• Title, Summary, Keyword: Intake Patterns

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Preference and Intake Frequency of Daily Korean Traditional Food of China-Korean in Yanbian Area (중국 연변 조선족의 한국전통 일상음식에 대한 선호도에 섭취빈도)

  • Park Young-Sun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.80-87
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the perceptional patterns of Korean traditional food and to compare the preference and intake frequencies of daily traditional Korean food among the identified perceptional patterns in the Yuabian area. Data were collected from 261 Korean housewives in Yanbian and underwent cluster and group mean analysis. The results revealed two different patterns: tradition-oriented vs. modem-oriented. Descriptive statistics showed that perceptional patterns are likely to vary depending on socio-demographic background as well as the preference and intake frequencies of daily traditional food. Similarities and differences in these perceptional patterns, the preference and the intake frequencies of traditional daily food are discussed, and future implications for food nutritionists and Asia marketers are presented.

The association of dietary quality and food group intake patterns with bone health status among Korean postmenopausal women: a study using the 2010 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Data

  • Go, Gyeongah;Tserendejid, Zuunnast;Lim, Youngsook;Jung, Soyeon;Min, Younghee;Park, Haeryun
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.662-669
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    • 2014
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Osteoporosis and osteoporosis-related disease are drawing a lot of attention in Korea as one of the serious health problems. Bone health status may be influenced by the general dietary quality and dietary pattern. SUBJECTS/METHODS: To determine the relationship between dietary quality and intake patterns and bone health status, the %RNI, NAR, DDS, and food group intake patterns were assessed according to their bone health status for 847 postmenopausal women using the 2010 KNHANES data after eliminating those of likely changing their diet under the advice of doctors or those taking estrogen. RESULTS: Bone health became worse as dietary quality deteriorated. All NAR and %RNI values were highly associated with bone health levels and the consumption frequency of Ca sources, DDS and the food group intake patterns also confirmed the findings. CONCLUSIONS: This study confirmed that dietary quality and dietary patterns were important for bone health. Nutritional education on eating foods from the five basic food groups has to be emphasized to prevent osteoporosis among older women.

Designing optimized food intake patterns for Korean adults using linear programming (I): analysis of data from the 2010~2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (선형계획법을 이용한 한국 성인의 최적 식품섭취패턴 설계 (I) : 2010~ 2014년 국민건강영양조사 자료 분석)

  • Asano, Kana;Yang, Hongsuk;Lee, Youngmi;Yoon, Jihyun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.73-86
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to design optimized food intake patterns that meet the nutritional recommendations with minimal changes from the current food intake patterns among Korean adults using linear programming. Methods: Data of a one day 24-hour dietary recall from the 2010 ~ 2014 Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey were used to quantify the food items that Korean adults usually consumed. These food items were categorized into seven groups and 24 subgroups. The mean intakes and intake distributions of the food groups and the food subgroups were calculated for eight age (19 ~ 29, 30 ~ 49, 50 ~ 64, and over 65 years old) and gender (male and female) groups. A linear programming model was constructed to minimize the difference between the optimized and mean intakes of the food subgroups while meeting the Dietary Reference Intakes for Koreans (KDRIs) for energy and 13 nutrients, and not exceeding the typical quantities of each food subgroup consumed by the respective age and gender groups. Results: The optimized food intake patterns, which were a set of quantities of 24 food subgroups, were obtained mathematically for eight age and gender groups. Overall, major modifications of current diet were required to increase the intake of vegetables and milk/dairy products and decrease the Kimchi intake. The optimized intake of seasonings, including salt, was calculated to be 0 g for all the age and gender groups. Conclusion: The optimized food intake patterns designed using linear programming in this study lack feasibility because they suggest a seasoning consumption of 0 g. Modification of intake goal for sodium is needed to obtain optimized food intake patterns with improved feasibility.

Comparison of Food Consumption Pattern , Nutrient and Dietary Fiber Intakes between Female College Students and Middle Aged Women in Korea

  • Lee, Kang-Hee;Chyun, Jong-Hee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.30 no.9
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    • pp.1088-1094
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    • 1997
  • One hundred twenty healthy college students and housewives from urban middle income household were investigated in terms of food consumption patterns, nutrient intake and dietary fiber intake. Total food intake was slightly lower in college students(1059.9g/d) than in housewives(1160.g/d) . However, the ration of animal food to total food was considerably higher in college students(23.7%) than in housewives(16.8%). College students tended to consume more dairly products, meat & products, and cereals & grain products but less vegetables , fruits, fish and shellfish than housewives. Although nutrient intake was not much different (except for total calories, fats, and ascorbic acid), dietary fiber intake was slightly and significantly lower in college students(14.9g/d, 8.3g/1000kcal) than in housewives(16.9g/d, 103g/1000kcal) . That is partially due to college students irregular food habits and the change in their meal patterns from traditional to western diets. There was a significantly positive correlation between dietary fiber intake and thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and crude fiber intake.

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The Comparision of Lifestyle Patterns between Allergy and Non-Allergy People - Food intake, Exercise, Smoking, Alcohol intake- (알레르기 질환 유무에 따른 생활습관 차이 -식이, 운동, 흡연, 음주습관을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Yang-Soon;Park, Jee-Won;Song, Young-Shin;Kim, Gi-Yon;Kim, Chul-Woo;Park, Jung-Won;Hong, Chein-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.269-277
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    • 2001
  • Purpose. The purpose of this study was to compare the total lifestyle patterns. of allergy and non-allergy group. Method. The study was carried out to access the lifestyle patterns such as food intake, smoking, alcohol intake and exercise habits by questionnairing the no allergy people and 205 non-allergy people living in Seoul area. Results. 1. The proportion of eating stimulatory food materials-mainly hot and salty-of allergy group were significantly higher than those of non-allergy group. 2. In allergy group, the proportion of meat intake was significantly higher than that of non-allergy. 3. In allergy group, exercise habit was higher than that of non-allergy, but not significant. 4. In allergy group, smoking was lower than that of non-allergy, but not significant. 5. In allergy group, alcohol intake was lower than that of non-allergy, but not significant. Conclusion. Lifestyle patterens such as food intake(salt and meat) were significantly different by prevalence of allergy and allergy type, which suggested that lifestyle patterns of allergy people need to be studied to develop preventive stratagies for allergic reaction.

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The Study on Blood Lipid Levels according to the Food Habits and Food Intake Patterns in Korean Elderly (일부 한국 노인의 식습관과 식사 섭취 패턴에 따른 혈중 지질 수준과의 관련성)

  • Kim, Ok-Sun;Ryu, Hye-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.421-429
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the eating habits and food intake patterns to elucidate the relationship between on blood lipid levels. The subjects based on the nutrition counseling data of medical health examination. The subjects were 774 adults(448 males and 326 females). Survey samples were divided by age $65\leq$ years. The subjects were 774 adults(448 males and 327 females). Survey samples were divided by age $65\leq$ years. Blood samples were analyzed for total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides(TG), LDL-cholesterol. The results showed there were significant difference frequency of overeating meal and total cholesterol(p<0.05), meal frequency, regularity of meals, frequency of meal out, eating breakfast, speed of meal et eating habits and blood lipid levels not significant difference. However, food intake patterns were significant difference in some kind of food such butter and cream bakery but there were not significant relationships between eggs, cod roe, Chinese foods, fried foods, Gal-bi-tang, Sun-ji-soup and blood lipid levels. Eating habits and food intake patterns was do not seem to be cause for blood lipid level in Korean elderly.

Anorexia, Nausea and Vomiting, and Food Intake Patterns in Patients on Chemotherapy (항암화학요법환자의 식욕부진, 오심 및 구토와 음식섭취 양상과의 관계)

  • Yang Young-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.177-185
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between anorexia, nausea, and vomiting (ANV) and food intake patterns in patients with cancer on chemotherapy. Method: Ninety-one patients from a university hospital in Seoul were recruited and were asked to record food intake and ANV during one cycle of chemotherapy. Results: Caloric and protein intake decreased significantly. The mean caloric intake was 808.75 Kcal (SD=177.54), 48.2% of the recommended intake and the mean of protein intake was 28.44 g (SD=16.44) only 34.7% of the recommended intake. The mean score for dietary diversity was 3.57 (SD=.73) indicating that the patients had taken 3 or more of the 5 food groups. ANV had a significant negative correlation with caloric and protein intake and dietary diversity ($r=-.29{\sim}-.56$, p<.05) and dietary diversity had a significant positive correlation with caloric and protein intake (r=.46 and .57, p=.000). Conclusion: Patients receiving chemotherapy had a very poor intake that could lead to malnutrition and a compromised immune system. These findings suggest the need to develop interventions that encourage for food intake.

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A Study on the Relationship between Snack Sugar Intake and Dietary Diversity in Elementary School Students

  • Yun, Hye-Jin;Chang, Moon-Jeong
    • Food Quality and Culture
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.80-84
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    • 2008
  • In this study, sixth grade school children in the Guri area were surveyed via questionnaire regarding their sociodemographic characteristics, snacking patterns, and intakes of different food groups and sugared snacks. Students with employed mothers had more frequent snacking events and were more dependent on store-purchased snacks compared to those having an unemployed mother. A high consumption of snack sugar was associated with a higher dietary diversity score. There was a positive relationship between snack sugar intake and the intakes of meat and dairy products and foods in the oil and nut group, respectively. A high snack sugar intake had a negative effect on fruit intake. Specific nutrient intake data will be required before conclusions can be made on whether nutrient imbalances are a concern in elementary school children having sweet snacks. Yet, the current data indicate that an increased snack sugar intake can decrease fruit intake, which could result in certain nutrient deficits. Specific dietary guidance may be necessary to address the snacking habits of elementary school children.

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Dietary sugar intake and dietary behaviors in Korea: a pooled study of 2,599 children and adolescents aged 9-14 years

  • Ha, Kyungho;Chung, Sangwon;Joung, Hyojee;Song, YoonJu
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.537-545
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    • 2016
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Dietary sugar intake, particularly added sugar and sugar-sweetened beverages, has received worldwide attention recently. Investigation of dietary behaviors may facilitate understanding of dietary sugar intakes of children and adolescents. However, the relationship between dietary sugar intake and dietary behaviors in the Korean population has not been investigated. Thus, this study aimed to estimate dietary sugar intake and food sources according to sex as well as examine the relationship of dietary sugar intake with frequent snacking and dietary patterns among Korean children and adolescents. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We pooled data from five studies involving Korean children and adolescents conducted from 2002 to 2011. A total of 2,599 subjects aged 9-14 years were included in this study. Each subject completed more than 3 days of dietary records. RESULTS: Mean daily total sugar intake was 46.6 g for boys and 54.3 g for girls. Compared with boys, girls showed higher sugar intakes from fruits (7.5 g for boys and 8.8 g for girls; P = 0.0081) and processed foods (27.9 g for boys and 34.9 g for girls; P < 0.0001). On average, 95.4% of boys and 98.8% of girls consumed snacks during the study period, and total sugar intake showed a significantly increasing trend with increasing energy intake from snacks (P < 0.0001 for both sexes). Two dietary patterns were identified by cluster analysis: Traditional and Westernized patterns. Total sugar intake was higher in the Westernized pattern (56.2 g for boys and 57.2 g for girls) than in the Traditional pattern (46.5 g for boys and 46.3 g for girls). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that multilateral and practical development of a nutrition education and intervention program that considers dietary behaviors as well as absolute sugar intake is required to prevent excessive sugar intake in Korean children and adolescents.

Variety of Food Choices is Associated with the Nutritional Quality of Diets of College Students in Korea

  • Kye, Seung-He;Suh, Hee-Jae;Kim, Bok-Hee
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.364-371
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to evaluate effects of dietary variety scores (DVS) and dietary diversity scores (DDS) on the nutritional quality of the diets of Korean college students, and to examine the association between food group intake patterns and nutritional adequacy. This study examined the relationship of dietary diversity scores (DDS), dietary variety scores (DVS), and food group intake patterns with nutrient intakes using 24-hour recall data (n=.358). The .DDS was calculated from the sum of each of the five food groups consumed as a score of 'I'. DVS was determined by counting the number of food items consumed daily. Food group intake patterns were expressed with the presence or omission of five major food groups-dairy, meat, grain, fruit, and vegetable. The four most prevalent food group patterns and the proportion of the population reporting them were as follows; no dairy and fruit, $23\%;\;no\;dairy,\;20\%;$ no dairy, meat, and fruit, $15\%$; all food groups, $14\%$. Even though the DDS or DVS was higher, the majority of this study population failed to meet the Korean RDA for calcium in both genders and iron in women. Higher DVS scores $(\geq31)$, within all DDS groups, were associated with the largest proportion of individuals consuming more than $75\%$ of the Korean RDA for selected nutrients. The consistency of these results indicates that screening diets to evaluate the overall dietary variety and variety among the major food groups including food group intake patterns provide meaningful information about their quality.