhbul, Zafir Mohd
    • Industrial Engineering and Management Systems
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.154-162
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    • 2014
  • Effects of food scandals on religious belief, human health and even on causes of death indicate that firms and consumers are vulnerable to integrity risks in the global supply chain. Mitigating the integrity risk and maintaining the credence quality products like halal food is very challenging, if not impossible. Our aim in this research is to show that supply chain integration can mitigate the halal food integrity risk. To illustrate this idea, we have conducted case studies and interviews in seven Malaysian chicken supply chain focal firms. We unpack the halal integrity risks along the supply chain, such as production risk, raw material risk, food security risk, outsourcing practices risk, service risk, and logistics risk. The research argues that supply chain integration, such as internal integration and external integration practices, could minimize the halal integrity risk. The advantages of supply chain integration in mitigating the halal integrity risk are also highlighted in this paper.

The Effect of Corporate Integrity on Stock Price Crash Risk

  • YIN, Hong;ZHANG, Ruonan
    • The Journal of Business Economics and Environmental Studies
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: This research aims to investigate the impact of corporate integrity on stock price crash risk. Research design, data, and methodology: Taking 1419 firms listed in Shenzhen Stock Exchange in China as a sample, this paper empirically analyzed the relationship between corporate integrity and stock price crash risk. The main integrity data was hand-collected from Shenzhen Stock Exchange Website. Other financial data was collected from CSMAR Database. Results: Findings show that corporate integrity can significantly decrease stock price crash risk. After changing the selection of samples, model estimation methods and the proxy variable of stock price crash risk, the conclusion is still valid. Further research shows that the relationship between corporate integrity and stock price crash risk is only found in firms with weak internal control and firms in poor legal system areas. Conclusions: Results of the study suggest that corporate integrity has a significant influence on behaviors of managers. Business ethics reduces the likelihood of managers to overstate financial performance and hide bad news, which leads to the low likelihood of future stock price crashes. Meanwhile, corporate integrity can supplement internal control and legal system in decreasing stock price crash risks.

위성용 전장품 탑재보드의 Power Integrity 및 Signal Integrity 설계 분석을 통한 노이즈 성능 개선 (Improvement of Noise Characteristics by Analyzing Power Integrity and Signal Integrity Design for Satellite On-board Electronics)

  • 조영준;김철영
    • 한국항공우주학회지
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.63-72
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구에서는 위성용 전장품 보드의 성능 요구조건과 설계 복잡도가 높아지면서 증가되는 노이즈 문제를 최소화하기 위해 전원 건전성(Power Integrity) 및 신호 건전성(Signal Integrity)의 설계 분석이 수행되었고 이를 통해 적용된 설계 개선 내용을 기술하였다. 전원 건전성은 정전류 전압강하(DC IR drop) 해석을 통해 정적 전원의 특성을 분석하였고, 각 전원의 임피던스 해석을 통해 동적 전원의 특성을 분석하여 각 분석 결과를 이용한 설계 개선 방안들이 적용되었다. 신호 건전성 측면에서는 주요 데이터버스 신호에 대한 시간영역 파형 분석과 PCB(Printed Circuit Board) 설계 수정을 통해 노이즈가 개선된 결과를 확인하였다. 또한 설계된 PCB 보드의 전원 층에 대한 공진모드를 분석하여 발생된 공진 영역들에 완화 조치를 적용하였고 조치결과를 시뮬레이션을 통해 확인하였다. 최종적으로 분석을 통해 설계 개선이 적용된 유닛에 대해 수정 전과 후의 EMC(Electro Magnetic Compatibility) RE(Radiated Emission) 노이즈 측정결과를 비교함으로써 방사성 노이즈가 감소되었음을 확인하였다.

원자로용기 건전성평가를 위한 RVIES 시스템의 개발 (Development of a RVIES Syetem for Reactor Vessel Integrity Evaluation)

  • 이택진;최재붕;김영진;박윤원;정명조
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.2083-2090
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    • 2000
  • In order to manage nuclear power plants safely and cost effectively, it is necessary to develop integrity evaluation methodologies for the main components. Recently, the integrity evaluation techniques were broadly studied regarding the license renewal of nuclear power plants which were approaching their design lives. Since the integrity evaluation process requires special knowledges and complicated calculation procedures, it has been allowed only to experts in the specified area. In this paper, an integrity evaluation system for reactor pressure vessel was developed. RVIES(Reactor Vessel Integrity Evaluation System) provides four specific integrity evaluation procedures covering PTS(Pressurized Thermal Shock) analysis, P-T(Pressure-Temperature) limit curve generation, USE(Upper Shelf Energy) analysis and Fatigue analysis. Each module was verified by comparing with published results.

HTML 문서의 무결성 유지 시스템의 설계 및 구현 (The Design and Implementation of HTML Document Integrity Management System)

  • 조이기;이영운;황인문;양수영;김원중
    • 한국정보통신학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.380-383
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    • 2002
  • KLDP(리눅스 한글 문서 프로젝트, http://kldp.org)와 같이 많은 분량의 HTML 문서들로 이루어진 매뉴얼 사이트를 관리하는데 가장 어려운 점은 현수 참조(dangling reference), 오문 참조 (inaccurate content reference)와 같은 깨진 링크(broken link)를 관리하는 것이다. 본 논문에서는 웹사이트의 HTML 문서들 사이에 존재하는 관계성(Relationship)과 제약 조건(Constraints)을 정의하여, HTML 문서의 삽입, 삭제, 변경이 발생할 경우 사용자에게 통지하거나, 트리거를 수행하여 HTML 문서들의 무결성(Integrity)을 유지할 수 있도록 하는 HIMS(HTML Document Integrity Management System)시스템을 설계 및 구현하였다.

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