• Title, Summary, Keyword: Integrated thinking ability

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A Study on Creativity·Integrated Thinking and Problem Solving of Elementary School Students in ill-Structured Mathematics Problems (초등학생의 창의·융합적 사고 및 문제해결력에 관한 연구 -초등 수학 비(非)구조화된 문제를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Donghee;Kim, Min Kyeong
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.541-569
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of the study is to investigate elementary school students' creativity-integrated thinking ability and problem solving ability of core ability in 2015 revision curriculum of mathematics department. In addition, the relation between students' creativity-integrated thinking ability and problem solving ability was analyzed on problem solving process. As result, students' both abilities showed moderate level. Furthermore, students' creativity-integrated thinking ability and problem solving ability showed positive correlation.

A Study on the Critical Thinking Disposition of Nursing Students - Focusing on a School Applying Integrated Nursing Curriculum - (간호대학생의 비판적 사고 성향에 관한 연구 - 통합 간호교육과정을 실시하는 일 대학을 중심으로 -)

  • Yoon, Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the degree of critical thinking disposition of nursing students and the factors influencing critical thinking disposition. Method: The subjects were 406 nursing students attending at one university who have been taught by the integrated nursing curriculum. Data was collected by a self-administered questionnaire from Nov. 11, 2007 to Nov. 30, 2007. The survey tool developed by Yoon(2004) was used. Data was analyzed by t-test, one way ANOVA and Scheffe test using SPSS Win 12.0. Result: The mean score of critical thinking disposition was 3.57. The sub scales of critical thinking disposition were statistically significant in regard to grade, age and character of subjects. Overall mean score of critical thinking disposition and its sub scales were statistically significant according to the degree of satisfactory of majoring nursing, reason of choosing nursing as a major and satisfaction on integrated nursing curriculum. Conclusion: Critical thinking ability is very important in various nursing situations. Integrated nursing curriculum was developed to improve critical thinking ability of nursing students. It is recommended that evaluation on the goal attainment of the integrated nursing curriculum needs to be monitored continuously.

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The study on the Integrated Thinking Ability in Problem Based Learning Program Using Historical Materials in Mathematics (수학 문제중심학습(PBL)에서 융합적 사고력 신장 도모에 관한 의의 - 역사 소재를 중심으로-)

  • Hwang, Hye Jeang;Huh, Nan
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.161-178
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    • 2016
  • Mathematics problem based learning(PBL), which has recently attracted much attention, is a teaching and learning method to increase mathematical ability and help learning mathematical concepts and principles through problem solving using students' mathematical prerequisite knowledge. In spite of such a quite attention, it is not easy to apply and practice PBL actually in school mathematics. Furthermore, the recent instructional situations or environments has focused on student's self construction of their learning and its process. Because of this reason, to whom is related to mathematics education including math teachers, investigation and recognition on the degree of students' acquisition of mathematical thinking skills and strategies(for example, inductive and deductive thinking, critical thinking, creative thinking) is an very important work. Thus, developing mathematical thinking skills is one of the most important goals of school mathematics. In particular, recently, connection or integration of one subject and the other subject in school is emphasized, and then mathematics might be one of the most important subjects to have a significant role to connect or integrate with other subjects. While considering the reason is that the ultimate goal of mathematics education is to pursue an enhancement of mathematical thinking ability through the enhancement of problem solving ability, this study aimed to implement basically what is the meaning of the integrated thinking ability in problem based learning theory in Mathematics. In addition, using historical materials, this study was to develop mathematical materials and a sample of a concrete instructional guideline for enhancing integrated thinking ability in problem based learning program.

A Study on Information Education and School Library (정보교육과 학교도서관에 관한 연구)

  • Yoo So-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.26
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    • pp.53-74
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    • 1994
  • Creative thinking in education is a common assumption to be accomplish in this information age. Information education can contribute to build the ability to think creatively. The Author explored how information education conduces the creative thinking ability that is necessary to the development of independent and competent study for students themselves. The writer also expressed the integrated education makes students think synthetically and synthetic educational experience derives creative thinking. She based her arguments upon the theory of the psychology of memory and the Piaget's cognitive structure. To increase the effects of information education, it is necessary to integrate the curriculums and learning method of the information education and those of other areas of learning, i,e., languages, literatures, social sciences, sciences, mathematics, etc. Here, author asserted that the teaching of information skill within classroom curriculums for all subject areas can make the integrated effects on various classroom curriculums. On the basis of the findings of this study, the author recommended that every school needs to prepare enough books and other media for the students to drill information skill. Consequently, to build creative thinking ability for He students, librarians, classroom teachers and school principals who have influence on the information education, have to cooperate to initiate integrated information education for the student.

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Integrated Program Development for Creativity and Emotion of Elementary Lower Grade Students (초등 저학년 학생의 창의·정서 함양을 위한 통합 프로그램 개발)

  • Lew, Kyoung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.551-558
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to develop an integrated program to improve the creative and emotional ability of lower grade students. This program aimed to cultivate creative thinking and creative personality for problem solving, and to learn how to interact positively with others by developing emotional expression and control. Creative thinking ability includes fluency, flexibility, originality, elaboration, imagination, and sensitivity. Creative personality includes curiosity, sensitivity, adventure, humor, independence, task commitment, and problem solving leadership. We selected 6 creative thinking skills such as mind-map and brainstorming. Emotional factors consist of self /other understanding, control of emotional effect, self-expression emotionally, and respect for others for cooperation. The integrated program consisted of 12 themes, and the class time was set to 40 minutes, which is the same as the elementary curriculum. The program was conducted by a teacher with 10 years' experience.

A Study for the Evaluation of the Educational Outcome of Applied Integrated Curriculum in a Nursing College (일 간호대학 통합교육과정의 교육성과 평가)

  • Yoon, Jin;Cha, Young-Nam;Jang, Hyo-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.387-395
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    • 2008
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the educational outcome of applied integrated curriculum in a nursing college. In order to evaluate the educational outcome students' ability was surveyed for the four main elements of the curriculum. Four main elements were ability in application of nursing process, communication skill, critical thinking disposition, and competence in nursing profession. Method: The subjects were 97 nursing students who had been educated by the integrated curriculum for 4 years. Data were collected using self-report questionnaire on Dec. 6, 2006, and analyzed by using ANOVA, t-test, and pearson correlation coefficient. Result: The mean score of ability in application of nursing process was 3.78/5.00, communication skill was 3.98/5.00, critical thinking disposition was 3.73/5.00, and competence in nursing profession was 4.04/5.00. There was a significant correlation between four main elements of the curriculum. There was a significant difference in students' level of ability according to subjects' evaluation to the curriculum. Conclusion: The study results suggested that review and supplementation of the integrated curriculum. And further study on the educational outcome in order to upgrade the curriculum are needed.

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Types of Integrative Thinking Ability in Solving Earth Science Items (지구과학 문제 풀이에서 활용되는 통합 사고 유형)

  • Kwon, Susie;Shin, Donghee
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.42 no.3
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    • pp.322-333
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the types and characteristics of the integrative thinking that learners with diverse learning backgrounds use in solving earth science problems. Four students in middle school were surveyed using questionnaires to know students' science learning background and test items with integrated content. A total of 200 items, 40 integrated items and 160 general items, were administered ten times. The students did not show a consistent relationship in terms of correct answer percentage in general items and that of in integrated items. In order to understand the type of integrative thinking of each student, after students solve an item, we analyzed the percentage of correct answers by types and interviewed them and analyzed the contents to identify the characteristics of the thinking used in solving each item. As a result, the types of integrative thinking used in problem solving were classified into three types, knowledge-based, real life-based, and integrated inquiry-based types. It is necessary to study various ways to improve the integrative thinking ability considering the characteristics of students in science teaching and learning.

Development of Creativity Integrated Problem-Based Learning Model for Nursing Education (간호학 문제중심학습에 기초한 창의성통합교육모형(C-PBL) 개발 및 효과)

  • Kang, So-Young
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.433-443
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study aimed at (a) developing an instructional model of creative thinking education on the problem-based learning method (C-PBL) in undergraduate nursing curriculum at one University, and (b) examining its effect on nursing students' level of creativity and outcomes from problem-based learning. Methods: The C-PBL model was implemented on 43 juniors of the experimental group with a 30 hour-nursing class during one semester. The control group, with 54 seniors, received 4 hours of problem based learning training in an adult nursing class. Pre-and post-tests were done with the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking for creative thinking ability, the Integrated Creativity Instrument for creative motivation and attitudes, the Problem Solving Competency questionnaire, and the Self-Directed Learning Instrument. Results: The C-PBL model was developed using a caring situation scenario to solve nursing problems with 3 training steps of 'encountering a patient in a caring situation', 'exploring nursing knowledge', and 'designing creative caring beyond given knowledge'. Between the experimental group and the control group, there were significant differences in creativity (p<.010), problem-solving ability (p<.010), and self-directed ability (p<.010). Conclusion: This C-PBL method could contribute in increasing creative competency as well as problem-solving ability for nursing students.

The Effects of Simulation Practice Education Applying Problem-based Learning on Problem Solving Ability, Critical Thinking and Learning Satisfaction of Nursing Students (문제중심학습을 적용한 시뮬레이션 학습이 간호학생의 문제해결능력, 비판적사고, 학습만족도에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, Ji-Suk;Kim, Young-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.12
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    • pp.203-212
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of simulation practice education applying problem-based learning on problem-solving ability, critical thinking disposition, and learning satisfaction of nursing students. 63 nursing students taking the practice subject for integrated simulation at U University in K region were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire to collect data before and after the simulation practice. The simulation practice education applying problem-based learning was effective in improving problem-solving ability and learning satisfaction significantly and positive correlation was found among problem-solving ability, critical thinking disposition, and learning satisfaction; that is, the better problem-solving ability, the higher level of critical thinking disposition and learning satisfaction. While the results of this study conducted in nursing students at a single university cannot be generalized, it was confirmed that simulation practice education applying problem-based learning was an effective teaching method in improving problem-solving ability and learning satisfaction of nursing students. It is therefore necessary to give simulation practice education applying problem-based learning on a systematic and continuous basis with the objective of improving problem-solving ability and learning satisfaction and promoting critical thinking disposition.

Metacognitive Learning Methods to Improve Mathematical Thinking (메타인지 전략 학습을 통한 수학적 사고력 신장 방안 연구)

  • Park, Hey-Yeun;Jung, Soon-Mo;Kim, Yunghwan
    • Journal of the Korean School Mathematics Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.717-746
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    • 2014
  • The study aimed to explore how to improve mathematical thinking through metacognitive learning by stressing metacognitive abilities as a core strategy to increase mathematical creativity and problem-solving abilities. Theoretical exploration was followed by an analysis of correlations between metacognitive abilities and various ways of mathematical thinking. Various metacognitive teaching and learning methods used by many teachers at school were integrated for sharing. Also, the methods of learning application and assessment of metacognitive thinking were explored. The results are as follows: First, metacognitive abilities were positively related to 'reasoning, communication, creative problem solving and commitment' with direct and indirect effects on mathematical thinking. Second, various megacognitive ability-applied teaching and learning methods had positive impacts on definitive areas such as 'anxiety over Mathematics, self-efficacy, learning habit, interest, confidence and trust' as well as cognitive areas such as 'learning performance, reasoning, problem solving, metacognitive ability, communication and expression', which is a result applicable to top, middle and low-performance students at primary and secondary education facilities. Third, 'metacognitive activities, metaproblem-solving process, personal strength and weakness management project, metacognitive notes, observation tables and metacognitive checklists' for metacognitive learning were suggested as alternatives to performance assessment covering problem-solving and thinking processes. Various metacognitive learning methods helped to improve creative and systemic problem solving and increase mathematical thinking. They did not only imitate uniform problem-solving methods suggested by a teacher but also induced direct experiences of mathematical thinking as well as adjustment and control of the thinking process. The study will help teachers recognize the importance of metacognition, devise and apply teaching or learning models for their teaching environments, improving students' metacognitive ability as well as mathematical and creative thinking.

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