• Title, Summary, Keyword: Intangible Cultural Property

Search Result 28, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

Current Transmission of Intangible Cultural Property in Ibuk 5-do and Proposal for its Development (이북5도 무형문화재의 전승현황과 발전방안)

  • Cha, Ji-eon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.19 no.8
    • /
    • pp.653-666
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study is designed to find out the protection system of intangible cultural property as the current national policy and analyze the foundational problems in order to suggest the future vision in a way of transmitting the traditional cultural heritage to the descendants, based on the policy support for the intangible cultural property under the control of Commission for Ibuk 5-do (5 Northern Provinces of Korean peninsula). The research issue is first, the aging of the holders of the important cultural properties in Ibuk 5-do and the overcoming of the incomplete transmission system. The second issue is the protective policy of the transmission from the national perspective and the justification of the government's financial support. The third issue is the development of cultural contents by using the intangible cultural properties in Ibuk 5-do and the suggestion of the creative development for the resourcing of culture. As for the research methods, reference research and analysis on interview data and data from the related entities was done were analyzed and the results were actively adopted. The research results showed the followings to be required; first, the aged holders of the cultural properties shall be treated well and at the same time, the holders recognized to hold the transmission ability shall be dually designated. Second, the training system for the younger generation to keep the traditional cultural heritage shall be established; Third, the educational program and school education shall be extended so that the importance of the transmission of the intangible traditional cultural properties in Ibuk 5-do (northern 5 provinces of Korea) shall be recognized; Fourth, the recording system shall be constructed and its application system shall be required. In the end, in order for such development methods to be implemented effectively, active government support is desperately required.

A Study on the Status of and Improvement Plan for Documentation of City·Province Intangible Cultural Properties (시·도지정무형문화재 기록화 현황 및 개선 방안 연구)

  • Beak, Ju-Hyun;kim, Soon-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Society of Archives and Records Management
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.77-97
    • /
    • 2010
  • Cultural property means the remains of cultural activities of a race as recognized with significant cultural value that would have significant historic and/or artistic value. This type of cultural property would not be restored once damaged that its preservation and succession would be immensely important. In particular, the intangible cultural property is the 'cultural property without certain shape' that appropriate conservation and facilitation suitable to its characteristics have to be materialized. For this purpose, this study has taken a look of the record status for 16 cities and provinces with the designated intangible cultural properties and presented with the efficient record plan for desirable conservation and succession.

Application Method of Virtual Reality by Types of Intangible Cultural Properties (무형문화재 유형별 가상현실 적용 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Eun-Jee
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
    • /
    • v.22 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1489-1494
    • /
    • 2018
  • Recently, culture technology (CT), which combines cultural contents and IT technology, is being watched as a new growth engine, and IT technology is actively utilized in preserving, inheriting and utilizing cultural heritage. For this, new areas of convergence of IT technology and cultural heritage are attracting attention. In particular, virtual reality is a representative area of IT convergence in the era of the fourth industrial revolution. Although some studies have been conducted to utilize virtual reality technology to preserve and inform cultural heritage, it is mainly limited to tangible cultural properties. In this study, we propose a methodology to develop contents of intangible cultural heritage using virtual reality technology in intangible cultural properties. To do this, we classify the types of intangible cultural properties to apply the technology to each type of intangible cultural property. Next, virtual reality, augmented reality, and $360^{\circ}VR$ video technology are applied to the intangible cultural properties classified.

Sustainable Development and Korea's Intangible Cultural Heritage Policy (지속가능개발과 한국무형문화유산정책)

  • Kim, Yong Goo
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
    • /
    • v.49 no.3
    • /
    • pp.256-269
    • /
    • 2016
  • In September 2015, the United Nations (UN) has adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development as a goal of the international community to push forward from the year 2016 to 2030. Accordingly, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization(UNESCO) has established a new chapter on sustainable development and intangible heritage the through revision of the Operational Directives for the Implementation of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. Although Sustainable development is a fundamental principle of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, it is believed that the Convention has not provided guidelines of safeguarding intangible cultural heritage for sustainable development. The Operational Directives provide States Parties with guidelines on the integration of sustainable development and safeguarding of the intangible cultural heritage. Intangible Cultural Property Institution of South Korea was designed to preserve the traditional culture in the economic development process of the industrialization since the 1960s. The institution played a role of cultural support on the development of the modern concepts. Now South Korea should implement intangible cultural heritage policy combined with sustainable development while succeeding the efforts from the former development. This study examines the meaning of sustainable development and how it should be implemented in the intangible cultural heritage policy in South Korea. And this study suggests that the South Korea's intangible cultural heritage policy should foster sustainable development particularly along with social development and human development.

The Protection System of Cultural Property and the Discourse of Tradition (문화재보호제도와 전통 담론)

  • Jung, Soo-jin
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
    • /
    • v.47 no.3
    • /
    • pp.172-187
    • /
    • 2014
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine how the 'tradition' has been identified and used concretely on the protection system of cultural property. Firstly, this paper investigated the historical process and aspects that the 'cultural property' and the 'tradition' combined, each had different meaning at the beginning. And it investigated the linkage of them which effect to the protection system and to each other on the system operated. Then, it pointed out a rift within the discourse of tradition to which the system have held on, and the problems as its result. This paper applied the viewpoint of anti-essentialism that the tradition is presented with hegemonic act to raise the inevitable continuity with the past, instead of the common notion that the tradition is 'everything that is handed down from the past.' Because the cultural property is the product of the state system, to pursne the linkage of it and the tradition is identical to examine how the tradition have been officially defined in the national hegemony. Since the 1920s the tradition has defined as a fixed, essential, pure reality in the changing process of the protection system of cultural property. This essentialist viewpoint about the tradition have been continued as the institutional premise regardless of many critics, raised by studies focusing on the culture and cultural property. But we see now a rift on the discourse of tradition as the intellectual discourse has been supported to the system, that is caused by the fast-changing global economic environment and a rat race around the registration of intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO.

A Study on the Cyber Museum Organization System for Intangible Cultural Properties I - Focused on the Information system and classification code anger - (무형문화재를 위한 사이버뮤지엄 구성체계에 관한 연구 I - 정보체계 및 분류코드화를 중심으로 -)

  • 한영호;장중식;정용섭;황복득
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • no.38
    • /
    • pp.266-273
    • /
    • 2003
  • The culture is a product of the century, and so a worldwide-recognized cultural legacy is like an incorporeal property owned by a country. It is a new legacy created In new environment conditions among countries. The meaning of this study is to give wider publicity to our intangible cultural properties through active database research. There are a significant number of museums that manage tangible cultural properties at a national level, but we can find that most stay very superficial in the aspects of database protection, classification system, and demonstration method. This is a critical physical factor that makes it difficult to create an information-oriented management system, or to manage intangible cultural properties as incorporeal entities. The preservation of tangible cultural properties may be a more proper approach of handing down valuable national characteristics to posterity In that they can show those characteristics more readily. Unlike tangible cultural properties, the preservation of intangible cultural properties requires a different approach and process. They are treated as a category of human cultural assets because of their incorporeity and formlessness. Since those intangible cultural properties to be preserved and quantified at a national level, it is an important consideration in the study on cultural properties. The objectives of this study are to present the intangible products by making the best use of the information society's merits; rediscover human elements constituting those products; ultimately help promote our cultural succession and development by databasing such human elements.

Analysis of China's Efforts to Protect Medicinal Resources and the Intellectual Property Rights of Traditional Chinese Medicine - in light of the adoption of the Nagoya Protocol - (중국의 약물자원 및 전통의약 지식재산권 보호 동향 분석 -「나고야의정서」 채택과 관련하여-)

  • Lee, Min-Ho
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
    • /
    • v.27 no.5
    • /
    • pp.45-53
    • /
    • 2012
  • Objectives : In recent years, the Chinese Government has been providing full support aimed at promoting the excellence of Chinese culture, including Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), to the world after recognizing Chinese culture and medicine as elements that can generate national wealth. Methods : In investigating China's awareness of the issues surrounding the intellectual property rights of TCM, as well as its implementation of protective measures, this study analyzed the law and platform policies of the Chinese Government, as well as the designation status of China's intangible cultural heritages and the recent research trend in the TCM field. Results : First, China is taking various protective measures based on laws and institutional devices, including the Patent Act. Second, China is protecting the intellectual property rights of traditional Chinese medicines by registering them as Chinese intangible cultural heritages or UNESCO world heritages. Third, China is seeking to promote TCM throughout the wider world through various research and academic conferences, and by strengthening ties between nations. Conclusions : With the adoption of the international regimes of the WIPO and CBD, and particularly the Nagoya Protocol in 2010, China is seeking to implement measures aimed at maximizing the national interest based on the intellectual property rights of TCM. China began to implement a system of protection of medicinal resources and the related traditional knowledge after recognizing the potential crisis that could occur if Chinese medicine-related patents were taken over by foreign countries. As such, the system now takes various forms.

Transfiguration of intangible cultural assets due to activation of Folk Festival - Gangneung Danoje as the pivot - (민속축제 활성화에 따른 무형문화재의 변용 - 강릉단오제를 중심으로)

  • Hwang, Ru-Shi
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
    • /
    • v.36
    • /
    • pp.299-312
    • /
    • 2003
  • Gangneung Danoje does not only have the longest history but also is the largest folk festival in Korea. However, during its long history Gangneung Danoje has not always been the way as it is today. As records reveal, since the Chosun dynasty and through Japanese rule, it has gone through numerous variations and registration processes in order to become a national designated major intangible cultural asset. Especially after it has been appointed as a national major intangible cultural asset Gangneung Danoje has under gone through variety of transformations. First of the few changes is the citizen-lead characteristic. As Gangneung Cultulral Center took charge of Danoje this trait has become prominent. Hereby Chosun dynasty's government lead system has transformed into a civilian lead festival. Second alteration is the enormous scale of expansion and the variations of the characteristic of the festival because of it. Dano event has increased annually from 12 events in 1974 to 58 events by 1999. As the scale of Danoje enlarged the promoters found solutions by providing diversified events in order to satisfy peoples' various aspirations from the festival. However this solution lead to a diversion - from participating festival to a spectating festival. And the last change that occurred is the awareness of the need to develop Danoje into an international festival. This is rather a desire from the government than of the people. In 1994, Korea visiting year as an opportunity this consciousness grew active. For instance, the invitation of mass foreign folk performance in 1999 seems to conform to this policy. The intention to make Gangneung Danoje not only to represent Gangneung but also to represent Korea's folk event can be witnessed. As we enter 21st Century this inclination for international festival has strengthened. Gangneung government has shown enthusiasm to find the future of Danoje by inviting external service corps to assess Danoje. The current inclination appears to be increase its value as an international festival through UNESCO cultural property registration and having this as a foundation make Danoje become an international cultural tourist product. The judgment of this will be made after Gangneung International Folklore Festival 2004.

An Essay on the Change of Jinju Sword Dance after being designated as an Important Intangible Cultural Asset (<진주검무> 중요무형문화재 지정 이후의 변화에 관한 소고)

  • Lee, Jong Sook
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
    • /
    • v.49 no.1
    • /
    • pp.4-21
    • /
    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate changes of Jinju Sword Dance, characteristics of the changes, and the current condition of its preservation and succession after the designation as the important intangible cultural property no. 12 in January 16th, 1967. In other words, this study understands the situation which has established the present state of after changes over generations. As of now. the year of 2015, the 3 generation holders have been approved since 1967. In 1967, 8 members of $1^{st}$ generation holders were selected from gisaengs of Gwonbeon. However, the succession training was incomplete due to conflicts among the holders, the deaths of some holders, and economic activities of the individuals. As the need of a pivot for succession training and activities was rising, Seong, Gye-Ok was additionally approved as the $2^{nd}$ generation holder on June $21^{st}$, 1978. Seong, Gye-Ok who had never been a gisaeng had dramatically changed with a lot of new attempts. After the death of Seong, Gye-Ok in 2009, Kim, Tae-Yeon and Yu, Yeong-Hee were approved as the $3^{rd}$ generation holders in February, 2010. Based on the resources including the "Cultural Research Reports of Important Intangible Cultural Properties" in 1966 and videos up to 2014, the changes of the dance and surroundings are as follow. 1. The formation of musical accompaniment has been changed during the 3 generations. In the video of the $1^{st}$ generation(in 1970), the performance lasted about 15 minutes, whereas the performance lasted 25 minutes in the video of the $2^{nd}$ generation. Yumbuldoduri rhythm was considered as Ginyumbul(Sangryeongsan) and played more slowly. The original dance requiring only 15 rhythms was extended to 39 rhythms to provide longer performance time. In the $3^{rd}$ generation, the dance recovered 15 rhythms using the term Ginyumbul. The facts that Yumbul was played for 3 minutes in the $1^{st}$ generation but for 5 minutes in the 3rd generation shows that there was tendency pursuing the slowness from the $2^{nd}$ generation. 2. For the composition of the Dance, the performance included additional 20 rhythms of Ginyumbul and Ah(亞)-shaped formation from the $2^{nd}$ generation. From the $3^{rd}$ generation, the performance excluded the formation which had no traditional base. For the movement of the Dance, the bridge poses of Ggakjittegi and Bangsukdoli have been visibly inflexible. Also, the extention of time value in 1 beat led the Dance less vibrant. 3. At the designation as an important intangible cultural property (in 1967), the swords with rotatable necks were used, whereas the dancers had been using the swords with non-rotatable necks since late 1970s when the $2^{nd}$ generation holder began to used them. The swords in the "Research Reports" (in 1966) was pointy and semilunar, whereas the straight swords are being used currently. The use of the straight swords can be confirmed from the videos after 1970. 4. There is no change in wearing Jeonlib, Jeonbok, and Hansam, whereas the arrangement of Saekdong of Hansam was different from the arrangement shown in the "Research Reports". Also, dancers were considered to begin wearing the navy skirts when the swords with non-rotatable necks began to be used. Those results showed that has been actively changed for 50 years after the designation. The $2^{nd}$ generation holder, Seong, Gye-Ok, was the pivot of the changes. However, , which was already designated as an important intangible cultural property, is considered to be only a victim of the change experiment from the project to restore Gyobang culture in Jinju, and it is a priority to conduct studies with historical legitimacy. First of all, the slowing beat should be emphasized as the main fact to reduce both the liveliness and dynamic beauty of the Dance.

Contents Development Related to Costume Culture in Traditional Intangible Cultural Properties -The Modernization of Costume Design in Dongraeyaryu- (전통무형문화재의 복식문화컨텐츠 개발 -동래야류 의상 디자인의 현대화 작업)

  • Kim, Soon-Ku
    • Archives of design research
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.251-258
    • /
    • 2004
  • Today we seem to be flooded with digital culture as the age of information has reached its peak. As fusion culture has been generalized, in which the arts and culture of the East and the West are in harmony, and quality of life has been improved, people are enjoying more abundant cultural benefits than ever. In such a situation, we may lose the origin of our culture and disregard our traditional culture due to the mixture of cultures. In addition, it is necessary at this point to distinguish pure culture from mixed one and to re-illuminate the value of our original culture for the next generation. Therefore, the author took interested in Dongraeyaryu, a large-scale festival in Busan, which has been designated as an important intangible cultural property, and carried out a research for its continuous instruction and activation. among contents such as music, costume, dancing and stage properties that compose intangible cultural property, this study selected costume, which has significant visual effects and large differences in shape between old one and contemporary one, for development. By proposing modernized design of costume preferred by the new generation and in harmony with the masks, this study wished to narrow the generation gap, to direct young people's attention to the learning of tradition and to propose motives that activate the culture of local festival.

  • PDF